Classics of Moral and Political Theory

Author: Michael L. Morgan
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9781603846684
Release Date: 2011-09-15
Genre: Philosophy

The fifth edition of Michael L. Morgan's Classics of Moral and Political Theory broadens the scope and increases the versatility of this landmark anthology by offering new selections from Aristotle's Politics, Aquinas' Disputed Questions on Virtue and Treatise on Law, as well as the entirety of Locke's Letter Concerning Toleration, Kant's To Perpetual Peace, and Nietzsche's On the Advantage and Disadvantage of History for Life.

Politik

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: BSB:BSB10235129
Release Date: 1799
Genre:


Interim Judaism

Author: Michael L. Morgan
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253108519
Release Date: 2001-06-22
Genre: Religion

Interim Judaism Jewish Thought in a Century of Crisis Michael L. Morgan Probes the impact of the 20th century on Jewish belief and practice. Confronting the challenges of the 20th century, from modernity and the Great War to the Holocaust and postmodern culture, Jewish thinkers have wrestled with such fundamental issues as redemption and revelation, eternity and history, messianism and politics. From the turn of the century through the 1920s, European Jewish intellectuals confronted alienation and the challenges of modernity by seeking secure grounds for a meaningful life. After the Holocaust and the fall of Nazism, the rich results of their thinking -- on topics such as transcendence, redemption, revelation, and politics -- were reinterpreted in an atmosphere of increasing disillusion and fragmentation. In Interim Judaism, Michael L. Morgan traces the evolution of this shift in values, as expressed in the work of social thinkers, novelists, artists, and poets as well as philosophers and theologians at the beginning and end of the century. Focusing on the problem of objectivity, the experience of the transcendent, and the relationship between redemption and politics, he argues that the outcome for contemporary Jews is a pragmatic style of religiosity that has abandoned traditional conceptions of Judaism and is searching and waiting for new ones, a condition that he describes as "interim Judaism." Michael L. Morgan is Professor of Philosophy and Jewish Studies at Indiana University, Bloomington. He is author of Platonic Piety and Dilemmas in Modern Jewish Thought (Indiana University Press). He has edited The Jewish Thought of Emil Fackenheim; Classics in Moral and Political Theory; Jewish Philosophers and Jewish Philosophy (Indiana University Press); and A Holocaust Reader: Responses to the Nazi Extermination. With Paul Franks, he has translated and edited Franz Rosenzweig: Philosophical and Theological Writings. Published with the generous support of Hebrew Union College--Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati July 2001 128 pages, 5 1/2 x 8 1/4 cloth 0-253-33856-5 $35.00 L / £26.50 paper 0-253-21441-6 $15.95 s / £12.50

The Logic of Leviathan

Author: David P. Gauthier
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198243359
Release Date: 1969
Genre: Political Science

Oxford Scholarly Classics brings together a number of great academic works from the archives of Oxford University Press. Reissued in a uniform series design, they will enable libraries, scholars, and students to gain fresh access to some of the finest scholarship of the last century.

Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy

Author: Steven M. Cahn
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199791155
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Philosophy

Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy provides in one volume the major writings from nearly 2,500 years of political and moral philosophy, from Plato through the twentieth century. The most comprehensive collection of its kind, it moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Cicero) through medieval views (Augustine, Aquinas) to modern perspectives (Machiavelli, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Rousseau, Hume, Adam Smith, Kant). It includes major nineteenth-century thinkers (Bentham, Hegel, Mill) and considerably more twentieth-century theorists than are found in competing volumes (Rawls, Nozick, Taylor, Foucault, Habermas, Held, Nussbaum). Also included are numerous essays from The Federalist Papers and a variety of notable documents and addresses, among them Pericles' Funeral Oration, The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution of the United States, The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, and speeches by Edmund Burke, Abraham Lincoln, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, John Dewey, and Martin Luther King, Jr. The readings are substantial or complete texts, not fragments. The second edition contains two new readings--by Charles Taylor and Virginia Held--and adds The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It also presents two works by John Locke in their entirety and includes a new translation of Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. An especially valuable feature of this volume is that the writings of each author are introduced with a substantive and engaging essay by a leading contemporary authority. These introductions include Richard Kraut on Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Cicero; Paul J. Weithman on Augustine and Aquinas; Roger D. Masters on Machiavelli; Jean Hampton on Hobbes; Steven B. Smith on Spinoza and Hegel; A. John Simmons on Locke; Joshua Cohen on Rousseau and Rawls; Donald W. Livingston on Hume; Charles L. Griswold, Jr., on Smith; Bernard E. Brown on Hamilton and Madison; Jeremy Waldron on Bentham and Mill; Paul Guyer on Kant; Richard Miller on Marx and Engels; Thomas Christiano on Nozick; Robert B. Talisse on Charles Taylor; Thomas A. McCarthy on Foucault and Habermas; Cheshire Calhoun on Held; and Eva Feder Kittay on Nussbaum. Offering unprecedented breadth of coverage, Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy, Second Edition, is an ideal text for courses in political philosophy, social and political philosophy, moral philosophy, or surveys in Western civilization.

Politische Emotionen

Author: Martha C. Nussbaum
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518737422
Release Date: 2014-10-06
Genre: Philosophy

Wie viel Gefühl verträgt eine Gesellschaft, die nach Gerechtigkeit strebt? Nicht viel, könnte man meinen und auf die Gefahren politischer Instrumentalisierung von Ängsten und Ressentiments verweisen. Emotionen, so eine verbreitete Ansicht, setzen das Denken außer Kraft und sollten deshalb keine Rolle spielen. Martha C. Nussbaum hingegen behauptet: um der Gerechtigkeit politisch zur Geltung zu verhelfen, bedarf es nicht nur eines klaren Verstandes, sondern auch einer positiv-emotionalen Bindung der Bürgerinnen und Bürger an die gemeinsame Sache. Manche sprechen von Hingabe, Nussbaum nennt es Liebe. Sie zeigt, welche Ausdrucksformen diese und verwandte politische Emotionen annehmen können und wie sie sich kultivieren lassen.

Rational Choice

Author: Donald P. Green
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783486831603
Release Date: 1999-01-01
Genre: Philosophy

In diesem gut lesbaren und verständlichen Buch bewerten die Autoren die Anwendung der Rational-Choice-Theorie. In ihrer herben Kritik zeigen Green und Shapiro auf, dass die hoch gelobten Ergebnisse der Rational-Choice-Theorie tatsächlich äußerst suspekt sind und dass ein grundsätzliches Umdenken erforderlich ist, um diesen analytischen Ansatz in der Politikwissenschaft wirklich nutzen zu können. Diesen Prozess des Umdenkens wollen die Autoren mit ihrem Buch anstoßen.

Gerechtigkeit f r Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518780206
Release Date: 2012-07-02
Genre: Philosophy

»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Harley Davidson and Philosophy

Author: Bernard E. Rollin
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 9780812698077
Release Date: 2012-03-30
Genre: Philosophy

It’s no wonder descriptions of riding often resemble the words of Asian mystics and Jedi knights: The ride causes your senses to open completely. You experience only the present, the now. Readers who prefer revving a Harley to meditating in a Zen garden know that biking is just as contemplative as chanting in the lotus position. Here, philosopher-bikers explore this seeming dichotomy, expounding on intriguing questions such as: Why are the motorcycles the real stars of Easy Rider? What would Marx and Foucault say about Harley riders’ tight leather garb? What’s it like to live a dual life as a philosophy professor who wrenches his own 1965 Electra Glide? Would Jesus hang out in a biker bar or a coffeehouse? And more importantly, would He ride a Harley or a Honda? These witty, provocative essays give readers and riders a new appreciation of what it means to become one with the road.

