Finite Elements in Civil Engineering Applications

Author: M.A.N. Hendriks
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9058095304
Release Date: 2002-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

These proceedings present high-level research in structural engineering, concrete mechanics and quasi-brittle materials, including the prime concern of durability requirements and earthquake resistance of structures.

RC Elements Under Cyclic Loading

Author: Comité euro-international du béton
Publisher: Thomas Telford
ISBN: 0727720864
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Reinforced concrete

This text provides a review of relevant knowledge in the area of constitutive modelling of concrete steel bonds and their interaction. It discusses the problems encountered in assembling the various elements with the purpose of constructing the model of an element made of reinforced concrete. Whether physically or empirically based, very simple or sophisticated, long-established or brand new, the models presented in this book are produced in as rational a framework as possible, and are accompanied by comments on their advantages and limitations.

Cracking the SAT Chemistry Subject Test 15th Edition

Author: Princeton Review
Publisher: Princeton Review
ISBN: 9780804125697
Release Date: 2015-02-17
Genre: Study Aids

EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO HELP SCORE A PERFECT 800. Equip yourself to ace the SAT Chemistry Subject Test with The Princeton Review's comprehensive study guide—including 3 full-length practice tests, thorough reviews of key chemistry topics, and targeted strategies for every question type. This eBook edition has been optimized for on-screen viewing with cross-linked questions, answers, and explanations. We don't have to tell you how tough SAT Chemistry is—or how helpful a stellar exam score can be for your chances of getting into your top-choice college. Written by the experts at The Princeton Review, Cracking the SAT Chemistry Subject Test arms you to take on the test and achieve your highest score. Techniques That Actually Work. • Tried-and-true strategies to help you avoid traps and beat the test • Tips for pacing yourself and guessing logically • Essential tactics to help you work smarter, not harder Everything You Need to Know to Help Achieve a High Score. • Expert subject reviews for every test topic • Up-to-date information on the SAT Chemistry Subject Test • Score conversion tables for accurate self-assessment Practice Your Way to Perfection. • 3 full-length practice tests with detailed answer explanations • Hands-on experience with all three question types in each content chapter • Complete study sheet of core formulas and terms

Thermal Cracking in Concrete at Early Ages

Author: R. Springenschmid
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0419187103
Release Date: 1994-10-13
Genre: Architecture

Restraint and intrinsic stresses in concrete at early ages are vitally important for concrete structures which must remain free of water-permeable cracks, such as water-retaining structures, tunnel linings, locks and dams. The development of hydration heat, stiffness and strength, also the degree of restraint and, especially for high-strength concrete, non-thermal effects, are decisive for sensitivity to cracking. Determining thses stresses in the laboratory and in construction components has led to a clearer understanding of how they develop and how to optimize mix design, temperature and curing conditions. New testing equipment has enabled the effects of all the important parameters to be qualified and more reliable models for predictiong restraint stresses to be developed. Thermal Cracking in Conrete at Early Ages contains 56 contributions by leading international specialists presented at the RILEM Symposium held in October 1994 at the Technical University of Munich. It will be valuable for construction and site engineers, concrete technologists and scientists.

Influence of Material and Processing on Stress Corrosion Cracking of Prestressing Steel Case Studies

