Critical Thinking

Author: Larry Wright
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019979622X
Release Date: 2012-10-15
Genre: Philosophy

Now in its second edition, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a nontechnical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally. Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps students to better analyze, evaluate, and construct arguments and to more easily comprehend the full range of everyday arguments found in ordinary journalism. Critical Thinking, Second Edition, distinguishes itself from other texts in the field by emphasizing analytical reading as an essential skill. It also provides detailed coverage of argument analysis, diagnostic arguments, diagnostic patterns, and fallacies. Opening with two chapters on analytical reading that help students recognize what makes reasoning explicitly different from other expository activities, the text then presents an interrogative model of argument to guide them in the analysis and evaluation of reasoning. This model allows a detailed articulation of "inference to the best explanation" and gives students a view of the pervasiveness of this form of reasoning. The author demonstrates how many common argument types--from correlations to sampling--can be analyzed using this articulated form. He then extends the model to deal with several predictive and normative arguments and to display the value of the fallacy vocabulary. Ideal for introductory courses in critical thinking, critical reasoning, informal logic, and inductive reasoning, Critical Thinking, Second Edition, features hundreds of exercises throughout and includes worked-out solutions and additional exercises (without solutions) at the end of each chapter. An Instructor's Manual--offering solutions to the text's unanswered exercises and featuring other pedagogical aids--is available on the book's Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/wright.

Die B cherdiebin

Author: Markus Zusak
Publisher: cbj Verlag
ISBN: 9783894804275
Release Date: 2008-12-04
Genre: Fiction

Selbst der Tod hat ein Herz ... Molching bei München. Hans und Rosa Hubermann nehmen die kleine Liesel Meminger bei sich auf – für eine bescheidene Beihilfe, die ihnen die ersten Kriegsjahre kaum erträglicher macht. Für Liesel jedoch bricht eine Zeit voller Hoffnung, voll schieren Glücks an – in dem Augenblick, als sie zu stehlen beginnt. Anfangs ist es nur ein Buch, das im Schnee liegen geblieben ist. Dann eines, das sie aus dem Feuer rettet. Dann Äpfel, Kartoffeln und Zwiebeln. Das Herz von Rudi. Die Herzen von Hans und Rosa Hubermann. Das Herz von Max. Und das des Todes. Denn selbst der Tod hat ein Herz. „Die Bücherdiebin“ ist eine Liebesgeschichte, eine Hommage an Bücher und Worte und eine Erinnerung an die Macht der Sprache, die im Roman von Markus Zusak viele Facetten zeigt: den lakonisch-distanzierten Ton des Erzählers, Poesie und Zuversicht – und die reduzierte Sprache der Nazipropaganda.

Critical Thinking

Author: Robert Arp
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781472595690
Release Date: 2015-10-22
Genre: Philosophy

'You shouldn't drink too much. The Earth is round. Milk is good for your bones.' Are any of these claims true? How can you tell? Can you ever be certain you are right? For anyone tackling philosophical logic and critical thinking for the first time, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well provides a practical guide to the skills required to think critically. From the basics of good reasoning to the difference between claims, evidence and arguments, Robert Arp and Jamie Carlin Watson cover the topics found in an introductory course. Now revised and fully updated, this Second Edition features a glossary, chapter summaries, more student-friendly exercises, study questions, diagrams, and suggestions for further reading. Topics include: the structure, formation, analysis and recognition of arguments deductive validity and soundness inductive strength and cogency inference to the best explanation truth tables tools for argument assessment informal and formal fallacies With real life examples, advice on graduate school entrance exams and an expanded companion website packed with additional exercises, an answer key and help with real life examples, this easy-to-follow introduction is a complete beginner's tool set to good reasoning, analyzing and arguing. Ideal for students in basic reasoning courses and students preparing for graduate school.

