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Author: T Braun
Publisher: World Scientific
Release Date: 1995-03-31
This volume contains very carefully compiled material presenting bibliographic descriptions of approximately 3500 papers, with a computer-generated index on authors, subject headings, corporate addresses and journals. There are many on-line services available on fullerenes, but they serve mainly current-awareness functions; none of them is selectively complete and carefully indexed and none can replace a complete retrospective bibliography, which most researchers in the field would want to have on hand in their laboratories and offices. Contents:ForewordA Brief User's Guide to the Bibliography and the IndexesBibliographyAuthor IndexGeographical and Corporate IndexPartially Permuted Title Word IndexA Collection of Statistical Tables and Charts Readership: Materials scientists, condensed matter scientists, engineers and chemists. keywords:Fullerene;Buckminster;Endohedral;Cage;Cluster;C60;C70;Cx;Nanotube;Superconductivity;AxC60;C-C;Nanostructure;Pi-Electrons;Isomers;Symmetry “To assess the comprehensiveness of the work would be perhaps a larger project than its compilation, but one hopeful indicator is that it even includes book reviews. Continuations are planned.” Science “It is hoped that the compilations will continue because they are of great interest to all participating in or even just entering fullerene research as well as to scholars of trends and fashions in scientific research. This is a beautifully produced volume, a visually pleasing addition to the Series whose inaugural volume has already been reviewed in these pages.” The Chemical Intelligencer
Dieser Katalog weist alle seit 1843 im Springer-Verlag bis zum 30. April 1992 erschienenen Zeitschriften, einschließlich der aus anderen Verlagen übernommenen Titel, nach. Die Titelaufnahmen sind alphabetisch geordnet und beinhalten den Lebenslauf der betreffenden Zeitschrift mit ihren Beziehungen zu anderen Zeitschriften, auch wenn es sich um verlagsfremde Titel handelt, sowie alle Herausgeber mit der Dauer ihrer diesbezüglichen Tätigkeit. Ferner sind die Titel entsprechend dem Jahr ihres Erscheinens und schließlich auch nach Fachgebieten geordnet. Register der Herausgeber und der wissenschaftlichen Vereinigungen, die an der Herausgabe beteiligt waren bzw. sind, beschließen den Band. Der Katalog ergänzt das 1992 anläßlich des 150. Jahrestags der Verlagsgründung erschienene Werk "Der Springer-Verlag. Katalog seiner Veröffentlichungen 1842 - 1945", in dem neben den Büchern auch die bis 1945 erschienen Zeitschriften nachgewiesen sind. Die gesonderte Herausgabe eines Katalogs sämtlicher bis 1992 erschienener Zeitschriften ist in deren zentraler Bedeutung für den Verlag begründet, dessen Rückgrat sie seit über hundert Jahren ideell und materiell darstellen. Sämtliche Bücher und Zeitschriften können auch auf einer CD-ROM recherchiert werden. Wer dieses Medium kennt, weiß, daß der Zugriff einfach und rasch ist sowie viele Verknüpfungsmöglichkeiten zuläßt. Neben den aktuell lieferbaren Titeln enthält die CD-ROM auch alle inzwischen vergriffenen Veröffentlichungen seit dem Jahr der Verlagsgründung. Die CD-ROM-Ausgabe wird in kürzeren Zeitabständen aktualisiert.
Author: Liu Derong
Publisher: World Scientific
Release Date: 2014-08-13
The current research and development in intelligent control and information processing have been driven increasingly by advancements made from fields outside the traditional control areas, into new frontiers of intelligent control and information processing so as to deal with ever more complex systems with ever growing size of data and complexity.As researches in intelligent control and information processing are taking on ever more complex problems, the control system as a nuclear to coordinate the activity within a system increasingly need to be equipped with the capability to analyze, and reason so as to make decision. This requires the support of cognitive components, and communication protocol to synchronize events within the system to operate in unison.In this review volume, we invited several well-known experts and active researchers from adaptive/approximate dynamic programming, reinforcement learning, machine learning, neural optimal control, networked systems, and cyber-physical systems, online concept drift detection, pattern recognition, to contribute their most recent achievements into the development of intelligent control systems, to share with the readers, how these inclusions helps to enhance the cognitive capability of future control systems in handling complex problems.This review volume encapsulates the state-of-art pioneering works in the development of intelligent control systems. Proposition and evocations of each solution is backed up with evidences from applications, could be used as references for the consideration of decision support and communication components required for today intelligent control systems.
Author: Franziska Hammerath
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-08-31
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) has been a fundamental player in the studies of superconducting materials for many decades. This local probe technique allows for the study of the static electronic properties as well as of the low energy excitations of the electrons in the normal and the superconducting state. On that account it has also been widely applied to Fe-based superconductors from the very beginning of their discovery in February 2008. This dissertation comprises some of these very first NMR results, reflecting the unconventional nature of superconductivity and its strong link to magnetism in the investigated compounds LaO1–xFxFeAs and LiFeAs.
