Comparative Study of Child Soldiering on Myanmar China Border

Author: Kai Chen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789814560023
Release Date: 2014-03-20
Genre: Political Science

From comparative perspective, this book explores the dynamics of child soldiering on the Myanmar-China border (i.e., Kachin and Shan States of Myanmar). At the same time, this book examines the structural factors and specific relationships between child soldiers, which have impacts on child soldiering. This book reveals that Myanmar has limited power to reduce child soldiering on the Myanmar-China border, and there is no optimal solution for reducing child soldiering in the near future. Instead, the book introduces the “transnational public-private partnership” approach as a “second best” solution and proposes suitable countermeasures for all the stakeholders.

Another China Cycle

Author: Gungwu Wang
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9814508918
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Political Science

The essays in this volume take the 1990s after the 1989 Tiananmen tragedy as its baseline. They consist of ways of looking at China's developmental path during the two decades before and after the turn of the 21st century. This book traces the choices that three generations of Chinese leaders from Deng Xiaoping to Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao, have made to rebuild China and consolidate the reforms introduced in the late 1970s. It also examines how Chinese leaders are trying to restore China's position in the region; how they are re-connecting with the country's history and re-defining the kind of nation it wants, and also how they hope to establish what they consider to be China's rightful place in the international order.

Social Banking and Social Finance

Author: Roland Benedikter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441977740
Release Date: 2011-01-13
Genre: Business & Economics

For over 2,000 years, banks have served to facilitate the exchange of money and to provide a variety of economic and financial services. During the most recent financial collapse and subsequent recession, beginning in 2008, banks have been vilified as perpetrators of the crisis, the public distrust compounded by massive public bailouts. Nevertheless, another form of banking has also emerged, with a focus on promoting economic sustainability, investing in community, providing opportunity for the disadvantaged, and supporting social, environmental, and ethical agendas. Social Banking and Social Finance traces the emergence of the “bank with a conscience” and proposes a new approach to banking in the wake of the economic crisis. Featuring innovations and initiatives in banking from Europe, Canada, and the United States, Roland Benedikter presents an alternative to traditional banking practices that are focused exclusively on profit maximization. He argues that social banking is not about changing the system, but about improving some of its core features by putting into use the "triple bottom line" principle of profit-people-planet. Important lessons can be learned by the success of social banks that may be useful for the greater task of improving the global financial system and avoiding economic crises in the future.

Hamilton Jacobi Equations Approximations Numerical Analysis and Applications

Author: Yves Achdou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642364334
Release Date: 2013-05-24
Genre: Mathematics

These Lecture Notes contain the material relative to the courses given at the CIME summer school held in Cetraro, Italy from August 29 to September 3, 2011. The topic was "Hamilton-Jacobi Equations: Approximations, Numerical Analysis and Applications". The courses dealt mostly with the following subjects: first order and second order Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations, properties of viscosity solutions, asymptotic behaviors, mean field games, approximation and numerical methods, idempotent analysis. The content of the courses ranged from an introduction to viscosity solutions to quite advanced topics, at the cutting edge of research in the field. We believe that they opened perspectives on new and delicate issues. These lecture notes contain four contributions by Yves Achdou (Finite Difference Methods for Mean Field Games), Guy Barles (An Introduction to the Theory of Viscosity Solutions for First-order Hamilton-Jacobi Equations and Applications), Hitoshi Ishii (A Short Introduction to Viscosity Solutions and the Large Time Behavior of Solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi Equations) and Grigory Litvinov (Idempotent/Tropical Analysis, the Hamilton-Jacobi and Bellman Equations).

Research Methods in International Relations

Author: Christopher Lamont
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781473927797
Release Date: 2015-04-14
Genre: Political Science

This book guides you through the entirety of the research process in International Relations, from selecting a research question and reviewing the literature to field research and writing up. Covering both qualitative and quantitative methods in IR, it offers a balanced assessment of the key methodological debates and research methods within the discipline. The book: Is specifically focussed on research methods used in International Relations. Spans the entire research process from choosing a research question to writing up. Provides practical research methods guidance. Introduces you to broader methodological debates and brings together contemporary research from empirical and interpretive traditions. Is packed with examples and suggestions for further reading. Research Methods in International Relations is essential reading for both undergraduate and postgraduate students taking Research Methods courses in International Relations, Politics, Security and Strategic Studies.

