Critical Thinking

Author: Larry Wright
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019979622X
Release Date: 2012-10-15
Genre: Philosophy

Now in its second edition, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a nontechnical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally. Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps students to better analyze, evaluate, and construct arguments and to more easily comprehend the full range of everyday arguments found in ordinary journalism. Critical Thinking, Second Edition, distinguishes itself from other texts in the field by emphasizing analytical reading as an essential skill. It also provides detailed coverage of argument analysis, diagnostic arguments, diagnostic patterns, and fallacies. Opening with two chapters on analytical reading that help students recognize what makes reasoning explicitly different from other expository activities, the text then presents an interrogative model of argument to guide them in the analysis and evaluation of reasoning. This model allows a detailed articulation of "inference to the best explanation" and gives students a view of the pervasiveness of this form of reasoning. The author demonstrates how many common argument types--from correlations to sampling--can be analyzed using this articulated form. He then extends the model to deal with several predictive and normative arguments and to display the value of the fallacy vocabulary. Ideal for introductory courses in critical thinking, critical reasoning, informal logic, and inductive reasoning, Critical Thinking, Second Edition, features hundreds of exercises throughout and includes worked-out solutions and additional exercises (without solutions) at the end of each chapter. An Instructor's Manual--offering solutions to the text's unanswered exercises and featuring other pedagogical aids--is available on the book's Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/wright.

Critical Thinking

Author: Larry Wright
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195130332
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Foreign Language Study

Extensively classroom-tested, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a non-technical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally. Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps students to better analyze, evaluate, and construct arguments and to more easily comprehend the full range of everyday arguments found in ordinary journalism. Critical Thinking distinguishes itself from other texts in the field by emphasizing analytical reading as an essential skill. It also provides detailed coverage of argument analysis, diagnostic arguments, diagnostic patterns, and fallacies. Opening with two chapters on analytical reading that help students recognize what makes reasoning explicitly different from other expository activities, the text then presents an interrogative model of argument to guide them in the analysis and evaluation of reasoning. This model allows a detailed articulation of "inference to the best explanation" and gives students a view of the pervasiveness of this form of reasoning. The author demonstrates how many common argument types--from correlations to sampling--can be analyzed using this articulated form. He then extends the model to deal with several predictive and normative arguments and to display the value of the fallacy vocabulary. Designed for introductory courses in critical thinking, critical reasoning, informal logic, and inductive reasoning, Critical Thinking features hundreds of exercises throughout and includes worked-out solutions and additional exercises (without solutions) at the end of each chapter. An Instructor's Manual, including solutions to the text's unanswered exercises and featuring other pedagogical aids, is available.

Critical Thinking

Author: Larry Wright
Publisher:
ISBN: 0195151836
Release Date: 2001-10
Genre:

This manual is intended to help instructors exploit various features of the main text. It provides a synopses of each chapter of the text, together with hints from practical experience in class. Each synopsis is followed by answers to the exercises at the end of the chapter in the text.

Critical Thinking

Author: Alec Fisher
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107401983
Release Date: 2011-09-22
Genre: Education

This text meets the requirements of the OCR AS specification for critical thinking. Alec Fisher shows students how they can develop a range of creative and critical thinking skills that are transferable to other subjects and contexts.

Critical Reasoning 3e

Author: Anne Thomson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135267421
Release Date: 2009-06-02
Genre: Philosophy

We all engage in the process of reasoning, but we don't always pay attention to whether we are doing it well. This book offers the opportunity to practise reasoning in a clear-headed and critical way, with the aims of developing an awareness of the importance of reasoning well and of improving the reader's skill in analyzing and evaluating arguments. In this third edition, Anne Thomson has updated and revised the book to include fresh and topical examples which will guide students through the processes of critical reasoning in a clear and engaging way. In addition, two new chapters on evaluating the credibility of evidence and decision making and dilemmas will fully equip students to reason well. By the end of the book students should be able to: identify flaws in arguments analyze the reasoning in newspaper articles, books and speeches assess the credibilty of evidence and authorities make sound decisions and solve dilemmas approach any topic with the ability to reason and think critically.

