In this introductory textbook the author explains the key topics in cryptography. He takes a modern approach, where defining what is meant by "secure" is as important as creating something that achieves that goal, and security definitions are central to the discussion throughout. The author balances a largely non-rigorous style — many proofs are sketched only — with appropriate formality and depth. For example, he uses the terminology of groups and finite fields so that the reader can understand both the latest academic research and "real-world" documents such as application programming interface descriptions and cryptographic standards. The text employs colour to distinguish between public and private information, and all chapters include summaries and suggestions for further reading. This is a suitable textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, mathematics and engineering, and for self-study by professionals in information security. While the appendix summarizes most of the basic algebra and notation required, it is assumed that the reader has a basic knowledge of discrete mathematics, probability, and elementary calculus.
In this introductory textbook the author explains the key topics in cryptography. He takes a modern approach, where defining what is meant by "secure" is as important as creating something that achieves that goal, and security definitions are central to the discussion throughout. The chapters in Part 1 offer a brief introduction to the mathematical foundations: modular arithmetic, groups, finite fields, and probability; primality testing and factoring; discrete logarithms; elliptic curves; and lattices. Part 2 of the book shows how historical ciphers were broken, thus motivating the design of modern cryptosystems since the 1960s; this part also includes a chapter on information-theoretic security. Part 3 covers the core aspects of modern cryptography: the definition of security; modern stream ciphers; block ciphers and modes of operation; hash functions, message authentication codes, and key derivation functions; the "naive" RSA algorithm; public key encryption and signature algorithms; cryptography based on computational complexity; and certificates, key transport and key agreement. Finally, Part 4 addresses advanced prot ocols, where the parties may have different or even conflicting security goals: secret sharing schemes; commitments and oblivious transfer; zero-knowledge proofs; and secure multi-party computation. The author balances a largely non-rigorous style — many proofs are sketched only — with appropriate formality and depth. For example, he uses the terminology of groups and finite fields so that the reader can understand both the latest academic research and "real-world" documents such as application programming interface descriptions and cryptographic standards. The text employs colour to distinguish between public and private information, and all chapters include summaries and suggestions for further reading. This is a suitable textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, mathematics and engineering, and for self-study by professionals in information security. While the appendix summarizes most of the basic algebra and notation required, it is assumed that the reader has a basic knowledge of discrete mathematics, probability, and elementary calculus.
Author: V. K. PACHGHARE
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release Date: 2015-01-02
This thoroughly revised and well-organised book is in its second edition, continues to present the principles, techniques, design and implementation of cryptography and information security algorithms, with a perfect balance in the presentation of theoretical and practical aspects. To provide the mathematical background required to understand the principles of cryptography and information security, the text explains all the relevant theorems such as Fermat’s theorem and Euler’s theorem. The book gives a clear analysis of various encryption methods and cipher techniques. In addition, various security measures, for example, firewalls and virtual private network, and web security, are also discussed. This edition includes the topics with new innovations and improvements in the field of cryptography and information security in a substantial and comprehensive way. In this edition, the effort is taken to improve the pedagogy and user friendliness. It incorporates many solved numerical problems to clarify the various concepts and different algorithms and also includes MCQs with their answers in each chapter. The book is intended for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of computer science and engineering (B.Tech./M.Tech.), undergraduate and postgraduate students of computer science (B.Sc./M.Sc. Computer Science), and information technology (B.Sc./M.Sc. IT) and the students of Master of Computer Applications (MCA). KEY FEATURES Covers the latest topic of computer forensics and the areas in which they can be applied. Gives algorithms with numerical explanations. Provides a large number of solved problems.
Author: Nemati, Hamid R.
Publisher: IGI Global
Release Date: 2010-08-31
Applied Cryptography for Cyber Security and Defense: Information Encryption and Cyphering applies the principles of cryptographic systems to real-world scenarios, explaining how cryptography can protect businesses' information and ensure privacy for their networks and databases. It delves into the specific security requirements within various emerging application areas and discusses procedures for engineering cryptography into system design and implementation.
Author: Lars R. Knudsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2011-10-25
Block ciphers encrypt blocks of plaintext, messages, into blocks of ciphertext under the action of a secret key, and the process of encryption is reversed by decryption which uses the same user-supplied key. Block ciphers are fundamental to modern cryptography, in fact they are the most widely used cryptographic primitive – useful in their own right, and in the construction of other cryptographic mechanisms. In this book the authors provide a technically detailed, yet readable, account of the state of the art of block cipher analysis, design, and deployment. The authors first describe the most prominent block ciphers and give insights into their design. They then consider the role of the cryptanalyst, the adversary, and provide an overview of some of the most important cryptanalytic methods. The book will be of value to graduate and senior undergraduate students of cryptography and to professionals engaged in cryptographic design. An important feature of the presentation is the authors' exhaustive bibliography of the field, each chapter closing with comprehensive supporting notes.
