Compliance with Decisions of the International Court of Justice

Author: Constanze Schulte
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: STANFORD:36105063936798
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Law

The book examines the compliance record of states parties to proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial body of the United Nations. It undertakes a comprehensive analysis of the follow-up of the ICJ's judgments and interim measures from the Court's creation in 1945 until the present day. The author examines the reasons for differences in the track records of judgments and provisional measures and explores mechanisms that could be conducive to enhanced compliance.

Assessing the Effectiveness of International Courts

Author: Yuval Shany
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199643295
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Law

During the last twenty years the world has experienced a sharp rise in the number of international courts and tribunals, and a correlative expansion of their jurisdictions. This book draws on social sciences to provide a clear, goal-orientated assessment of their effectiveness, and a critical evaluation of the quality of their performance.

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

Author: P. Chandrasekhara Rao
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 904111601X
Release Date: 2001-07-06
Genre: Law

This work examines the constitution, jurisdiction and procedure of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea on the basis of its Statute and Rules, as well as the Resolution on the Internal Judicial Practice and the Guidelines concerning the Preparation and Presentation of Cases. It gives a critical analysis of the role of the Tribunal in the settlement of law of the sea disputes. The articles were previously published in the "Indian Journal of" "International Law" and are revised, edited and updated for this edition. The contributors are sitting judges of the Tribunal and the book thus gives a perfect insider's view of the law and practice of the Tribunal.

Select Proceedings of the European Society of International Law

Author: James Crawford
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781847318756
Release Date: 2012-01-09
Genre: Law

This book continues the series Select Proceedings of the European Society of International Law, containing the proceedings of the Fourth Biennial Conference organised by ESIL and the University of Cambridge in 2010. The title of the conference was 'International Law 1989-2010: A Performance Appraisal'. The highlights, selected for publication in this volume, cover a wide spectrum of topics in international law.

Sustainable Development Principles in the Decisions of International Courts and Tribunals

Author: Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781317670001
Release Date: 2017-05-08
Genre: Law

The 2002 New Delhi Declaration of Principles of International Law relating to Sustainable Development set out seven principles on sustainable development, as agreed in treaties and soft-law instruments from before the 1992 Rio ‘Earth Summit’ UNCED, to the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development, to the 2012 Rio UNCSD. Recognition of the New Delhi principles is shaping the decisions of dispute settlement bodies with jurisdiction over many subjects: the environment, human rights, trade, investment, and crime, among others. This book explores the expanding international jurisprudence incorporating principles of international law on sustainable development. Through chapters by respected experts, the volume documents the application and interpretation of these principles, demonstrating how courts and tribunals are contributing to the world’s Sustainable Development Goals, by peacefully resolving disputes. It charts the evolution of these principles in international law from soft law standards towards recognition as customary law in certain instances, assessing key challenges to further judicial consideration of the principles, and discussing, for instance, how their relevance for compliance and disputes related to the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change. The volume provides a unique contribution of great interest to law and policy-makers, judges, academics, students, civil society and practitioners concerned with sustainable development and the law, globally.

The International Law Character of the Iran United States Claims Tribunal

Author: Mohsen Mohebi
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9041110674
Release Date: 1999-10-06
Genre: Law

Determining whether the Iran-US Claims Tribunal (the Tribunal) is a truly public international tribunal is not merely an interesting theoretical exercise. The Tribunal's legal character has significant ramifications, for example on enforceability at the international level, the applicability and scope of "res judicata" regarding dismissed claims, and the evidentiary value of its jurisprudence, particularly pursuant to Article 38(1) of the ICJ statute. This title explores the legal character of the Tribunal and its status under the law of peaceful settlement of international disputes. The public or private nature of the Tribunal is a matter of significant controversy. Certain peculiarities of the Tribunal, namely its accessibility to private claimants, the exclusion of the exhaustion of local remedy rule, and the regime provided for the execution of its awards suggests that it is not, in fact, wholly public. Conversely, the author analyses the Tribunal under a three-part test for public international character - (1) international treaty as origin, (2) applicable law international in nature, (3) controlling parties subject to international law - and finds that it meets all three criteria. In doing so, the author admittedly counters the apparent position of the Tribunal itself that its nature is a hybrid of both public and private elements. "The International Law Character of the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal" includes: - a historical survey on international tribunals; an analysis of the adverse arguments; and - a detailed discussion of the Tribunal's practice on expropriation cases to give a concrete example of its functioning on international law level, is considered in detail inPart Three. The controversial nature of the author's thesis, the thoroughness of the analysis, and the importance of the Tribunal itself make this a book of interest and import for academics who keep abreast of international law developments.

Greening International Jurisprudence

Author: Cathrin Zengerling
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789004257313
Release Date: 2013-08-22
Genre: Law

Greening International Jurisprudence: Environmental NGOs before International Courts, Tribunals, and Compliance Committees examines how international judicial and quasi-judicial bodies enforce international environmental law, with particular consideration to the role of environmental NGOs. Author Cathrin Zengerling analyses the institutional structure as well as the environmental case law from a total of fourteen international courts, arbitral tribunals, and compliance committees with special focus on accessibility, comprehensiveness, and transparency. Underlying this analysis is the fundamental question of whether the respective body appropriately contributes to the realization of democratic governance for sustainable development. After presenting her core findings, the author provides concrete recommendations for future best practices and discusses the need for a new World Environment Court.

