Author: David l. Miller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2013-05-31
Genre: Political Science
A good political community is one whose citizens are actively engaged in deciding their common future together. Bound together by ties of national solidarity, they discover and implement principles of justice that all can share, and in doing so they respect the separate identities of minority groups within the community. In the essays collected in this book, David Miller shows that such an ideal is not only desirable, but feasible. He explains how active citizenship on the republican model differs from liberal citizenship, and why it serves disadvantaged groups better than currently fashionable forms of identity politics. By deliberating freely with one another, citizens can reach decisions on matters of public policy that are both rational and fair. He couples this with a robust defence of the principle of nationality, arguing that a shared national identity is necessary to motivate citizens to work together in the name of justice. Attempts to create transnational forms of citizenship, in Europe and elsewhere, are therefore misguided. He shows that the principle of nationality can accommodate the demands of minority nations, and does not lead to a secessionist free-for-all. And finally he demonstrates that national self-determination need not be achieved at the expense of global justice. This is a powerful statement from a leading political theorist that not only extends our understanding of citizenship, nationality and deliberative democracy, but engages with current political debates about identity politics, minority nationalisms and European integration.
Author: T. K. Oommen
Publisher: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd
Release Date: 1997-01-01
Genre: Political Science
Combining both Western and non-Western perspectives, Citizenship and National Identity deftly explores the major problems and issues involved in understanding the relationship between citizenship and national identity in a contemporary context. This volume of original essays provides an incisive analysis of the prevailing concepts of citizenship and nationality, which are becoming increasingly problematic in todayÆs world with its numerous polyethnic and multinational societies. Featuring a truly global perspective covering different continents, time periods, and countries at various stages of development, this volume also emphasizes the views of weaker and smaller groups. By delinking national identity from its anchorage in a nation-state and arguing against fusing ethnicity, nationality, and citizenship, the contributors look hopefully to the process of globalization that has resulted in the coexistence of peoples of different national/ethnic backgrounds in the same polity. Innovative, unconventional, and challenging, this interdisciplinary volume is aimed at accelerating the democratic process. Students and academics in the fields of sociology, political theory, social anthropology, ethnic studies, political sociology, and culture studies will want to read this timely collection of essays. Researchers and policymakers will likewise find the topics covered of current and empirical interest.
This book provides the historical context for current debates on national identity, the need for a republic, the meaning of citizenship, and immigration. It details the reforms essential to successfully absorb a diverse migrant population.
Author: Kathy-Ann Tan
Publisher: Wayne State University Press
Release Date: 2015-12-07
Genre: Literary Criticism
Literature has always played a central role in creating and disseminating culturally specific notions of citizenship, nationhood, and belonging. In Reconfiguring Citizenship and National Identity in the North American Literary Imagination, author Kathy-Ann Tan investigates metaphors, configurations, parameters, and articulations of U.S. and Canadian citizenship that are enacted, renegotiated, and revised in modern literary texts, particularly during periods of emergence and crisis. Tan brings together for the first time a selection of canonical and lesser-known U.S. and Canadian writings for critical consideration. She begins by exploring literary depiction of “willful” or “wayward” citizens and those with precarious bodies that are viewed as threatening, undesirable, unacceptable—including refugees and asylum seekers, undocumented migrants, deportees, and stateless people. She also considers the rights to citizenship and political membership claimed by queer bodies and an examination of "new" and alternative forms of citizenship, such as denizenship, urban citizenship, diasporic citizenship, and Indigenous citizenship. With case studies based on works by a diverse collection of authors—including Nathaniel Hawthorne, Djuna Barnes, Etel Adnan, Sarah Schulman, Walt Whitman, Gail Scott, and Philip Roth—Tan uncovers alternative forms of collectivity, community, and nation across a broad range of perspectives. In line with recent cross-disciplinary explorations in the field, Reconfiguring Citizenship and National Identity in the North American Literary Imagination shows citizenship as less of a fixed or static legal entity and more as a set of symbolic and cultural practices. Scholars of literary studies, cultural studies, and citizenship studies will be grateful for Tan’s illuminating study.
Ideen, Interessen und Institutionen markieren drei Zugänge zur Strukturanalyse des menschlichen Zusammenlebens: Ideen sind der Ausdruck für die Wertbezogenheit des menschlichen Handelns, Interessen bestimmen die Richtung des sozialen Handelns, Institutionen verleihen diesem Dauer und Verbindlichkeit. Aus den Spannungsverhältnissen zwischen Ideen, Interessen und Institutionen erheben sich Struktur und Dynamik sozialer Ordnungen. Aus diesem Ansatz, der in der Tradition der Soziologie Max Webers liegt, werden die Rollen der Intellektuellen, die Ausbildung von Subkulturen, Schichten und Klassen, die Bedeutung der Institutionen für soziale Stagnation und sozialen Wandel und der Nationalstaat als Ordnungsidee analysiert.
