The New Jim Crow

Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 9783956141591
Release Date: 2016-10-19
Genre: Political Science

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

African American Classics in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Shaun L Gabbidon
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761924337
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Social Science

This anthology provides a collection of classic articles in criminology/criminal justice written by black scholars and researchers beginning with W E B Dubois up through Lee Brown, the current mayor of Houston, TX. Articles focus on crime and the black community in social, economic, and political contexts. Never before collected in a single volume, this book offers a chronology of late 19th and 20th century perspectives from African-American scholars who, until recently, have not had a major voice in the development of criminological theory and social policy.

Criminology The Core

Author: Larry J. Siegel
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337670531
Release Date: 2018-01-01
Genre: Education

It's no mystery why Larry Siegel remains THE best-selling author in Criminal Justice. Professor Siegel is known for presenting real-life stories of crime, criminals and the hottest debates in the field, and CRIMINOLOGY: THE CORE, 7th Edition, doesn't disappoint. This four-color paperback is concise and affordable. Real-world material clarifies concepts and theories, equipping students with a solid foundation in modern criminology. Grounded in Siegel's signature style--cutting-edge theory plus meticulous research--the book covers all sides of an issue without taking a political or theoretical position and provides a broad view of the field's interdisciplinary nature. This edition includes the latest insights into political crime; terrorism (e.g., ISIS); white-collar, blue-collar and green-collar crime; cybercrime; transnational crime (e.g. human trafficking) and many other topics. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

African American Political Psychology

Author: Tasha S. Philpot
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: NWU:35556040943920
Release Date: 2010-10-15
Genre: Political Science

Decades of research in both political science and psychology have demonstrated that external, environmental factors influence individuals’ mental processes, especially as they relate to politics. Inasmuch as such factors vary systematically across racial and ethnic groups, the political psychology of these groups warrants study, hence, the objective of this volume. We have assembled a number of papers from both psychologists and political scientists in an effort to combine both disciplines’ understanding of the psychological underpinnings of Blacks’ orientation to the political world. Our goal is to take lessons learned from previous research and incorporate them into new theories and utilize new data sources in an effort to create a unified study of Black political psychology.

Criminology Theories Patterns and Typologies

Author: Larry Siegel
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133049647
Release Date: 2012-01-19
Genre: Social Science

The bestselling text on the market--now in its Eleventh Edition--CRIMINOLOGY: THEORIES, PATTERNS, AND TYPOLOGIES delivers the most comprehensive, in-depth analysis of criminological theory and crime typologies available. Offering unparalleled breadth and depth of coverage, the text is unrivaled in its strong research base and currency. Two all-new chapters focus on some of the hottest issues in the field today: green and transnational crime. Packed with real-world illustrations, the Eleventh Edition is completely updated and includes cutting-edge seminal research, up-to-the-minute policy, newsworthy examples, and hundreds of new references. A proven author and authority in criminal justice, Dr. Siegel is renowned for his unbiased presentation of theories, issues, and controversies. Avoiding ideological biases, Siegel encourages students to weigh the evidence and form their own conclusions. New learning tools maximize students’ success in the course, while a careers website gives them a clear vision of the opportunities ahead. In addition, the new Instructor Approved Test Bank and online Lesson Plans provide instructors with powerful, timesaving tools. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

African American Male Students in PreK 12 Schools

Author: Chance W. Lewis
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781784412838
Release Date: 2014-05-28
Genre: Education

Presents a comprehensive viewpoint on preK-12 schooling for African American males. Including theoretical, conceptual, and research based chapters, this edited volume offers readers compelling evidence of the education challenges and successes for this student population.

