Author: James Q. Wilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2012-06-01
Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.
Author: Michael Tonry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2011
Much of the scholarly literature and principal books on criminal justice and crime control policy take the operations of the criminal justice system, the causes of crime and delinquency, theories about crime and justice, and crime prevention as the central topics for study and policy analysis. But law enforcement and public officials create policy responses to specific crimes, not broad categories of offenses. In order to develop the most effective policies, one needs to understand why particular crimes occur and what approaches might best prevent them or minimize the harm they cause. Taking this fresh perspective, The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy offers a comprehensive examination of crimes as public policy subjects. Michael Tonry, a leading authority on criminology, has brought together the most distinguished active scholars in the field to present a wide-ranging overview and analysis of violent and sexual crimes, property crimes, transactional crimes, transnational crimes, and crimes against morality. The crimes investigated range from often-discussed offenses (homicide, auto theft, sexual violence) to those that only recently began to receive attention (child abuse, domestic violence, environmental crimes); it includes new crimes (identity theft, cybercrime) as well as age-old crimes (drug abuse, gambling, prostitution). Written in a straightforward and accessible manner, each chapter explains why crimes happen, how often, and what we know about efforts to prevent or control them. Aimed at a wide audience of scholars, students, and policy makers, the Handbook is the definitive reference work on crimes and public policy responses to them.
Author: Bernard E. Harcourt
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date: 2010-02-15
Genre: Social Science
Legal and public policies concerning youth gun violence tend to rely heavily on crime reports, survey data, and statistical methods. Rarely is attention given to the young voices belonging to those who carry high-powered semiautomatic handguns. In Language of the Gun, Bernard E. Harcourt recounts in-depth interviews with youths detained at an all-malecorrectional facility, exploring how they talk about guns and what meanings they ascribe to them in a broader attempt to understand some of the assumptions implicit in current handgun policies. In the process, Harcourt redraws the relationships among empirical research, law, and public policy. Home to over 150 repeat offenders ranging in age from twelve to seventeen, the Catalina Mountain School is made up of a particular stratum of boys—those who have committed the most offenses but will still be released upon reaching adulthood. In an effort to understand the symbolic and emotional language of guns and gun carrying, Harcourt interviewed dozens of these incarcerated Catalina boys. What do these youths see in guns? What draws them to handguns? Why do some of them carry and others not? For Harcourt, their often surprising answers unveil many of the presuppositions that influence our laws and policies.
Author: John Braithwaite
Release Date: 2013-09-13
Genre: Social Science
First published in 1979, Inequality, Crime, and Public Policy integrates and interprets the vast corpus of existing research on social class, slums, and crime, and presents its own findings on these matters. It explores two major questions. First, do policies designed to redistribute wealth and power within capitalist societies have effects upon crime? Second, do policies created to overcome the residential segregation of social classes have effects on crime? The book provides a brilliantly comprehensive and systematic review of the empirical evidence to support or refute the classic theories of Engles, Bonger, Merton, Cloward and Ohlin, Cohen, Miller, Shaw and McKay, amongst many others. Braithwaite confronts these theories with evidence of the extent and nature of white collar crime, and a consideration of the way law enhancement and law enforcement might serve class interest.
Author: Brian Forst
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2008-10-20
Genre: Social Science
Terrorism, Crime, and Public Policy describes the problem of terrorism; compares it to other forms of aggression, particularly crime and war; and discusses policy options for dealing with the terrorism. It focuses on the causes of terrorism with the aim of understanding its roots and providing insights toward policies that will serve to prevent it. The book serves as a single-source reference on terrorism and as a platform for more in-depth study, with a set of discussion questions at the end of each chapter. Individual chapters focus on the nature of terrorism, theories of aggression and terrorism, the history of terrorism, the role of religion, non-religious extremism and terrorism, the role of technology, terrorism throughout the modern world, responses to terrorism, fear of terrorism, short-term approaches and long-term strategies for preventing terrorism, balancing security and rights to liberty and privacy, and pathways to a safer and saner 21st century.
