Crime in the United States 2012

Author: Gwenavere W. Dunn
Publisher: Bernan Press
ISBN: 9781598885224
Release Date: 2012-09-15
Genre: Social Science

Crime in the United States contains findings from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the offenses, known to law enforcement, released annually from its Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Because the FBI no longer prints these findings, Bernan Press continues to provide this practical information in convenient book form. In this intricately detailed source, legal and law enforcement professionals, researchers, and those who are just curious will find violent and property crime statistics for the nation as a whole—and for regions, states, counties, cities, towns, and even college and university campuses. Crime in the United States includes statistics for: • violent and property crimes • hate crimes • crime trends • victims, by type • crimes cleared (those closed by arrest or other means) • persons arrested (age, sex, and race) • juvenile offenders • law enforcement personnel (including the number of sworn officers killed or assaulted) • characteristics of homicides (including age, sex, and race of victims and offenders; victim-offender relationships; weapons used; and circumstances surrounding homicides) In addition to data, Crime in the United States also includes text and pertinent figures that explain the data in greater detail and supplies a visual perspective of these major offenses. Violent crimes include: • murder and non-negligent manslaughter • forcible rape • robbery • aggravated assault Property crimes include: • burglary • larceny-theft • motor vehicle theft • arson Hate crimes include any crime motivated by bias against: • race • religion • sexual orientation • ethnicity/national origin • and/or disability Data include the following: offense type, location, bias motivation, victim type, number of individual victims, number of offenders, and the race of the offenders. New in 2012 A section on crime trends and the rise in Internet crime, including recent high profile cyber crime and tips on protecting your personal information and credit card accounts. Some examples of information found in Crime in the United States, 2012: Nationwide, there were an estimated 1,246,248 violent crimes and 9,082,887 property crimes in 2010. The number of violent crimes has decreased for the fourth year in a row—a 6.0 percent decrease. Property crimes also decreased 2.7 percent in 2010, marking the eighth year these offenses have dropped below the previous year’s total. From 2009 to 2010 crime has declined: • Murder and non-negligent manslaughter, down 4.2 percent. • Forcible rape, down 5.1 percent. • Robbery, down 10.0 percent. • Aggravated assaults, down 4.1 percent. • Motor vehicle theft, down 7.4 percent. • Burglaries, down 2.0 percent. Although the nation has been steadily decreasing in the rate of violent and property crime over the past several years, the numbers of these incidents are still staggering. The violent crime rate for the year was 403.6 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants; property crime rate was 2,941.9 offenses per 100,000 persons. More than 6 million larceny thefts occurred in the United States in 2010; almost 3 million of which were valued at more than $200. Larceny theft includes pocket-picking, purse-snatching, shoplifting, bicycles, and articles from motor vehicles, buildings, and coin-operated machines. More than 737,000 vehicle thefts occurred in the United States in 2010; 481,236 vehicle thefts were automobiles, while 109,266 were trucks or buses. More than 1.5 million burglaries of residences occurred, and almost 600,000 burglaries occurred in non-residences, such as stores or offices. Of the violent crimes, more than 14,500 murders occurred in the U.S. and there were more than 85,500 rapes were reported. Firearms were used in 128,793 robberies and 138,403 aggravated assaults, while 24,388 robberies and 127,857 aggravated assaults were committed with a knife or other cutting instrument. Firearms were used in 67.5 percent of the nation’s murders, 41.4 percent in robberies, and 20.6 percent in aggravated assaults. Although the largest percentage of murders and robberies were committed with firearms, weapons such as clubs and blunt objects accounted for 33.1 percent of aggravated assaults. Of the property stolen in the United States, only 21 percent of all stolen property is recovered; about 56 percent of locally stolen motor vehicles are recovered, while currency and household goods are recovered least, both at a little more than 3 percent. It is estimated that there were 13.1 million arrests in 2010 (excluding traffic violations). The arrest rate for violet crimes was 179.2 per 100,000 inhabitants; and the rate for crimes involving property was 538.5 per 100,000 inhabitants. Agencies reported that as of October 31, 2010, they collectively employed 705,009 sworn officers and 308,599 civilians, a rate of 3.5 employees for each 1,000 persons.

