Concepts in Bioinformatics and Genomics

Author: Alison McCurdy
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199936994
Release Date: 2016-07-01
Genre: Bioinformatics

Concepts in Bioinformatics and Genomics takes a conceptual approach to its subject, balancing biology, mathematics, and programming, while highlighting relevant real-world applications. Topics are developed from the fundamentals up like in an introductory textbook. This is a comprehensive bookfor students enrolled in their first course in bioinformatics. A compelling case study gene, the TP53 gene, a human tumor suppressor with strong clinical applications, runs throughout, engaging students with a continuously relevant example.The textbook thoroughly describes basic principles of probability as they lead up to the concept of expectation value (E-value) and its use in sequence alignment programs. Concepts in Bioinformatics and Genomics also describes, from a mathematical perspective, the development of the Hidden MarkovModel and how it can be used to align sequences in multiple sequence alignment programs. Finally, it introduces students to programming exercises directly related to bioinformatics problems. These thought-provoking exercises stretch the students' imaginations and learning, giving them a deeperunderstanding of software programs, molecular biology, basic probability, and program-coding methodology underpinning the discipline. They will have the tools necessary to compute biological data.

Concepts in Bioinformatics and Genomics

Author: Jamil Momand
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190610549
Release Date: 2016-07-01
Genre: Bioinformatics

Concepts in Bioinformatics and Genomics takes a conceptual approach to its subject, balancing biology, mathematics, and programming while highlighting relevant real-world applications and providing students with the tools to compute and analyze biological data. It presents many thought-provoking exercises to stretch students' imaginations, giving them a deeper understanding of the molecular biology, basic probability, software programs, and program-codingmethodology underpinning this exciting field.

Concepts in Bioinformatics and Genomics

Author: Jamil Momand
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190610530
Release Date: 2016-07-01
Genre: Bioinformatics

Concepts in Bioinformatics and Genomics takes a conceptual approach to its subject, balancing biology, mathematics, and programming while highlighting relevant real-world applications and providing students with the tools to compute and analyze biological data. It presents many thought-provoking exercises to stretch students' imaginations, giving them a deeper understanding of the molecular biology, basic probability, software programs, and program-coding methodology underpinning this exciting field.

Evolutionary Genomics and Systems Biology

Author: Gustavo Caetano-Anollés
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118210710
Release Date: 2011-09-26
Genre: Science

A comprehensive, authoritative look at an emergent area in post-genomic science, Evolutionary genomics is an up-and-coming, complex field that attempts to explain the biocomplexity of the living world. Evolutionary Genomics and Systems Biology is the first full-length book to blend established and emerging concepts in bioinformatics, evolution, genomics, and structural biology, with the integrative views of network and systems biology. Three key aspects of evolutionary genomics and systems biology are covered in clear detail: the study of genomic history, i.e., understanding organismal evolution at the genomic level; the study of macromolecular complements, which encompasses the evolution of the protein and RNA machinery that propels life; and the evolutionary and dynamic study of wiring diagrams—macromolecular components in interaction—in the context of genomic complements. The book also features: A solid, comprehensive treatment of phylogenomics, the evolution of genomes, and the evolution of biological networks, within the framework of systems biology A special section on RNA biology—translation, evolution of structure, and micro RNA and regulation of gene expression Chapters on the mapping of genotypes to phenotypes, the role of information in biology, protein architecture and biological function, chromosomal rearrangements, and biological networks and disease Contributions by leading authorities on each topic Evolutionary Genomics and Systems Biology is an ideal book for students and professionals in genomics, bioinformatics, evolution, structural biology, complexity, origins of life, systematic biology, and organismal diversity, as well as those individuals interested in aspects of biological sciences as they interface with chemistry, physics, and computer science and engineering.

Introduction to Genomics

Author: Arthur Lesk
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199564354
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Medical

Introduction to Genomics is a fascinating insight into what can be revealed from the study of genomes: how organisms differ or match; how different organisms evolved; how the genome is constructed and how it operates; and what our understanding of genome structure and function means in terms of our future health and wellbeing.