Author: fib Fédération internationale du béton
Publisher: fib Fédération internationale du béton
ISBN: 2883940665
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This report is a review of selected failures in concrete structures in which prestressing steels break in a brittle way due to stress corrosion cracking. Most cases are from the German experience over a period of about 30 years. Analysis of these failures shows that they are often due to an accumulation of causes such as poor design, errors during construction, careless detailing and, in some cases, use of unsuitable materials. This report will have achieved its purpose if it serves to avoid these past errors and encourages the development of new ways to protect, test and regulate prestressing steels. The report is complemented with comments on the properties and corrosion behaviour of different types of prestressing steels. The goal of the study is to provide objective arguments for the discussion of failures that have occurred due to corrosion induced failure of prestressing steel. In such a way the general regulation given in DIN with respect to reinforcement for robustness may eventually be proven inappropriate. The general building authority approval for prestressed hollow filler block floors already supports such an idea. It is well known that the hollow block floor industry works without any reinforcing steel. The regulations in the standards should not limit in particular the use of these types of prestressing steel (cold-formed wires, strands) which have proven not associated with any substantial failures cases reported in the last 35 years. The report reviews the historical development with respect to corrosion induced failure of prestressing steel. Concerning the circumstances of the failure examples, this review partly reflects a specific problem in Germany. Also reviewed are other known interregional examples of failure which are incorrectly attributed to the prestressed construction method. All cases considered are discussed and the failure reasons thoroughly evaluated, also with reference to the results of most recent research. Another question addressed is whether one should be concerned over corrosion induced retarded failure even when using new generation prestressing steel with correct corrosion protection. Finally a contribution to the following very important question is presented: Do the future prestressed structures possess enough safety against structural failure if they are constructed without reinforcement for robustness but otherwise comply completely with the design standards? To aid a better understanding of this short report on typical failure cases and their origins, the main conditions are set out for corrosion-induced failure of prestressing steel in technical applications. The properties of different types of prestressing steel and their application limits are given in a special section dealing with the influence of building materials on damage development. This report will be of interest to all involved in the construction process. Fundamental scientific discussion has been avoided by reference to well accredited detailed information in the technical literature.

Cracking the LSAT with 3 Practice Tests 2015 Edition

Author: Princeton Review
Publisher: Princeton Review
ISBN: 9780804124966
Release Date: 2014-07-08
Genre: Study Aids

THE PRINCETON REVIEW GETS RESULTS. Get all the prep you need to ace the LSAT with 3 full-length practice tests, thorough LSAT section reviews, and extra practice online. This eBook edition has been specially formatted for on-screen viewing with cross-linked questions, answers, and explanations. Techniques That Actually Work. • Powerful strategies for tackling each section of the exam • Key tactics for cracking tough Games question sets • Tips for pacing yourself and prioritizing challenging questions Everything You Need To Know for a High Score. • Logical and Analytical Reasoning questions, many based on actual exams (with the permission of the Law School Admission Council) • Expert instruction and lessons for each LSAT section Practice Your Way to Perfection. • 2 full-length practice tests with detailed answer explanations • 1 additional full-length LSAT practice exam online • Drills for each area, including Reading Comprehension and Writing

New Developments in Dam Engineering

Author: Martin Wieland
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203020677
Release Date: 2014-05-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The development of water resources is a key element in the socio-economic development of many regions in the world. Water availability and rainfall are unequally distributed both in space and time, so dams play a vital role, there being few viable alternatives for storing water. Dams hold a prime place in satisfying the ever-increasing demand for power, irrigation and drinking water, for protection of man, property and environment from catastrophic floods, and for regulating the flow of rivers. Dams have contributed to the development of civilization for over 2,000 years. Worldwide there are some 45,000 large dams listed by ICOLD, which have a height over 15 meters. Today, in western countries, where most of the water resources have been developed, the safety of the existing dams and measures for extending their economical life are of prime concern. In developing countries the focus is on the construction of new dams. The proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Dam Engineering includes contributions from 18 countries, and provides an overview of the state-of-the-art in hydropower development, new type dams, new materials and new technologies, dam and environment. Traditional areas, such as concrete dams and embankment dams, methods of analysis and design of dams, dam foundation, seismic analysis, design and safety, stability of dam and slope, dam safety monitoring and instrumentation, dam maintenance, and rehabilitation and heightening are also considered. The book is of special interest to scientists, researchers, engineers, and students working in dam engineering, dam design, hydropower development, environmental engineering, and structural hydraulics.