Crime in the United States 2012

Author: Gwenavere White Dunn
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9781598885217
Release Date: 2012-09-19
Genre: Reference

This reference, formerly published by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), is a comprehensive collection of the nation's criminal statistics. It provides the latest data submitted by city, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies.

State Crime and Resistance

Author: Elizabeth Stanley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780415691932
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Social Science

Within criminology 'the state' is often ignored as an active participant, or represented as a neutral force. While state crime studies have proliferated, criminologists have not paid attention to the history and impact of resistance to state crime. This book recognises that crimes of the state are far more serious and harmful than crimes committed by individuals, and considers how such crimes may be contested, prevented, challenged or stopped. Gathering together key scholars from the UK, USA, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, this book offers a deepened understanding of state crime through the practical and analytical lens of resistance. This book focuses on crimes ranging from gross violations of human rights (such as genocide, war crimes, mass killings, summary executions, torture, harsh detention and rape during war), to entrenched discrimination, unjust social policies, border controls, corruption, fraud, resource plunder and the failure to provide the regulatory environment and principled leadership necessary to deal with global warming. As the first to focus on state crime and resistance, this collection inspires new questions as it maps the contours of previously unexplored territory. It is aimed at students and academics researching state crimes, resistance, human rights and social movements. It is also essential reading for all those interested in joining the struggles to champion ways of living that value humanity and justice over power.

Crime in the United States 2014

Author: Gwenavere W. Dunn
Publisher: Bernan Press
ISBN: 9781598887181
Release Date: 2014-11-17
Genre: Social Science

Crime in the United States contains findings from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the offenses, known to law enforcement, released annually from its Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Because the FBI no longer prints these findings, Bernan Press continues to provide this practical information in convenient book form. In this intricately detailed source, legal and law enforcement professionals, researchers, and those who are just curious will find violent and property crime statistics for the nation as a whole—and for regions, states, counties, cities, towns, and even college and university campuses. Crime in the United States includes statistics for: Violent and property crimes Hate crimes Crime trends Victims, by type Crimes cleared (those closed by arrest or other means) Persons arrested (age, sex, and race) Juvenile offenders Law enforcement personnel (including the number of sworn officers killed or assaulted) Characteristics of homicides (including age, sex, and race of victims and offenders; victim-offender relationships; weapons used; and circumstances surrounding homicides) In addition to data, Crime in the United States also includes text and pertinent figures that explain the data in greater detail and supplies a visual perspective of these major offenses. Violent crimes include: Murder and non-negligent manslaughter Forcible rape Robbery Aggravated assault Property crimes include: Burglary Larceny-theft Motor vehicle theft Arson Hate crimes include any crime motivated by bias against: Race Religion Sexual orientation Ethnicity/national origin Disability Data include the following: offense type, location, bias motivation, victim type, number of individual victims, number of offenders, and the race of the offenders.

Masters of True Crime

Author: R. Barri Flowers
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 9781616145682
Release Date: 2012-07-24
Genre: True Crime

Spanning murder cases from the beginning of the twentieth century to today, this is a must-read for fans of true crime and will also be compelling to mystery and thriller readers. The contributors include Harold Schechter, Katherine Ramsland, Carol Anne Davis, Burl Barer, and other leading writers in this genre. In February 1975, nine-year-old Marcia Trimble left her house in Nashville to deliver Girl Scout cookies in the neighborhood. She never returned. After a massive but fruitless search, her body was discovered on Easter Sunday. Outrage and horror gripped the community of Nashville, but the murder investigation was frustrated at every turn. The case went cold for three decades until it was finally solved. In January 1997, Herbert Blitzstein was found murdered in the living room of his Las Vegas townhouse. A notorious mob insider, "Fat Herbie" had pursued loan sharking and other rackets for decades. Now, Blitzstein had been dispatched gangland style—by three bullets to the back of the head—in what appeared to be a classic contract killing. But the details of who killed him and why turned out to be much more complicated, and the real motives and circumstances remain murky to this day. These are just two examples of the riveting stories assembled in this unparalleled collection of some of the top true-crime writers in the world. Each of the seventeen contributors draws on his or her own strengths, backgrounds, interests, and research skills to describe in a vivid narrative not only the facts of each notorious case but also the terrible emotions and macabre circumstances surrounding the crimes. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Crime in the United States 2015

