Conversations with a Mathematician

Author: Gregory J. Chaitin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447101857
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

The author, G. J. Chaitin, shows that God plays dice not only in quantum mechanics but also in the foundations of mathematics. According to Chaitin there exist mathematical facts that are true for no reason. This fascinating and provocative text contains a collection of his most wide-ranging and non-technical lectures and interviews. It will be of interest to anyone concerned with the philosophy of mathematics, the similarities and differences between physics and mathematics, and mathematics as art.

Was ist Wahrheit anderes als ein Leben f r eine Idee

Author: Hermann Deuser
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110228076
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Philosophy

Since the early 20th century internationally renowned scholars have regularly rediscovered the significance of Soren Kierkegaard for the philosophy of religion and theology. However, only recently have they explored the affinity between the North American philosophy of pragmatism and Kierkegaard's existential thinking.This collection of essays documents a process of adoption and interpretation that over the last thirty years has sought to overcome the traditional way of reading Kierkegaard's works. As the essays reveal, the original pragmatists especially William James and Charles S. Peirce today increasingly serve as a source of inspiration for a modern foundation of the philosophy of religion."

Ignorance

Author: Stuart Firestein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199939336
Release Date: 2012-04-23
Genre: Science

Knowledge is a big subject, says Stuart Firestein, but ignorance is a bigger one. And it is ignorance--not knowledge--that is the true engine of science. Most of us have a false impression of science as a surefire, deliberate, step-by-step method for finding things out and getting things done. In fact, says Firestein, more often than not, science is like looking for a black cat in a dark room, and there may not be a cat in the room. The process is more hit-or-miss than you might imagine, with much stumbling and groping after phantoms. But it is exactly this "not knowing," this puzzling over thorny questions or inexplicable data, that gets researchers into the lab early and keeps them there late, the thing that propels them, the very driving force of science. Firestein shows how scientists use ignorance to program their work, to identify what should be done, what the next steps are, and where they should concentrate their energies. And he includes a catalog of how scientists use ignorance, consciously or unconsciously--a remarkable range of approaches that includes looking for connections to other research, revisiting apparently settled questions, using small questions to get at big ones, and tackling a problem simply out of curiosity. The book concludes with four case histories--in cognitive psychology, theoretical physics, astronomy, and neuroscience--that provide a feel for the nuts and bolts of ignorance, the day-to-day battle that goes on in scientific laboratories and in scientific minds with questions that range from the quotidian to the profound. Turning the conventional idea about science on its head, Ignorance opens a new window on the true nature of research. It is a must-read for anyone curious about science.

Hans Ulrich Obrist

Author: Hans-Ulrich Obrist
Publisher:
ISBN: 888158431X
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Art

Transcripts of interviews by Hans Ulrich Obrist with architects, artists, curators, film-makers, musicians, philosophers, social theorists and urbanists.

The New Walford

Author: Albert John Walford
Publisher: New Walford's Guide to Referen
ISBN: 1856044955
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

First published in 1959, Walford''s guide to reference material achieved international recognition as a leading bibliographic tool across all subject areas. But, in the 1990s, the web transformed the information universe; and so we have now transformed Walford. The New Walford (TNW) Volume 1: Science, Technology and Medicine is the first volume of a radically different guide. Published over 3 years, TNW will form the most substantial work of its kind in the English language. This book provides a pathway through the huge quantity of information now accessible via the web. The types of material cited have been greatly widened to reflect the revolution brought about by the use of networked information; but we have made sure that print resources are not ignored where these are still valuable. If you are approaching a subject for the first time, TNW will get you on your way, guiding you to the best starting points for your query. For the information professional, TNW''s new way of categorizing resources reflects the fundamental changes that have taken place in the scientific, business, political and social information landscapes. Who is it for This new reference book will be valuable for professionals worldwide who need to suggest resources to people who are relatively unfamiliar with the nuances of a topic and who need to know where to start. The focus is on resources that are most likely to be found and used within public, government, education or business information services. If you are an LIS professional responsible for developing and revising a reference collection, new to reference work, staffing an enquiry desk, a research worker or student, you''ll welcome publication of this new work - it''s your paper portal to the world of reference resources. Subject coverage mathematics physics & astronomy earth sciences chemistry biological sciences agriculture, forestry, fisheries & food pre-clinical sciences; clinical medicine health natural resources & energy engineering information & communication technology. Subject fields include astrophysics & cosmology biodiversity & conservation genetics, genomics & bioinformatics infectious diseases information system security meteorology & climatology microengineering & nanotechnology palaeontology soil science sports & exercise medicine. Editor-in-Chief Dr Ray Lester held posts in Unilever and a number of university libraries before becoming Director of Information Services at the London Business School and then the Head of Library and Information Services at The Natural History Museum. Subject specialists Catherine Carr, Cranfield University Jim Corlett, Nottingham Trent University Joanne Dunham, University of Leicester Helen Hathaway, University of Reading Dr Jonathan Jeffery, Leiden University Gareth Johnson, University of York Nazma Masud, Royal Society of Chemistry Roger Mills, University of Oxford Lorna Mitchell, Queen Mary, University of London Dr David Newton, The British Library Linda Norbury, University of Birmingham Bob Parry, University of Reading Alison Sutton, University of Reading Elizabeth Tilley, University of Cambridge Dr Barry White, University of Manchester Fenella Whittaker, The Institution of Mechanical Engineers. 010

Galileo and the Art of Reasoning

Author: M.A. Finocchiaro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400990173
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

