Issues in General Physics Research 2011 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 9781464963285
Release Date: 2012-01-09
Genre: Science

Issues in General Physics Research / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about General Physics Research. The editors have built Issues in General Physics Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about General Physics Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in General Physics Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Fullerene Research 1985 1993

Author: T Braun
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814501293
Release Date: 1995-03-31
Genre: Science

This volume contains very carefully compiled material presenting bibliographic descriptions of approximately 3500 papers, with a computer-generated index on authors, subject headings, corporate addresses and journals. There are many on-line services available on fullerenes, but they serve mainly current-awareness functions; none of them is selectively complete and carefully indexed and none can replace a complete retrospective bibliography, which most researchers in the field would want to have on hand in their laboratories and offices. Contents:ForewordA Brief User's Guide to the Bibliography and the IndexesBibliographyAuthor IndexGeographical and Corporate IndexPartially Permuted Title Word IndexA Collection of Statistical Tables and Charts Readership: Materials scientists, condensed matter scientists, engineers and chemists. keywords:Fullerene;Buckminster;Endohedral;Cage;Cluster;C60;C70;Cx;Nanotube;Superconductivity;AxC60;C-C;Nanostructure;Pi-Electrons;Isomers;Symmetry “To assess the comprehensiveness of the work would be perhaps a larger project than its compilation, but one hopeful indicator is that it even includes book reviews. Continuations are planned.” Science “It is hoped that the compilations will continue because they are of great interest to all participating in or even just entering fullerene research as well as to scholars of trends and fashions in scientific research. This is a beautifully produced volume, a visually pleasing addition to the Series whose inaugural volume has already been reviewed in these pages.” The Chemical Intelligencer

Frontiers Of Intelligent Control And Information Processing

Author: Liu Derong
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814616898
Release Date: 2014-08-13
Genre: Computers

The current research and development in intelligent control and information processing have been driven increasingly by advancements made from fields outside the traditional control areas, into new frontiers of intelligent control and information processing so as to deal with ever more complex systems with ever growing size of data and complexity.As researches in intelligent control and information processing are taking on ever more complex problems, the control system as a nuclear to coordinate the activity within a system increasingly need to be equipped with the capability to analyze, and reason so as to make decision. This requires the support of cognitive components, and communication protocol to synchronize events within the system to operate in unison.In this review volume, we invited several well-known experts and active researchers from adaptive/approximate dynamic programming, reinforcement learning, machine learning, neural optimal control, networked systems, and cyber-physical systems, online concept drift detection, pattern recognition, to contribute their most recent achievements into the development of intelligent control systems, to share with the readers, how these inclusions helps to enhance the cognitive capability of future control systems in handling complex problems.This review volume encapsulates the state-of-art pioneering works in the development of intelligent control systems. Proposition and evocations of each solution is backed up with evidences from applications, could be used as references for the consideration of decision support and communication components required for today intelligent control systems.

Advanced Synchronization Control and Bifurcation of Chaotic Fractional Order Systems

Author: Boulkroune, Abdesselem
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781522554196
Release Date: 2018-05-11
Genre: Computers

In the recent years, fractional-order systems have been studied by many researchers in the engineering field. It was found that many systems can be described more accurately by fractional differential equations than by integer-order models. Advanced Synchronization Control and Bifurcation of Chaotic Fractional-Order Systems is a scholarly publication that explores new developments related to novel chaotic fractional-order systems, control schemes, and their applications. Featuring coverage on a wide range of topics including chaos synchronization, nonlinear control, and cryptography, this publication is geared toward engineers, IT professionals, researchers, and upper-level graduate students seeking current research on chaotic fractional-order systems and their applications in engineering and computer science.

Ultrafast Laser Processing

Author: Koji Sugioka
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789814303699
Release Date: 2013-06-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Over the past few decades, the rapid development of ultrafast lasers, such as femtosecond lasers and picosecond lasers, has opened up new avenues for material processing due to their unique features such as ultrashort pulse width and extremely high peak intensity. These techniques have become a common tool for micro- and nanoprocessing of a variety of materials and are now widely used for both fundamental researches and practical applications. This book is composed of 12 chapters covering relevant topics of ultrafast laser processing, including laser itself and novel beam manipulation methods for processing, fundamentals of ultrafast laser processing, nanomaterial synthesis, surface micro- and nanostructuring, micromachining, two-photon photopolymerization, internal modification/fabrication of transparent materials, applications to photonic devices and microchips for biological analysis, industrial applications, and so on. Each chapter is written by world-leading scientists in the related field so as to give comprehensive reviews in the field of ultrafast laser micro- and nanoprocessing.