Thinking with Data

Author: Max Shron
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9781491949771
Release Date: 2014-01-20
Genre: Computers

Many analysts are too concerned with tools and techniques for cleansing, modeling, and visualizing datasets and not concerned enough with asking the right questions. In this practical guide, data strategy consultant Max Shron shows you how to put the why before the how, through an often-overlooked set of analytical skills. Thinking with Data helps you learn techniques for turning data into knowledge you can use. You’ll learn a framework for defining your project, including the data you want to collect, and how you intend to approach, organize, and analyze the results. You’ll also learn patterns of reasoning that will help you unveil the real problem that needs to be solved. Learn a framework for scoping data projects Understand how to pin down the details of an idea, receive feedback, and begin prototyping Use the tools of arguments to ask good questions, build projects in stages, and communicate results Explore data-specific patterns of reasoning and learn how to build more useful arguments Delve into causal reasoning and learn how it permeates data work Put everything together, using extended examples to see the method of full problem thinking in action

Schnelles Denken langsames Denken

Author: Daniel Kahneman
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 9783641093747
Release Date: 2012-06-27
Genre: Psychology

Intuition oder Vernunft? - Menschliches Verhalten und das Verständnis von Wirtschaft Wie treffen wir unsere Entscheidungen? Warum ist Zögern ein überlebensnotwendiger Reflex, und was passiert in unserem Gehirn, wenn wir andere Menschen oder Dinge beurteilen? Daniel Kahneman, Nobelpreisträger und einer der einflussreichsten Wissenschaftler unserer Zeit, zeigt anhand ebenso nachvollziehbarer wie verblüffender Beispiele, welchen mentalen Mustern wir folgen und wie wir uns gegen verhängnisvolle Fehlentscheidungen wappnen können.

The English Handbook

Author: William Whitla
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444307916
Release Date: 2009-12-01
Genre: Literary Criticism

The English Handbook: A Guide to Literary Studies is a comprehensive textbook, providing essential practical and analytical reading and writing skills for literature students at all levels. With advice and information on fundamental methods of literary analysis and research, Whitla equips students with the knowledge and tools essential for advanced literary study. Includes traditional close reading strategies integrated with newer critical theory, ranging from gender and genre to post-structuralism and post-colonialism; with examples from Beowulf to Atwood, folk ballads to Fugard, and Christopher Marlowe to Conrad’s Marlow Draws on a wide range of resources, from print to contemporary electronic media Supplies a companion website with chapter summaries, charts, examples, web links, and suggestions for further study

Encouraging Diversity in Higher Education

Author: Kate Hughes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317480563
Release Date: 2016-08-05
Genre: Education

Encouraging Diversity in Higher Education: Supporting Student Success provides an overview of the widening participation movement in Higher Education in the United Kingdom, United States, Australia and New Zealand. It argues that universities should revitalise their learning and teaching practices to better meet the diverse learning needs of contemporary undergraduate students. Approachable in execution, this book provides an evidence-based set of classroom practices, which readers will readily be able to relate to and use successfully. Answering questions such as: • How can I enrich my undergraduate teaching? • How can I help undergraduate students engage fully with their learning? • How can help undergraduate students to quickly acclimatise to Higher Education? • How can I help undergraduate students from diverse backgrounds excel at university? This book discusses economic and discursive drivers used to increase the numbers of undergraduate students who were the first in their families to enter university, and some of the ways in which universities responded to the growing percentage of such students. In so doing, it considers the learning needs of diverse students, and discusses the views of academic teaching staff who have used transparent pedagogies in their classrooms. Including forty five teaching strategies designed to generate highly engaged, socially inclusive classrooms, this is the first book to offer both a theoretical background of the need to approach learning and teaching in contemporary universities in innovative ways, and a practical, step by step guide to using a suite of transparent pedagogies. These focus on building inclusive classroom communities, generating academic literacies, developing collaborative learning skills, and encouraging students to think critically. This book will be a useful companion for both early career academics and those with experience but dealing with a new student cohort. It will also be of great interest to those teaching or studying the many professional qualifications in tertiary education. Kate Hughes is the President of the Australian Sociological Association (TASA) and Senior Consultant of Teaching and Learning at the Australian Catholic University. She is the co-author of Australian Sociology: A Changing Society, the market leading undergraduate text in Australia, now in its fourth edition.