Deference in International Courts and Tribunals

Author: Lukasz Gruszczynski
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191026508
Release Date: 2014-10-09
Genre: Law

International courts and tribunals are often asked to review decisions originally made by domestic decision-makers. This can often be a source of tension, as the international courts and tribunals need to judge how far to defer to the original decisions of the national bodies. As international courts and tribunals have proliferated, different courts have applied differing levels of deference to those originial decisions, which can lead to a fragmentation in international law. International courts in such positions rely on two key doctrines: the standard of review and the margin of appreciation. The standard of review establishes the extent to which national decisions relating to factual, legal, or political issues arising in the case are re-examined in the international court. The margin of appreciation is the extent to which national legislative, executive, and judicial decision-makers are allowed to reflect diversity in their interpretation of human rights obligations. The book begins by providing an overview of the margin of appreciation and standard of review, recognising that while the margin of appreciation explicitly acknowledges the existence of such deference, the standard of review does not: it is rather a procedural mechanism. It looks in-depth at how the public policy exception has been assessed by the European Court of Justice and the WTO dispute settlement bodies. It examines how the European Court of Human Rights has taken an evidence-based approach towards the margin of appreciation, as well as how it has addressed issues of hate speech. The Inter-American system is also investigated, and it is established how far deference is possible within that legal organisation. Finally, the book studies how a range of other international courts, such as the International Criminal Court, and the Law of the Sea Tribunal, have approached these two core doctrines.

Science and the Precautionary Principle in International Courts and Tribunals

Author: Caroline E. Foster
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139500166
Release Date: 2011-03-24
Genre: Law

By canvassing a range of international scientific disputes, including the EC-Biotech and EC-Hormones disputes in the WTO, the case concerning Pulp Mills and the Gabcíkovo–Nagymaros case in the International Court of Justice, and the Mox Plant and Land Reclamation cases dealt with under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Caroline Foster examines how the precautionary principle can be accommodated within the rules about proof and evidence and advises on the boundary emerging between the roles of experts and tribunals. A new form of reassessment proceedings for use in exceptional cases is proposed. Breaking new ground, this book seeks to advance international adjudicatory practice by contextualising developments in the taking of expert evidence and analysing the justification of and potential techniques for a precautionary reversal of the burden of proof, as well as methods for dealing with important scientific discoveries subsequent to judgements and awards.

The Law and Practice of the International Court 1920 2005 4 vols

Author: Shabtai Rosenne
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789047405795
Release Date: 2006-03-14
Genre: Law

Professor Rosenne's books on the law and practice of the Court have not only grown in size and number of volumes, but also in authority. They can be found on the desks of judges, counsel, scholars and university students alike and for all of them they are the indispensable guide to the Court's jurisprudence.

The Statute of the International Court of Justice

Author: Andreas Zimmermann
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199692996
Release Date: 2012-10-11
Genre: Law

The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. The composition of the ICJ, its jurisdiction, and procedure are based on the Statute of the International Court of Justice. This updated Commentary analyses the provisions of the Statute and the case law of the ICJ to guide its interpretation.

The Law And Practice Of The International Court 1920 2005

Author: Shabtai Rosenne
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789004139589
Release Date: 2005-07
Genre: Law

The popularity of his monumental and definitive works have established Shabtai Rosenne as the undisputed expert on the International Court of Justice s law and practice. His broad exchange of correspondence and extensive conversations with members of the Court and its Registrars, as well as with other friends who know the Court and its practices well, and his experience in the Court and in the UN, especially the General Assembly and the Security Council, led him to undertake this major reconstruction of this work in the previous edition. Now divided into several substantive volumes, the work addresses: The Court as one of the principal organs, and as the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Diplomats and legal advisers who have to deal with matters relating to the Court on a political level, in different organs of the United Nations and in other offices will appreciate the full discussion of the diplomatic, political, and administrative aspects of the Court s affairs. Jurisdiction and the treatment of jurisdictional matters by the Court. This volume also includes the Court s advisory jurisdiction; the advisory work has related to very difficult legal issues in matters of major political import. The Court s procedure.All of these arenas have undergone significant recent changes. The work s practical features include the English text of the Charter of the United Nations, the Statute of the Court, the Practice Directions, and the 1978 Rules of the Court, together with a full set of indexes. The Fourth Edition (updated until 31 December 2005) of The Law and Practice of the International Court is an essential component of all international law libraries and an indispensable work for those practicing in the field, all of whom will appreciate access to the most recent work on the Court from this expert author.

Transplanting International Courts

Author: Karen J. Alter
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780191502125
Release Date: 2017-03-01
Genre: Law

The Andean Pact was founded in 1969 to build a common market in South America. Andean leaders copied the institutional and treaty design of the European Community, and in the 1970s, member states decided to add a tribunal, again turning to the European Community as its model. Since its first ruling in 1987, the Andean Tribunal of Justice has exercised authority over the countries which are members of the Andean Community: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru (formerly also Venezuela). It is now the third most active international court in the world, used by governments and private actors to protect their rights and interests in the region. This book investigates how a region with weak legal institutions developed an effective international rule of law, why the Tribunal was able to induce widespread respect for Andean intellectual property rules but not other areas governed by regional integration rules, and what the Tribunal's experience means for comparable international courts. It also assesses the Andean experience in order to reconsider the European Community system, exploring why the law and politics of integration in Europe and the Andes followed different trajectories. It finally provides a detailed analysis of the key factors associated with effective supranational adjudication. This book collects together previously published material by two leading interdisciplinary scholars of international law and politics, and is enhanced by three original chapters further reflecting on the Andean legal order.