Claims Reserving in General Insurance

Author: David Hindley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107076938
Release Date: 2017-10-26
Genre: Business & Economics

This is a comprehensive and accessible reference source that documents the theoretical and practical aspects of all the key deterministic and stochastic reserving methods that have been developed for use in general insurance. Worked examples and mathematical details are included, along with many of the broader topics associated with reserving in practice. The key features of reserving in a range of different contexts in the UK and elsewhere are also covered. The book contains material that will appeal to anyone with an interest in claims reserving. It can be used as a learning resource for actuarial students who are studying the relevant parts of their professional bodies' examinations, as well as by others who are new to the subject. More experienced insurance and other professionals can use the book to refresh or expand their knowledge in any of the wide range of reserving topics covered in the book.

Stochastic Claims Reserving Methods in Insurance

Author: Mario V. Wüthrich
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470772720
Release Date: 2008-04-30
Genre: Business & Economics

Claims reserving is central to the insurance industry. Insurance liabilities depend on a number of different risk factors which need to be predicted accurately. This prediction of risk factors and outstanding loss liabilities is the core for pricing insurance products, determining the profitability of an insurance company and for considering the financial strength (solvency) of the company. Following several high-profile company insolvencies, regulatory requirements have moved towards a risk-adjusted basis which has lead to the Solvency II developments. The key focus in the new regime is that financial companies need to analyze adverse developments in their portfolios. Reserving actuaries now have to not only estimate reserves for the outstanding loss liabilities but also to quantify possible shortfalls in these reserves that may lead to potential losses. Such an analysis requires stochastic modeling of loss liability cash flows and it can only be done within a stochastic framework. Therefore stochastic loss liability modeling and quantifying prediction uncertainties has become standard under the new legal framework for the financial industry. This book covers all the mathematical theory and practical guidance needed in order to adhere to these stochastic techniques. Starting with the basic mathematical methods, working right through to the latest developments relevant for practical applications; readers will find out how to estimate total claims reserves while at the same time predicting errors and uncertainty are quantified. Accompanying datasets demonstrate all the techniques, which are easily implemented in a spreadsheet. A practical and essential guide, this book is a must-read in the light of the new solvency requirements for the whole insurance industry.

Predictive Modeling Applications in Actuarial Science Volume 1 Predictive Modeling Techniques

Author: Edward W. Frees
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139992312
Release Date: 2014-07-28
Genre: Business & Economics

Predictive modeling involves the use of data to forecast future events. It relies on capturing relationships between explanatory variables and the predicted variables from past occurrences and exploiting this to predict future outcomes. Forecasting future financial events is a core actuarial skill - actuaries routinely apply predictive-modeling techniques in insurance and other risk-management applications. This book is for actuaries and other financial analysts who are developing their expertise in statistics and wish to become familiar with concrete examples of predictive modeling. The book also addresses the needs of more seasoned practising analysts who would like an overview of advanced statistical topics that are particularly relevant in actuarial practice. Predictive Modeling Applications in Actuarial Science emphasizes lifelong learning by developing tools in an insurance context, providing the relevant actuarial applications, and introducing advanced statistical techniques that can be used by analysts to gain a competitive advantage in situations with complex data.

Solutions Manual for Actuarial Mathematics for Life Contingent Risks

Author: David C. M. Dickson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107620261
Release Date: 2013-08-12
Genre: Business & Economics

This must-have manual provides detailed solutions to all of the 200+ exercises in Dickson, Hardy and Waters' Actuarial Mathematics for Life Contingent Risks, Second Edition. This groundbreaking text on the modern mathematics of life insurance is required reading for the Society of Actuaries' Exam MLC and also provides a solid preparation for the life contingencies material of the UK actuarial profession's exam CT5. Beyond the professional examinations, the textbook and solutions manual offer readers the opportunity to develop insight and understanding, and also offer practical advice for solving problems using straightforward, intuitive numerical methods. Companion spreadsheets illustrating these techniques are available for free download.