Author: Bart Van Steenbergen
Release Date: 1994-04-15
Genre: Social Science
This innovative volume explores ways in which the idea of citizenship can be seen as a unifying concept in understanding contemporary social change and social problems. The book outlines traditional linkages between citizenship and public participation, national identity and social welfare, and shows the relevance of citizenship for a range of rising issues extending from global change through gender to the environment. The areas investigated include: the challenge of internationalization to the nation state and to national identities; the contested nature of citizenship in relation to poverty, work and welfare; the implications of gender inequality; and the potential for new conceptions of citizenship in response to cultur
Author: David Miller
Publisher: Clarendon Press
Release Date: 1995-10-06
Genre: Social Science
Nationalism is a dominating force in contemporary politics, but political philosophers have been markedly reluctant to discuss, let alone endorse, nationalist ideas. In this book David Miller defends the principle of nationality. He argues that national identities are valid sources of personal identity; that we are justified in recognizing special obligations to our co-nationals; that nations have good grounds for wanting to be politically self-determining; but that recognizing the claims of nationality does not entail suppressing other sources of personal identity, such as ethnicity. Finally, he considers the claim that national identities are dissolving in the late twentieth century. This timely and provocative book offers the most compelling defence to date of nationality from a radical perspective. Series description Oxford Political Theory presents the best new work in contemporary political theory. It is intended to be broad in scope, including original contributions to political philosophy, and also work in applied political theory. The series will contain works of outstanding quality with no restriction as to approach or subject matter.
Author: Marco Martiniello
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Social Science
Whereas international migration, ethnic and ethno-national identities and citizenship issues have mainly been discussed separately or two by two (migration and citizenship, citizenship and national identity, etc.) in academic literature, this book attempts to discuss them jointly in a triangular analysis. Migration and the ways in which it is socially constructed constitute a lens through which we can look at both citizenship and ethno-national identity in order to renew these concepts and to increase their explanatory power in a rapidly changing world. The chapters collected in this volume attempt to do so in the context of the European Union. Beyond their theoretical diversity, the authors address, in one way or another, the relationship between migration, ethno-national identities and citizenship issues. Some of them take an empirical perspective while others elaborate quite sophisticated theoretical constructions. Some papers deal strictly with the European Union as such, while others deal with single member states or even with non-EU countries. Some chapters are purely sociological while others have a viewpoint from political science, history or linguistics. But the willingness not to disconnect the three sets of issues addressed appears clearly as a major methodological standpoint in each contribution, even though each author stresses its specificity.
Author: Orit Rozin
Publisher: Brandeis University Press
Release Date: 2016-07-05
Orit Rozin's inspired scholarship focuses on the construction and negotiation of citizenship in Israel during the state's first decade. Positioning itself both within and against much of the critical sociological literature on the period, this work reveals the dire historical circumstances, the ideological and bureaucratic pressures, that limited the freedoms of Israeli citizens. At the same time it shows the capacity of the bureaucracy for flexibility and of the populace for protest against measures it found unjust and humiliating. Rozin sets her work within a solid analytical framework, drawing on a variety of historical sources portraying the voices, thoughts, and feelings of Israelis, as well as theoretical literature on the nature of modern citizenship and the relation between citizenship and nationality. She takes on both negative and positive freedoms (freedom from and freedom to) in her analysis of three discrete yet overlapping issues: the right to childhood (and freedom from coerced marriage at a tender age); the right to travel abroad (freedom of movement being a pillar of a liberal society); and the right to speak out - not only to protest without fear of reprisal, but to speak in the expectation of being heeded and recognized. This book will appeal to scholars and students of Israeli history, law, politics, and culture, and to scholars of nation building more generally.
Author: Lahra Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2013-05-20
Genre: Political Science
Smith argues that citizenship creation and expansion is a pivotal part of political contestation in Africa today. Citizenship is a powerful analytical tool to approach political life in contemporary Africa because the institutional and structural reforms of the past two decades have been inextricably linked with the battle over the 'right to have rights'. Professor Lahra Smith's work advances the notion of meaningful citizenship, referring to the ways in which rights are exercised, or the effective practice of citizenship. Using data from Ethiopia and developing a historically informed study of language policy, ethnicity and gender identities, Smith analyzes the contestation over citizenship that engages the state, social movements and individuals in substantive ways. By combining original data on language policy in contemporary Ethiopia with detailed historical study and a focus on ethnicity, citizenship and gender, this work brings a fresh approach to Ethiopian political development and contemporary citizenship concerns across Africa.