Author: Sarhan M. Musa
Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC
Release Date: 2018-03-20
Network Security and Cryptography introduces the basic concepts in computer networks and the latest trends and technologies in cryptography and network security. The book is a definitive guide to the principles and techniques of cryptography and network security, and introduces basic concepts in computer networks such as classical cipher schemes, public key cryptography, authentication schemes, pretty good privacy, and Internet security. It features the latest material on emerging technologies, related to IoT, cloud computing, SCADA, blockchain, smart grid, big data analytics, and more. Primarily intended as a textbook for courses in computer science and electronics & communication, the book also serves as a basic reference and refresher for professionals in these areas. FEATURES: • Includes the latest material on emerging technologies, related to IoT, cloud computing, smart grid, big data analytics, blockchain, and more • Features separate chapters on the mathematics related to network security and cryptography • Introduces basic concepts in computer networks including classical cipher schemes, public key cryptography, authentication schemes, pretty good privacy, Internet security services, and system security • Includes end of chapter review questions
This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. The Principles and Practice of Cryptography and Network Security Stallings’ Cryptography and Network Security, Seventh Edition, introduces the reader to the compelling and evolving field of cryptography and network security. In an age of viruses and hackers, electronic eavesdropping, and electronic fraud on a global scale, security is paramount. The purpose of this book is to provide a practical survey of both the principles and practice of cryptography and network security. In the first part of the book, the basic issues to be addressed by a network security capability are explored by providing a tutorial and survey of cryptography and network security technology. The latter part of the book deals with the practice of network security: practical applications that have been implemented and are in use to provide network security. The Seventh Edition streamlines subject matter with new and updated material — including Sage, one of the most important features of the book. Sage is an open-source, multiplatform, freeware package that implements a very powerful, flexible, and easily learned mathematics and computer algebra system. It provides hands-on experience with cryptographic algorithms and supporting homework assignments. With Sage, the reader learns a powerful tool that can be used for virtually any mathematical application. The book also provides an unparalleled degree of support for the reader to ensure a successful learning experience.
Author: Chuck Easttom
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2015-10-09
This comprehensive guide to modern data encryption makes cryptography accessible to information security professionals of all skill levels—with no math expertise required Cryptography underpins today’s cyber-security; however, few information security professionals have a solid understanding of these encryption methods due to their complex mathematical makeup. Modern Cryptography: Applied Mathematics for Encryption and Information Security leads readers through all aspects of the field, providing a comprehensive overview of cryptography and practical instruction on the latest encryption methods. The book begins with an overview of the evolution of cryptography and moves on to modern protocols with a discussion of hashes, cryptanalysis, and steganography. From there, seasoned security author Chuck Easttom provides readers with the complete picture—full explanations of real-world applications for cryptography along with detailed implementation instructions. Unlike similar titles on the topic, this reference assumes no mathematical expertise—the reader will be exposed to only the formulas and equations needed to master the art of cryptography. Concisely explains complex formulas and equations and makes the math easy Teaches even the information security novice critical encryption skills Written by a globally-recognized security expert who has taught cryptography to various government and civilian groups and organizations around the world
Author: Stefan Rass
Publisher: Artech House
Release Date: 2013-11-01
As is common practice in research, many new cryptographic techniques have been developed to tackle either a theoretical question or foreseeing a soon to become reality application. Cloud computing is one of these new areas, where cryptography is expected to unveil its power by bringing striking new features to the cloud. Cloud computing is an evolving paradigm, whose basic attempt is to shift computing and storage capabilities to external service providers. This resource offers an overview of the possibilities of cryptography for protecting data and identity information, much beyond well-known cryptographic primitives such as encryption or digital signatures. This book represents a compilation of various recent cryptographic primitives, providing readers with the features and limitations of each.
Author: Christof Paar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2009-11-27
Cryptography is now ubiquitous – moving beyond the traditional environments, such as government communications and banking systems, we see cryptographic techniques realized in Web browsers, e-mail programs, cell phones, manufacturing systems, embedded software, smart buildings, cars, and even medical implants. Today's designers need a comprehensive understanding of applied cryptography. After an introduction to cryptography and data security, the authors explain the main techniques in modern cryptography, with chapters addressing stream ciphers, the Data Encryption Standard (DES) and 3DES, the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), block ciphers, the RSA cryptosystem, public-key cryptosystems based on the discrete logarithm problem, elliptic-curve cryptography (ECC), digital signatures, hash functions, Message Authentication Codes (MACs), and methods for key establishment, including certificates and public-key infrastructure (PKI). Throughout the book, the authors focus on communicating the essentials and keeping the mathematics to a minimum, and they move quickly from explaining the foundations to describing practical implementations, including recent topics such as lightweight ciphers for RFIDs and mobile devices, and current key-length recommendations. The authors have considerable experience teaching applied cryptography to engineering and computer science students and to professionals, and they make extensive use of examples, problems, and chapter reviews, while the book’s website offers slides, projects and links to further resources. This is a suitable textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses and also for self-study by engineers.