Loss Reserving

Author: Gregory Taylor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461545835
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Business & Economics

All property and casualty insurers are required to carry out loss reserving as a statutory accounting function. Thus, loss reserving is an essential sphere of activity, and one with its own specialized body of knowledge. While few books have been devoted to the topic, the amount of published research literature on loss reserving has almost doubled in size during the last fifteen years. Greg Taylor's book aims to provide a comprehensive, state-of-the-art treatment of loss reserving that reflects contemporary research advances to date. Divided into two parts, the book covers both the conventional techniques widely used in practice, and more specialized loss reserving techniques employing stochastic models. Part I, Deterministic Models, covers very practical issues through the abundant use of numerical examples that fully develop the techniques under consideration. Part II, Stochastic Models, begins with a chapter that sets up the additional theoretical material needed to illustrate stochastic modeling. The remaining chapters in Part II are self-contained, and thus can be approached independently of each other. A special feature of the book is the use throughout of a single real life data set to illustrate the numerical examples and new techniques presented. The data set illustrates most of the difficult situations presented in actuarial practice. This book will meet the needs for a reference work as well as for a textbook on loss reserving.

Pricing in General Insurance

Author: Pietro Parodi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466581449
Release Date: 2014-10-15
Genre: Business & Economics

Based on the syllabus of the actuarial industry course on general insurance pricing — with additional material inspired by the author’s own experience as a practitioner and lecturer — Pricing in General Insurance presents pricing as a formalised process that starts with collecting information about a particular policyholder or risk and ends with a commercially informed rate. The main strength of this approach is that it imposes a reasonably linear narrative on the material and allows the reader to see pricing as a story and go back to the big picture at any time, putting things into context. Written with both the student and the practicing actuary in mind, this pragmatic textbook and professional reference: Complements the standard pricing methods with a description of techniques devised for pricing specific products (e.g., non-proportional reinsurance and property insurance) Discusses methods applied in personal lines when there is a large amount of data and policyholders can be charged depending on many rating factors Addresses related topics such as how to measure uncertainty, incorporate external information, model dependency, and optimize the insurance structure Provides case studies, worked-out examples, exercises inspired by past exam questions, and step-by-step methods for dealing concretely with specific situations Pricing in General Insurance delivers a practical introduction to all aspects of general insurance pricing, covering data preparation, frequency analysis, severity analysis, Monte Carlo simulation for the calculation of aggregate losses, burning cost analysis, and more.

Reinsurance

Author: Hansjöerg Albrecher
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119419945
Release Date: 2017-08-21
Genre: Mathematics

Reinsurance: Actuarial and Statistical Aspects provides a survey of both the academic literature in the field as well as challenges appearing in reinsurance practice and puts the two in perspective. The book is written for researchers with an interest in reinsurance problems, for graduate students with a basic knowledge of probability and statistics as well as for reinsurance practitioners. The focus of the book is on modelling together with the statistical challenges that go along with it. The discussed statistical approaches are illustrated alongside six case studies of insurance loss data sets, ranging from MTPL over fire to storm and flood loss data. Some of the presented material also contains new results that have not yet been published in the research literature. An extensive bibliography provides readers with links for further study.

Predictive Modeling Applications in Actuarial Science

Author: Edward W. Frees
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107029880
Release Date: 2016-07-27
Genre: Business & Economics

This second volume examines practical real-life applications of predictive modeling to forecast future events with an emphasis on insurance.

Generalized Linear Models for Insurance Data

Author: Piet de Jong
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139470476
Release Date: 2008-02-28
Genre: Business & Economics

This is the only book actuaries need to understand generalized linear models (GLMs) for insurance applications. GLMs are used in the insurance industry to support critical decisions. Until now, no text has introduced GLMs in this context or addressed the problems specific to insurance data. Using insurance data sets, this practical, rigorous book treats GLMs, covers all standard exponential family distributions, extends the methodology to correlated data structures, and discusses recent developments which go beyond the GLM. The issues in the book are specific to insurance data, such as model selection in the presence of large data sets and the handling of varying exposure times. Exercises and data-based practicals help readers to consolidate their skills, with solutions and data sets given on the companion website. Although the book is package-independent, SAS code and output examples feature in an appendix and on the website. In addition, R code and output for all the examples are provided on the website.

