Cultural Property and Contested Ownership

Author: Brigitta Hauser-Schäublin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317281832
Release Date: 2016-06-10
Genre: Social Science

Against the backdrop of international conventions and their implementation, Cultural Property and Contested Ownership explores how highly-valued cultural goods are traded and negotiated among diverging parties and their interests. Cultural artefacts, such as those kept and trafficked between art dealers, private collectors and museums, have become increasingly localized in a ‘Bermuda triangle’ of colonialism, looting and the black market, with their re-emergence resulting in disputes of ownership and claims for return. This interdisciplinary volume provides the first book-length investigation of the changing behaviours resulting from the effect of the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. The collection considers the impact of the Convention on the way antiquity dealers, museums and auction houses, as well as nation states and local communities, address issues of provenance, contested ownership, and the trafficking of cultural property. The book contains a range of contributions from anthropologists, lawyers, historians and archaeologists. Individual cases are examined from a bottom-up perspective and assessed from the viewpoint of international law in the Epilogue. Each section is contextualised by an introductory chapter from the editors.

The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology

Author: Finney
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802890160
Release Date: 2017
Genre: Art, Early Christian

More than 400 distinguished scholars, including archaeologists, art historians, historians, epigraphers, and theologians, have written the 1,455 entries in this monumental encyclopedia--the first comprehensive reference work of its kind. From Aachen to Zurzach, Paul Corby Finney's three-volume masterwork draws on archaeological and epigraphic evidence to offer readers a basic orientation to early Christian architecture, sculpture, painting, mosaic, and portable artifacts created roughly between AD 200 and 600 in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Clear, comprehensive, and richly illustrated, this work will be an essential resource for all those interested in late antique and early Christian art, archaeology, and history. --

Art and Cultural Heritage

Author: Barbara T. Hoffman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521857643
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Law

Art and Cultural Heritage is appropriately, but not solely, about national and international law respecting cultural heritage. It is a bubbling cauldron of law mixed with ethics, philosophy, politics and working principles looking at how cultural heritage law, policy and practice should be sculpted from the past as the present becomes the future. Art and cultural heritage are two pillars on which a society builds its identity, its values, its sense of community and the individual. The authors explore these demanding concerns, untangle basic values, and look critically at the conflicts and contradictions in existing art and cultural heritage law and policy in its diverse sectors. The rich and provocative contributions collectively provide a reasoned discussion of the issues from a multiplicity of views to permit the reader to understand the theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of the cultural heritage debate.

Indigenous Peoples Cultural Property Claims

Author: Karolina Kuprecht
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783319016559
Release Date: 2013-11-19
Genre: Law

This book analyses the legal aspects of international claims by indigenous peoples for the repatriation of their cultural property, and explores what legal norms and normative orders would be appropriate for resolving these claims. To establish context, the book first provides insights into the exceptional legislative responses to the cultural property claims of Native American tribes in the United States and looks at the possible relevance of this national law on the international level. It then shifts to the multinational setting by using the method of legal pluralism and takes into consideration international human rights law, international cultural heritage law, the applicable national laws in the United Kingdom, France and Switzerland, transnational law such as museum codes, and decision-making in extra-legal procedures. In the process, the book reveals the limits of the law in dealing with the growing imperative of human rights in the field, and concludes with three basic insights that are of key relevance for improving the law and decision-making with regard to indigenous peoples’ cultural property.​

State Succession in Cultural Property

Author: Andrzej Jakubowski
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191057991
Release Date: 2015-06-04
Genre: Law

The demise and rebirth of states brings with it a set of very complicated legal issues, among which is the question of how to deal with that state's cultural heritage, whether within its boundaries or not. Through a historical analysis of state dissolution and succession and its impact on cultural heritage from 1815 to present day, the work will identify guiding principles to facilitate the conclusion of agreements on the status of cultural property following the succession of states. Studying primary materials and evidence of state practice that has not been available before, the work will propose a novel approach to state succession from the perspective of the emerging interest of the international community to safeguard cultural heritage. State succession is one of the most obscure areas of international law since its rules are characterized either by their absence or their inconsistency. This book explores to what extent the principles and practice of state succession correspond to the evolution of the concept of cultural heritage in international law. It provides an extensive analysis of the alternations of the international practice and legal doctrine of state succession to tangible cultural heritage since the formation of the European nation-states in the nineteenth century - through the experience of decolonization to the post-Cold War dissolution of multinational states.

