Competition Law Compliance Programmes

Author: Johannes Paha
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319446332
Release Date: 2016-10-12
Genre: Law

This book reviews and presents antitrust law compliance programmes from different angles. These programmes have been increasingly implemented and refined by firms over recent years, and various aspects of this topic have been researched. The contributions in this book extend beyond the treatment of legal issues and show how lawyers, economists, psychologists, and business scholars can help design antitrust law compliance programmes more effectively and run them more efficiently.

European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2017

Author: Marc Bungenberg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319588322
Release Date: 2017-10-06
Genre: Law

Volume 8 of the EYIEL focuses on the external economic relations of the European Union as one of the most dynamic political fields in the process of European integration. The first part of this volume analyses the recent controversial questions of the external economic relations of the Union, dealing with the complexity of mixed agreements, transparency and legitimacy issues as well as recent proposals in relation to Investor-State-Dispute Settlement, the Trade Defence Instruments and the implications of the “Brexit” in this context. The second part of EYIEL 8 addresses ongoing bilateral and multilateral negotiations of the EU with China, Japan, Australia, Canada and Taiwan. Moreover, the third part deals with the EU in international organisations and institutions, in particular the recent institutional aspects of the EU-UN relationship, representation in the IMF as well as WTO jurisprudence involving the EU in 2015. The volume concludes with reviews of recent books in international economic law.

The Criminalization of European Cartel Enforcement

Author: Peter Whelan
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191649035
Release Date: 2014-08-07
Genre: Law

Cartel activity is prohibited under EU law by virtue of Article 101(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Firms that violate this provision face severe punishment from those entities responsible for enforcing EU competition law: the European Commission, the national competition authorities, and the national courts. Stiff fines are regularly imposed on firms by these entities; such firm-focused punishment is an established feature of the antitrust enforcement landscape within the EU. In recent years, however, focus has also been placed on the individuals within the firms responsible for the cartel activity. It is increasingly recognized that punishment for cartel activity should be individual-focused as well as firm-focused. Accordingly, a growing tendency to criminalize cartel activity can be observed in the EU Member States. The existence of such criminal sanctions within the EU presents a number of crucial challenges that need to be met if the underlying enforcement objectives are to be achieved in practice without violating prevailing legal norms. For a start, given the severe consequences of a custodial sentence, the employment of criminal antitrust punishment must be justifiable in principle: one must have a robust normative framework rationalizing the existence of criminal cartel sanctions. Second, for it to be legitimate, antitrust criminalization should only occur in a manner that respects the mandatory legalities applicable to the European jurisdiction in question. These include the due process rights of the accused and the principle of legal certainty. Finally, the correct practical measures (such as a criminal leniency policy and a correctly defined criminal cartel offence) need to be in place in order to ensure that the employment of criminal antitrust punishment actually achieves its aims while maintaining its legitimacy. These three particular challenges can be conceptualized respectively as the theoretical, legal, and practical challenges of European antitrust criminalization. This book analyses these three crucial challenges so that the complexity of the process of European antitrust criminalization can be understood more accurately. In doing so, this book acknowledges that the three challenges should not be considered in isolation. In fact there is a dynamic relationship between the theoretical, legal, and practical challenges of European antitrust criminalization and an effective antitrust criminalization policy is one which recognizes and respects this complex interaction.

Law and Corporate Behaviour

Author: Christopher Hodges
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781782255833
Release Date: 2015-10-22
Genre: Law

This book examines the theories and practice of how to control corporate behaviour through legal techniques. The principal theories examined are deterrence, economic rational acting, responsive regulation, and the findings of behavioural psychology. Leading examples of the various approaches are given in order to illustrate the models: private enforcement of law through litigation in the USA, public enforcement of competition law by the European Commission, and the recent reform of policies on public enforcement of regulatory law in the United Kingdom. Noting that behavioural psychology has as yet had only limited application in legal and regulatory theory, the book then analyses various European regulatory structures where behavioural techniques can be seen or could be applied. Sectors examined include financial services, civil aviation, pharmaceuticals, and workplace health & safety. Key findings are that 'enforcement' has to focus on identifying the causes of non-compliance, so as to be able to support improved performance, rather than be based on fear motivating complete compliance. Systems in which reporting is essential for safety only function with a no-blame culture. The book concludes by proposing an holistic model for maximising compliance within large organisations, combining public regulatory and criminal controls with internal corporate systems and external influences by stakeholders, held together by a unified core of ethical principles. Hence, the book proposes a new theory of ethical regulation.

Competitive Advantage and Competition Policy in Developing Countries

Author: Paul Cook
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: STANFORD:36105123325479
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Social Science

'. . . a very good overview of both industry specific and policy issues facing developing economies as they embrace competition policy. the authors should be congratulated for raising our awareness of an increasingly important area of competition development.' - Ray Steinwall, Competition and Consumer Law Journal

Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law Second Edition

Author: J. M. Smits
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781781006108
Release Date: 2012-01-01
Genre: Law

Acclaim for the first edition: ïThis is a very important and immense book. . . The Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law is a treasure-trove of honed knowledge of the laws of many countries. It is a reference book for dipping into, time and time again. It is worth every penny and there is not another as comprehensive in its coverage as ElgarÍs. I highly recommend the Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law to all English chambers. This is a very important book that should be sitting in every university law school library.Í _ Sally Ramage, The Criminal Lawyer Containing newly updated versions of existing entries and adding several important new entries, this second edition of the Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law takes stock of present-day comparative law scholarship. Written by leading authorities in their respective fields, the contributions in this accessible book cover and combine not only questions regarding the methodology of comparative law, but also specific areas of law (such as administrative law and criminal law) and specific topics (such as accident compensation and consideration). In addition, the Encyclopedia contains reports on a selected set of countriesÍ legal systems and, as a whole, presents an overview of the current state of affairs. Providing its readers with a unique point of reference, as well as stimulus for further research, this volume is an indispensable tool for anyone interested in comparative law, especially academics, students and practitioners.

