Combustion

Author: Irvin Glassman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780124115552
Release Date: 2014-12-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Throughout its previous four editions, Combustion has made a very complex subject both enjoyable and understandable to its student readers and a pleasure for instructors to teach. With its clearly articulated physical and chemical processes of flame combustion and smooth, logical transitions to engineering applications, this new edition continues that tradition. Greatly expanded end-of-chapter problem sets and new areas of combustion engineering applications make it even easier for students to grasp the significance of combustion to a wide range of engineering practice, from transportation to energy generation to environmental impacts. Combustion engineering is the study of rapid energy and mass transfer usually through the common physical phenomena of flame oxidation. It covers the physics and chemistry of this process and the engineering applications—including power generation in internal combustion automobile engines and gas turbine engines. Renewed concerns about energy efficiency and fuel costs, along with continued concerns over toxic and particulate emissions, make this a crucial area of engineering. New chapter on new combustion concepts and technologies, including discussion on nanotechnology as related to combustion, as well as microgravity combustion, microcombustion, and catalytic combustion—all interrelated and discussed by considering scaling issues (e.g., length and time scales) New information on sensitivity analysis of reaction mechanisms and generation and application of reduced mechanisms Expanded coverage of turbulent reactive flows to better illustrate real-world applications Important new sections on stabilization of diffusion flames—for the first time, the concept of triple flames will be introduced and discussed in the context of diffusion flame stabilization

Advanced Combustion Technical Background

Author: Engineering Software
Publisher: Engineering Software
ISBN: 9781585145041
Release Date:
Genre:

Combustion is a process of active oxidation of combustible compounds such as: carbon, hydrogen and sulfur. Therefore, combustion is a chemical reaction. High amount of heat is released during the combustion. Combustion has a high degree of importance in engineering. Ideal, complete and adiabatic combustion is presented. Six different fuels (carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, coal, oil and gas) react with air and oxygen enriched air as the oxidant at different stoichiometry values (stoichiometry => 1) and oxidant inlet temperature values. Reactants and combustion products enthalpy values change with an increase in the temperature and such enthalpy values are presented in a plot where one can notice fuel higher heating value (HHV) and flame temperature definitions. Physical properties of basic combustion reactants and products are presented in an enthalpy vs temperature plot. The combustion technical performance at stoichiometry => 1 conditions is presented knowing the enthalpy values for combustion reactants and products, given as a function of temperature. Combustion products composition on both weight and mole basis is given in tabular form and plotted in a few figures. Also, flame temperature, oxidant to fuel ratio and fuel higher heating value (HHV) are presented in tabular form and plotted in a few figures. The provided output data and plots allow one to determine the major combustion performance laws and trends. In this technical background material, one gets familiar with the complete and adiabatic combustion of carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, coal, oil and gas, with no heat loss, with air and oxygen enriched air as the oxidant at different stoichiometry values (stoichiometry => 1) and oxidant input temperature values, physical properties of combustion reactants and products, combustion products composition on both weight and mole basis, flame temperature, oxidant to fuel ratio and higher heating value (HHV),. As a result, basic combustion performance trends are presented.

FUNDAMENTALS OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES

Author: H. N. GUPTA
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9788120346802
Release Date: 2012-12-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Providing a comprehensive introduction to the basics of Internal Combustion Engines, this book is suitable for: Undergraduate-level courses in mechanical engineering, aeronautical engineering, and automobile engineering. Postgraduate-level courses (Thermal Engineering) in mechanical engineering. A.M.I.E. (Section B) courses in mechanical engineering. Competitive examinations, such as Civil Services, Engineering Services, GATE, etc. In addition, the book can be used for refresher courses for professionals in auto-mobile industries. Coverage Includes Analysis of processes (thermodynamic, combustion, fluid flow, heat transfer, friction and lubrication) relevant to design, performance, efficiency, fuel and emission requirements of internal combustion engines. Special topics such as reactive systems, unburned and burned mixture charts, fuel-line hydraulics, side thrust on the cylinder walls, etc. Modern developments such as electronic fuel injection systems, electronic ignition systems, electronic indicators, exhaust emission requirements, etc. The Second Edition includes new sections on geometry of reciprocating engine, engine performance parameters, alternative fuels for IC engines, Carnot cycle, Stirling cycle, Ericsson cycle, Lenoir cycle, Miller cycle, crankcase ventilation, supercharger controls and homogeneous charge compression ignition engines. Besides, air-standard cycles, latest advances in fuel-injection system in SI engine and gasoline direct injection are discussed in detail. New problems and examples have been added to several chapters. Key Features Explains basic principles and applications in a clear, concise, and easy-to-read manner Richly illustrated to promote a fuller understanding of the subject SI units are used throughout Example problems illustrate applications of theory End-of-chapter review questions and problems help students reinforce and apply key concepts Provides answers to all numerical problems