Author: Shana Hertz Hattis
Publisher: Bernan Press
ISBN: 9781598887662
Release Date: 2015-07-02
Genre: Social Science

Crime in the United States contains findings from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the offenses, known to law enforcement, released annually from its Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Because the FBI no longer prints these findings, Bernan Press continues to provide this practical information in convenient book form. In this intricately detailed source, legal and law enforcement professionals, researchers, and those who are just curious will find violent and property crime statistics for the nation as a whole—and for regions, states, counties, cities, towns, and even college and university campuses. Crime in the United States includes statistics for: Violent and property crimes Hate crimes Crime trends Victims, by type Crimes cleared (those closed by arrest or other means) Persons arrested (age, sex, and race) Juvenile offenders Law enforcement personnel (including the number of sworn officers killed or assaulted) Characteristics of homicides (including age, sex, and race of victims and offenders; victim-offender relationships; weapons used; and circumstances surrounding homicides) In addition to data, Crime in the United States also includes text and pertinent figures that explain the data in greater detail and supplies a visual perspective of these major offenses. Violent crimes include: Murder and non-negligent manslaughter Forcible rape Robbery Aggravated assault Property crimes include: Burglary Larceny-theft Motor vehicle theft Arson Hate crimes include any crime motivated by bias against: Race Religion Sexual orientation Ethnicity/national origin Disability Data include the following: offense type, location, bias motivation, victim type, number of individual victims, number of offenders, and the race of the offenders. What’s new in Crime in the United States, 2015 An additional 125 population group agencies reported crime statistics to the FBI for inclusion in the UCR reports, representing approximately 2.2 million more people and strengthening the usefulness and accuracy of the data contained in Crime in the United States Beginning with this edition, the FBI has changed and widened the offense definition of rape and has overhauled the collection and analysis of all related data This edition includes arrest data distribution by Hispanic/Latino and non-Hispanic/non-Latino ethnicity

An Introduction to Political Crime

Author: Jeffrey Ian Ross
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 9781847426796
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Social Science

Jeffrey Ian Ross here provides a comprehensive analysis of political crime, addressing violent and nonviolent crimes committed by and against the state including political corruption, illegal domestic surveillance, and human rights violations in the United States and other industrialized democracies since the 1960s. He explores various aspects of the issue, including its causes, ways to control it, and the effects of different types of political crime. Integrating new scholarship on state crime in the wake of 9/11, Ross uses numerous examples to help readers understand this complex issue. A companion website for this book, including resources for students and teachers, can be found at: http: //www.policypress.co.uk/resources/ross/"

The Eternal Criminal Record

Author: James B. Jacobs
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674368262
Release Date: 2015-02-09
Genre: Law

For 60 million Americans a criminal record overshadows everything else about their identity. Citizens have a right to know when someone around them represents a threat. But convicted persons have rights too. James Jacobs examines the problem of erroneous records and proposes ways to eliminate discrimination for those who have been rehabilitated.

