Combustion

Author: Irvin Glassman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780124115552
Release Date: 2014-12-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Throughout its previous four editions, Combustion has made a very complex subject both enjoyable and understandable to its student readers and a pleasure for instructors to teach. With its clearly articulated physical and chemical processes of flame combustion and smooth, logical transitions to engineering applications, this new edition continues that tradition. Greatly expanded end-of-chapter problem sets and new areas of combustion engineering applications make it even easier for students to grasp the significance of combustion to a wide range of engineering practice, from transportation to energy generation to environmental impacts. Combustion engineering is the study of rapid energy and mass transfer usually through the common physical phenomena of flame oxidation. It covers the physics and chemistry of this process and the engineering applications—including power generation in internal combustion automobile engines and gas turbine engines. Renewed concerns about energy efficiency and fuel costs, along with continued concerns over toxic and particulate emissions, make this a crucial area of engineering. New chapter on new combustion concepts and technologies, including discussion on nanotechnology as related to combustion, as well as microgravity combustion, microcombustion, and catalytic combustion—all interrelated and discussed by considering scaling issues (e.g., length and time scales) New information on sensitivity analysis of reaction mechanisms and generation and application of reduced mechanisms Expanded coverage of turbulent reactive flows to better illustrate real-world applications Important new sections on stabilization of diffusion flames—for the first time, the concept of triple flames will be introduced and discussed in the context of diffusion flame stabilization

The Combustion of Solid Fuels and Wastes

Author: David Tillman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080571126
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Careful organization and empirical correlations help clarify the prodigious technical information presented in this useful reference. Key Features * Written for practicing engineers, this comprehensive book supplies an overall framework of the combustion process; It connects information on specific reactions and reaction sequences with current applications and hardware; Each major group of combustion solids is evaluated; Among the many topics covered are: * Various biomass forms * The coalification process * Grate, kiln, and suspension firing * Fluidized bed combustion * Gasification of solids * The manufacturing process

GAS Turbine Combustion Second Edition

Author: Arthur H. Lefebvre
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1560326735
Release Date: 1998-09-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This revised edition provides understanding of the basic physical, chemical, and aerodynamic processes associated with gas turbine combustion and their relevance and application to combustor performance and design. It also introduces the many new concepts for ultra-low emissions combustors, and new advances in fuel preparation and liner wall-cooling techniques for their success. It details advanced and practical approaches to combustor design for the clean burning of alternative liquid fuels derived from oil shades, tar sands, and coal. Additional topics include diffusers, combustion performance fuel injection, combustion noise, heat transfer, and emissions.

Theory of Combustion of Powder and Explosives

Author: Aleksei Lipanov
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 156072398X
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Technology & Engineering

A collection of 34 articles too technical to be of much practical use to terrorists. Among the topics are the combustion of homogeneous powder grains in elliptical and sub-elliptical form, the numerical analysis of the convective burning of granulated fuels, experimental data on the ablation combustion of powdered explosives, the new approach in th

FUNDAMENTALS OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES

Author: H. N. GUPTA
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9788120346802
Release Date: 2012-12-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Providing a comprehensive introduction to the basics of Internal Combustion Engines, this book is suitable for: Undergraduate-level courses in mechanical engineering, aeronautical engineering, and automobile engineering. Postgraduate-level courses (Thermal Engineering) in mechanical engineering. A.M.I.E. (Section B) courses in mechanical engineering. Competitive examinations, such as Civil Services, Engineering Services, GATE, etc. In addition, the book can be used for refresher courses for professionals in auto-mobile industries. Coverage Includes Analysis of processes (thermodynamic, combustion, fluid flow, heat transfer, friction and lubrication) relevant to design, performance, efficiency, fuel and emission requirements of internal combustion engines. Special topics such as reactive systems, unburned and burned mixture charts, fuel-line hydraulics, side thrust on the cylinder walls, etc. Modern developments such as electronic fuel injection systems, electronic ignition systems, electronic indicators, exhaust emission requirements, etc. The Second Edition includes new sections on geometry of reciprocating engine, engine performance parameters, alternative fuels for IC engines, Carnot cycle, Stirling cycle, Ericsson cycle, Lenoir cycle, Miller cycle, crankcase ventilation, supercharger controls and homogeneous charge compression ignition engines. Besides, air-standard cycles, latest advances in fuel-injection system in SI engine and gasoline direct injection are discussed in detail. New problems and examples have been added to several chapters. Key Features Explains basic principles and applications in a clear, concise, and easy-to-read manner Richly illustrated to promote a fuller understanding of the subject SI units are used throughout Example problems illustrate applications of theory End-of-chapter review questions and problems help students reinforce and apply key concepts Provides answers to all numerical problems

Flame and Combustion 3rd Edition

Author: J.F. Griffiths
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0751401994
Release Date: 1995-12-30
Genre: Science

An introduction for postgraduate and undergraduate students to the chemical and physical principles of flame and combustion phenomena. This book should be of interest to undergraduate/postgraduate chemists; chemical engineers; undergraduate/postgraduate mechanical engineers and environmental scientists; and industrial combustion technologists.