The Argument of Mathematics

Author: Andrew Aberdein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400765344
Release Date: 2013-07-01
Genre: Philosophy

Written by experts in the field, this volume presents a comprehensive investigation into the relationship between argumentation theory and the philosophy of mathematical practice. Argumentation theory studies reasoning and argument, and especially those aspects not addressed, or not addressed well, by formal deduction. The philosophy of mathematical practice diverges from mainstream philosophy of mathematics in the emphasis it places on what the majority of working mathematicians actually do, rather than on mathematical foundations. The book begins by first challenging the assumption that there is no role for informal logic in mathematics. Next, it details the usefulness of argumentation theory in the understanding of mathematical practice, offering an impressively diverse set of examples, covering the history of mathematics, mathematics education and, perhaps surprisingly, formal proof verification. From there, the book demonstrates that mathematics also offers a valuable testbed for argumentation theory. Coverage concludes by defending attention to mathematical argumentation as the basis for new perspectives on the philosophy of mathematics. ​

Guide to Network Defense and Countermeasures

Author: Randy Weaver
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133727941
Release Date: 2013-01-01
Genre: Computers

GUIDE TO NETWORK DEFENSE AND COUNTERMEASURES provides a thorough guide to perimeter defense fundamentals, including intrusion detection and firewalls. This trusted text also covers more advanced topics such as security policies, network address translation (NAT), packet filtering and analysis, proxy servers, virtual private networks (VPN), and network traffic signatures. Thoroughly updated, the new third edition reflects the latest technology, trends, and techniques including virtualization, VMware, IPv6, and ICMPv6 structure, making it easier for current and aspiring professionals to stay on the cutting edge and one step ahead of potential security threats. A clear writing style and numerous screenshots and illustrations make even complex technical material easier to understand, while tips, activities, and projects throughout the text allow you to hone your skills by applying what you learn. Perfect for students and professionals alike in this high-demand, fast-growing field, GUIDE TO NETWORK DEFENSE AND COUNTERMEASURES, Third Edition, is a must-have resource for success as a network security professional. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Handbook of Survey Methodology for the Social Sciences

Author: Lior Gideon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461438762
Release Date: 2012-06-21
Genre: Social Science

Surveys enjoy great ubiquity among data collection methods in social research: they are flexible in questioning techniques, in the amount of questions asked, in the topics covered, and in the various ways of interactions with respondents. Surveys are also the preferred method by many researchers in the social sciences due to their ability to provide quick profiles and results. Because they are so commonly used and fairly easy to administer, surveys are often thought to be easily thrown together. But designing an effective survey that yields reliable and valid results takes more than merely asking questions and waiting for the answers to arrive. Geared to the non-statistician, the Handbook of Survey Methodology in Social Sciences addresses issues throughout all phases of survey design and implementation. Chapters examine the major survey methods of data collection, providing expert guidelines for asking targeted questions, improving accuracy and quality of responses, while reducing sampling and non-sampling bias. Relying on the Total Survey Error theory, various issues of both sampling and non-sampling sources of error are explored and discussed. By covering all aspects of the topic, the Handbook is suited to readers taking their first steps in survey methodology, as well as to those already involved in survey design and execution, and to those currently in training. Featured in the Handbook: • The Total Survey Error: sampling and non-sampling errors. • Survey sampling techniques. • The art of question phrasing. • Techniques for increasing response rates • A question of ethics: what is allowed in survey research? • Survey design: face-to-face, phone, mail, e-mail, online, computer-assisted.? • Dealing with sensitive issues in surveys. • Demographics of respondents: implications for future survey research. • Dealing with nonresponse, and nonresponse bias The Handbook of Survey Methodology in Social Sciences offers how-to clarity for researchers in the social and behavioral sciences and related disciplines, including sociology, criminology, criminal justice, social psychology, education, public health, political science, management, and many other disciplines relying on survey methodology as one of their main data collection tools.

Building the Tatmadaw

Author: Maung Aung Myoe
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
ISBN: 9789812308481
Release Date: 2009-01-22
Genre: History

Ever since Myanmar regained her independence in January 1948, the Tatmadaw (Myanmar Armed Forces) has been crucial in restoring and maintaining law and order. It is one of the most important institutions in Myanmar politics. Various aspects of the Tatmadaw have been studied. The most notable area of study has been the political role of the military. This study looks at the organizational development of the Myanmar armed forces. It analyses four different aspects of the Tatmadaw: military doctrine and strategy, organization and force structure, armament and force modernization, and military training and officer education. It sets out security perceptions and policies, charting developments in each phase against the situation at the time, and also notes the contributions of the leading actors in the process. Since early 1990s, the Tatmadaw has implemented a force modernization programme. This work studies rationales and strategy behind the force modernization programme and examines the military capabilities of the Tatmadaw. Drawing extensively from archival sources and existing literature, this empirically grounded research argues that, while the internal armed security threat to the state continues to play an important role, it is the external security threat that gives more weight to the expansion and modernization of the Tatmadaw since 1988. It also argues that, despite its imperfections, the Tatmadaw has transformed from a force essentially for counter-insurgency operations into a force capable of fighting in limited conventional warfare.

