Counter Colonial Criminology

Author: Biko Agozino
Publisher: Pluto Press
ISBN: 0745318851
Release Date: 2003-06-20
Genre: Political Science

This book will revolutionize the study of criminology throughout the world and promote the discipline especially in the Third World. ... A groundbreaking book ... [offering ] dazzling brilliance in the development of criminological theory. Ihekwoaba D. Onwudiwe, Associate Professor, Dept. of Criminal Justice, University of Maryland Eastern Shore“It adopts an insightful theoretical approach to the study of criminology. I find the interdisciplinary approach appealing”. Jerry Dibua, Morgan State UniversityThis book is about how the history of colonialism has shaped the definition of crime and justice systems not only in former colonies but also in colonialist countries. Biko Agozino argues that criminology in the West was originally tested in the colonies and then brought back to mother countries -- in this way, he claims, the colonial experience has been instrumental in shaping modern criminology in colonial powers. He looks at how radical critiques of mainstream criminology by critical feminist and postmodernist thinkers contribute to an understanding of the relationship between colonial experience and criminology. But he also shows that even critical feminist and postmodernist assessments of conventional criminology do not go far enough as they remain virtually silent on colonial issues. Biko Agozino considers African and other postcolonial literature and contributions to counter colonial criminology, their originality, relevance and limitations. Finally he advocates a “committed objectivity” approach to race-class-gender criminology investigations in order to come to terms with imperialistic and neo-colonialist criminology.

Counter Colonial Criminology

Author: Biko Agozino
Publisher: Pluto Press
ISBN: 074531886X
Release Date: 2003-06-20
Genre: Political Science

This book will revolutionize the study of criminology throughout the world and promote the discipline especially in the Third World. ... A groundbreaking book ... [offering ] dazzling brilliance in the development of criminological theory. Ihekwoaba D. Onwudiwe, Associate Professor, Dept. of Criminal Justice, University of Maryland Eastern Shore“It adopts an insightful theoretical approach to the study of criminology. I find the interdisciplinary approach appealing”. Jerry Dibua, Morgan State UniversityThis book is about how the history of colonialism has shaped the definition of crime and justice systems not only in former colonies but also in colonialist countries. Biko Agozino argues that criminology in the West was originally tested in the colonies and then brought back to mother countries -- in this way, he claims, the colonial experience has been instrumental in shaping modern criminology in colonial powers. He looks at how radical critiques of mainstream criminology by critical feminist and postmodernist thinkers contribute to an understanding of the relationship between colonial experience and criminology. But he also shows that even critical feminist and postmodernist assessments of conventional criminology do not go far enough as they remain virtually silent on colonial issues. Biko Agozino considers African and other postcolonial literature and contributions to counter colonial criminology, their originality, relevance and limitations. Finally he advocates a “committed objectivity” approach to race-class-gender criminology investigations in order to come to terms with imperialistic and neo-colonialist criminology.

When Crime Appears

Author: Jean Marie McGloin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136624483
Release Date: 2011-10-25
Genre: Social Science

In recent years, the idea of emergence, which suggests that observed patterns in behavior and events are not fully reductive and stem from complex lower-level interactions, has begun to take hold in the social sciences. Criminologists have started to use this framework to improve our general understanding of the etiology of crime and criminal behavior. When Crime Appears: The Role of Emergence is concerned with our ability to make sense of the complex underpinnings of the end-stage patterns and events that we see in studying crime and offers an early narrative on the concept of emergence as it pertains to criminological research. Collectively, the chapters in this volume provide a sense of why the emergence framework could be useful, outlines its core conceptual properties, provides some examples of its potential application, and presents some discussion of methodological and analytic issues related to its adoption.

Black Women and the Criminal Justice System

Author: Biko Agozino
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing
ISBN: 1859726437
Release Date: 1997-01-01
Genre: Law

The book identifies the problems that face black women in the criminal justice system as the result of the articulation of unequal and oppressive class, race and gender relations; the research aims to be aware of all three rather than prioritizing, isolating or reducing one or two of these relations. The focus of this research primarily on black women is based on the belief that they are marginalized in both society and criminological research. Black women are poorly represented in education, employment, the professions, commerce, industry and politics while in prison their presence is highly disproportionate to their wider numbers in society. The author examines the problems facing black women and compares these with those facing black men and white women to demonstrate the articulation of social relations. He addresses the structural positions of black women in society, their social relations and the nature of the institutional practices of the criminal justice system.