Commentary on the UNESCO 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property

Author: Patrick J. O'Keefe
Publisher: Inst of Art & Law
ISBN: 1903987164
Release Date: 2007-01-01
Genre: Law

The first edition of this Commentary was published in 2000 to coincide with the thirtieth anniversary of the UNESCO Convention. Since then, the Convention has been ratified by many more States, including the United Kingdom, Japan and Switzerland, and the Convention is acquiring greater significance than at any other point in its history. This article by article analysis is written by an acknowledged expert in heritage law and management. The book includes practical information on the implementation of the Convention, together with a series of appendices.

Trade in Antiquities

Author: Patrick J. O'Keefe
Publisher: Unesco
ISBN: 187313231X
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Political Science

In May 1994, Director-General of UNESCO invited specialised studies made by experts to clarify issues in cultural objects that are disputed or unclear. Collectors (both public and private), dealers, archaeologists, conservators and other specialists around the world were consulted either in person or by correspondence during the preparation of this report.

Art Cultural Heritage and the Market

Author: Valentina Vadi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642450945
Release Date: 2014-01-27
Genre: Law

In the age of economic globalisation, do art and heritage matter? Once the domain of elitist practitioners and scholars, the governance of cultural heritage and the destiny of iconic artefacts have emerged as the new frontier of international law, making headlines and attracting the varied interests of academics and policy-makers, museum curators and collectors, human rights activists and investment lawyers and artists and economists, just to mention a few. The return of cultural artefacts to their legitimate owners, the recovery of underwater cultural heritage and the protection and promotion of artistic expressions are just some of the pressing issues addressed by this book. Contemporary intersections between art, cultural heritage and the market are complicated by a variety of ethical and legal issues, which often describe complex global relations. Should works of art be treated differently from other goods? What happens if a work of art, currently exhibited in a museum, turns out to have originally been looted? What is the relevant legal framework? What should be done with ancient shipwrecks filled with objects from former colonies? Should such objects be kept by the finders? Should they be returned to the country of origin? This book addresses these different questions while highlighting the complex interplay between legal and ethical issues in the context of cultural governance. The approach is mainly legal but interdisciplinary aspects are considered as well.

Trophies of War and Empire

Author: Patricia Kennedy Grimsted
Publisher: Harvard Ukrainian
ISBN: UVA:X004556377
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

The foremost authority today on Soviet and post-Soviet archives in Eastern Europe considers the essential problems of Ukrainian archeography.

Protecting Cultural Objects

Author: Patrick J. O'Keefe
Publisher:
ISBN: 1903987385
Release Date: 2017
Genre: Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export, and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (1970)

Now available in paperback! "Protecting Cultural Objects" provides a comprehensive analysis, not only of the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property, but of the historical background that led to the adoption of the Convention and of the ways in which it is implemented around the world. It also includes the texts of other significant legal instruments which seek to provide international protection for cultural objects. Theft and illicit traffic in objects of cultural heritage cause major problems for protection and conservation. This is so whether they come from archaeological sites, museum collections, private houses, or elsewhere. However, how to deal with these problems is difficult, particularly when the objects have been transported from one country to another. There are practical difficulties, such as identification and who pays for the investigative work, prosecution, and return of the objects. Overlaying all are the legal standards used to determine who the owner is and whether the objects should be returned. When UNESCO adopted the Convention in 1970 it was a truly significant event in the protection of cultural objects. This book studies the developments which led to its creation, and how it has been interpreted and implemented. The birth of the Convention led to a range of other instruments and techniques to protect cultural objects. Only some have been successful. These later instruments are studied here with suggestions for improvement. The final chapter looks to the issue of return, the mechanics of which received little attention in 1970. [Subject: Heritage Law, International Law, Museology, Cultural Heritage]

Thieves of Baghdad

Author: Matthew Bogdanos
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1596919841
Release Date: 2008-12-09
Genre: Political Science

Thieves of Baghdad is a riveting account of Colonel Matthew Bogdanos and his team's extraordinary efforts to recover over 5,000 priceless antiquities stolen from the Iraqi National Museum after the fall of Baghdad. A mixture of police procedural, treasure hunt, war-time thriller, and cold-eyed assessment of the international black market in stolen art, Thieves of Baghdad also explores the soul of a truly remarkable man: a soldier, a father, and a passionate, dedicated scholar.