Author: Stuart A. Scheingold
Publisher: Quid Pro Books
Release Date: 2011-01-13
Genre: Political Science
Foundational and renowned study of how politicians and others use crime rates -- and most of all the public perception of street crime, whether or not it is accurate -- for their own purposes. Dr. Scheingold also provides a theoretical and historical basis for his views. The follow-up to the landmark book The Politics of Rights, this text is both supported in research and accessible and interesting to readers everywhere. Features new 2010 Foreword by Berkeley law professor Malcolm Feeley. A work that is both "timely and timeless," writes Feeley, it "is important for what it says -- and how it says it -- about American crime and crime policy, as well as American political culture. It speaks truth to power today as much as it did when it was first published." As recently noted by Amherst College's Austin Sarat, Scheingold "was quite simply one of the world's leading commentators on law and politics."
Author: Hugh D. Barlow
Publisher: Westview Press
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Social Science
In this timely book of original essays, some of criminology’s most respected scholars assess the policy implications of recent theories of crime. The central question posed by the book is: Where does contemporary criminological theory lead open-minded policymakers who are seeking to construct effective new strategies for dealing with crime?Evaluating their own and others’ work, the contributors present specific policy recommendations based on their analyses. After reading these essays, students of crime will discover they can now suggest answers to another question often posed in the classroom: How can theory help us solve the crime problem?Although the book focuses on the policy implications of theories that have a broad scope or that integrate different perspectives, it concludes with chapters that contemplate theory and policy as applied to specific areas of criminal activity. The authors have written exciting and challenging essays that will interest criminologists and criminal justice practitioners as well as experts in public administration and policy analysis. In the classroom, the book will be useful in upper-level and graduate courses in criminology, criminal justice, and policy analysis.
Author: Anthony Harriott
Publisher: University of West Indies Press
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Business & Economics
In this text the authors assert that the Jamaican state is a form of predatory state that incorporates contradictory social forces into an arrangement that is hierarchical, often brutal and ultimately debilitating to democracy.
Author: Chicago Assembly
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Release Date: 1995-01-01
Genre: Political Science
Hardy (management, McGill U.) examines how Canadian university administrators responded to declining enrolment, funding cutbacks, and public demands for more accountability during the 1980s. Citing six examples, she argues that their efforts to centralize authority and reallocate resources have failed to account for the political realities of university life and conflict, and recommends they take a broader view and seek consensus among competitors for scarce resources. Canadian card order number: C95-920993-X. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Author: Barry W. Hancock
Publisher: Pearson College Division
Release Date: 2004
This unique anthology exposes readers to a collection of original works that provide a bridge between issues related to public policy. Readers are exposed to a “whole-system” view of policy, crime, and criminal justice. Current, relevant, and fascinating readings provide a window into the state of today's criminal justice system. For professionals in the criminal justice field.
"For this report, we took a closer look at the survey data relating to the importance of crime as a public policy issue in today's political environment. Among our most interesting findings: Democrats were the most likely to perceive an increase in crime, and suburban Democrats and African-American Democrats were more likely to say that reducing crime is the most important issue facing the country. This is particularly intriguing with regard to suburban Democrats, since they did not perceive crime as increasing"--Page .
Facts101 is your complete guide to Terrorism, Crime, and Public Policy. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Author: Doris L. MacKenzie
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
Release Date: 1994-01
"Choose Drugs and Crime when you want a critical overview of public policy issues on law enforcement and regulation: It focuses on major policy initiatives and the implications of research conducted on their effectiveness. The evaluations of policy results are practical and focus on verifiable results." --The Midwest Book Review Addressing critical areas of drug control and system improvement, Drugs and Crime provides a clear and comprehensive examination of policy relevant research. Editors, MacKenzie and Uchida enlist outstanding experts in the field to produce a volume that explores the major problems related to drug trafficking and use. Each chapter focuses on a major policy initiative and discusses the problem area, policies designed to address the problem, research on the effectiveness of the policies, and policy implications of the research. Just how effective is the criminal justice system in its response to drug use by children and adolescents, prison overcrowding, backlog in the courts, increased criminal activity, youths in the drug distribution system, and serious illnesses such as AIDS? Policymakers, scholars, practitioners, and students will find the "what we know" and "what we need to know" presentations in Drugs and Crime a most unique and appealing addition to the literature and a valuable resource in the continuing effort to understand the complex relationship between drug use and crime.