Critical Thinking

Author: Robert Arp
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781472595690
Release Date: 2015-10-22
Genre: Philosophy

'You shouldn't drink too much. The Earth is round. Milk is good for your bones.' Are any of these claims true? How can you tell? Can you ever be certain you are right? For anyone tackling philosophical logic and critical thinking for the first time, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well provides a practical guide to the skills required to think critically. From the basics of good reasoning to the difference between claims, evidence and arguments, Robert Arp and Jamie Carlin Watson cover the topics found in an introductory course. Now revised and fully updated, this Second Edition features a glossary, chapter summaries, more student-friendly exercises, study questions, diagrams, and suggestions for further reading. Topics include: the structure, formation, analysis and recognition of arguments deductive validity and soundness inductive strength and cogency inference to the best explanation truth tables tools for argument assessment informal and formal fallacies With real life examples, advice on graduate school entrance exams and an expanded companion website packed with additional exercises, an answer key and help with real life examples, this easy-to-follow introduction is a complete beginner's tool set to good reasoning, analyzing and arguing. Ideal for students in basic reasoning courses and students preparing for graduate school.

Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking

Author: Merrilee H. Salmon
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133711643
Release Date: 2012-01-01
Genre: Education

Designed for students with no prior training in logic, INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING offers an accessible treatment of logic that enhances understanding of reasoning in everyday life. The text begins with an introduction to arguments. After some linguistic preliminaries, the text presents a detailed analysis of inductive reasoning and associated fallacies. This order of presentation helps to motivate the use of formal methods in the subsequent sections on deductive logic and fallacies. Lively and straightforward prose assists students in gaining facility with the sometimes challenging concepts of logic. By combining a sensitive treatment of ordinary language arguments with a simple but rigorous exposition of basic principles of logic, the text develops students' understanding of the relationships between logic and language, and strengthens their skills in critical thinking. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Critical Reasoning in Ethics

Author: Anne Thomson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134694082
Release Date: 2002-06-01
Genre: Philosophy

Critical Reasoning in Ethics is an accessible introduction that will enable students, through practical exercises, to develop their own skills in reasoning about ethical issues such as: * analysing and evaluating arguments used in discussions of ethical issues * analysing and evaluating ethical concepts, such as utilitarianism * making decisions on ethical issues * learning how to approach ethical issues in a fair minded way Ethical issues discussed include the arguments about abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, animal rights, the environment and war. The book will be essential reading for philosophy, health, social work and nursing courses.

Introducing Logic and Critical Thinking

Author: T. Ryan Byerly
Publisher: Baker Academic
ISBN: 9781493410804
Release Date: 2017-08-01
Genre: Religion

This robust, clear, and well-researched textbook for classes in logic introduces students to both formal logic and to the virtues of intellectual inquiry. Part 1 challenges students to develop the analytical skills of deductive and inductive reasoning, showing them how to identify and evaluate arguments. Part 2 helps students develop the intellectual virtues of the wise inquirer. The book includes helpful pedagogical features such as practice exercises and a concluding summary with definitions of key concepts for each chapter. Resources for professors and students are available through Baker Academic's Textbook eSources.

Critical Thinking Skills For Dummies

Author: Martin Cohen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118924730
Release Date: 2015-03-18
Genre: Education

Turbocharge your reasoning with Critical Thinking Just what are the ingredients of a great argument? What is the secret to communicating your ideas clearly and persuasively? And how do you see through sloppy thinking and flim-flam? If you’ve ever asked any of these questions, then this book is for you! These days, strong critical thinking skills provide a vital foundation for academic success, and Critical Thinking Skills For Dummies offers a clear and unintimidating introduction to what can otherwise be a pretty complex topic. Inside, you'll get hands-on, lively, and fun exercises that you can put to work today to improve your arguments and pin down key issues. With this accessible and friendly guide, you'll get plain-English instruction on how to identify other people's assumptions, methodology, and conclusions, evaluate evidence, and interpret texts effectively. You'll also find tips and guidance on reading between the lines, assessing validity – and even advice on when not to apply logic too rigidly! Critical Thinking Skills for Dummies: Provides tools and strategies from a range of disciplines great for developing your reflective thinking skills Offers expert guidance on sound reasoning and textual analysis Shows precisely how to use concept mapping and brainstorming to generate insights Demonstrates how critical thinking skills is a proven path to success as a student Whether you're undertaking reviews, planning research projects or just keen to give your brain a workout, Critical Thinking Skills For Dummies equips you with everything you need to succeed.