Mixture Formation in Internal Combustion Engines

Author: Carsten Baumgarten
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540308362
Release Date: 2006-09-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

A systematic control of mixture formation with modern high-pressure injection systems enables us to achieve considerable improvements of the combustion pr- ess in terms of reduced fuel consumption and engine-out raw emissions. However, because of the growing number of free parameters due to more flexible injection systems, variable valve trains, the application of different combustion concepts within different regions of the engine map, etc., the prediction of spray and m- ture formation becomes increasingly complex. For this reason, the optimization of the in-cylinder processes using 3D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) becomes increasingly important. In these CFD codes, the detailed modeling of spray and mixture formation is a prerequisite for the correct calculation of the subsequent processes like ignition, combustion and formation of emissions. Although such simulation tools can be viewed as standard tools today, the predictive quality of the sub-models is c- stantly enhanced by a more accurate and detailed modeling of the relevant pr- esses, and by the inclusion of new important mechanisms and effects that come along with the development of new injection systems and have not been cons- ered so far. In this book the most widely used mathematical models for the simulation of spray and mixture formation in 3D CFD calculations are described and discussed. In order to give the reader an introduction into the complex processes, the book starts with a description of the fundamental mechanisms and categories of fuel - jection, spray break-up, and mixture formation in internal combustion engines.

The Internal combustion Engine in Theory and Practice Combustion fuels materials design

Author: Charles Fayette Taylor
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262700271
Release Date: 1985-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laboratories at MIT from 1926 to 1960

Combustion

Author: John B. Edwards
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: UOM:39015004562933
Release Date: 1974
Genre: Science


Combustion Toxicology

Author: Shayne C. Gad
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439805326
Release Date: 1990-10-02
Genre: Medical

Combustion toxicology is a recent, applied science, the ultimate purpose of which is to reduce casualties from smoke inhalation. The present volume attempts an unbiased presentation of the state of the field. The authors have identified the misconceptions and unsupported conclusions in the literature, differentiating between fact and hypothesis and present the reader with an account of what is really known about the toxicity of smoke produced by materials. They also recommend an approach to evaluating the toxicity of combustion products.

Flame and Combustion 3rd Edition

Author: J.F. Griffiths
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0751401994
Release Date: 1995-12-30
Genre: Science

An introduction for postgraduate and undergraduate students to the chemical and physical principles of flame and combustion phenomena. This book should be of interest to undergraduate/postgraduate chemists; chemical engineers; undergraduate/postgraduate mechanical engineers and environmental scientists; and industrial combustion technologists.

Internal Combustion Engines

Author: K. Agrawal Shyam
Publisher: New Age International
ISBN: 9788122417821
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Combustion engineering

Salient Features * The New Edition Is A Thoroughly Revised Version Of The Earlier Edition And Presents A Detailed Exposition Of The Basic Principles Of Design, Operation And Characteristics Of Reciprocating I.C. Engines And Gas Turbines. * Chemistry Of Combustion, Engine Cooling And Lubrication Requirements, Liquid And Gaseous Fuels For Ic Engines, Compressors, Supercharging And Exhaust Emission - Its Standards And Control Thoroughly Explained. * Jet And Rocket Propulsion, Alternate Potential Engines Including Hybrid Electric And Fuel Cell Vehicles Are Discussed In Detail. * Chapter On Ignition System Includes Electronic Injection Systems For Si And Ci Engines. * 150 Worked Out Examples Illustrate The Basic Concepts And Self Explanatory Diagrams Are Provided Throughout The Text. * More Than 200 Multiple Choice Questions With Answers, A Good Number Of Review Questions, Numerical With Answers For Practice Will Help Users In Preparing For Different Competitive Examinations.With These Features, The Present Text Is Going To Be An Invaluable One For Undergraduate Mechanical Engineering Students And Amie Candidates.

Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals

Author: John Heywood
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: UOM:39015065056338
Release Date: 1988-04-01
Genre: Transportation

This text, by a leading authority in the field, presents a fundamental and factual development of the science and engineering underlying the design of combustion engines and turbines. An extensive illustration program supports the concepts and theories discussed.

Charging the Internal Combustion Engine

Author: Hermann Hiereth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783211471135
Release Date: 2007-11-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book covers all aspects of supercharging internal combustion engines. It details charging systems and components, the theoretical basic relations between engines and charging systems, as well as layout and evaluation criteria for best interaction. Coverage also describes recent experiences in design and development of supercharging systems, improved graphical presentations, and most advanced calculation and simulation tools.