The Crime Numbers Game

Author: John A. Eterno
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466551701
Release Date: 2012-05-17
Genre: Law

In the mid-1990s, the NYPD created a performance management strategy known as Compstat. It consisted of computerized data, crime analysis, and advanced crime mapping coupled with middle management accountability and crime strategy meetings with high-ranking decision makers. While initially credited with a dramatic reduction in crime, questions quickly arose as to the reliability of the data. The Crime Numbers Game: Management by Manipulation brings together the work of two criminologists—one a former NYPD captain—who present the first in-depth empirical analysis of this management system—exposing the truth about crime statistics manipulation in the NYPD and the repercussions suffered by crime victims and those who blew the whistle on this corrupt practice. Providing insider insight into a system shrouded in secrecy, this volume: Documents and analyzes a wide array of data that definitively demonstrates the range of manipulation reflected in official New York City crime statistics Explores how the consequences of unreliable crime statistics ripple throughout police organizations, affecting police, citizens, and victims Documents the widening spell of police performance management throughout the world Reviews current NYPD leadership approaches and offers alternatives Analyzes the synchronicity of the media’s and the NYPD’s responses to the authors’ findings Explores the implications of various theoretical approaches to Compstat Offers a new approach based on organizational transparency Presenting a story of police reform gone astray, this book stunningly demonstrates how integrity succumbed to a short-term numbers game, casting a cloud on the department from which we can only hope it will emerge. For more information, check out the authors' blog, Unveiling Compstat, at blogspot.com and their website. Eterno and Silverman’s work in this book was cited in the article The Truth About Chicago’s Crime Rates: Part 2 in the June 2014 issue of Chicago magazine. The Authors in the News The authors' studies on crime were featured in a November 1, 2010 New York Times article and their comments were published on the editorial page. Their work was also cited in a November 30, 2010 Uptowner article about police manipulation of crime statistics. Silverman and Eterno described a proposed strategy for improving community confidence in the integrity of crime statistics in a January 24, 2011 Daily News article. On August 22, 2011, Eli Silverman commented on a recent rise in NYC crime statistics in a New York Post article. On November 29, 2011, the Village Voice featured an article written by Silverman and Eterno on crime statistics manipulation and recent corruption scandals. Eli Silverman was interviewed by the Plainview Patch in a December 20, 2011 article about people's perception of crime in a community. The book is cited in a February 23, 2012 Wall Street Journal article about a lawsuit filed by a NYPD officer. John Eterno was a featured guest on Talkzone Internet Talk Radio on February 25, 2012. Eli Silverman spoke in a February 27, 2012 NY1 Online video about concerns regarding NYPD's stop and frisk policy. The book was profiled in a February 27, 2012 article in The Chief, a weekly newspaper for New York civil service employees. The authors appeared on a March 26, 2012 local ABC news program about underreported crime rates. thePolipit blog discussed the book on April 2, 2012. John Eterno was quoted in an April 9, 2012 New York Times article about the NYPD's stop-and-frisk policy. Eli Silverman was quoted in a May 2, 2012 DNAinfo.com article about rising New York City crime rates. A New York Times Op-Ed piece referenced Eli Silverman on May 13, 2012. John Eterno's Op-Ed piece entitled "Policing by the Numbers" appeared in the New York Times on June 17, 2012. The book was cited in a June 19, 2012 Mother Jones article. John Eterno was featured in a Reuters TV program about the NYPD's "stop and frisk" policy. Eli Silverman testified on April 4, 2013 in a class action lawsuit related to the NYPD stop and frisk policy. On July 14, 2014, an article written by John Eterno and Eli Silversman about Police Commissioner Bratton's stop-and-frisk policy appeared in the New York Daily News.

