Courts and Criminal Justice in America

Author: Larry J Siegel
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 9780134526744
Release Date: 2017-01-09
Genre: Political Science

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For all courses in courts and criminal justice A balanced, modern, comprehensive approach to the court system in America today Courts and Criminal Justice in America, Third Edition, is the collaboration of the most popular criminal justice authors of the century. Featuring a balanced and modern presentation, this book not only looks at the basic structure of the court system and court process, but also covers cutting-edge topics and all sides of the most controversial issues facing courts today. This student-friendly text does not presuppose any knowledge about the courts or how they operate. Highlighted controversial cases illustrate the tremendous power that the court system has to regulate citizens' lives, to shape what is acceptable and what is forbidden, and to ensure that criminal justice policy balances both rights and liberties. Extensively revised throughout, the Third Edition features new and updated statistics, chapter-opening stories, and Courts in the News and What Will You Do? features that challenge readers to think critically and draw their own conclusions. This respected author team delivers the most comprehensive introduction to America's courts, their personnel, and the context in which they operate on the market today. Courts and Criminal Justice in America, Third Edition, is also available via Revel™, an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience.

America s Courts and the Criminal Justice System

Author: David W. Neubauer
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337557894
Release Date: 2018-01-01
Genre: Education

The premier choice for Courts courses for decades, this popular text offers a comprehensive explanation of the courts and the criminal justice system, presented in a streamlined, straightforward manner that appeals to instructors and students alike. Neubauer and Fradella's crisp and clear writing, characterized by the organization of material into brief sections within chapters, ensures that readers gain a firm handle on the material. At the same time, the text's innovative courtroom workhouse model -- which focuses on the interrelationships among the judge, prosecutor, and defense attorney -- brings the courtroom to life. AMERICA'S COURTS AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM has long been known for the way it gives students an accurate glimpse of what it is like to work within the American criminal justice system, and the thirteenth edition is no exception. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Criminal Justice in America

Author: George F. Cole
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305966062
Release Date: 2016-09-14
Genre: Education

This concise introductory criminal justice text uses an interdisciplinary approach to introduce students to the field's foundations and individual components, as well as to many contemporary controversies in the justice system. Through the use of current issues, such as the Black Lives Matter movement, efforts to reform sentencing and reduce prison populations, and the impact of new technologies, this book highlights societal developments that pose new challenges for criminal justice professionals. Created as an alternative to more encyclopedic introductory texts, this reader-friendly bestseller incorporates ideas, themes, and theories from criminology, sociology, law, history, psychology, and political science. CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA, Ninth Edition, teaches students to become better citizens by helping them think critically about what justice means in our society and how individuals can play a role in defining that meaning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Collapse of American Criminal Justice

Author: William J. Stuntz
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674051751
Release Date: 2011-09-15
Genre: Law

Rule of law has vanished in America’s criminal justice system. Prosecutors decide whom to punish; most accused never face a jury; policing is inconsistent; plea bargaining is rampant; and draconian sentencing fills prisons with mostly minority defendants. A leading criminal law scholar looks to history for the roots of these problems—and solutions.

Crime and Justice in America

Author: Joycelyn M. Pollock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781437735123
Release Date: 2011-05-23
Genre: Political Science

This book views peacemaking as a broad, encompassing process that is expressed in many different shapes and forms. It blends ancient-wisdom traditions, peacemaking criminology, and restorative justice principles as a way of intervening with offenders in both institutional and community-based settings. Philosophical and spiritual contexts for peacemaking are presented that form a foundation for understanding the potential for peacemaking in criminological thought, the criminal justice system, and society in general.

