Critical Thinking

Author: Larry Wright
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019979622X
Release Date: 2012-10-15
Genre: Philosophy

Now in its second edition, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Analytical Reading and Reasoning provides a nontechnical vocabulary and analytic apparatus that guide students in identifying and articulating the central patterns found in reasoning and in expository writing more generally. Understanding these patterns of reasoning helps students to better analyze, evaluate, and construct arguments and to more easily comprehend the full range of everyday arguments found in ordinary journalism. Critical Thinking, Second Edition, distinguishes itself from other texts in the field by emphasizing analytical reading as an essential skill. It also provides detailed coverage of argument analysis, diagnostic arguments, diagnostic patterns, and fallacies. Opening with two chapters on analytical reading that help students recognize what makes reasoning explicitly different from other expository activities, the text then presents an interrogative model of argument to guide them in the analysis and evaluation of reasoning. This model allows a detailed articulation of "inference to the best explanation" and gives students a view of the pervasiveness of this form of reasoning. The author demonstrates how many common argument types--from correlations to sampling--can be analyzed using this articulated form. He then extends the model to deal with several predictive and normative arguments and to display the value of the fallacy vocabulary. Ideal for introductory courses in critical thinking, critical reasoning, informal logic, and inductive reasoning, Critical Thinking, Second Edition, features hundreds of exercises throughout and includes worked-out solutions and additional exercises (without solutions) at the end of each chapter. An Instructor's Manual--offering solutions to the text's unanswered exercises and featuring other pedagogical aids--is available on the book's Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/wright.

Critical Thinking

Author: Robert Arp
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781472595690
Release Date: 2015-10-22
Genre: Philosophy

'You shouldn't drink too much. The Earth is round. Milk is good for your bones.' Are any of these claims true? How can you tell? Can you ever be certain you are right? For anyone tackling philosophical logic and critical thinking for the first time, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well provides a practical guide to the skills required to think critically. From the basics of good reasoning to the difference between claims, evidence and arguments, Robert Arp and Jamie Carlin Watson cover the topics found in an introductory course. Now revised and fully updated, this Second Edition features a glossary, chapter summaries, more student-friendly exercises, study questions, diagrams, and suggestions for further reading. Topics include: the structure, formation, analysis and recognition of arguments deductive validity and soundness inductive strength and cogency inference to the best explanation truth tables tools for argument assessment informal and formal fallacies With real life examples, advice on graduate school entrance exams and an expanded companion website packed with additional exercises, an answer key and help with real life examples, this easy-to-follow introduction is a complete beginner's tool set to good reasoning, analyzing and arguing. Ideal for students in basic reasoning courses and students preparing for graduate school.

Thinking with Data

Author: Max Shron
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9781491949771
Release Date: 2014-01-20
Genre: Computers

Many analysts are too concerned with tools and techniques for cleansing, modeling, and visualizing datasets and not concerned enough with asking the right questions. In this practical guide, data strategy consultant Max Shron shows you how to put the why before the how, through an often-overlooked set of analytical skills. Thinking with Data helps you learn techniques for turning data into knowledge you can use. You’ll learn a framework for defining your project, including the data you want to collect, and how you intend to approach, organize, and analyze the results. You’ll also learn patterns of reasoning that will help you unveil the real problem that needs to be solved. Learn a framework for scoping data projects Understand how to pin down the details of an idea, receive feedback, and begin prototyping Use the tools of arguments to ask good questions, build projects in stages, and communicate results Explore data-specific patterns of reasoning and learn how to build more useful arguments Delve into causal reasoning and learn how it permeates data work Put everything together, using extended examples to see the method of full problem thinking in action

Schnelles Denken langsames Denken

Author: Daniel Kahneman
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 9783641093747
Release Date: 2012-06-27
Genre: Psychology

Intuition oder Vernunft? - Menschliches Verhalten und das Verständnis von Wirtschaft Wie treffen wir unsere Entscheidungen? Warum ist Zögern ein überlebensnotwendiger Reflex, und was passiert in unserem Gehirn, wenn wir andere Menschen oder Dinge beurteilen? Daniel Kahneman, Nobelpreisträger und einer der einflussreichsten Wissenschaftler unserer Zeit, zeigt anhand ebenso nachvollziehbarer wie verblüffender Beispiele, welchen mentalen Mustern wir folgen und wie wir uns gegen verhängnisvolle Fehlentscheidungen wappnen können.