Over the past few decades, the rapid development of ultrafast lasers, such as femtosecond lasers and picosecond lasers, has opened up new avenues for material processing due to their unique features such as ultrashort pulse width and extremely high peak intensity. These techniques have become a common tool for micro- and nanoprocessing of a variety of materials and are now widely used for both fundamental researches and practical applications. This book is composed of 12 chapters covering relevant topics of ultrafast laser processing, including laser itself and novel beam manipulation methods for processing, fundamentals of ultrafast laser processing, nanomaterial synthesis, surface micro- and nanostructuring, micromachining, two-photon photopolymerization, internal modification/fabrication of transparent materials, applications to photonic devices and microchips for biological analysis, industrial applications, and so on. Each chapter is written by world-leading scientists in the related field so as to give comprehensive reviews in the field of ultrafast laser micro- and nanoprocessing.
This thesis transports you to a wonderful and fascinating small-scale world and tells you the origin of several new phenomena. The investigative tool is the improved discrete dislocation-based multi-scale approaches, bridging the continuum modeling and atomistic simulation. Mechanism-based theoretical models are put forward to conveniently predict the mechanical responses and defect evolution. The findings presented in this thesis yield valuable new guidelines for microdevice design, reliability analysis and defect tuning.
Author: Uwe Hartmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2015-09-25
Volume 2 of this four-part textbook is devoted to the full range of materials relevant to nanostructural research and nanotechnology. These materials encompass soft condensed matter, including biological matter, along with nano-scale building blocks in the form of monolayer films, nanotubes, clusters, and biological machines.
This book provides a broad overview of photonic crystals and, as the title suggests, covers their principles and applications. It is written from a physics point of view with an emphasis on materials science. Equations are well explained and often completely avoided to increase the readability of the book. The book is divided into eight chapters, starting with a brief introduction. The second chapter deals with different dimensionalities of the photonic crystals and their properties. The third chapter is very interestingly written and provides a survey of the various synthesis methods used for production of photonic crystals, including chemical routes, lithography, and self-assembly of colloidal photonic crystals. Chapters 4–8 constitute the bulk of the book and provide examples of applications of these photonic crystals. Chapter 4 offers a good explanation of optical switching. Bandgap and defect mode switching are also brought into focus along with many other mechanisms—14 different switching mechanisms in all, including thermal, electro, and magneto switching. Frequency tuning of photonic crystal filters with special attention to nanosize photonic crystals is illustrated, providing a direct perspective on applications of these materials in integrated photonic circuits. The transition from chapter 5 to 6 dealing with photonic crystal lasers is smooth, especially after a clear description of frequency tuning. Here, one- to three-dimensional photonic lasers are explained along with laser oscillations produced by a variety of microcavity methods. Metallodielectric and liquid-crystal photonic lasers are equally well illustrated. Chapter 7 introduces logic devices based on photonic crystals. This chapter clearly explains, with the help of simple illustrations, how to obtain AND, OR, and XOR logic gates. Chapter 8 concludes the book by presenting possible applications, including gas, chemical, fluid, and cell sensing; their workings are very well described from a fundamental point of view. The diagrams and illustrations are appropriate and eye catching. There are ample references; thus readers are able to find more detailed information to satisfy their curiosity if the book does not suffice. Even though the introduction provides basics of these photonic crystals, I do get the impression that the bigger picture is missing. A nonexpert may not understand the direct application of such materials right from the beginning of the book. A flowchart or a diagram of these photonic crystals, illustrating applications in daily life at the beginning of the book, could attract a broader readership. In this regard, I believe that this book is most adapted to physicists with a materials science background or vice versa. However, one should take into consideration that the principles of photonic crystals cannot be explained without physics, and therefore the quality of this book remains intact and could very well serve as a textbook for future physicists.
Author: Koji Sugioka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-09-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Femtosecond lasers opened up new avenue in materials processing due to its unique features of ultrashort pulse width and extremely high peak intensity. One of the most important features of femtosecond laser processing is that strong absorption can be induced even by materials which are transparent to the femtosecond laser beam due to nonlinear multiphoton absorption. The multiphoton absorption allows us to perform not only surface but also three-dimensionally internal microfabrication of transparent materials such as glass. This capability makes it possible to directly fabricate three-dimensional microfluidics, micromechanics, microelectronics and microoptics embedded in the glass. Further, these microcomponents can be easily integrated in a single glass microchip by the simple procedure using the femtosecond laser. Thus, the femtosecond laser processing provides some advantages over conventional methods such as traditional semiconductor processing or soft lithography for fabrication of microfluidic, optofludic and lab-on-a-chip devices and thereby many researches on this topic are currently being carried out. This book presents a comprehensive review on the state of the art and future prospects of femtosecond laser processing for fabrication of microfluidics and optofludics including principle of femtosecond laser processing, detailed fabrication procedures of each microcomponent and practical applications to biochemical analysis.
This book discusses the study and analysis of the physical aspects of social systems and models, inspired by the analogy with familiar models of physical systems and possible applications of statistical physics tools. Unlike the traditional analysis of the physics of macroscopic many-body or condensed matter systems, which is now an established and mature subject, the upsurge in the physical analysis and modelling of social systems, which are clearly many-body dynamical systems, is a recent phenomenon. Though the major developments in sociophysics have taken place only recently, the earliest attempts of proposing "Social Physics" as a discipline are more than one and a half centuries old. Various developments in the mainstream physics of condensed matter systems have inspired and induced the recent growth of sociophysical analysis and models. In spite of the tremendous efforts of many scientists in recent years, the subject is still in its infancy and major challenges are yet to be taken up. An introduction to these challenges is the main motivation for this book.
Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Release Date: 2013-09-02
Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.