Indigenous Criminology

Author: Chris Cunneen
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 9781447321750
Release Date: 2016-07-13
Genre: Social Science

Indigenous Criminology is the first book to comprehensively explore Indigenous people’s contact with criminal justice systems in a contemporary and historical context. Drawing on comparative Indigenous material from North America, Australia and New Zealand, it addresses both the theoretical underpinnings to the development of a specific Indigenous criminology, and canvasses the broader policy and practice implications for criminal justice. Written by leading criminologists specialising in Indigenous people, the book argues for the importance of Indigenous knowledges and methodologies to criminology, and suggests that colonialism needs to be a fundamental concept to criminology in order to understand contemporary problems such as deaths in custody, high imprisonment rates, police brutality and the high levels of violence in some Indigenous communities. Prioritising the voices of Indigenous peoples, the work will make a significant contribution to the development of a decolonising criminology and will be of wide interest.

The Stone Virgins

Author: Yvonne Vera
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 9781466806061
Release Date: 2004-02-14
Genre: Fiction

Winner of the Macmillan Prize for African Adult Fiction An uncompromising novel by one of Africa's premiere writers, detailing the horrors of civil war in luminous, haunting prose In 1980, after decades of guerilla war against colonial rule, Rhodesia earned its hard-fought-for independence from Britain. Less than two years thereafter when Mugabe rose to power in the new Zimbabwe, it signaled the begining of brutal civil unrest that would last nearly a half decade more. With The Stone Virgins Yvonne Vera examines the dissident movement from the perspective of two sisters living in a small township outside of Bulawayo. In a portrait painted in successive impressions of life before and after the liberation, Vera explores the quest for dignity and a centered existence against a backdrop of unimaginable violence; the twin instincts of survival and love; the rival pulls of township and city life; and mankind's capacity for terror, beauty, and sacrifice. One sister will find a reason for hope. One will not make it through alive. Weaving historical fact within a story of grand passions and striking endurance, Vera has gifted us with a powerful and provocative testament to the resilience of the Zimbabwean people.

Criminology The Key Concepts

Author: Martin O'Brien
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134089574
Release Date: 2008-06-23
Genre: Social Science

Criminology: The Key Concepts is an authoritative and comprehensive study guide and reference resource that will take you through all the concepts, approaches, issues and institutions central to the study of crime in contemporary society. Topics covered in this easy to use A-Z guide include: policing, sentencing and the justice system types of crime, including corporate crime, cybercrime, sex and hate crimes feminist, marxist and cultural approaches to criminology terrorism, state crime, war crimes and human rights social issues such as anti-social behaviour, domestic violence and pornography criminal psychology and deviance Fully cross-referenced, with extensive suggestions for further reading and in-depth study of the topics discussed, this is an essential reference guide for students of Criminology at all levels.

Reclaiming Zimbabwe

Author: Horace Campbell
Publisher: Africa World Pr
ISBN: 1592210910
Release Date: 2003
Genre: History

Zimbabwe's promise of liberation, democracy, majority rule and renewal has been shattered by executive lawlessness, state-sponsored violence and the military intervention in the DRC. Despite the wretched conditions of millions of Zimbabweans, with thousands dying from the HIV-Aids pandemic, Zimbabwe's rulers have been preoccupied with enriching themselves. This book provides a critical analysis of Zimbabwe beyond the old conceptions of politics. Horace Campbell looks at Zimbabwe's problems today, including the recent state and ruling party violence against citizens, as manifestations of the patriarchal model of liberation. In his exploration and analysis of Zimbabwe's experiences, from the transition to independence, to the crisis ravaging the country today, Campbell reflects on the ideas and practices of the Rhodesian state to demonstrate how the liberation leaders integrated themselves into the old state machinery. Campbell argues that the politics of masculinity and patriarchy are exhausted models of liberation and suggests new models of emancipation based on truth, reconstruction and a break with Eurocentric conceptions of peace, democracy and development. Book jacket.

The Better Angels of Our Nature

Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Penguin Group USA
ISBN: 9780143122012
Release Date: 2012-09
Genre: Psychology

Presents a controversial history of violence which argues that today's world is the most peaceful time in human existence, drawing on psychological insights into intrinsic values that are causing people to condemn violence as an acceptable measure.