The English Handbook

Author: William Whitla
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444307916
Release Date: 2009-12-01
Genre: Literary Criticism

The English Handbook: A Guide to Literary Studies is a comprehensive textbook, providing essential practical and analytical reading and writing skills for literature students at all levels. With advice and information on fundamental methods of literary analysis and research, Whitla equips students with the knowledge and tools essential for advanced literary study. Includes traditional close reading strategies integrated with newer critical theory, ranging from gender and genre to post-structuralism and post-colonialism; with examples from Beowulf to Atwood, folk ballads to Fugard, and Christopher Marlowe to Conrad’s Marlow Draws on a wide range of resources, from print to contemporary electronic media Supplies a companion website with chapter summaries, charts, examples, web links, and suggestions for further study

Handbook of Research on Advancing Critical Thinking in Higher Education

Author: Wisdom, Sherrie
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781466684126
Release Date: 2015-07-17
Genre: Education

The importance of critical thinking has surged as academics in higher education realize that many students, upon entering college, lack the critical thinking skills necessary to succeed. While much has been written regarding the ‘lack’ of critical thinking, less has been written on the success of methods implemented to develop this fundamental skill. The Handbook of Research on Advancing Critical Thinking in Higher Education explores the effective methods and tools being used to integrate the development of critical thinking skills in both undergraduate and graduate studies. Due to the difficulties associated with teaching critical thinking skills to learners of any age, this publication is a crucial addition to the scholarly reference works available to pre-service and early career teachers, seasoned educational professionals, professors across disciplines, curriculum specialists, and educational administrators.

Toxic Torts

Author: Carl F. Cranor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107151963
Release Date: 2016-05-25
Genre: Law

US tort law, cloaked behind increased judicial review of science, is changing before our eyes yet we cannot see it. While Supreme Court decisions have altered how courts review scientific testimony, the complexity of both science and legal procedures mask the resulting social consequences. Yet these consequences are too important to remain hidden. Mistaken court reviews of scientific evidence can decrease citizen access to the law, decrease incentives for firms to test their products, lower deterrence for harmful products, and decrease the possibility of justice for citizens injured by toxic substances. Even if courts review evidence well, increases in litigation costs and attorney screening of clients can impede access to the law. Newly revised and expanded, Toxic Torts, 2nd edition introduces these issues, reveals the relationships that can deny citizens just restitution for harms suffered, and shows how justice can be improved in toxic tort cases.

Facebook f r Dummies

Author: Leah Pearlman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527709533
Release Date: 2013
Genre:

Facebook ist die perfekte Plattform, um sich oder seine Firma ins rechte Licht zu setzen und zugleich berufliche wie private Kontakte zu knüpfen. Leah Pearlman und Carolyn Abram erklären, was Facebook ausmacht und zeigen Ihnen all das, was Sie wissen sollten, um perfekt zu networken: vom Anlegen des eigenen Profils über das Knüpfen eines Netzwerks bis hin zum professionellen Einsatz von Facebook.

The Critical Thinking Toolkit

Author: Galen A. Foresman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118981993
Release Date: 2016-06-02
Genre: Philosophy

The Critical Thinking Toolkit is a comprehensive compendium that equips readers with the essential knowledge and methods for clear, analytical, logical thinking and critique in a range of scholarly contexts and everyday situations. Takes an expansive approach to critical thinking by exploring concepts from other disciplines, including evidence and justification from philosophy, cognitive biases and errors from psychology, race and gender from sociology and political science, and tropes and symbols from rhetoric Follows the proven format of The Philosopher’s Toolkit and The Ethics Toolkit with concise, easily digestible entries, “see also” recommendations that connect topics, and recommended reading lists Allows readers to apply new critical thinking and reasoning skills with exercises and real life examples at the end of each chapter Written in an accessible way, it leads readers through terrain too often cluttered with jargon Ideal for beginning to advanced students, as well as general readers, looking for a sophisticated yet accessible introduction to critical thinking

Der Schwarze Schwan

Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag
ISBN: 9783641171933
Release Date: 2015-11-02
Genre: Social Science

Talebs Weltbestseller endlich wieder im Handel erhältlich. „Der Schwarze Schwan: Die Macht höchst unwahrscheinlicher Ereignisse“ und „Der Schwarze Schwan: Konsequenzen aus der Krise“ erstmals komplett in einem Band und eingeleitet mit einem neuen Essay des Autors. Nassim Nicholas Talebs Definition ist weltberühmt geworden: Ein “Schwarzer Schwan” ist ein Ereignis, auf das drei Dinge zutreffen: Es ist erstens ein Ausreißer – es liegt außerhalb der regulären Erwartungen, nichts in der Vergangenheit weist darauf hin. Es hat zweitens enorme Auswirkungen. Drittens bringt uns die menschliche Natur dazu, im Nachhinein Erklärungen für sein Eintreten zu konstruieren, um es erklärbar und vorhersagbar zu machen. In diesem bahnbrechenden Buch, das mittlerweile weltweit zum Klassiker geworden ist, entwickelt Taleb seine einflussreiche Denkfigur und Maxime für die ungewisse Realität, in der wir leben und handeln.