Catalogs of Courses

Author: University of California, Berkeley
ISBN: UCLA:L0061302840
Release Date: 1992

Includes general and summer catalogs issued between 1878/1879 and 1995/1997.

Lehrbuch der konomischen Analyse des Zivilrechts

Author: Hans-Bernd Schäfer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662083130
Release Date: 2013-03-14
Genre: Business & Economics

Das Buch enthält die Grundlagen der ökonomischen Analyse des Rechts und ihrer Anwendung auf das deutsche Zivilrecht. Es ist eine umfassende Darstellung dieser Forschungsrichtung, in der die Normen und Regelungsprobleme mit den Mitteln ökonomischer Theorie analysiert und bewertet werden. Wichtige Argumentationsfiguren der ökonomischen Analyse des Rechts werden in die zivilrechtliche Dogmatik eingebaut. Behandelt werden zentrale Bereiche des Zivilrechts wie das Delikts-, Vertrags-, und Sachenrecht, das Immaterialgüterrecht, Grundprobleme des Konkursrechts und die Grundzüge des Unternehmensrechts. Bei der Analyse rechtlicher Regeln des Gesetzesund Richterrechts wird gezeigt, inwieweit diesen ökonomische Kriterien zugrunde liegen und wie sie für die Rechtsanwendung und -fortbildung fruchtbar gemacht werden können.

Schnelligkeit durch Vertrauen

Author: Stephen M. R. Covey
Publisher: GABAL Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 9783897499089
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Business & Economics

Vertrauen bildet die Grundlage für alle Beziehungen und jede Form der Kommunikation, für alle Individuen, Unternehmen, Organisationen und Zivilisationen rund um den Globus. Mangelndes Vertrauen zerstört auch die erfolgreichsten Unternehmen, die mächtigste Regierung und die florierendste Wirtschaft. Trotz der offensichtlich immensen Macht von Vertrauen spielt es im realen Geschehen kaum eine Rolle und gehört wohl zu den am meisten unterschätzten Faktoren unserer Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Stephen M. R. Covey zeigt in seinem viel beachteten Buch „Schnelligkeit durch Vertrauen“, dass Vertrauen kein weicher Faktor ist, sondern ein pragmatischer und realer Wert, den man erschaffen und zur Handlungsgrundlage machen kann. Er präsentiert konkrete Vertrauensregeln und Prinzipien und zeigt, wie auf allen Ebenen eines Unternehmens Vertrauen aufgebaut, gelebt und gefördert werden kann. Seine These: Vertrauen ist eine Schlüsselkompetenz und ein Art Teilchenbeschleuniger für die Wirtschaft.

Wettbewerbspolitik und Regulierung

Author: Jörg Staller
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 9783638134460
Release Date: 2002-07-21
Genre: Business & Economics

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2002 im Fachbereich VWL - Wettbewerbstheorie, Wettbewerbspolitik, Note: 1,4, Fachhochschule Erfurt (Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Seminar, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In der Wettbewerbstheorie und -politik wird der Wettbewerb als ein systembegründendes Prinzip der Marktwirtschaft gesehen. Die Literatur setzt oft sogar Marktwirtschaft mit Wettbewerbswirtschaft gleich, was im weiteren Sinn aussagt, dass Wettbewerb in allen (volkswirtschaftlichen) Bereichen einer Marktwirtschaft auftreten sollte. Ein Grundkonsens über die eigentliche Bedeutung und Funktion des Wettbewerbs lässt sich aus den gesellschaftlichen Grundrechten der Freiheit, des Wohlstands und der Verteilungsgerechtigkeit ableiten. Nur eine wettbewerbliche Organisation der Märkte sichert deren Teilnehmern hinreichend große Handlungsspielräume und Wahlmöglichkeiten (Freiheitsfunktion), verhindert das Entstehen / Bestehen von nicht leistungsgerechten Einkommen (Verteilungsfunktion) und zwingt die Marktteilnehmer zur Anpassung an Datenänderungen, zur Verbesserung des Faktoreinsatzes und zur Realisierung von Fortschritt (Anpassungs-, Allokations- und Fortschrittsfunktion). Der Wettbewerb weist jedoch eine Tendenz zur Selbstauflösung auf, da die Marktteilnehmer in der Regel versuchen, die Freiheitsspielräume anderer unangemessen einzuschränken, sich Verteilungsvorteile auf Kosten anderer zu verschaffen oder sich dem Anpassungs- und Fortschrittsdruck zu entziehen. Er muss daher durch wettbewerbs-politische Maßnahmen und regulierende Strategien des Staates geschützt und gefördert werden, was in diesem Zusammenhang auch den wichtigsten Aufgabenbereich der Wettbewerbspolitik darstellt. [...]