Cultural Property and Contested Ownership

Author: Brigitta Hauser-Schäublin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317281832
Release Date: 2016-06-10
Genre: Social Science

Against the backdrop of international conventions and their implementation, Cultural Property and Contested Ownership explores how highly-valued cultural goods are traded and negotiated among diverging parties and their interests. Cultural artefacts, such as those kept and trafficked between art dealers, private collectors and museums, have become increasingly localized in a ‘Bermuda triangle’ of colonialism, looting and the black market, with their re-emergence resulting in disputes of ownership and claims for return. This interdisciplinary volume provides the first book-length investigation of the changing behaviours resulting from the effect of the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. The collection considers the impact of the Convention on the way antiquity dealers, museums and auction houses, as well as nation states and local communities, address issues of provenance, contested ownership, and the trafficking of cultural property. The book contains a range of contributions from anthropologists, lawyers, historians and archaeologists. Individual cases are examined from a bottom-up perspective and assessed from the viewpoint of international law in the Epilogue. Each section is contextualised by an introductory chapter from the editors.

The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology

Author: Finney
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802890160
Release Date: 2017
Genre: Art, Early Christian

More than 400 distinguished scholars, including archaeologists, art historians, historians, epigraphers, and theologians, have written the 1,455 entries in this monumental encyclopedia--the first comprehensive reference work of its kind. From Aachen to Zurzach, Paul Corby Finney's three-volume masterwork draws on archaeological and epigraphic evidence to offer readers a basic orientation to early Christian architecture, sculpture, painting, mosaic, and portable artifacts created roughly between AD 200 and 600 in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Clear, comprehensive, and richly illustrated, this work will be an essential resource for all those interested in late antique and early Christian art, archaeology, and history. --

Art and Cultural Heritage

Author: Barbara T. Hoffman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521857643
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Law

Art and Cultural Heritage is appropriately, but not solely, about national and international law respecting cultural heritage. It is a bubbling cauldron of law mixed with ethics, philosophy, politics and working principles looking at how cultural heritage law, policy and practice should be sculpted from the past as the present becomes the future. Art and cultural heritage are two pillars on which a society builds its identity, its values, its sense of community and the individual. The authors explore these demanding concerns, untangle basic values, and look critically at the conflicts and contradictions in existing art and cultural heritage law and policy in its diverse sectors. The rich and provocative contributions collectively provide a reasoned discussion of the issues from a multiplicity of views to permit the reader to understand the theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of the cultural heritage debate.

Indigenous Peoples Cultural Property Claims

Author: Karolina Kuprecht
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783319016559
Release Date: 2013-11-19
Genre: Law

This book analyses the legal aspects of international claims by indigenous peoples for the repatriation of their cultural property, and explores what legal norms and normative orders would be appropriate for resolving these claims. To establish context, the book first provides insights into the exceptional legislative responses to the cultural property claims of Native American tribes in the United States and looks at the possible relevance of this national law on the international level. It then shifts to the multinational setting by using the method of legal pluralism and takes into consideration international human rights law, international cultural heritage law, the applicable national laws in the United Kingdom, France and Switzerland, transnational law such as museum codes, and decision-making in extra-legal procedures. In the process, the book reveals the limits of the law in dealing with the growing imperative of human rights in the field, and concludes with three basic insights that are of key relevance for improving the law and decision-making with regard to indigenous peoples’ cultural property.​

Commentary on the UNESCO 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property

Author: Patrick J. O'Keefe
Publisher: Inst of Art & Law
ISBN: 1903987164
Release Date: 2007-01-01
Genre: Law

The first edition of this Commentary was published in 2000 to coincide with the thirtieth anniversary of the UNESCO Convention. Since then, the Convention has been ratified by many more States, including the United Kingdom, Japan and Switzerland, and the Convention is acquiring greater significance than at any other point in its history. This article by article analysis is written by an acknowledged expert in heritage law and management. The book includes practical information on the implementation of the Convention, together with a series of appendices.