Imagined Orphans

Author: Lydia Murdoch
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813537221
Release Date: 2006
Genre: History

With a critical eye to social issues of the period, Murdoch urges readers to reconsider the complex situations of families living in poverty."--Jacket.

QCA with R

Author: Adrian Duşa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319756684
Release Date: 2018-06-15
Genre: Political Science

This book is a comprehensive guide to qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) using R. Using Boolean algebra to implement principles of comparison used by scholars engaged in the qualitative study of macro social phenomena, QCA acts as a bridge between the quantitative and the qualitative traditions. The QCA package for R, created by the author, facilitates QCA within a graphical user interface. This book provides the most current information on the latest version of the QCA package, which combines written commands with a cross-platform interface. Beginning with a brief introduction to the concept of QCA, this book moves from theory to calibration, from analysis to factorization, and hits on all the key areas of QCA in between. Chapters one through three are introductory, familiarizing the reader with R, the QCA package, and elementary set theory. The next few chapters introduce important applications of the package beginning with calibration, analysis of necessity, analysis of sufficiency, parameters of fit, negation and factorization, and the construction of Venn diagrams. The book concludes with extensions to the classical package, including temporal applications and panel data. Providing a practical introduction to an increasingly important research tool for the social sciences, this book will be indispensable for students, scholars, and practitioners interested in conducting qualitative research in political science, sociology, business and management, and evaluation studies.

Debris Flow

Author: Tamotsu Takahashi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203576748
Release Date: 2014-03-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This is the 2nd edition of one of the most comprehensive accounts of debris flow, describing both theoretical and applied aspects. In the first part, the fundamental mechanical characteristics are discussed, including flow characteristics, type classification, mechanics, occurrence and development, fully developed flow, and deposition processes. The second part sheds light on the application of the theories presented in computer-simulated reproductions of real disasters. Special attention is paid to debris flow controlling structures, design effectiveness and performance, soft countermeasure problems, such as the identification of debris flow prone ravines and the prediction of occurrence by means of precipitation threshold. This new edition has been wholly revised and updated, and now includes a new chapter on sediment runoff models that include debris flow processes and new sections concerning landslides. The qualitative and fundamental character of this text makes it an excellent textbook for graduate-level courses and it is recommended reading for professionals in engineering, geosciences and water resources who are working on the mechanics and countermeasures of debris flow. The original, Japanese version of this book was awarded the ‘Publishing Culture Prize’ by the Japanese Society of Civil Engineers (2004). Tamotsu Takahashi is Professor Emeritus at the University of Kyoto. In addition to his academic positions, he is the Director of the Association for Disaster Prevention Research in Kyoto. Professor Takahashi began his career in flood dynamics research, and increasingly focused on debris flow and flood hazards. He has been honoured with several awards from the Japan Society of Civil Engineers and the Japan Society of Erosion Control Engineering. An earlier book entitled ‘Debris Flow’, by Tamotsu Takahashi, in the book series of the International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research, was published by Balkema Publishers, now a part of the Taylor & Francis Group.

The Frequent Fryers Cookbook

Author: Rick Browne
Publisher: William Morrow Cookbooks
ISBN: 0060732814
Release Date: 2004-05-01
Genre: Cooking

America, prepare for the ultimate taste treat! Throw aside those boring diet books and join the craze that's hotter than a vat of boiling oil: deep-frying! Rick Browne, host of the public television series "Barbecue America", will acquaint you with the marvels of cooking in a deep fryer or Dutch oven. By sealing in flavor and texture and sealing out extra fat, the high cooking temperature results in incredibly succulent meats, crunchy vegetables, and sinfully satisfying breads and desserts. With Browne's extensive tips, deep-frying has never been safer or easier. Rick Browne sweeps you up in a culinary whirlwind of fried-and-true favorites for every stage of your meal, including: Couch Potato Skins Beer-Battered Chicken Pitchfork Steaks The Real Fried Green Tomatoes Grand Marnier Beignets Maudie Frickert's Fried Cheesecake Deep-Fried Turkey, with tips for the world's best results Browne responds with more than one hundred recipes for crisp, golden delights that will make your tongue throw a party for your mouth. This definitive, down-home, sizzlin', boilin', and bubblin' cookbook is sure to make a frequent fryer out of you!

Debating Transformations of National Citizenship

Author: Rainer Bauböck
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319927183
Release Date: 2018-09-24
Genre: Political Science

This open access book discusses how national citizenship is being transformed by economic, social and political change. It focuses on the emergence of global markets where citizenship is for sale and on how new reproduction technologies impact citizenship by descent. It also discusses the return of banishment through denationalisation of terrorist suspects, and the impact of digital technologies, such as blockchain, on the future of democratic citizenship. The book provides a wide range of views on these issues from legal scholars, political scientists, and political practitioners. It is structured as a series of four conversations in which authors respond to each other. This exchange of arguments provides unique depth to current debates about the future of citizenship.