Criminal Justice in America

Author: Nancy E. Marion
Publisher:
ISBN: STANFORD:36105060999310
Release Date: 2002-01-01
Genre: Law

Criminal Justice in America: The Politics Behind the System provides an introduction to the American system of criminal justice, with politics as its underlying theme. The basic premise is that the criminal justice system in the United States is primarily a function of the political system. The political system creates the laws, agencies, and processes that make up the criminal justice system, thus, the two are inherently related to each other. One cannot truly understand the make-up and workings of the justice system without understanding the role politics plays in creating and altering that system. Marion introduces the basic concepts and components of criminal justice, with the book's underlying theme surrounding politics. Some basic political science concepts are included in the book, such as federalism and power, which are then related to criminal justice in order to explore how the two fields are indeed related to one another. The actions of political actors that affect criminal justice, both elected (president, Congress, the courts) and non-elected (bureaucracies, media, campaigns and elections, interest groups) are described. This is an underlying theme however, and not the primary emphasis of the book. The book covers crime in the United States, the American system of policing, the courts, and corrections system. There is also a chapter on victims of crime and anti-crime initiatives. Intended for introductory courses, this book is informal and easy to read. Each chapter has boxes that provide additional information on a person or topic relevant to the chapter, relevant web sites, discussion questions, a list of important terms to assist students in learning the materials, and an outline to help students organize the material more clearly.

A History of Crime and Criminal Justice in America

Author: Willard M. Oliver
Publisher:
ISBN: 1594607842
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Social Science

This updated second edition provides an overview of the origin and development of the American criminal justice system, from the founding of Jamestown, the first English settlement, and tracing history to the events of September 11, 2001. Each chapter begins with an overview of the social, political, and economic forces that shaped society during a given era in American history. What follows, then, is an overview of the ordinary and extraordinary crimes of each era, and how the criminal justice system (police, courts, corrections, and juvenile justice) responded to these crimes, thereby conveying how the system developed over time.

Profiling and Criminal Justice in America A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Author: Jeff Bumgarner
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9781610698528
Release Date: 2014-12-16
Genre: Social Science

An unbiased examination of profiling in the criminal justice system—one of the most hotly contested public policy issues—on the streets, in the courts, and in the jails and prisons of America. • Presents essays from scholars in the field on both sides of the debate to provide fair and objective information that allow readers to consider the interests of equality and fairness on one side versus public safety and crime fighting on the other • Examines profiling along a wide range of variables—race, religion, gender, and sexual orientation—rather than addressing only racial profiling • Covers more recent events in profiling such as Arizona SB 1070, the "Stop and Frisk" policy in New York City, and the TSA's profiling of Muslims as well as older cases such as Whren vs. United States • Provides summaries and analyses of key court cases relating to the permissibility and impermissibility of profiling

American Criminal Courts

Author: Casey Welch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781455728114
Release Date: 2013-04-05
Genre: Law

American Criminal Courts: Legal Process and Social Context provides a complete picture of both the theory and day-to-day reality of criminal courts in the United States. The book begins by exploring how democratic processes affect criminal law, the documents that define law, the organizational structure of courts at the federal and state levels, the overlapping authority of the appeals process, and the effect of legal processes such as precedent, jurisdiction, and the underlying philosophies of various types of courts. In practice, criminal courts are staffed by people who represent different perspectives, occupational pressures, and organizational goals. Thus, this book includes chapters on actors in the traditional courtroom workgroup (judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys, etc.) as well as those outside the court who seek to influence it, including advocacy groups, the media, and politicians. It is the interplay between the court's legal processes and the social actors in the courtroom that makes the application of criminal law fascinating. By focusing on the tension between the law and the actors inside of it, American Criminal Courts: Legal Process and Social Context demonstrates how the courts are a product of "law in action" and presents content in a way that enables you to understand not only the "how" of the U.S. criminal court system, but also the "why." Clearly explains both the principles underlying the development of criminal law and the practical reality of the court system in action A complete picture of the criminal justice continuum, including prosecution, defense, judges, juries, sentencing, and pre-trial and appeals processes Feature boxes look at how courts are portrayed in the media; identify landmark due-process cases; illustrate the pros and cons of the courts’ discretionary decision-making; examine procedures and the goals of justice; and highlight the various types of careers available within the criminal courts

Handbook of Selected Supreme Court Cases for Criminal Justice

Author: Roger LeRoy Miller
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285701165
Release Date: 2006-01-23
Genre: Education