Shipwrecked Heritage

Author: Patrick J. O'Keefe
Publisher: Inst of Art & Law
ISBN: 1903987334
Release Date: 2014-01
Genre: Law

Shipwrecks are a significant source of history derived from archaeological examination. They are also a source of wonder and enjoyment for those who can go beneath the ocean's surface or who experience these pleasures through film or video. But, all this depends on the proper treatment of shipwrecks and other underwater sites. If they are destroyed by the haphazard ripping of objects from the site, the information and enjoyment are destroyed forever. In November 2001, in an effort to prevent this from happening and to establish rules for the proper treatment of underwater cultural heritage, some 87 States voted in favor of adopting the UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage. This updated second edition explains the origin of the Convention and the politics behind its preparation, and provides an interpretation of its provisions. The book examines the background to Convention and provides a detailed commentary on all the Articles of the Convention and the Rules contained in the Annex, clearly demonstrating the way in which the Convention seeks to regulate salvage and other activities relating to shipwrecks. The book provides contemporary examples of the impact of underwater salvage operations on the cultural heritage located beneath the surface of the oceans and the way in which the Convention can address these issues.

Trade in Antiquities

Author: Patrick J. O'Keefe
Publisher: Unesco
ISBN: 187313231X
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Political Science

In May 1994, Director-General of UNESCO invited specialised studies made by experts to clarify issues in cultural objects that are disputed or unclear. Collectors (both public and private), dealers, archaeologists, conservators and other specialists around the world were consulted either in person or by correspondence during the preparation of this report.

Trophies of War and Empire

Author: Patricia Kennedy Grimsted
Publisher: Harvard Ukrainian
ISBN: UVA:X004556377
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

The foremost authority today on Soviet and post-Soviet archives in Eastern Europe considers the essential problems of Ukrainian archeography.

Art Cultural Heritage and the Market

Author: Valentina Vadi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642450945
Release Date: 2014-01-27
Genre: Law

In the age of economic globalisation, do art and heritage matter? Once the domain of elitist practitioners and scholars, the governance of cultural heritage and the destiny of iconic artefacts have emerged as the new frontier of international law, making headlines and attracting the varied interests of academics and policy-makers, museum curators and collectors, human rights activists and investment lawyers and artists and economists, just to mention a few. The return of cultural artefacts to their legitimate owners, the recovery of underwater cultural heritage and the protection and promotion of artistic expressions are just some of the pressing issues addressed by this book. Contemporary intersections between art, cultural heritage and the market are complicated by a variety of ethical and legal issues, which often describe complex global relations. Should works of art be treated differently from other goods? What happens if a work of art, currently exhibited in a museum, turns out to have originally been looted? What is the relevant legal framework? What should be done with ancient shipwrecks filled with objects from former colonies? Should such objects be kept by the finders? Should they be returned to the country of origin? This book addresses these different questions while highlighting the complex interplay between legal and ethical issues in the context of cultural governance. The approach is mainly legal but interdisciplinary aspects are considered as well.

Cultural Heritage Conventions and Other Instruments

Author: Patrick J. O'Keefe
Publisher: Inst of Art & Law
ISBN: 1903987121
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Law

"This book provides all the significant texts of international law on the protection of heritage and includes a short commentary on the evolution of each one and on their relationship to one another. Illustrations show the immense diversity of heritage legally protected today. A fundamental working tool for cultural professionals such as anthropologists, archaeologists, architects, cultural administrators, legal advisers, museum staff and site curators." -- Back cover.

Cultural Heritage Ethics

Author: Constantine Sandis
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 9781783740673
Release Date: 2014-10-13
Genre: Art

Theory without practice is empty, practice without theory is blind, to adapt a phrase from Immanuel Kant. The sentiment could not be truer of cultural heritage ethics. This intra-disciplinary book bridges the gap between theory and practice by bringing together a stellar cast of academics, activists, consultants, journalists, lawyers, and museum practitioners, each contributing their own expertise to the wider debate of what cultural heritage means in the twenty-first century. Cultural Heritage Ethics provides cutting-edge arguments built on case studies of cultural heritage and its management in a range of geographical and cultural contexts. Moreover, the volume feels the pulse of the debate on heritage ethics by discussing timely issues such as access, acquisition, archaeological practice, curatorship, education, ethnology, historiography, integrity, legislation, memory, museum management, ownership, preservation, protection, public trust, restitution, human rights, stewardship, and tourism. This volume is neither a textbook nor a manifesto for any particular approach to heritage ethics, but a snapshot of different positions and approaches that will inspire both thought and action. Cultural Heritage Ethics provides invaluable reading for students and teachers of philosophy of archaeology, history and moral philosophy – and for anyone interested in the theory and practice of cultural preservation.