Author: S. M. Muyeen
Release Date: 2017-04-30
The Smart Grid is a modern electricity grid allowing for distributed, renewable intermittent generation, partly owned by consumers. This requires advanced control and communication technologies in order to provide high quality power supply and secure generation, transmission and distribution. This book outlines these emerging technologies. This essential reading focuses specifically on security and control aspects of the smart grid. It covers various related topics including smart grid architecture; communications and networking features; measuring and sensing devices; and smart transmission and distribution. Particular emphasis is placed on security, reliability, and stability features. Different control aspects of smart grid are also covered. Each chapter includes examples, case studies, simulations and experimental results, making this a practical and essential resource for professional researchers and advanced students alike. Topics covered include: * An introduction to smart grid architecture * Smart grid communications and standards * Measurement and sensing devices for smart grids * Smart transmission and wide area monitoring system * Bad data detection in smart grids * Optimal energy management in smart grids * Communication and control for the smart grid * Smart consumer systems * Importance of energy storage systems in smart grids * Control and optimisation for integration of plug-in vehicles in smart grids * Multi-agent based control of smart grids * Compressive sensing for smart grid security and reliability * Optimum placement of FACTS devices in smart grids * Security analysis of smart grid * Smart grid security policies and regulations
Author: S. K. Salman
Release Date: 2016-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
The concept, evolution and technologies of the Smart Grid are discussed and explained in this comprehensive introduction to the subject. It identifies and discusses the tools required to ensure the interoperability among the various digitally-based components of the Smart Grid. Additionally it covers the input of user groups and collaborative efforts within the power industry towards developments of interoperability standards. Topics covered include: communication and information technology as a key component of the Smart Grid; the fundamental functions of the Smart Grid communication infrastructure, its architecture, the expected challenges and standardization efforts by industry; cyber security of power systems; the international standard IEC 61850 and its relevance to the development of the Smart Grid concept; transforming conventional distribution networks into Smart distribution networks particularly in the USA and Europe; a discussion of how Smart Grid facilitates the integration of electric vehicles and EV charging stations; and types of electrical energy storage systems. This book highlights and discusses the necessary tools, drivers and key technologies related to the Smart Grid and, with examples from ongoing projects, it is essential reading for professional engineers and researchers and advanced graduate students interested in the topic.
Electric power systems are being transformed from older grid systems to smart grids across the globe. The goals of this transition are to address today’s electric power issues, which include reducing carbon footprints, finding alternate sources of decaying fossil fuels, eradicating losses that occur in the current available systems, and introducing the latest information and communication technologies (ICT) for electric grids. The development of smart grid technology is advancing dramatically along with and in reaction to the continued growth of renewable energy technologies (especially wind and solar power), the growing popularity of electric vehicles, and the continuing huge demand for electricity. Smart Grid Systems: Modeling and Control advances the basic understanding of smart grids and focuses on recent technological advancements in the field. This book provides a comprehensive discussion from a number of experts and practitioners and describes the challenges and the future scope of the technologies related to smart grid. Key features: provides an overview of the smart grid, with its needs, benefits, challenges, existing structure, and possible future technologies discusses solar photovoltaic (PV) system modeling and control along with battery storage, an integral part of smart grids discusses control strategies for renewable energy systems, including solar PV, wind, and hybrid systems describes the inverter topologies adopted for integrating renewable power covers the basics of the energy storage system and the need for micro grids describes forecast techniques for renewable energy systems presents the basics and structure of the energy management system in smart grids, including advanced metering, various communication protocols, and the cyber security challenges explores electric vehicle technology and its interaction with smart grids
