Computer Analysis of Visual Textures

Author: Fumiaki Tomita
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461315537
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Computers

This book presents theories and techniques for perception of textures by computer. Texture is a homogeneous visual pattern that we perceive in surfaces of objects such as textiles, tree barks or stones. Texture analysis is one of the first important steps in computer vision since texture provides important cues to recognize real-world objects. A major part of the book is devoted to two-dimensional analysis of texture patterns by extracting statistical and structural features. It also deals with the shape-from-texture problem which addresses recovery of the three-dimensional surface shapes based on the geometry of projection of the surface texture to the image plane. Perception is still largely mysterious. Realizing a computer vision system that can work in the real world requires more research and ex periment. Capability of textural perception is a key component. We hope this book will contribute to the advancement of computer vision toward robust, useful systems. vVe would like to express our appreciation to Professor Takeo Kanade at Carnegie Mellon University for his encouragement and help in writing this book; to the members of Computer Vision Section at Electrotechni cal Laboratory for providing an excellent research environment; and to Carl W. Harris at Kluwer Academic Publishers for his help in preparing the manuscript.

Biomedical Data and Applications

Author: Amandeep S. Sidhu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642021923
Release Date: 2009-06-16
Genre: Computers

Compared with data from general application domains, modern biological data has many unique characteristics. The goal of this book is to cover data and applications identifying new issues and directions for future research in biomedical domain.

Creating New Medical Ontologies for Image Annotation

Author: Liana Stanescu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461419082
Release Date: 2011-12-15
Genre: Computers

This volume focuses on the problem of the medical images automatic annotation process, which is solved in an original manner by the authors. All the steps of this process are described in detail with algorithms, experiments and results.

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780124077294
Release Date: 2013-06-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics features cutting-edge articles on the physics of electron devices (especially semiconductor devices), particle optics at high and low energies, microlithography, image science and digital image processing, electromagnetic wave propagation, electron microscopy, and the computing methods used in all these domains. Contributions from leading authorities Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field

Visual Informatics Bridging Research and Practice

Author: Halimah Badioze Zaman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642050350
Release Date: 2009-11-02
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2009, held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in November 2009. The 82 revised research papers presented together with four invited keynote papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 216 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on virtual technologies and systems, virtual environment, visualization, engineering and simulation, as well as visual culture, services and society.

Integrated Image and Graphics Technologies

Author: David D. Zhang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402077753
Release Date: 2006-04-18
Genre: Computers

Integrated Image and Graphics Technologies attempts to enhance the access points to both introductory and advanced material in this area, and to facilitate the reader with a comprehensive reference for the study of integrated technologies, systems of image and graphics conveniently and effectively. This edited volume will provide a collection of fifteen contributed chapters by experts, containing tutorial articles and new material describing in a unified way, the basic concepts, theories, characteristic features of the technology and the integration of image and graphics technologies, with recent developments and significant applications.

Scale Space and PDE Methods in Computer Vision

Author: Ron Kimmel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540255478
Release Date: 2005-04-07
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Scale Space and PDE Methods in Computer Vision, Scale-Space 2005, held in Hofgeismar, Germany in April 2005. The 53 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 79 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on novel linear spaces, image features, deep structure, image processing, medical applications, contours, tensors, non-linear filters, and motion.

Advances in Visual Computing

Author: George Bebis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642105197
Release Date: 2009-11-17
Genre: Computers

The two volume set LNCS 5875 and LNCS 5876 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Visual Computing, ISVC 2009, held in Las Vegas, NV, USA, in November/December 2009. The 97 revised full papers and 63 poster papers presented together with 40 full and 15 poster papers of 7 special tracks were carefully reviewed and selected from more than 320 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on computer graphics; visualization; feature extraction and matching; medical imaging; motion; virtual reality; face processing; reconstruction; detection and tracking; applications; and video analysis and event recognition. The 7 additional special tracks address issues such as object recognition; visual computing for robotics; computational bioimaging; 3D mapping, modeling and surface reconstruction; deformable models: theory and applications; visualization enhanced data analysis for health applications; and optimization for vision, graphics and medical imaging: theory and applications.

Dynamic Analysis of Robot Manipulators

Author: Constantinos A. Balafoutis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0792391454
Release Date: 1991-03-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The purpose of this monograph is to present computationally efficient algorithms for solving basic problems in robot manipulator dynamics. In par ticular, the following problems of rigid-link open-chain manipulator dynam ics are considered : i) computation of inverse dynamics, ii) computation of forward dynamics, and iii) generation of linearized dynamic models. Com putationally efficient solutions of these problems are prerequisites for real time robot applications and simulations. Cartesian tensor analysis is the mathematical foundation on which the above mentioned computational algorithms are based. In particular, it is shown in this monograph that by exploiting the relationships between second order Cartesian tensors and their vector invariants, a number of new tensor vector identities can be obtained. These identities enrich the theory of Carte sian tensors and allow us to manipulate complex Cartesian tensor equations effuctively. Moreover, based on these identities the classical vector descrip tion for the Newton-Euler equations of rigid body motion are rewritten in an equivalent tensor formulation which is shown to have computational advan tages over the classical vector formulation. Thus, based on Cartesian tensor analysis, a conceptually simple, easy to implement and computationally efficient tensor methodology is presented in this monograph for studying classical rigid body dynamics. XlI Application of this tensor methodology to the dynamic analysis of rigid-link open-chain robot manipulators is simple and leads to an efficient fonnulation of the dynamic equations of motion.

Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns

Author: André Gagalowicz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540289690
Release Date: 2005-08-30
Genre: Computers

This volume presents the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns (CAIP 2005). This conference - ries started about 20 years ago in Berlin. Initially, the conference served as a forum for meetings between scientists from Western and Eastern-block co- tries. Nowadays, the conference attracts participants from all over the world. The conference gives equal weight to posters and oral presentations, and the selected presentation mode is based on the most appropriate communication medium. The program follows a single-track format, rather than parallel s- sions. Non-overlapping oral and poster sessions ensure that all attendees have the opportunity to interact personally with presenters. As for the numbers, we received a total of 185 submissions. All papers were reviewed by two to four members of the Program Committee. The ?nal selection was carried out by the Conference Chairs. Out of the 185 papers, 65 were - lected for oral presentation and 43 as posters. CAIP is becoming well recognized internationally, and this year’s presentations came from 26 di?erent countries. South Korea proved to be the most active scienti?cally with a total of 16 - cepted papers. At this point, we wish to thank the Program Committee and additional referees for their timely and high-quality reviews. The paper s- mission and review procedure was carried out electronically. We also thank the invited speakers Reinhardt Koch and Thomas Vetter for kindly accepting to present invited papers.

Image Analysis and Recognition

Author: Mohamed Kamel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642026119
Release Date: 2009-07-07
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition, ICIAR 2009, held in Halifax, Canada, in July 2009. The 93 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 164 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on image and video processing and analysis; image segmentation; image and video retrieval and indexing; pattern analysis and recognition; biometrics face recognition; shape analysis; motion analysis and tracking; 3D image analysis; biomedical image analysis; document analysis and applications.

Scale Space Theory in Computer Vision

Author: Tony Lindeberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475764659
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Computers

The problem of scale pervades both the natural sciences and the vi sual arts. The earliest scientific discussions concentrate on visual per ception (much like today!) and occur in Euclid's (c. 300 B. C. ) Optics and Lucretius' (c. 100-55 B. C. ) On the Nature of the Universe. A very clear account in the spirit of modern "scale-space theory" is presented by Boscovitz (in 1758), with wide ranging applications to mathemat ics, physics and geography. Early applications occur in the cartographic problem of "generalization", the central idea being that a map in order to be useful has to be a "generalized" (coarse grained) representation of the actual terrain (Miller and Voskuil 1964). Broadening the scope asks for progressive summarizing. Very much the same problem occurs in the (realistic) artistic rendering of scenes. Artistic generalization has been analyzed in surprising detail by John Ruskin (in his Modern Painters), who even describes some of the more intricate generic "scale-space sin gularities" in detail: Where the ancients considered only the merging of blobs under blurring, Ruskin discusses the case where a blob splits off another one when the resolution is decreased, a case that has given rise to confusion even in the modern literature.

Computer Vision Using Local Binary Patterns

Author: Matti Pietikäinen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0857297481
Release Date: 2011-06-21
Genre: Mathematics

The recent emergence of Local Binary Patterns (LBP) has led to significant progress in applying texture methods to various computer vision problems and applications. The focus of this research has broadened from 2D textures to 3D textures and spatiotemporal (dynamic) textures. Also, where texture was once utilized for applications such as remote sensing, industrial inspection and biomedical image analysis, the introduction of LBP-based approaches have provided outstanding results in problems relating to face and activity analysis, with future scope for face and facial expression recognition, biometrics, visual surveillance and video analysis. Computer Vision Using Local Binary Patterns provides a detailed description of the LBP methods and their variants both in spatial and spatiotemporal domains. This comprehensive reference also provides an excellent overview as to how texture methods can be utilized for solving different kinds of computer vision and image analysis problems. Source codes of the basic LBP algorithms, demonstrations, some databases and a comprehensive LBP bibliography can be found from an accompanying web site. Topics include: local binary patterns and their variants in spatial and spatiotemporal domains, texture classification and segmentation, description of interest regions, applications in image retrieval and 3D recognition - Recognition and segmentation of dynamic textures, background subtraction, recognition of actions, face analysis using still images and image sequences, visual speech recognition and LBP in various applications. Written by pioneers of LBP, this book is an essential resource for researchers, professional engineers and graduate students in computer vision, image analysis and pattern recognition. The book will also be of interest to all those who work with specific applications of machine vision.