Reading for Results

Author: Laraine E. Flemming
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305500525
Release Date: 2016-01-01
Genre: Education

Compelling readings. Innovative writing assignments. Research-based explanations and exercises. READING FOR RESULTS, 13th Edition, includes all the trademark features you’ve come to expect from this leader in developmental reading instruction. Known for her ability to turn abstract reading theory into concrete reading practice, Laraine Flemming is back with a host of new explanations, exercises, and assignments that show students how to read and respond to textbook reading. This edition features brand new pointers on screen reading, numerous new writing assignments, expanded instruction on interpreting visual aids, more emphasis on a multi-sensory approach to learning, increased focus on evaluating web information, and much more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Handbook of Research on Advancing Critical Thinking in Higher Education

Author: Wisdom, Sherrie
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781466684126
Release Date: 2015-07-17
Genre: Education

The importance of critical thinking has surged as academics in higher education realize that many students, upon entering college, lack the critical thinking skills necessary to succeed. While much has been written regarding the ‘lack’ of critical thinking, less has been written on the success of methods implemented to develop this fundamental skill. The Handbook of Research on Advancing Critical Thinking in Higher Education explores the effective methods and tools being used to integrate the development of critical thinking skills in both undergraduate and graduate studies. Due to the difficulties associated with teaching critical thinking skills to learners of any age, this publication is a crucial addition to the scholarly reference works available to pre-service and early career teachers, seasoned educational professionals, professors across disciplines, curriculum specialists, and educational administrators.

Toxic Torts

Author: Carl F. Cranor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107151963
Release Date: 2016-05-25
Genre: Law

US tort law, cloaked behind increased judicial review of science, is changing before our eyes yet we cannot see it. While Supreme Court decisions have altered how courts review scientific testimony, the complexity of both science and legal procedures mask the resulting social consequences. Yet these consequences are too important to remain hidden. Mistaken court reviews of scientific evidence can decrease citizen access to the law, decrease incentives for firms to test their products, lower deterrence for harmful products, and decrease the possibility of justice for citizens injured by toxic substances. Even if courts review evidence well, increases in litigation costs and attorney screening of clients can impede access to the law. Newly revised and expanded, Toxic Torts, 2nd edition introduces these issues, reveals the relationships that can deny citizens just restitution for harms suffered, and shows how justice can be improved in toxic tort cases.

Thinking with the Dancing Brain

Author: Sandra C. Minton
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9781475812527
Release Date: 2016-09-14
Genre: Education

As seasoned dancers and dance educators, Minton and Faber approach brain function from inside the body as embodiment of thought. Their collection of neurological research about the thought processes in learning and performing dance encompasses a vision of dance as creative art, communication, education, and life. The book informs neuroscientists, educators, and dancers about the complex interdependence of brain localities and networking of human neurology through an integration of physiology, cognition, and the art of dance. Chapters address observation, engagement, critical thought, emotion, memory, imagery and imagination, learning, problem solving, and 21st century skills. Finer components are explored through neurological networks, classroom pedagogy, dance, and movement experiences that provide: Description of the thought processes, their components, and their neurological functional needs. The neurological physiology that has been discovered in the cognitive process. How brain function can be applied to the educational classroom. Applications of the neurological research to dance education, the choreographic process, and dance performance. Movement explorations for readers to experience the thought processes through dance with neurological knowledge in mind.

The Philosopher s Toolkit

Author: Julian Baggini
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444357479
Release Date: 2011-08-24
Genre: Philosophy

The second edition of this popular compendium provides the necessary intellectual equipment to engage with and participate in effective philosophical argument, reading, and reflection Features significantly revised, updated and expanded entries, and an entirely new section drawn from methods in the history of philosophy This edition has a broad, pluralistic approach--appealing to readers in both continental philosophy and the history of philosophy, as well as analytic philosophy Explains difficult concepts in an easily accessible manner, and addresses the use and application of these concepts Proven useful to philosophy students at both beginning and advanced levels