Understanding China

Author: Mobo Gao
Publisher: Pluto Press (UK)
ISBN: 0745399819
Release Date: 2018-05-20
Genre:

From fear and anxiety, to celebration, China's rise has provoked a variety of responses across the world. In light of this phenomenon, how are our understandings of China produced?From West to East, Mobo Gao interrogates knowledge production; rejecting the supposed objectivity of empirical statistics and challenging the assumption of a dichotomy between the Western liberal democracy and Chinese authoritarianism. By examining issues such as the Chinese Neo-Enlightenment and neoliberalism, national interest vested in Western scholarship, representations of the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, and the South China Sea, the book asks: how is contemporary China constructed?By dissecting the political agenda and conceptual framework of commentators on China, Gao provocatively urges those not only on the Right, but also on the Left, to be self-critical of their views on Chinese politics, economics and history.

The Oxford Handbook of Postcolonial Studies

Author: Graham Huggan
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191662423
Release Date: 2013-09-12
Genre: Literary Collections

The Oxford Handbook of Postcolonial Studies provides a comprehensive overview of the latest scholarship in postcolonial studies, while also considering possible future developments in the field. Original chapters written by a worldwide team of contritbuors are organised into five cross-referenced sections, 'The Imperial Past', 'The Colonial Present', 'Theory and Practice', 'Across the Disciplines', and 'Across the World'. The chapters offer both country-specific and comparative approaches to current issues, offering a wide range of new and interesting perspectives. The Handbook reflects the increasingly multidisciplinary nature of postcolonial studies and reiterates its continuing relevance to the study of both the colonial past, in its multiple manifestations, and the contemporary globalized world. Taken together, these essays, the dialogues they pursue, and the editorial comments that surround them constitute nothing less than a blueprint for the future of a much-contested but intellectually vibrant and politically engaged field.

Social science as imperialism

Author: Claude Ake
Publisher: Ibadan Univ Pr
ISBN: UVA:X001240291
Release Date: 1982-06-15
Genre: History

Claude Ake's study is primarily concerned with what he terms 'the most perinicious form of imperialism' namely scientific knowledge. Ake analyses how Western social sciences, whether consciously or inadvertently, foist capitalist values and capitalist development on the Third World, and serve imperialist ends. He unravels the theory of political development/'westernisation', exposing its ideological character and condemning 'Western development studies as worse than useless'. He then develops his analysis of the imperialist and ideological characteristics of Western social sciences to posit alternatives which may more successfully overcome permanent underdevelopment; and advocates a struggle for a new model of social sciences which is socialist-orientated, and that developing countries reject Western models. The study was first published in 1979, revised in 1982, is newly reissued, and for the first time, widely available outside Africa. Claude Ake (1939-1996) was one of Africa's most distinguished political and social scientists and democrats of the twentieth century, writing widely and polemically on what were his life-long concerns of democracy and the future of the African continent.

Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317575900
Release Date: 2015-02-11
Genre: Social Science

Ideal for use in either crime theory or race and crime courses, this is the only text to look at the array of explanations for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic populations. Each chapter begins with a historical review of each theoretical perspective and how its original formulation and more recent derivatives account for racial/ethnic differences. The theoretical perspectives include those based on religion, biology, social disorganization/strain, subculture, labeling, conflict, social control, colonial, and feminism. The author considers which perspectives have shown the most promise in the area of race/ethnicity and crime.

Criminal Resistance

Author: Dr Temitope B Oriola
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9781472401953
Release Date: 2013-06-28
Genre: Social Science

Crude oil extraction in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria generates 96% of all foreign earnings and 85% of state revenues, making it crucial to the survival of the Nigerian state. Several generations of state neglect, corruption and mismanagement have ensured that the Delta region is one of the most socio-economically and politically deprived in the country. By the late 1990s there was a frightening proliferation of armed gangs and insurgent groups. Illegal oil bunkering, pipeline vandalism, disruption of oil production activities, riots, and demonstrations intensified and in 2003, insurgents began kidnapping oil workers at a frenetic pace. In late 2005, an uber-insurgent movement 'organization' was formed in Nigeria. Christened the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), it operates as an amorphous, multifaceted amalgam of insurgent groups with an unprecedented clinical precision in execution of intents. By focussing on kidnappings that are putatively connected to the struggle for emancipating the Niger Delta, Oriola makes the case for analysing MEND as a social movement organization, rather than a terrorist or criminal gang by showing how political processes shape kidnappings in the Delta. The use of violent repertoires of contention has not garnered sufficient attention in the social movement literature, despite the fact that that around the world, many similar groups are adopting violent tactics without necessarily eschewing non-violent techniques. Based on multi-actor research, including interviews and focus group discussions with community members, military authorities, 42 ex-insurgents directly involved in illegal oil bunkering and kidnapping, and official email statements from 'Jomo Gbomo', the spokesperson of MEND, this book will be of interest to sociologists, political scientists and peace and security studies scholars.