The Thinker s Guide to Analytic Thinking

Author: Linda Elder
Publisher: Foundation Critical Thinking
ISBN: UOM:39015061343789
Release Date: 2007-01
Genre: Philosophy

This guide focuses on the intellectual skills that enable one to analyze anything one might think about -- questions, problems, disciplines, subjects, etc. It provides the common denominator between all forms of analysis. Analysis and evaluation are recognized as crucial skills for all students to master. And for good reason. These skills are required in learning any significant body of content in a non-trivial way. There are many varieties of analysis specific to particular disciplines and technical practices. These forms of analysis often require technical training of a specialized nature. For example, one cannot do qualitative analysis in chemistry without instruction in chemistry. What we have provided in this guide, however, is the common denominator between all forms of analysis because all forms require thoughtful application and all thought presupposes the elements of thought. For example, one cannot think analytically FOR NO PURPOSE. Or think analytically, with NO QUESTION in mind. In order to develop the analytic mind, there must be guidance, instruction, and practice in monitoring thinking using intellectual tools applicable to every discipline. Everyone needs to learn to question purposes, goals, problem definitions, information, concepts, etc. It is these interdisciplinary analytic tools that enable those skilled in them to understand and assess their analytic thinking, whether in a highly technical area or in an everyday personal application. It is these analytic tools that enable one to get at the most fundamental logic of any discipline, subject, problem, or issue. They provide the means for transfer of learning between and among subjects and disciplines. They enable motivated persons to gain an overview of their learning in any and every situation analyzed, to think their way into and out of various intellectual domains. This thinker's guide serves as a launching pad toward analytic proficiency. - Publisher.

Critical Thinking and Logical Reasoning Workbook 4

Author: Ranga Raghuram
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 1494832305
Release Date: 2014-01-24
Genre: Mathematics

The Gift Of Logic (tm) Critical Thinking & Logical Reasoning Series is a set of twelve workbooks written with the goal of establishing a basic standard in cognitive thinking for K-12 students. These workbooks will help the students develop cognitive skills in three strands – Verbal Reasoning, Analytical Reasoning, and Pictorial Reasoning. Each workbook has a variety of exercises in these three strands. These workbooks can be used by college students and working professionals as well for a quick and easy introduction to logic and reasoning. Visit the Gift Of Logic website for more information. Ideal for use during the school day to keep the students challenged, and during winter and summer breaks to maintain strong thinking skills. Gifted and Talented students and Homeschoolers can use it as a comprehensive curriculum. ************************************************************************************************************************ Recommended Reading Plan: Kindergarten: Workbook-0 Grade 1: Workbook-0, Workbook-1 Grade 2: Workbook-0, Workbook-1, Workbook 2 Grade 3: Workbook-3 Optional: Workbook-0, Workbook-1, Workbook-2 Grade 4: Workbook-3, Workbook-4 Optional: Workbook-0, Workbook-1, Workbook-2 Grade 5: Workbook-3, Workbook-4, Workbook-5 Optional: Workbook-0, Workbook-1, Workbook-2 Middle School/High School/Adults : Primer, Workbook-6, Workbook-7, Workbook-8, Workbook-9, Workbook-10. Optional: Workbook-0, Workbook-1, Workbook-2, Workbook-3, Workbook-4, Workbook-5. Read all 12 workbooks to gain the benefits of a comprehensive curriculum. ************************************************************************************************************************There are four sections in this workbook - Verbal Reasoning, Analytical Reasoning, Pictorial Reasoning, and Answers. Verbal Reasoning section topics: Conditional statements, Contradictory statements, Inverse statements, Converse statements, Contrapositive statements, Inferencing exercises (must be true and cannot be true), representing statements using symbolic notation, Inferencing using symbols, Word and sentence analogies, Agree/disagree exercises. Analytical Reasoning section topics: List Processing, Sequencing, Scheduling, Venn Diagrams, Grouping, Graph Logic, Number Logic, Letter Logic, 9*9 Sudokus, Looping, FIFO, LIFO, Correlation. Pictorial Reasoning section topics: Picture Sequence, Odd Picture, Picture Analogy, Picture Difference, Pattern Matching. Detailed answers are provided at the end of the workbook. After completing the exercises in this workbook, the student can proceed to do the exercises in Workbook-5.