This supplementary handbook covers almost 40 landmark cases, each of which includes a full case citation, an introduction, a summary from WestLaw, excerpts from the case, and the decision. The updated edition includes Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, Roper v. Simmons, Ring v. Arizona, Atkins v. Virginia, Illinois v. Caballes, and much more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

American Criminal Courts

Author: Cliff Roberson
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 0135111110
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Law

Taking a practical approach, AMERICAN CRIMINAL COURTS covers the entire criminal courts system in a manner which is understandable to students studying criminal justice, government, public administration and other judicially related topics. It includes a descriptive analysis of local, state, federal, and international courts and discusses the jurisdiction, processes and jurisprudence of each court. Law in Action boxes address emerging trends such as political pressure, language barriers, security in the courtroom and special courts. The book also explains the roles played by the judges in each type of court as it pertains to judicial selection, judicial decision making, and judicial review.

Unfair

Author: Adam Benforado
Publisher: Crown
ISBN: 9780770437763
Release Date: 2015
Genre: LAW

"A crusading legal scholar exposes the powerful psychological forces that undermine our criminal justice system--and affect us all Our nation is founded on the notion that the law is impartial, that legal cases are won or lost on the basis of evidence, careful reasoning and nuanced argument. But they may, in fact, turn on the temperature of the courtroom, the camera angle of a defendant's taped confession, or a simple word choice or gesture during a cross-examination. In Unfair, law professor Adam Benforado shines a light on this troubling new research, showing, for example, that people with certain facial features receive longer sentences and that judges are far more likely to grant parole first thing in the morning. In fact, over the last two decades, psychologists and neuroscientists have uncovered many cognitive forces that operate beyond our conscious awareness--and Benforado argues that until we address these hidden biases head-on, the social inequality we see now will only widen, as powerful players and institutions find ways to exploit the weaknesses in our legal system. Weaving together historical examples, scientific studies, and compelling court cases--from the border collie put on trial in Kentucky to the five teenagers who falsely confessed in the Central Park Jogger case--Benforado shows how our judicial processes fail to uphold our values and protect society's weakest members, convicting the innocent while letting dangerous criminals go free. With clarity and passion, he lays out the scope of the problem and proposes a wealth of reforms that could prevent injustice and help us achieve true fairness and equality before the law"--

A History of Modern American Criminal Justice

Author: Joseph F. Spillane
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781506338262
Release Date: 2012-11-14
Genre: Social Science

In A History of Modern Criminal Justice, authors Joseph Spillane and David Wolcott focus on the modern aspects of the subject, from 1900 to the present. A unique thematic rather than a chronological approach sets this book apart from the competition, with chapters organized around themes such as policing, courts, due process, and prison and punishment. Making connections between history and contemporary criminal justice systems, structures and processes, A History of Modern Criminal Justice offers students the latest in historical scholarship, made relevant to their needs as future practitioners in the field. This book is appropriate for any course on the history of criminal justice.

Indigenous Courts Self Determination and Criminal Justice

Author: Valmaine Toki
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351239608
Release Date: 2018-04-09
Genre: Law

In New Zealand, as well as in Australia, Canada and other comparable jurisdictions, Indigenous peoples comprise a significantly disproportionate percentage of the prison population. For example, Maori, who comprise 15% of New Zealand’s population, make up 50% of its prisoners. For Maori women, the figure is 60%. These statistics have, moreover, remained more or less the same for at least the past thirty years. With New Zealand as its focus, this book explores how the fact that Indigenous peoples are more likely than any other ethnic group to be apprehended, arrested, prosecuted, convicted and incarcerated, might be alleviated. Taking seriously the rights to culture and to self-determination contained in the Treaty of Waitangi, in many comparable jurisdictions (including Australia, Canada, the United States of America), and also in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the book make the case for an Indigenous court founded on Indigenous conceptions of proper conduct, punishment, and behavior. More specifically, the book draws on contemporary notions of ‘therapeutic jurisprudence’ and ‘restorative justice’ in order to argue that such a court would offer an effective way to ameliorate the disproportionate incarceration of Indigenous peoples.