Encyclopedia of Race Ethnicity and Society

Author: Richard T. Schaefer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781412926942
Release Date: 2008-03-20
Genre: Social Science

This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

The Politics of Law

Author: David Kairys
Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com
ISBN: 9781459608214
Release Date: 2010-11-05
Genre:

The Politics of Law is the most widely read critique of the nature and role of the law in American society. This revised edition continues the book's concrete focus on the major subjects and fields of law. New essays on emerging fields and the latest trends and cases have been added to updated versions of the now-classic essays from earlier editions. A unique assortment of leading scholars and practitioners in law and related disciplines - political science, economics, sociology, criminology, history, and literature - raise basic questions about law, challenging long-held ideals like the separation of law from politics, economics, religion, and culture. They address such issues contextually and with a keen historical perspective as they explain and critique the law in a broad range of areas. This third edition contains essays on all of the subjects covered in the first year of law school while continuing the book's tradition of accessibility to non-law-trained readers. Insightful and powerful, The Politics of Law makes sense of the debates about judicial restraint and the range of legal controversies so central to American public life and culture.

Explaining Criminal Conduct

Author: Paul Knepper
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015054433571
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Social Science

How do we understand the nature and origin of crime in society today? Criminology is the special field of study that addresses this question, and criminologists have offered hundreds of explanations for crime. In his book, Explaining Criminal Conduct, Knepper argues that these many different explanations derive from seven basic, organizing areas relative to our ideas about human nature, the human body, the mind, society, language, [race relations, and spirituality]. He assesses how adequately each area helps us understand crime and the criminal, and the theoretical positions that shape ongoing social policy. The first chapter introduces the process of intellectual inquiry that is followed in criminology. Chapters Two through Eight each consider one of the basic theoretical areas of criminological explanation, beginning with the thought of a key founder and tracing its elaboration through contemporary practice. In addition, each chapter assesses the coherence of that particular approach and its value in the formation of public policy. The final chapter sketches a moral basis for government intervention. The criminologist's task is not just to uncover some unknown source of criminal behavior by means of social-scientific technique. Criminology's greatest promise lies in its articulation of those enduring elements of moral tradition that provide an appropriate basis for ethical public policy concerning crime. Explaining Criminal Conduct expresses the hope for an understanding of criminal conduct grounded in respect for the dignity of each human being.

African American criminological thought

Author: Helen Taylor Greene
Publisher: State Univ of New York Pr
ISBN: 0791446964
Release Date: 2000-09-22
Genre: Social Science

This landmark book presents the contributions of African Americans past and present to understanding crime, criminological theory, and the administration of justice. The authors devote individual chapters to African-American pioneers Ida B. Wells-Barnett, W. E.B. Du Bois, E. Franklin Frazier, and Monroe N. Work, and contemporary scholars Lee P. Brown, Daniel Georges-Abeyie, Darnell F. Hawkins, Coramae Richey Mann, William Julius Wilson, and Vernetta D. Young. Included for each individual are a biography, information on their contributions to criminological thought, and a list of selected references. A wide range of issues are covered such as lynching, the convict lease system, homicide, female crime and delinquency, terrorism, community policing, the black ethnic monolith paradigm, and explanations of criminality.

Handbook of Life Course Criminology

Author: Chris L. Gibson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461451136
Release Date: 2012-11-06
Genre: Social Science

The wide-ranging scope of the Handbook of Life-Course Criminology covers genetics and environment, child offenders and late bloomers, the impact of school and peers, lifelong and time-limited criminal careers, and qualitative and quantitative methodologies. This unique Handbook is further set apart by its dual coverage of the leading edge of current research and innovative directions for future work in the field. Pathways to crime have been a central concept of criminology from its inception. Accordingly, a lifespan approach to the field has replaced earlier biological and sociological perspectives with a more nuanced understanding of offender behavior and a wider lens of study. The contributions to this Handbook break down issues of criminal and antisocial behavior from early childhood to late adulthood, examining developmentally targeted prevention and intervention strategies and reviewing emerging trends in research. Among the topics: · Childhood: including physical aggression in childhood, pre- and peri-natal development, and environment. · Adolescence: the impact of schooling, unstructured time with peers, gang membership and peer networks. · Adulthood: Adult onset crime, unemployment in emerging adulthood, crime and adult outcomes. · Prevention and Intervention: community programs, lifetime intervention strategies, re-entry. This volume will be a valuable piece for researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice as well as related disciplines such as Sociology, Developmental Psychology, and Social Policy. It will serve as an important reference for the current state of research, as well as a roadmap for future scholars. "This impressive Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of key developmental and life course issues in criminology from birth to adulthood, including biology, genetics, gangs, schools, neighborhoods, adult onset, desistance, and interventions. The research recommendations in each chapter are especially important, and they should stimulate advances in knowledge for many years to come. This Handbook should be required reading for all criminologists." David P. Farrington, Professor of Psychological Criminology, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK “In just a few decades developmental criminology has become the dominant intellectual force in criminology. This volume demonstrates why. It provides incisive reviews of important themes in developmental criminology. More importantly, it lays out rich agendas for future research that should inspire the next generation of developmental criminologists.” Daniel S. Nagin, Teresa and H. John Heinz III University Professor of Public Policy and Statistics, Carnegie Melon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