Magnetism and Superconductivity in Iron based Superconductors as Probed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Author: Franziska Hammerath
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783834824233
Release Date: 2012-08-31
Genre: Science

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) has been a fundamental player in the studies of superconducting materials for many decades. This local probe technique allows for the study of the static electronic properties as well as of the low energy excitations of the electrons in the normal and the superconducting state. On that account it has also been widely applied to Fe-based superconductors from the very beginning of their discovery in February 2008. This dissertation comprises some of these very first NMR results, reflecting the unconventional nature of superconductivity and its strong link to magnetism in the investigated compounds LaO1–xFxFeAs and LiFeAs.

Photonic Crystals

Author: Qihuang Gong
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789814267304
Release Date: 2014-02-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book provides a broad overview of photonic crystals and, as the title suggests, covers their principles and applications. It is written from a physics point of view with an emphasis on materials science. Equations are well explained and often completely avoided to increase the readability of the book. The book is divided into eight chapters, starting with a brief introduction. The second chapter deals with different dimensionalities of the photonic crystals and their properties. The third chapter is very interestingly written and provides a survey of the various synthesis methods used for production of photonic crystals, including chemical routes, lithography, and self-assembly of colloidal photonic crystals. Chapters 4–8 constitute the bulk of the book and provide examples of applications of these photonic crystals. Chapter 4 offers a good explanation of optical switching. Bandgap and defect mode switching are also brought into focus along with many other mechanisms—14 different switching mechanisms in all, including thermal, electro, and magneto switching. Frequency tuning of photonic crystal filters with special attention to nanosize photonic crystals is illustrated, providing a direct perspective on applications of these materials in integrated photonic circuits. The transition from chapter 5 to 6 dealing with photonic crystal lasers is smooth, especially after a clear description of frequency tuning. Here, one- to three-dimensional photonic lasers are explained along with laser oscillations produced by a variety of microcavity methods. Metallodielectric and liquid-crystal photonic lasers are equally well illustrated. Chapter 7 introduces logic devices based on photonic crystals. This chapter clearly explains, with the help of simple illustrations, how to obtain AND, OR, and XOR logic gates. Chapter 8 concludes the book by presenting possible applications, including gas, chemical, fluid, and cell sensing; their workings are very well described from a fundamental point of view. The diagrams and illustrations are appropriate and eye catching. There are ample references; thus readers are able to find more detailed information to satisfy their curiosity if the book does not suffice. Even though the introduction provides basics of these photonic crystals, I do get the impression that the bigger picture is missing. A nonexpert may not understand the direct application of such materials right from the beginning of the book. A flowchart or a diagram of these photonic crystals, illustrating applications in daily life at the beginning of the book, could attract a broader readership. In this regard, I believe that this book is most adapted to physicists with a materials science background or vice versa. However, one should take into consideration that the principles of photonic crystals cannot be explained without physics, and therefore the quality of this book remains intact and could very well serve as a textbook for future physicists.

The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Author: G. E. Volovik
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198507826
Release Date: 2003-03-06
Genre: Foreign Language Study

There are fundamental relations between three vast areas of physics: particle physics, cosmology and condensed matter physics. The fundamental links between the first two areas, in other words, between micro- and macro-worlds, have been well established. There is a unified system of laws governing the scales from subatomic particles to the Cosmos and this principle is widely exploited in the description of the physics of the early Universe. The main goal of this book is to establish and define the connection of these two fields with condensed matter physics. According to the modern view, elementary particles (electrons, neutrinos, quarks, etc.) are excitations of a more fundamental medium called the quantum vacuum. This is the new 'aether' of the 21st Century. Electromagnetism, gravity, and the fields transferring weak and strong interactions all represent different types of the collective motion of the quantum vacuum. Among the existing condensed matter systems, a quantum liquid called superfluid 3He-A most closely represents the quantum vacuum. Its quasiparticles are very similar to the elementary particles, while the collective modes of the liquid are very similar to electromagnetic and gravitational fields, and the quanta of these collective modes are analogues of photons and gravitons. The fundamental laws of physics, such as the laws of relativity (Lorentz invariance) and gauge invariance, arise when the temperature of the quantum liquid decreases. This book is written for graduate students and researchers in all areas of physics.