Power Quality in Future Electrical Power Systems shows how to maintain reliable, continuous, secure and predictable supply in the electrical power network. It deals with challenges such as the penetration of large-scale renewable energy generation, the advances in nonlinear loads, and increased electricity demands in the deregulated market. In addition, the book covers recent requirements for smart grids, highlighting the need for better hierarchical design with enhanced quality, improved controllability, higher reliability, and security. The book also includes novel research linking the past, present and future of electrical power grids from a power quality perspective. The book describes: * Power quality standards, definitions, and filters * AC and DC transmission, and smart grids * Large-scale renewable generation Topics covered include: * Frequency-domain power theory and metering of harmonic pollution responsibility * Active and passive harmonic filters * Shunt flexible AC transmission * Power quality improvement using series FACTS * Distributed generation systems * Islanding scenario generation algorithm * Decentralized voltage control in smart grids * Techno-economic issues of power quality * Economic robust programming for energy management systems * Future trends in power quality
Smart Power Distribution Systems: Control, Communication, and Optimization explains how diverse technologies work to build and maintain smart grids around the globe. Yang, Yang and Li present the most recent advances in the control, communication and optimization of smart grids and provide unique insight into power system control, sensing and communication, and optimization technologies. The book covers control challenges for renewable energy and smart grids, communication in smart power systems, and optimization challenges in smart power system operations. Each area discussed focuses on the scientific innovations relating to the approaches, methods and algorithmic solutions presented. Readers will develop sound knowledge and gain insights into the integration of renewable energy generation in smart power distribution systems. Presents the latest technological advances in electric power distribution networks, with a particular focus on methodologies, approaches and algorithms Provides insights into the most recent research and developments from expert contributors from across the world Presents a clear and methodical structure that guides the reader through discussion and analysis, providing unique insights and sound knowledge along the way
Big Data Application in Power Systems brings together experts from academia, industry and regulatory agencies who share their understanding and discuss the big data analytics applications for power systems diagnostics, operation and control. Recent developments in monitoring systems and sensor networks dramatically increase the variety, volume and velocity of measurement data in electricity transmission and distribution level. The book focuses on rapidly modernizing monitoring systems, measurement data availability, big data handling and machine learning approaches to process high dimensional, heterogeneous and spatiotemporal data. The book chapters discuss challenges, opportunities, success stories and pathways for utilizing big data value in smart grids. Provides expert analysis of the latest developments by global authorities Contains detailed references for further reading and extended research Provides additional cross-disciplinary lessons learned from broad disciplines such as statistics, computer science and bioinformatics Focuses on rapidly modernizing monitoring systems, measurement data availability, big data handling and machine learning approaches to process high dimensional, heterogeneous and spatiotemporal data
Author: Hongjian Sun
Release Date: 2016-09
This book presents cutting-edge perspectives and research results in smart energy spanning multiple disciplines including a variety of smart grid technologies and applications such as smart metering, energy management systems, demand side management, demand response, renewable energy integration, energy storage management, communication systems, and Internet of Things technologies. Topics covered include an overview of smart grid research and projects; privacy-preserving data aggregation in smart metering systems; real-time scheduling of residential appliances via smart meters; cyber-security and privacy issues of smart metering in smart grids; phasor state estimation using PMUs; distributed and decentralised control in future power systems; multi-objective optimization for energy management in microgrids; smart management of energy storage system and electric vehicles; voltage control integrating renewable energy sources; game theory approaches for demand side management in microgrids; overview of smart grid communications research; cognitive radio platforms for smart grid communications; secure wireless communications for advanced metering infrastructure in smart grids; internet of things for supporting smart grid applications.
Author: Hisham Khatib
Release Date: 2003-01-01
Genre: Business & Economics
This fully revised and updated edition of Financial and Economic Evaluation of Projects in the Electricity Supply Industry (1996) takes a broad introductory approach, covering market and environmental issues, financial analysis and evaluation and clean environmental technologies and costs. New topics include electricity trading and risk management, evolving electricity utilities and new and future generation technologies in a carbonconstrained world.
