Author: Robert Fletcher
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date: 2013-01-08
Now in its Fifth Edition, Clinical Epidemiology: The Essentials is a comprehensive, concise, and clinically oriented introduction to the subject of epidemiology. Written by expert educators, this text introduces students to the principles of evidence-based medicine that will help them develop and apply methods of clinical observation in order to form accurate conclusions. The Fifth Edition includes more complete coverage of systematic reviews and knowledge management, as well as other key topics such as abnormality, diagnosis, frequency and risk, prognosis, treatment, prevention, chance, studying cases and cause.
Author: R. Brian Haynes
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date: 2012-03-29
The Third Edition of this popular text focuses on clinical-practice research methods. It is written by clinicians with experience in generating and answering researchable questions about real-world clinical practice and health care—the prevention, treatment, diagnosis, prognosis, and causes of diseases, the measurement of quality of life, and the effects of innovations in health services. The book has a problem-oriented and protocol-based approach and is written at an introductory level, emphasizing key principles and their applications. A bound-in CD-ROM contains the full text of the book to help the reader locate needed information.
Author: Suhail Doi
Release Date: 2011-12-06
Understanding Evidence in Health Care delivers the essentials of clinical epidemiology for health practitioners, enabling them to practise evidence-based health care. Divided into two parts, Understanding Evidence in Health Care explains both the key concepts behind research output and how to interpret and apply the research. It teaches health care professionals how to: how to have an effective understanding of published reports, interact with hard-to-find and hard-to-understand terminology, and get real understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of scientific information in their field. Understanding Evidence in Health Care develops the reader's skills in a logical flow of background principles, useful data examples, clearly explained tables and figures, and end-of-chapter readings and exercises, thus offering invaluable guidance to doctors, nurses and health professionals in all fields.
Author: Michael S. Kramer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Here is a book for clinicians, clinical investigators, trainees, and graduates who wish to develop their proficiency in the planning, execution, and interpretation of clinical and epidemiological research. Emphasis is placed on the design and analysis of research studies involving human subjects where the primary interest concerns principles of analytic (cause-and- effect) inference. The topic is presented from the standpoint of the clinician and assumes no previous knowledge of epidemiology, research design or statistics. Extensive use is made of illustrative examples from a variety of clinical specialties and subspecialties. The book is divided into three parts. Part I deals with epidemiological research design and analytic inference, including such issues as measurement, rates, analytic bias, and the main forms of observational and experimental epidemiological studies. Part II presents the principles and applications of biostatistics, with emphasis on statistical inference. Part III comprises four chapters covering such topics as diagnostic tests, decision analysis, survival (life-table) analysis, and causality.
Author: Suhail A. R. Doi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-06-01
“Methods of Clinical Epidemiology” serves as a text on methods useful to clinical researchers. It provides a clear introduction to the common research methodology specific to clinical research for both students and researchers. This book sets out to fill the gap left by texts that concentrate on public health epidemiology and focuses on what is not covered well in such texts. The four sections cover methods that have not previously been brought together in one text and serves as a second level textbook of clinical epidemiology methodology. This book will be of use to postgraduate students in clinical epidemiology as well as clinical researchers at the start of their careers.
Author: Penny Webb
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2010-12-16
The new edition of this popular textbook remains a clear and practical introduction to epidemiology for students in all areas of health. By emphasising the role of epidemiology across a broad range of health monitoring and research, it gives students an understanding of the fundamental principles common to all areas of epidemiology. It also integrates the study of infectious and chronic diseases as well as public health and clinical epidemiology. Avoiding complex mathematics, it steps through the methods and potential problems underlying health data and reports, while maintaining a balance of rigour and clarity. The nuts-and-bolts of epidemiology are embedded in the wider international health perspective through recent and classical examples across different areas of health to engage students from a range of backgrounds. Concepts are illustrated with charts and graphs, and end-of-chapter questions test understanding (with answers provided). Online resources include further exercises, slides for teaching and useful weblinks.