Unbound Spirit

Author: Flora Belle Jan
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252091566
Release Date: 2010-10-01
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

This volume collects the letters written over a thirty-year period by a second generation Chinese American woman, Flora Belle Jan (1906–50). Born in California to immigrant parents and educated at Berkeley and the University of Chicago, Jan raised three children with her husband Charles Wang and worked as a journalist in both the United States and China. Written during the years 1918–48, these letters offer unique insight into the social and political situation of educated, middle-class, professional Chinese American women in the early twentieth century. Literate, candid, and charming, they convey the intellectual curiosity and perspicacity of a vivacious and ambitious woman while tracing her engagement with two different worlds.

Social Change in an Industrial Town

Author: Michael P. Weber
Publisher: Penn State University Press
ISBN: UCAL:B4397370
Release Date: 1976
Genre: Business & Economics

Using quantitative as well as verbal data, this book examines the social and geographic mobility of unskilled, semiskilled and skilled workers during the oil boom years of the 1870s and 1880s and the more stable 1890s and 1900s in an industrial town or northwestern Pennsylvania. Also analyzed are the differing rates of mobility or various ethnocultural groups living within the community. A hamlet in 1813, Warren was a lumber center briefly in the 1840s, then declined because of excessive logging, national depressions, and a disastrous downtown fire. After the first oil strike in 1875, Warren's population grew from 2,000 to 11,000 in just over three decades, having developed varied industries to replace sole reliance on timber or oil. Dr. Weber traces the origins of the people or Warren--whether native or foreign-born--and their movement, both geographical (including some departures from the community) and social (mostly upward but downward for some). He also considers the factors--public education, acquisition of skills, inheritance of property, and entrepreneurship--contributing to social movement. The book argues that social mobility was directly related to the industrial growth of the community, introducing extensive comparisons of other 19th-century towns in support of this thesis. Comparisons also suggest that community size and structure influenced both mobility and labor conditions.

Letter from Peking

Author: Pearl S. Buck
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 9781480421196
Release Date: 2013-05-21
Genre: Fiction

At the outbreak of war, a half-Chinese man sends his family back to America, beginning an absence punctuated only by his letters, and a son who must make sense of his mixed-race ancestry alone Elizabeth and Gerald MacLeod are happily married in China, bringing up their young son, Rennie. But when war breaks out with Japan, Gerald, who is half-Chinese, decides to send his wife and son back to America while he stays behind. In Vermont, Elizabeth longingly awaits his letters, but the Communists have forbidden him from sending international mail. Over time, both the silences and complications grow more painful: Gerald has taken up a new love and teenager Rennie struggles with his mixed-race heritage in America. Rich with Buck’s characteristic emotional wisdom, Letter from Peking focuses on the ordeal of a family split apart by race and history. This ebook features an illustrated biography of Pearl S. Buck including rare images from the author’s estate.

Gastrophysics

Author: Charles Spence
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9780735223462
Release Date: 2017
Genre: Business & Economics

The answer is gastrophysics, the new area of sensory science pioneered by Oxford professor Charles Spence. Now he's stepping out of his lab to lift the lid on the entire eating experience how the taste, the aroma, and our overall enjoyment of food are influenced by all of our senses, as well as by our mood and expectations.

A Tale for the Time Being

Author: Ruth Ozeki
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101606254
Release Date: 2013-03-12
Genre: Fiction

A brilliant, unforgettable novel from bestselling author Ruth Ozeki—shortlisted for the Booker Prize and the National Book Critics Circle Award “A time being is someone who lives in time, and that means you, and me, and every one of us who is, or was, or ever will be.” In Tokyo, sixteen-year-old Nao has decided there’s only one escape from her aching loneliness and her classmates’ bullying. But before she ends it all, Nao first plans to document the life of her great grandmother, a Buddhist nun who’s lived more than a century. A diary is Nao’s only solace—and will touch lives in ways she can scarcely imagine. Across the Pacific, we meet Ruth, a novelist living on a remote island who discovers a collection of artifacts washed ashore in a Hello Kitty lunchbox—possibly debris from the devastating 2011 tsunami. As the mystery of its contents unfolds, Ruth is pulled into the past, into Nao’s drama and her unknown fate, and forward into her own future. Full of Ozeki’s signature humor and deeply engaged with the relationship between writer and reader, past and present, fact and fiction, quantum physics, history, and myth, A Tale for the Time Being is a brilliantly inventive, beguiling story of our shared humanity and the search for home. From the Trade Paperback edition.

An Illustrated Guide to Relativity

Author: Tatsu Takeuchi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521141000
Release Date: 2010-09-09
Genre: Science

Presents a step-by-step explanation of Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity through a series of diagrams rather than equations.