Cracking the SAT Math 2 Subject Test

Author: Princeton Review
Publisher: Princeton Review
ISBN: 9780804125611
Release Date: 2015-03-10
Genre: Study Aids

EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO HELP SCORE A PERFECT 800. Equip yourself to ace the SAT Math 2 Subject Test with The Princeton Review's comprehensive study guide—including 2 full-length practice tests, thorough reviews of key topics, and targeted strategies for every question type. This eBook edition has been optimized for on-screen viewing with cross-linked questions, answers, and explanations. We don't have to tell you how tough SAT Math is—or how helpful a stellar exam score can be for your chances of getting into your top-choice college. Written by the experts at The Princeton Review, Cracking the SAT Math 2 Subject Test arms you to take on the test and achieve your highest score. Techniques That Actually Work. • Tried-and-true strategies to help you avoid traps and beat the test • Tips for pacing yourself and guessing logically • Essential tactics to help you work smarter, not harder Everything You Need to Know to Help Achieve a High Score. • Expert subject reviews for every test topic • Up-to-date information on the SAT Math 2 Subject Test • Score conversion tables for accurate self-assessment Practice Your Way to Perfection. • 2 full-length practice tests with detailed answer explanations • Practice drills throughout each content chapter • End-of-chapter summaries to help you master key points

Numerical Modeling of Concrete Cracking

Author: Guenter Hofstetter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783709108970
Release Date: 2011-10-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The book presents the underlying theories of the different approaches for modeling cracking of concrete and provides a critical survey of the state-of-the-art in computational concrete mechanics. It covers a broad spectrum of topics related to modeling of cracks, including continuum-based and discrete crack models, meso-scale models, advanced discretization strategies to capture evolving cracks based on the concept of finite elements with embedded discontinuities and on the extended finite element method, and extensions to coupled problems such a hygro-mechanical problems as required in computational durability analyses of concrete structures.

Technical Manual for Design and Construction of Road Tunnels civil Elements

Author:
Publisher: AASHTO
ISBN: 9781560514572
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Tunneling

"The increased use of underground space for transportation systems and the increasing complexity and constraints of constructing and maintaining above ground transportation infrastructure have prompted the need to develop this technical manual. This FHWA manual is intended to be a single-source technical manual providing guidelines for planning, design, construction and rehabilitation of road tunnels, and encompasses various types of road tunnels"--P. ix.

Fracture Mechanics of Concrete Structures

Author: Z.P. Bazant
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781851668694
Release Date: 1992-05-14
Genre: Architecture

This conference is the first in a series of conferences dedicated to Fracture Mechanics of Concrete Structures. Due to the recent explosion of interest in research on fracture in concrete, the conference has brought together the world's leading researchers in fracture of concrete and this book contains the proceedings.

Cracking the Code Leveraging Consumer Psychology to Drive Profitability

Author: Steven S. Posavac
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317473725
Release Date: 2015-02-12
Genre: Business & Economics

The unique contribution of Cracking the Code is its spotlight on how the knowledge of consumer psychology principles can be used to improve managerial decision making and organizational performance. Research on consumer behavior typically has a narrow focus and does not offer reliable and practical direction for marketers. Taken collectively, however, the conclusions of research streams can provide valuable information from which managers can base their decisions. The contributing authors of Cracking the Code offer a set of rules for managerial action that has been distilled from reviews of research areas in which they are experts. The book contains systematic, prescriptive advice based on state-of-the-art knowledge from multiple research lines regarding how consumers think and choose. The chapters cover fundamental topics such as new product management, marketing mix strategy, marketing communications and advertising, social media, and experiential marketing.

Environmentally Assisted Cracking

Author: W. Barry Lisagor
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: 0803112769
Release Date: 1990
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Papers included topics of phenomena, basic mechanisms, modeling, test methodologies, materials performance, engineering applications and service experience and failures and reflects the current emphasis with regard to material/environment systems.