Flow Das Geheimnis des Gl cks

Author: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608110036
Release Date: 2017-06-15
Genre: Psychology

Glück kommt nicht von außen, Glück ist das, was wir aus unseren Erfahrungen machen. Dieses Buch zeigt, dass Menschen dadurch, dass sie ihr eigenes Erleben kontrollieren, die Kontrolle über ihre Lebensqualität selbst in die eigene Hand nehmen. Auf diese Weise kommen sie dem Glück immer näher. »Csikszentmihalyi beweist, was Philosophen schon seit Jahrhunderten sagen: Der Weg zum Glücklichsein liegt nicht in hohler Vergnügungssucht, sondern in sinnvoller Herausforderung.« The New York Times Wer das Glück will, muss das Chaos im eigenen Kopf beherrschen. Wer frei sein will, muss nur seine Ziele kennen. Das Buch fasst jahrzehntelange Forschung über die positiven Aspekte menschlicher Erfahrungen zusammen: Freude, Kreativität und den Prozess vollständigen Einsseins mit dem Leben, den der Autor FLOW nennt. Glück ist nichts, was man mit Geld kaufen könnte. Glück ist flow. Jeder hat dieses Gefühl schon erlebt: über sich selbst zu verfügen, im Einklang mit sich und der Welt zu sein und sein Schicksal in die eigene Hand nehmen zu können. Bei diesen seltenen Gelegenheiten spürt man ein Gefühl von Hochstimmung, von tiefer Freude, das lange anhält und zu einem Maßstab dafür wird, wie das Leben aussehen sollte. »FLOW« ist ein Buch der praktischen Lebensweisheit. Zwar gibt es keinen Königsweg zum flow, auch erfordert die Einzigartigkeit jedes Menschen einen individuellen Zugang; aber wer versteht, was flow ist, dem wird es möglich, das eigene Leben zu verändern. Diese Veränderungen hängen nicht so sehr von äußeren Ereignissen ab, sondern eher davon, wie wir sie deuten. - Glück ist ein Zustand, für den man bereit sein muss, den jeder einzelne kultivieren und für sich verteidigen muss. Menschen, die lernen, ihre innere Erfahrung zu kontrollieren, können ihre Lebensqualität bestimmen; und das kommt dem, was wir gewöhnlich Glück nennen, wohl am allernächsten. »"Flow. Das Geheimnis des Glücks" zeigt, dass Glück nicht vom Himmel fällt. Die Fähigkeit zum Glücklichsein und FLOW zu empfinden, steckt in jedem. Mit Konzentration auf das, was man tut, kann man den Zustand des FLOW erreichen. Ein tolles Buch, das Lust auf Leistung macht.« Wolfgang Joop Flow bezeichnet einen Zustand des Glücksgefühls, in den Menschen geraten, wenn sie gänzlich in einer Beschäftigung »aufgehen«. Entgegen ersten Erwartungen erreichen wir diesen Zustand nahezu euphorischer Stimmung meistens nicht beim Nichtstun oder im Urlaub, sondern wenn wir uns intensiv der Arbeit oder einer schwierigen Aufgabe widmen. Laut The Independent gehört Mihaly Csikszentmihalys »Flow. Das Geheimnis des Glücks« zu den 33 Büchern, die man gelesen haben muss, bevor man 30 wird.

Critical Thinking Openers Toolkit

Author: Mark Pennington
Publisher: Mark Pennington
ISBN: 9780578050454
Release Date: 2010-01-01
Genre: Education

Critical Thinking Openers helps 7th-12th grade students learn metacognitive (thinking about thinking) strategies and problem-solving skills. This book provides 64 openers formatted for your LCD, Smartboard, or overhead projector. Simply display the page and have students respond on binder paper or in their writers notebooks-plenty of opportunities for creative response and interactive discussion. Students observe, interpret, apply, and revise ideas from the greatest thinkers and writers of all time-from Plato to Einstein to Rowling. After all, great thoughts induce great thinking. This ten-minute activity requires absolutely no teacher prep. Get the attendance done and get into the conversation. These openers set the thoughtful and creative tone for the rest of your class. Also provided are instructional resources on the five forms of logic and errors in reasoning. Help your students think out of the box and improve analytical reading and writing skills with your purchase of this resource. 76 pages