Author: Diederick E. Grobbee
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release Date: 2009-10-01
New Edition Available 7/1/2013 In the current era of evidence-based medicine, clinical epidemiology is increasingly recognized as an essential tool in the critical appraisal of available evidence and the design of new studies. Clinical Epidemiology: Principles, Methods, and Applications for Clinical Research is a comprehensive resource that introduces the reader to the basics of clinical epidemiology and explores the principles and methods that can be used to obtain quantitative evidence on the effects of interventions and on the diagnosis, etiology, and prognosis of disease. The everyday challenges of clinical research and the quantitative knowledge required to practice medicine are also examined, making this book a valuable reference for both graduate and undergraduate students in medicine and related disciplines, as well as for professionals involved in the design and conduct of clinical research. Key features: . Worked-out examples from daily clinical practice included in all sections. . Relevant clinical research that can be used as exercises. . Several chapters devoted to research assessing the main and adverse effects of interventions, including introductions to clinical trials. . Common study designs (such as meta-analyses, case-control studies and randomized trials), as well as elementary data-analytical issues. Principles and Methods of Clinical Epidemiology explores the challenges clinicians face in daily practice and the quantitative knowledge required to practice medicine. An important distinction is made between research directed at unraveling causality (notably etiologic research and studies addressing the effects of interventions) and descriptive research aimed at predicting the presence (diagnostic research) or consequences of disease (prognostic research). The book is intended for both the users of clinical research findings (i.e. those practicing medicine and related disciplines such as pharmacy, health sciences, nursing sciences, and veterinary medicine) and those involved in the design and conduct of applied clinical research. Also future users and do-ers of applied clinical research (notably undergraduate students and PhD fellows in medicine and related disciplines) will benefit from the book. Teachers of clinical epidemiology will find the book a valuable reference with their classes.
Author: Bryan Kestenbaum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2009-08-28
Concise, fast-paced, intensive introduction to clinical research design for students and clinical research professionals Readers will gain sufficient knowledge to pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination part I section in Epidemiology
Author: Gail F. Dawson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2012-04-20
Learn biostatistics the easy way. This outstanding resource presents the key concepts you need to understand biostatistics and how to apply them in clinical medicine. Easy-to-understand examples and analogies explain complex concepts, and practical applications provide you with real tools for use in daily practice. The book’s organization is intuitive, so that concepts build upon one another, maximizing understanding. This book will give you the confidence to appraise the existing literature - and the vocabulary you need to discuss it. Uses an easy-to-understand presentation and writing style to make the material easily accessible. Places its emphasis on concepts, not formulas, for more clinical-based guidance. Focuses on practical applications of biostatistics to medical practice to give you a better understanding of how and why research is conducted. Presents concise but comprehensive coverage to create easily accessible yet complete information. Provides examples, analogies, and memorization tips to make the material easier to absorb.
One of the most extensive fracture classification studies ever compiled, Clinical Epidemiology of Orthopedic Trauma comprehensively explores the distribution of fracture patterns in clinical practice. It is based on an in-depth review of more than 65,000 fractures in 60,000 patients at a leading international trauma center, with each fracture classified according to the widely accepted AO/OTA system for immediate recognition and analysis. Not only will readers get a full statistical overview of fracture location, segment, and type, but they will also learn key demographic data such as age, gender, incidence rate, and more. Special Features: More than 2,000 anatomic diagrams, illustrations, and x-rays that clearly demonstrate how the AO/OTA fracture classification and coding system works, with important implications for treatment choices Easy-to-follow, standardized chapters that cover accepted classifications and nomenclature, anatomy, mechanisms of injury, epidemiological features, and tips on diagnosis and treatment for each bone and segment Multi-colored pie charts and bar graphs that make statistical information accessible and user-friendly Numerous case examples reflecting the authors depth and breadth of experience In addition to being a core reference for orthopedic surgeons, Clinical Epidemiology of Orthopedic Trauma is an indispensable reference for academic researchers; medical schools, libraries, and hospitals; and clinicians reviewing data for analysis or publication. It offers a wealth of information that will impact treatment planning, future allocation of resources in trauma care, and initiatives in preventive medicine.