The Color of Justice Race Ethnicity and Crime in America

Author: Samuel Walker
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337514682
Release Date: 2016-12-05
Genre: Education

Comprehensive and balanced, THE COLOR OF JUSTICE: RACE, ETHNICITY, AND CRIME IN AMERICA is the definitive introduction to current research and theories of racial and ethnic discrimination within America's criminal justice system. The sixth edition covers the best and the most recent research on patterns of criminal behavior and victimization, immigration and crime, drug use, police practices, court processing and sentencing, unconscious bias, the death penalty, and correctional programs, giving students the facts and theoretical foundation they need to make their own informed decisions about discrimination within the system. Uniquely unbiased, THE COLOR OF JUSTICE makes every effort to incorporate discussion of all major race groups found in the United States. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Perfect Victims

Author: Bill James
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9780857203922
Release Date: 2011-07-07
Genre: True Crime

The Black Dahlia case. The Manson murders. The Zodiac Killer. The slaughter of JonBenet Ramsay. These killings, among many others in Bill James's astonishing chronicle of the history of American crime, have all created a frenzy of interest and speculation about human nature. And while many of us choose to avoid the news about gruesome murders, Bill James contends that these crime stories, which create such frenzy (and have throughout history), are as important to understanding our society, culture and history as anything we may consider to be a more 'serious' subject. The topic envelopes our society so completely, we almost forget about it. James looks at the ways in which society has changed by examining the development of how crimes have been committed, investigated and prosecuted. The booktakes on such issues as the rise of an organized police force, the controversial use of the death penalty, the introduction of evidence such as fingerprinting and DNA, and the unexpected ways in which the most shocking crimes have shaped the criminal justice system and our perceptions of violence.

Organized Crime in Chicago

Author: Robert M. Lombardo
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252094484
Release Date: 2012-12-30
Genre: Social Science

This book provides a comprehensive sociological explanation for the emergence and continuation of organized crime in Chicago. Tracing the roots of political corruption that afforded protection to gambling, prostitution, and other vice activity in Chicago and other large American cities, Robert M. Lombardo challenges the dominant belief that organized crime in America descended directly from the Sicilian Mafia. According to this widespread "alien conspiracy" theory, organized crime evolved in a linear fashion beginning with the Mafia in Sicily, emerging in the form of the Black Hand in America's immigrant colonies, and culminating in the development of the Cosa Nostra in America's urban centers. Looking beyond this Mafia paradigm, this volume argues that the development of organized crime in Chicago and other large American cities was rooted in the social structure of American society. Specifically, Lombardo ties organized crime to the emergence of machine politics in America's urban centers. From nineteenth-century vice syndicates to the modern-day Outfit, Chicago's criminal underworld could not have existed without the blessing of those who controlled municipal, county, and state government. These practices were not imported from Sicily, Lombardo contends, but were bred in the socially disorganized slums of America where elected officials routinely franchised vice and crime in exchange for money and votes. This book also traces the history of the African-American community's participation in traditional organized crime in Chicago and offers new perspectives on the organizational structure of the Chicago Outfit, the traditional organized crime group in Chicago.

More Guns Less Crime

Author: John R. Lott
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226493679
Release Date: 2013-01-29
Genre: Social Science

On its initial publication in 1998, John R. Lott’s More Guns, Less Crime drew both lavish praise and heated criticism. More than a decade later, it continues to play a key role in ongoing arguments over gun-control laws: despite all the attacks by gun-control advocates, no one has ever been able to refute Lott’s simple, startling conclusion that more guns mean less crime. Relying on the most rigorously comprehensive data analysis ever conducted on crime statistics and right-to-carry laws, the book directly challenges common perceptions about the relationship of guns, crime, and violence. For this third edition, Lott draws on an additional ten years of data—including provocative analysis of the effects of gun bans in Chicago and Washington, D.C—that brings the book fully up to date and further bolsters its central contention.

The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America

Author: Wilbur R. Miller
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781483305936
Release Date: 2012-07-20
Genre: History

Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this five-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia: explicates philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; charts changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identifies major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explores in the first four volumes - supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents - evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries in the first four volumes--supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents--provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.

Crime and Punishment in America

Author: Elliott Currie
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9781250024213
Release Date: 2013-03-26
Genre: Political Science

An acclaimed criminologist examines America's ongoing war against violent crime, arguing that ever-increasing rates of imprisonment have not reduced--and will not reduce--crime rates and offering a range of tested alternatives based on deterrence. Tour.