The European Constitution Welfare States and Democracy

Author: Christoffer C. Eriksen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136617591
Release Date: 2011-10-07
Genre: Law

This book explores how the right to the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital in the European Union legal order affects welfare states. These "four freedoms", as they are known, are vital instruments for the protection of a European market unencumbered by internal frontiers. The European Constitution, Welfare States and Democracy explore the relationships and conflicts that have emerged between the European constitution and the legal regulation of mixed economies and markets within welfare-states. In particular, it examines the threat posed to the discretionary powers enjoyed by national governments and administrative authorities. Christoffer C. Eriksen has undertaken a comprehensive analysis of a series of judgments in which the European Court of Justice has clearly indicated the ways in which the four freedoms may be incompatible with the current practice of entrusting national administrative authorities with discretionary powers and thus highlights how the four freedoms are provoking democratic dilemmas, previously neglected in the academic literature. The book is written in a style which communicates beyond an audience of specialized legal scholars and although it includes analysis of black letter law, its methodology also draws from the disciplines of philosophy, political science, and sociology.

David Hume

Author: Russell Hardin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191610134
Release Date: 2009-08-20
Genre: Philosophy

Russell Hardin presents a new explication of David Hume's moral and political theory. With Hume, he holds that our normative views can be scientifically explained but they cannot be justified as true. Hume argued for the psychological basis of such views. In particular, he argued for sympathy as the mirroring of the psychological sensations and emotions of others. By placing Hume in the developing tradition of social science, as a strong forerunner of his younger friend Adam Smith, Hardin demonstrates Hume's strong strategic sense, his nascent utilitarianism, his powerful theory of convention as a main source of social and political order, and his recognition of moral and political theory as a single enterprise.

Das Caf der Existenzialisten

Author: Sarah Bakewell
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406697654
Release Date: 2016-07-18
Genre: Philosophy

Wie macht man Philosophie aus Aprikosencocktails? Für Sartre kein Problem: Er machte Philosophie aus einem Schwindelgefühl, aus Voyeurismus, Scham, Sadismus, Revolution, Musik und Sex. Sarah Bakewell erzählt mit wunderbarer Leichtigkeit, wie der Existenzialismus zum Lebensgefühl einer Generation wurde, die sich nach radikaler Freiheit und authentischer Existenz sehnte. Ihre meisterhafte Kollektivbiographie der Existenzialisten ist zugleich eine höchst verführerische Einladung, die existenzialistische Lebenskunst heute neu zu entdecken. „Sarah Bakewell bringt alle Voraussetzungen mit, um uns die Geschichte des Existenzialismus neu zu erzählen. ... Sie schreibt brillant, mit leichter Feder und einem sehr britischen Humor, und bietet faszinierende Einsichten.“ The Guardian „Sie hat den Dreh raus, wie man zentrale Ideen auf den Punkt bringt.“ Financial Times „Skurril, witzig, klar und leidenschaftlich.“ Daily Mail „Ein Page-Turner.“ The Paris Review

Die Akte Trump

Author: David Cay Johnston
Publisher: Ecowin
ISBN: 9783711051837
Release Date: 2016-09-01
Genre: Political Science

DER NEUE US-PRÄSIDENT – WER IST DONALD TRUMP? In Die Akte Trump zeigt Pulitzerpreisträger David Cay Johnston den Aufstieg des 45. Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten – angefangen bei Kindheit und Erziehung bis zum erbitterten Wahlkampf gegen Hillary Clinton. Mithilfe zahlreicher Interviews, Gerichtsakten und Finanzdokumente wird das Gefl echt aus Lügen und Halbwahrheiten rund um Donald Trump entwirrt und offengelegt. Wer ist der mächtigste Mann der Welt? Sachlich und fundiert entwirft David Cay Johnston ein vollständiges, brandaktuelles und mitunter erschreckendes Bild des neuen US-Präsidenten. "Was Johnston über den neuen Präsidenten erzählt, ist beeindruckend. Näher kann man Trump zurzeit wohl nicht kommen." Süddeutsche Zeitung "David Cay Johnston gehört zu den Wenigen, die das komplexe trumpsche Firmengeflecht durchdrungen und hinter die vergoldeten Kulissen geblickt haben." Der Spiegel Die Akte Trump "enthüllt die dubiosen Geschäfte des Donald Trump – und seine Skrupellosigkeit selbst gegenüber der eigenen Familie". Stern