From the exciting history of its development in ancient times to the present day, Introduction to Cryptography with Mathematical Foundations and Computer Implementations provides a focused tour of the central concepts of cryptography. Rather than present an encyclopedic treatment of topics in cryptography, it delineates cryptographic concepts in chronological order, developing the mathematics as needed. Written in an engaging yet rigorous style, each chapter introduces important concepts with clear definitions and theorems. Numerous examples explain key points while figures and tables help illustrate more difficult or subtle concepts. Each chapter is punctuated with "Exercises for the Reader;" complete solutions for these are included in an appendix. Carefully crafted exercise sets are also provided at the end of each chapter, and detailed solutions to most odd-numbered exercises can be found in a designated appendix. The computer implementation section at the end of every chapter guides students through the process of writing their own programs. A supporting website provides an extensive set of sample programs as well as downloadable platform-independent applet pages for some core programs and algorithms. As the reliance on cryptography by business, government, and industry continues and new technologies for transferring data become available, cryptography plays a permanent, important role in day-to-day operations. This self-contained sophomore-level text traces the evolution of the field, from its origins through present-day cryptosystems, including public key cryptography and elliptic curve cryptography.
The first part of this book covers the key concepts of cryptography on an undergraduate level, from encryption and digital signatures to cryptographic protocols. Essential techniques are demonstrated in protocols for key exchange, user identification, electronic elections and digital cash. In the second part, more advanced topics are addressed, such as the bit security of one-way functions and computationally perfect pseudorandom bit generators. The security of cryptographic schemes is a central topic. Typical examples of provably secure encryption and signature schemes and their security proofs are given. Though particular attention is given to the mathematical foundations, no special background in mathematics is presumed. The necessary algebra, number theory and probability theory are included in the appendix. Each chapter closes with a collection of exercises. In the second edition the authors added a complete description of the AES, an extended section on cryptographic hash functions, and new sections on random oracle proofs and public-key encryption schemes that are provably secure against adaptively-chosen-ciphertext attacks. The third edition is a further substantive extension, with new topics added, including: elliptic curve cryptography; Paillier encryption; quantum cryptography; the new SHA-3 standard for cryptographic hash functions; a considerably extended section on electronic elections and Internet voting; mix nets; and zero-knowledge proofs of shuffles. The book is appropriate for undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, mathematics, and engineering.
This book is a clear and informative introduction to cryptography and data protection - subjects of considerable social and political importance. It explains what algorithms do, how they are used, the risks associated with using them, and why governments should be concerned. Important areas are highlighted, such as Stream Ciphers, block ciphers, public key algorithms, digital signatures, and applications such as e-commerce. This book highlights the explosive impact of cryptography on modern society, with, for example, the evolution of the internet and the introduction of more sophisticated banking methods. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Nigel Smart's Cryptography provides the rigorous detail required for advanced cryptographic studies, yet approaches the subject matter in an accessible style in order to gently guide new students through difficult mathematical topics.
The Handbook of Financial Cryptography and Security elucidates the theory and techniques of cryptography and illustrates how to establish and maintain security under the framework of financial cryptography. It applies various cryptographic techniques to auctions, electronic voting, micropayment systems, digital rights, financial portfolios, routing networks, and more. In the first part, the book examines blind signatures and other important cryptographic techniques with respect to digital cash/e-cash. It also looks at the role of cryptography in auctions and voting, describes properties that can be required of systems implementing value exchange, and presents methods by which selected receivers can decrypt signals sent out to everyone. The second section begins with a discussion on lowering transaction costs of settling payments so that commerce can occur at the sub-penny level. The book then addresses the challenge of a system solution for the protection of intellectual property, before presenting an application of cryptography to financial exchanges and markets. Exploring financial cryptography in the real world, the third part discusses the often-complex issues of phishing, privacy and anonymity, and protecting the identity of objects and users. With a focus on human factors, the final section considers whether systems will elicit or encourage the desired behavior of the participants of the system. It also explains how the law and regulations impact financial cryptography. In the real world, smart and adaptive adversaries employ all types of means to circumvent inconvenient security restraints. This useful handbook provides answers to general questions about the field of financial cryptography as well as solutions to specific real-world security problems.