Genome Analysis And Bioinformatics A Practical Approach

Author: T. R. Sharma
Publisher:
ISBN: 9380026366
Release Date: 2009-01-01
Genre: Bioinformatics

With the decoding of whole genome sequences of many organisms, new vistas of research have emerged in computational biology. The scientific community has free access to the genome sequence data from the public databases. Many times, it is really hard to make sense of these huge data of DNA and protein sequences. Therefore, bioinformatics tools are used to handle, store and analyze genome sequence data for the benefit of mankind. The book has been written in a simplest possible manner so that every one should understand the basic concepts of genome sequence analysis and bioinformatics. The book is structured in such a way so that readers should first know about how whole genome sequences are generated by using high throughput DNA sequencing technologies and then storing of sequences in biological databases. Second part deals with the basic principals involved in sequence analysis and applications of softwares along with practical exercises. Thirdly, data mining approaches for the discovery of genes and DNA markers have also been discussed. Besides, glossary of important terms and introduction to basic bioinformatics softwares has been included for the benefits of readers. The book will serve as a text book to the B. Tech (Bioinformatics & Biotechnology) students and would also be useful reference book to the postgraduate students and research scientists working in the areas of life sciences, genomics, biotechnology and molecular biology as well as Masters in Computer Applications (MCA) who are interested in bioinformatics.

Bioinformatics

Author: Andreas D. Baxevanis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471461012
Release Date: 2004-03-24
Genre: Computers

"In this book, Andy Baxevanis and Francis Ouellette . . . have undertaken the difficult task of organizing the knowledge in this field in a logical progression and presenting it in a digestible form. And they have done an excellent job. This fine text will make a major impact on biological research and, in turn, on progress in biomedicine. We are all in their debt." —Eric Lander from the Foreword Reviews from the First Edition "...provides a broad overview of the basic tools for sequence analysis ... For biologists approaching this subject for the first time, it will be a very useful handbook to keep on the shelf after the first reading, close to the computer." —Nature Structural Biology "...should be in the personal library of any biologist who uses the Internet for the analysis of DNA and protein sequence data." —Science "...a wonderful primer designed to navigate the novice through the intricacies of in scripto analysis ... The accomplished gene searcher will also find this book a useful addition to their library ... an excellent reference to the principles of bioinformatics." —Trends in Biochemical Sciences This new edition of the highly successful Bioinformatics: A Practical Guide to the Analysis of Genes and Proteins provides a sound foundation of basic concepts, with practical discussions and comparisons of both computational tools and databases relevant to biological research. Equipping biologists with the modern tools necessary to solve practical problems in sequence data analysis, the Second Edition covers the broad spectrum of topics in bioinformatics, ranging from Internet concepts to predictive algorithms used on sequence, structure, and expression data. With chapters written by experts in the field, this up-to-date reference thoroughly covers vital concepts and is appropriate for both the novice and the experienced practitioner. Written in clear, simple language, the book is accessible to users without an advanced mathematical or computer science background. This new edition includes: All new end-of-chapter Web resources, bibliographies, and problem sets Accompanying Web site containing the answers to the problems, as well as links to relevant Web resources New coverage of comparative genomics, large-scale genome analysis, sequence assembly, and expressed sequence tags A glossary of commonly used terms in bioinformatics and genomics Bioinformatics: A Practical Guide to the Analysis of Genes and Proteins, Second Edition is essential reading for researchers, instructors, and students of all levels in molecular biology and bioinformatics, as well as for investigators involved in genomics, positional cloning, clinical research, and computational biology.

Essential Bioinformatics

Author: Jin Xiong
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139450621
Release Date: 2006-03-13
Genre: Science

Essential Bioinformatics is a concise yet comprehensive textbook of bioinformatics, which provides a broad introduction to the entire field. Written specifically for a life science audience, the basics of bioinformatics are explained, followed by discussions of the state-of-the-art computational tools available to solve biological research problems. All key areas of bioinformatics are covered including biological databases, sequence alignment, genes and promoter prediction, molecular phylogenetics, structural bioinformatics, genomics and proteomics. The book emphasizes how computational methods work and compares the strengths and weaknesses of different methods. This balanced yet easily accessible text will be invaluable to students who do not have sophisticated computational backgrounds. Technical details of computational algorithms are explained with a minimum use of mathematical formulae; graphical illustrations are used in their place to aid understanding. The effective synthesis of existing literature as well as in-depth and up-to-date coverage of all key topics in bioinformatics make this an ideal textbook for all bioinformatics courses taken by life science students and for researchers wishing to develop their knowledge of bioinformatics to facilitate their own research.