Wide area monitoring, protection and control systems (WAMPACs) have been recognized as the most promising enabling technologies to meet the challenges of modern electric power transmission systems, where reliability, economics, environmental and other social objectives must be balanced to optimize the grid assets and satisfy growing electrical demand. This book provides an overview of this emerging technology. Topics covered include: * Wide Area Measurement System: The Enabler for Smarter Transmission * Reliability-Based Substation Monitoring Systems Placement * System Integrity Protection Scheme Based on PMU Technology * New Methodologies for Large-Scale Power System Dynamic Analysis * A Fuzzy-based Knowledge Discovery Paradigm for on-line Optimal Power Flow Analysis * False data injection attacks and countermeasures for wide area measurement system
Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) have quickly become one of the hottest computer applications today. With their tight integration of cyber and physical objects, it is believed CPSs will transform how we interact with the physical world, just like the Internet transformed how we interact with one another. A CPS could be a system at multiple scales, from large smart bridges with fluctuation detection and responding functions, to autonomous cars and tiny implanted medical devices. Cyber-Physical Systems: Integrated Computing and Engineering Design supplies comprehensive coverage of the principles and design of CPSs. It addresses the many challenges that must be overcome and outlines a roadmap of how to get there. Emphasizes the integration of cyber computing and physical objects control Covers important CPS theory foundations and models Includes interesting case studies of several important civilian and health care applications that illustrate the CPS design process Addresses the collaboration of the sensing and controlling of a physical system with robust software architecture Explains how to account for random failure events that can occur in a real CPS environment Presented in a systematic manner, the book begins by discussing the basic concept underlying CPSs and examining some challenging design issues. It then covers the most important design theories and modeling methods for a practical CPS. Next, it moves on to sensor-based CPSs, which use embedded sensors and actuators to interact with the physical world. The text presents concrete CPS designs for popular civilian applications, including building and energy management. Reflecting the importance of human health care in society, it includes CPS examples of rehabilitation applications such as virtual reality-based disability recovery platforms.
Author: Salvador Acha
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Focuses on modelling two key infrastructures (natural gas and electrical) in urban energy systems with embedded technologies (cogeneration and electric vehicles) to optimise the operation of natural gas and electrical infrastructures under the presence of distributed energy resources
Author: João P. S. Catalão
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2015-06-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
The smart grid initiative, integrating advanced sensing technologies, intelligent control methods, and bi-directional communications into the contemporary electricity grid, offers excellent opportunities for energy efficiency improvements and better integration of distributed generation, coexisting with centralized generation units within an active network. A large share of the installed capacity for recent renewable energy sources already comprises insular electricity grids, since the latter are preferable due to their high potential for renewables. However, the increasing share of renewables in the power generation mix of insular power systems presents a significant challenge to efficient management of the insular distribution networks, mainly due to the variability and uncertainty of renewable generation. More than other electricity grids, insular electricity grids require the incorporation of sustainable resources and the maximization of the integration of local resources, as well as specific solutions to cope with the inherent characteristics of renewable generation. Insular power systems need a new generation of methodologies and tools to face the new paradigm of large-scale renewable integration. Smart and Sustainable Power Systems: Operations, Planning, and Economics of Insular Electricity Grids discusses the modeling, simulation, and optimization of insular power systems to address the effects of large-scale integration of renewables and demand-side management. This practical book: Describes insular power systems, renewable energies, uncertainty, variability, reserves, and demand response Examines state-of-the-art forecasting techniques, power flow calculations, and scheduling models Covers probabilistic and stochastic approaches, scenario generation, and short-term operation Includes comprehensive testing and validation of the mathematical models using real-world data Explores electric price signals, competitive operation of distribution networks, and network expansion planning Smart and Sustainable Power Systems: Operations, Planning, and Economics of Insular Electricity Grids provides a valuable resource for the design of efficient methodologies, tools, and solutions for the development of a truly sustainable and smart grid.
Author: Juan Gers
Release Date: 2013
A comprehensive guide to techniques that allow engineers to simulate, analyse and optimise power distribution systems which combined with automation, underpin the emerging concept of the “smart grid”. This book is supported by theoretical concepts with real-world applications and MATLAB exercises.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Advanced Hybrid Information Processing, ADHIB 2017, held in Harbin, China, in July 2017. The 64 full papers were selected from 134 submissions and focus on advanced methods and applications for hybrid information processing.
Author: Brendan Fox
Release Date: 2007-01-01
The rapid growth of wind power and the implications of this on future power system planning, operation and control has become an even greater challenge in today's liberalised electricity market conditions. This essential book examines the main problems of wind power integration and guides the reader through a number of the most recent solutions based on current research and operational experience of wind power integration.