Author: David L. Katz
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Release Date: 2001-08-21
"The presentation is consistently excellent. One, the writing is lucid and organized in a way that should be very natural for the clinical reader. Two, the text requires no background in mathematics and uses a minimum of symbols. And, three, the methodological concepts and clinical issues are well integrated through a number of carefully prepared and comprehensive examples." Greg Samsa, Associate Director, Duke Center for Clinical Health Policy Research If a patient is older or younger than, sicker or healthier than, taller or shorter than or simply different from the subjects of a study, do the results pertain? Clinical Epidemiology & Evidence-based Medicine is a resource for all health-care workers involved in applying evidence to the care of their patients. Using clinical examples and citing liberally from the peer-reviewed literature, the book shows how statistical principles can improve medical decisions. Plus, as Katz shows how probability, risk and alternatives are fundamental considerations in all clinical decisions, he demonstrates the intuitive basis for using clinical epidemiolgy as a science underlying medical decisions. After reading this text, the practitioner should be better able to access, interpret, and apply evidence to patient care as well as better understand and control the process of medical decision making.
Author: Walter Willett
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 1990
This book discusses the complex relationships between diet and major diseases of western civilization, such as cancer and atherosclerosis. It begins with an overview of research strategies in nutritional epidemiology, a relatively new discipline that combines the body of detailed knowledge gained by nutritionists in this century with methodologic approaches developed by epidemiologists to study determinants of diseases with multiple etiologies and long latent periods. Learning about the effects of diet begins with its measurement, thus a major part of the book is devoted to methods of dietary assessment using data on food intake, biochemical indicators of diet, and measures of body size and composition. The reproducibility and validity of evidence from each approach and the implications of measurement error are considered in detail. The analysis, presentation, and interpretation of data from epidemiologic studies of diet and disease are discussed; particular attention is given to the influence of total energy intake on the findings of these studies. Comprehensive and in-depth, this is an indispensable text for epidemiologists, nutritionists, and their students.
Author: Kenneth F. Schulz
Publisher: The Lancet
Release Date: 2006
The needs of clinicians predominate throughout the text, but these needs overlap with those of researchers especially in chapters covering randomized controlled trials. For readers to assess trials accurately they need to understand relevant guidelines on the conduct of trials that are emerging from methodological research. In presenting these discussions to clinicians these chapters will help researchers who also do randomized trials and provide a methodological background that enhances the quality and quantity of their research productivity. Enables clinicians to read the medical literature more critically Chapters cover: descriptive studies, cohort studies, case control studies, bias, and screening tests Five chapters dedicated to randomized controlled trials
Author: Patrick S. Parfrey
Publisher: Humana Press
Release Date: 2016-10-08
Focusing on improving the diagnosis, prognosis, and management of human disease, this book takes on the issues of research design, measurement, and evaluation which are critical to clinical epidemiology. This second edition of Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods opens with how best to frame a clinical research question, the ethics associated with doing a research project in humans, and the definition of various biases that occur in clinical research. From there, it continues by examining issues of design, measurement, and analysis associated with various research designs, including determination of risk in longitudinal studies, assessment of therapy in randomized controlled clinical trials, and evaluation of diagnostic tests, and then delves into the more specialized area of clinical genetic research, before concluding with basic methods used in evidence-based decision making including critical appraisal, aggregation of multiple studies using meta-analysis, health technology assessment, clinical practice guidelines, development of health policy, translational research, how to utilize administrative databases, and knowledge translation. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include the kind of detail and practical advice to ensure real world success. Comprehensive and authoritative, Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods, Second Edition is intended to educate researchers on how to undertake clinical research and should be helpful not only to medical practitioners but also to basic scientists who want to extend their work to humans, to allied health professionals interested in scientific evaluation, and to trainees in clinical epidemiology.