The Internal combustion Engine in Theory and Practice Combustion fuels materials design

Author: Charles Fayette Taylor
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262700271
Release Date: 1985-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This revised edition of Taylor's classic work on the internal-combustion engine incorporates changes and additions in engine design and control that have been brought on by the world petroleum crisis, the subsequent emphasis on fuel economy, and the legal restraints on air pollution.The fundamentals and the topical organization, however, remain the same. The analytic rather than merely descriptive treatment of actual engine cycles, the exhaustive studies of air capacity, heat flow, friction, and the effects of cylinder size, and the emphasis on application have been preserved. These are the basic qualities that have made Taylor's work indispensable to more than one generation of engineers and designers of internal-combustion engines, as well as to teachers and graduate students in the fields of power, internal-combustion engineering, and general machine design.Charles Fayette Taylor is Professor of Automotive Engineering Emeritus at MIT. He directed the Sloan Automotive Laboratories at MIT from 1926 to 1960

Combustion Toxicology

Author: Shayne C. Gad
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439805326
Release Date: 1990-10-02
Genre: Medical

Combustion toxicology is a recent, applied science, the ultimate purpose of which is to reduce casualties from smoke inhalation. The present volume attempts an unbiased presentation of the state of the field. The authors have identified the misconceptions and unsupported conclusions in the literature, differentiating between fact and hypothesis and present the reader with an account of what is really known about the toxicity of smoke produced by materials. They also recommend an approach to evaluating the toxicity of combustion products.

Combustion

Author: John B. Edwards
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: UOM:39015004562933
Release Date: 1974
Genre: Science


Laser Ignition of Internal Combustion Engines

Author: Martin Weinrotter
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 9783640881543
Release Date: 2011-04-01
Genre:

Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2006 in the subject Electrotechnology, grade: 1, mit Ausgezeichnung bestanden, Vienna University of Technology (Insitut fur Photonik), language: English, abstract: In this PhD thesis different fundamental aspects and the practical usability of a laser ignition system as a new, innovative and alternative ignition approach for internal combustion engines were investigated in great detail mainly experimentally. Ignition experiments in combustion chambers under high pressures and elevated temperatures have been conducted. Different fuels were investigated. Also the minimum breakdown energy in dependence of the initial temperature and pressure with the help of an aspheric lens with a high numerical aperture was studied. High-speed Schlieren diagnostics have been conducted in the combustion chamber. The different stages like the ignition plasma within the first nanoseconds via the shock wave generation to the expanding flame kernel were investigated. With the help of multi-point ignition the combustion duration could be reduced significantly. The controlled start of auto-ignition of n-heptane-air mixtures by resonant absorption of Er, Cr: YSGG laser radiation at 2.78 um by additionally introduced water has been proven in combustion chamber experiments as a completely new idea. Beside experiments in the combustion chambers and long term tests under atmospheric conditions, various tests in SI engines up to 200 h, have been made. Different sources of contamination of the window surface have been identified. First experiments with a longitudinally diode-pumped, fiber-coupled and passively Q-switched solid-state laser -prototype system with maximum pulse energy of 1.5 mJ at about 1.5 ns pulse duration were performed which allowed to ignite the engine successfully over a test period of 100 h. In cooperation with Lund University in Sweden, experiments have been performed on another engine test bed running in HCCI mode revealing the la

Internal Combustion Engines

Author: K. Agrawal Shyam
Publisher: New Age International
ISBN: 9788122417821
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Combustion engineering

Salient Features * The New Edition Is A Thoroughly Revised Version Of The Earlier Edition And Presents A Detailed Exposition Of The Basic Principles Of Design, Operation And Characteristics Of Reciprocating I.C. Engines And Gas Turbines. * Chemistry Of Combustion, Engine Cooling And Lubrication Requirements, Liquid And Gaseous Fuels For Ic Engines, Compressors, Supercharging And Exhaust Emission - Its Standards And Control Thoroughly Explained. * Jet And Rocket Propulsion, Alternate Potential Engines Including Hybrid Electric And Fuel Cell Vehicles Are Discussed In Detail. * Chapter On Ignition System Includes Electronic Injection Systems For Si And Ci Engines. * 150 Worked Out Examples Illustrate The Basic Concepts And Self Explanatory Diagrams Are Provided Throughout The Text. * More Than 200 Multiple Choice Questions With Answers, A Good Number Of Review Questions, Numerical With Answers For Practice Will Help Users In Preparing For Different Competitive Examinations.With These Features, The Present Text Is Going To Be An Invaluable One For Undergraduate Mechanical Engineering Students And Amie Candidates.

Focus on Combustion Research

Author: Sung Z. Jiang
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 1594548234
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Science

Combustion or burning is an exothermic reaction between a substance and a gas to release heat. Combustion normally occurs in oxygen (often in the form of gaseous O2 ) to form oxides, However, combustion can also take place in other gases like chlorine. The products of such reactions usually include water (H2 O) as well as carbon monoxide (CO) or carbon dioxide (CO2 ), or both. Other by-products, such as partially reacted fuel and elemental carbon (C), may generate visible smoke and soot. This book presents leading research from around the world in this frontal field.