The work of Galileo has long been important not only as a foundation of modern physics but also as a model - and perhaps the paradigmatic model - of scientific method, and therefore as a leading example of scientific rationality. However, as we know, the matter is not so simple. The range of Galileo readings is so varied that one may be led to the conclusion that it is a case of chacun a son Galileo; that here, as with the Bible, or Plato or Kant or Freud or Finnegan's Wake, the texts themselves underdetermine just what moral is to be pointed. But if there is no canonical reading, how can the texts be taken as evidence or example of a canonical view of scientific rationality, as in Galileo? Or is it the case, instead, that we decide a priori what the norms of rationality are and then pick through texts to fmd those which satisfy these norms? Specifically, how and on what grounds are we to accept or reject scientific theories, or scientific reasoning? If we are to do this on the basis of historical analysis of how, in fact, theories came to be accepted or rejected, how shall we distinguish 'is' from 'ought'? What follows (if anything does) from such analysis or reconstruction about how theories ought to be accepted or rejected? Maurice Finocchiaro's study of Galileo brings an important and original approach to the question of scientific rationality by way of a systematic read

Onwetendheid als drijfveer van de wetenschap

Author: Stuart Firestein
Publisher: New Scientist
ISBN: 9789085714453
Release Date: 2014-07-16
Genre: Science

We weten veel, maar er is veel meer dat we niet weten. En juist dat is de motor van de wetenschap - niet kennis. Wetenschap is geen doelbewuste methode om kennis te verwerven maar meer als het zoeken naar een zwarte kat in een donkere ruimte - als er al een kat zit. Het is trial and error. Juist wat we niet weten, lastige kwesties en vreemde resultaten zijn de ware aanjagers van de wetenschap. Onderzoekers gebruiken bewust of onbewust onwetendheid om te bepalen hoe ze hun onderzoek uitvoeren.Onwetendheid als drijfveer van de wetenschap is van auteur Stuart Firestein, hoofd van de afdeling biowetenschappen van Columbia University en Fellow van de American Association for the Advancement of Science

Mathematics and the Roots of Postmodern Thought

Author: Vladimir Tasic
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195349954
Release Date: 2001-08-30
Genre: Mathematics

This is a charming and insightful contribution to an understanding of the "Science Wars" between postmodernist humanism and science, driving toward a resolution of the mutual misunderstanding that has driven the controversy. It traces the root of postmodern theory to a debate on the foundations of mathematics early in the 20th century, then compares developments in mathematics to what took place in the arts and humanities, discussing issues as diverse as literary theory, arts, and artificial intelligence. This is a straightforward, easily understood presentation of what can be difficult theoretical concepts It demonstrates that a pattern of misreading mathematics can be seen both on the part of science and on the part of postmodern thinking. This is a humorous, playful yet deeply serious look at the intellectual foundations of mathematics for those in the humanities and the perfect critical introduction to the bases of modernism and postmodernism for those in the sciences.

Mathemusical Conversations

Author: Jordan B L Smith
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789813140110
Release Date: 2016-07-21
Genre: Computers

Mathemusical Conversations celebrates the understanding of music through mathematics, and the appreciation of mathematics through music. This volume is a compilation of the invited talks given at the Mathemusical Conversations workshop that took place in Singapore from 13–15 February 2015, organized by Elaine Chew in partnership with Gérard Assayag for the scientific program and with Bernard Lanskey for the artistic program. The contributors are world experts and leading scholars, writing on the intersection of music and mathematics. They also focus on performance and composition, two topics which are foundational both to the understanding of human creativity and to the creation of tomorrow's music technologies. This book is essential reading for researchers in both music and mathematics. It will also appeal more broadly to scholars, students, musicians, and anyone interested in new perspectives on the intimate relationship between these two universal human activities. Contents:Foreword by Series EditorsForeword by Workshop OrganizersMathemusical Engagement:Without Our Consent (Paul Schoenfield)Approaches to Musical Expression in Harmonix Video Games (Eran Egozy)Motion and Gravitation in the Musical Spheres (Elaine Chew)Mathemusical Creativity:Improvising in Creative Symbolic Interaction (Gérard Assayag)Music, Creativity, and Computers (Margaret A Boden)Tiling Canons as a Key to Approaching Open Mathematical Conjectures? (Moreno Andreatta)Shaping Performance:Musical Motives in Performance: A Study of Absolute Timing Patterns (Neta Spiro, Nicolas Gold and John Rink)Playing with Variables: Anticipating One Particular Performance of Bach's Goldberg Variations (Bernard Lanskey and Stephen Emmerson)The Informatics Philharmonic in the Indiana University Summer String Academy (Christopher Raphael)Educating the Mathemusical:Mathematical Thought and Empirical Approaches in Higher Education in Music (Jian Yang)Action and Symbol: An Essential Tension (Jeanne Bamberger)Educating the Mathemusical: Balancing the Equation (Don McLean)Geometries:Graph-theoretic and Geometric Models of Music (Richard Cohn)In Quest of Musical Vectors (Dmitri Tymoczko)A Topological Approach of Musical Relationships (Jean-Louis Giavitto and Antoine Spicher)List of Contributors Readership: Advanced secondary school students; post-secondary school students; and scientists, mathematicians, musicians and members of the public interested in the mathematical music sciences.

Calculus A Liberal Art

Author: W.M. Priestley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461216582
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

Presenting mathematics as forming a natural bridge between the humanities and the sciences, this book makes calculus accessible to those in the liberal arts. Much of the necessary geometry and algebra are exposed through historical development, and a section on the development of calculus offers insights into the place of mathematics in the history of thought.