Phylogenetic Networks

Author: Daniel H. Huson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139492874
Release Date: 2010-12-02
Genre: Science

The evolutionary history of species is traditionally represented using a rooted phylogenetic tree. However, when reticulate events such as hybridization, horizontal gene transfer or recombination are believed to be involved, phylogenetic networks that can accommodate non-treelike evolution have an important role to play. This book provides the first interdisciplinary overview of phylogenetic networks. Beginning with a concise introduction to both phylogenetic trees and phylogenetic networks, the fundamental concepts and results are then presented for both rooted and unrooted phylogenetic networks. Current approaches and algorithms available for computing phylogenetic networks from different types of datasets are then discussed, accompanied by examples of their application to real biological datasets. The book also summarises the algorithms used for drawing phylogenetic networks, along with the existing software for their computation and evaluation. All datasets, examples and other additional information and links are available from the book's companion website at www.phylogenetic-networks.org.

Bioinformatics for Beginners

Author: Supratim Choudhuri
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780124105102
Release Date: 2014-05-09
Genre: Medical

Bioinformatics for Beginners: Genes, Genomes, Molecular Evolution, Databases and Analytical Tools provides a coherent and friendly treatment of bioinformatics for any student or scientist within biology who has not routinely performed bioinformatic analysis. The book discusses the relevant principles needed to understand the theoretical underpinnings of bioinformatic analysis and demonstrates, with examples, targeted analysis using freely available web-based software and publicly available databases. Eschewing non-essential information, the work focuses on principles and hands-on analysis, also pointing to further study options. Avoids non-essential coverage, yet fully describes the field for beginners Explains the molecular basis of evolution to place bioinformatic analysis in biological context Provides useful links to the vast resource of publicly available bioinformatic databases and analysis tools Contains over 100 figures that aid in concept discovery and illustration

Computing for Comparative Microbial Genomics

Author: David Wayne Ussery
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781848002548
Release Date: 2009-02-26
Genre: Science

Overview and Goals This book describes how to visualize and compare bacterial genomes. Sequencing technologies are becoming so inexpensive that soon going for a cup of coffee will be more expensive than sequencing a bacterial genome. Thus, there is a very real and pressing need for high-throughput computational methods to compare hundreds and thousands of bacterial genomes. It is a long road from molecular biology to systems biology, and in a sense this text can be thought of as a path bridging these ? elds. The goal of this book is to p- vide a coherent set of tools and a methodological framework for starting with raw DNA sequences and producing fully annotated genome sequences, and then using these to build up and test models about groups of interacting organisms within an environment or ecological niche. Organization and Features The text is divided into four main parts: Introduction, Comparative Genomics, Transcriptomics and Proteomics, and ? nally Microbial Communities. The ? rst ? ve chapters are introductions of various sorts. Each of these chapters represents an introduction to a speci? c scienti? c ? eld, to bring all readers up to the same basic level before proceeding on to the methods of comparing genomes. First, a brief overview of molecular biology and of the concept of sequences as biological inf- mation are given.

Bioinformatics for Biologists

Author: Pavel Pevzner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139501613
Release Date: 2011-09-15
Genre: Science

The computational education of biologists is changing to prepare students for facing the complex datasets of today's life science research. In this concise textbook, the authors' fresh pedagogical approaches lead biology students from first principles towards computational thinking. A team of renowned bioinformaticians take innovative routes to introduce computational ideas in the context of real biological problems. Intuitive explanations promote deep understanding, using little mathematical formalism. Self-contained chapters show how computational procedures are developed and applied to central topics in bioinformatics and genomics, such as the genetic basis of disease, genome evolution or the tree of life concept. Using bioinformatic resources requires a basic understanding of what bioinformatics is and what it can do. Rather than just presenting tools, the authors - each a leading scientist - engage the students' problem-solving skills, preparing them to meet the computational challenges of their life science careers.

Evolutionary Computation in Bioinformatics

Author: Gary Fogel
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 1558607978
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Computers

This book offers a definitive resource that bridges biology and evolutionary computation. The authors have written an introduction to biology and bioinformatics for computer scientists, plus an introduction to evolutionary computation for biologists and for computer scientists unfamiliar with these techniques.

Computational Genome Analysis

Author: Richard C. Deonier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387987851
Release Date: 2007-08-13
Genre: Computers

This book presents the foundations of key problems in computational molecular biology and bioinformatics. It focuses on computational and statistical principles applied to genomes, and introduces the mathematics and statistics that are crucial for understanding these applications. The book features a free download of the R software statistics package and the text provides great crossover material that is interesting and accessible to students in biology, mathematics, statistics and computer science. More than 100 illustrations and diagrams reinforce concepts and present key results from the primary literature. Exercises are given at the end of chapters.

Introduction to Bioinformatics

Author: Arthur Lesk
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199651566
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Science

Lesk provides an accessible and thorough introduction to a subject which is becoming a fundamental part of biological science today. The text generates an understanding of the biological background of bioinformatics.