Statistical and Probabilistic Methods in Actuarial Science

Author: Philip J. Boland
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584886969
Release Date: 2007-03-05
Genre: Mathematics

Statistical and Probabilistic Methods in Actuarial Science covers many of the diverse methods in applied probability and statistics for students aspiring to careers in insurance, actuarial science, and finance. The book builds on students’ existing knowledge of probability and statistics by establishing a solid and thorough understanding of these methods. It also emphasizes the wide variety of practical situations in insurance and actuarial science where these techniques may be used. Although some chapters are linked, several can be studied independently from the others. The first chapter introduces claims reserving via the deterministic chain ladder technique. The next few chapters survey loss distributions, risk models in a fixed period of time, and surplus processes, followed by an examination of credibility theory in which collateral and sample information are brought together to provide reasonable methods of estimation. In the subsequent chapter, experience rating via no claim discount schemes for motor insurance provides an interesting application of Markov chain methods. The final chapters discuss generalized linear models and decision and game theory. Developed by an author with many years of teaching experience, this text presents an accessible, sound foundation in both the theory and applications of actuarial science. It encourages students to use the statistical software package R to check examples and solve problems.

Actuarial Mathematics for Life Contingent Risks

Author: David C. M. Dickson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107044074
Release Date: 2013-08-12
Genre: Business & Economics

This groundbreaking text has been augmented with new material and fully updated to prepare students for the new-style MLC exam.

Market Valuation Methods in Life and Pension Insurance

Author: Thomas Møller
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139462976
Release Date: 2007-01-18
Genre: Business & Economics

In classical life insurance mathematics the obligations of the insurance company towards the policy holders were calculated on artificial conservative assumptions on mortality and interest rates. However, this approach is being superseded by developments in international accounting and solvency standards coupled with other advances enabling a market-based valuation of risk, i.e., its price if traded in a free market. The book describes these approaches, and is the first to explain them in conjunction with more traditional methods. The various chapters address specific aspects of market-based valuation. The exposition integrates methods and results from financial and insurance mathematics, and is based on the entries in a life insurance company's market accounting scheme. The book will be of great interest and use to students and practitioners who need an introduction to this area, and who seek a practical yet sound guide to life insurance accounting and product development.

Modelling Mortality with Actuarial Applications

Author: Angus S. Macdonald
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107045415
Release Date: 2018-05-03
Genre: Business & Economics

Modern mortality modelling for actuaries and actuarial students, with example R code, to unlock the potential of individual data.

Computational Actuarial Science with R

Author: Arthur Charpentier
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498759823
Release Date: 2015-09-15
Genre: Business & Economics

A Hands-On Approach to Understanding and Using Actuarial Models Computational Actuarial Science with R provides an introduction to the computational aspects of actuarial science. Using simple R code, the book helps you understand the algorithms involved in actuarial computations. It also covers more advanced topics, such as parallel computing and C/C++ embedded codes. After an introduction to the R language, the book is divided into four parts. The first one addresses methodology and statistical modeling issues. The second part discusses the computational facets of life insurance, including life contingencies calculations and prospective life tables. Focusing on finance from an actuarial perspective, the next part presents techniques for modeling stock prices, nonlinear time series, yield curves, interest rates, and portfolio optimization. The last part explains how to use R to deal with computational issues of nonlife insurance. Taking a do-it-yourself approach to understanding algorithms, this book demystifies the computational aspects of actuarial science. It shows that even complex computations can usually be done without too much trouble. Datasets used in the text are available in an R package (CASdatasets).

Health Insurance

Author: Ermanno Pitacco
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319122359
Release Date: 2014-11-04
Genre: Business & Economics

Health Insurance aims at filling a gap in actuarial literature, attempting to solve the frequent misunderstanding in regards to both the purpose and the contents of health insurance products (and ‘protection products’, more generally) on the one hand, and the relevant actuarial structures on the other. In order to cover the basic principles regarding health insurance techniques, the first few chapters in this book are mainly devoted to the need for health insurance and a description of insurance products in this area (sickness insurance, accident insurance, critical illness covers, income protection, long-term care insurance, health-related benefits as riders to life insurance policies). An introduction to general actuarial and risk-management issues follows. Basic actuarial models are presented for sickness insurance and income protection (i.e. disability annuities). Several numerical examples help the reader understand the main features of pricing and reserving in the health insurance area. A short introduction to actuarial models for long-term care insurance products is also provided. Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in actuarial sciences; graduate students in economics, business and finance; and professionals and technicians operating in insurance and pension areas will find this book of benefit.