African American Perspectives on Crime Causation Criminal Justice Administration and Crime Prevention

Author: Anne Thomas Sulton
Publisher:
ISBN: STANFORD:36105060460982
Release Date: 1994
Genre: Social Science

African-American Perspectives is a collection of articles offering fresh and exciting ways of thinking about urban crime and its control. These articles, written by leading African American criminologists and practitioners, provide critical insights into several of the most pressing crime problems plaguing America's inner cities. The authors provide incisive and timely examinations of a wide range of contemporary urban crime issues, including youth violence, gangs, victimization of foreign visitors, police brutality and HIV/AIDS among prisoners. The authors also propose numerous innovative recommendations for crime control and prevention. Written by leading African-American criminologists and practitioners. Offers dozens of innovative recommendations for reducing crime. Suggests fresh and exciting new ways of thinking about a wide range of contemporary crime problems.

Das andere Geschlecht

Author: Simone de Beauvoir
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 9783644051614
Release Date: 2018-07-18
Genre: Social Science

Das berühmte Standardwerk von Simone de Beauvoir. Die universelle Standortbestimmung der Frau, die aus jahrtausendealter Abhängigkeit von männlicher Vorherrschaft ausgebrochen ist, hat nichts an Gültigkeit eingebüßt. Die Scharfsichtigkeit der grundlegenden Analyse tritt in der Neuübersetzung noch deutlicher hervor.

Criminology

Author: Piers Beirne
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195394763
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Social Science

Ideal for undergraduate courses in criminology--especially those taught from a critical perspective--Criminology: A Sociological Approach, Fifth Edition, is a comprehensive yet highly accessible introduction to the study of crime and criminological theory. Authors Piers Beirne and James W. Messerschmidt present the topic from a sociological standpoint, emphasizing the social construction of crime and showing how crime relates to gender, class, race, and age. Providing students with a strong theoretical foundation, the book also addresses historical, feminist, and comparative perspectives and highlights the major types of crime and victimization patterns. The text is divided into three Parts: * Part I focuses on three questions: "What is crime?" "How can we measure how much crime there is in the United States?" and finally, "How can we compare rates of crime in different societies?" * Part II is a systematic guide to modern criminological theory and its historical development. * Part III examines specific types of crime, including property crime, interpersonal violence, white-collar crime, and political crime. Written in student-friendly language, Criminology uses abundant illustrations, examples, and case studies to elucidate key points. The text also offers many helpful learning aids, including chapter previews, lists of key terms, chapter reviews, questions for class discussion, and suggestions for further study. NEW TO THE FIFTH EDITION * Moves the theory chapters to earlier in the book, helping to better connect them with one another * Reorganizes the chapters on theory to showcase the self-contained, internally coherent nature of criminology--rather than criminology's place in the historical record * Adds examples throughout * Presents new and up-to-date empirical data in all sections * Discusses many new topics, including cultural criminology and green criminology * Covers numerous types of crime that were not discussed in previous editions (e.g., whiteness and crime, the rape-war connection, Ponzi schemes, domestic right-wing terrorism, and state- sanctioned torture)