ESSENTIALS OF CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY

Author: A. R. N. SRIVASTAVA
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9788120346536
Release Date: 2012-09-19
Genre: Social Science

This well-organized text continues to present the social-cultural anthropological concepts and theories which have influenced the mankind in the past, particularly in the twentieth century—between the years 1965 and 2000. The new edition is incorporated with two new sections—one defining the major concepts of sociology—defining society, community, association and so on, and the other an Appendix on Tribal Movement in India. The book further provides an anthropological analysis of cultural institutions relating to society, economy, polity, folklore and art. The description of the relation between language and culture and a separate chapter on Cultural Change, make this text unique. Examples are taken from all across the world to describe socio-economic, political, and religious institutions, and give a panoramic view of the diverse cultures. This book is intended to serve as a text for undergraduate students of Anthropology and postgraduate students of Anthropology and Sociology. In addition, it would also be beneficial for the students preparing for various competitive examinations. KEY FEATURES • Provides theoretical orientations in cultural anthropology. • Contains annotated references at the end of each chapter. • Gives an insight into the contributions of well-known anthropologists. • Illustrates concepts through diagrams and charts, thus enhancing the value of the text.

Environmental Anthropology

Author: Helen Kopnina
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135044121
Release Date: 2013-07-18
Genre: Social Science

This volume presents new theoretical approaches, methodologies, subject pools, and topics in the field of environmental anthropology. Environmental anthropologists are increasingly focusing on self-reflection - not just on themselves and their impacts on environmental research, but also on the reflexive qualities of their subjects, and the extent to which these individuals are questioning their own environmental behavior. Here, contributors confront the very notion of "natural resources" in granting non-human species their subjectivity and arguing for deeper understanding of "nature," and "wilderness" beyond the label of "ecosystem services." By engaging in interdisciplinary efforts, these anthropologists present new ways for their colleagues, subjects, peers and communities to understand the causes of, and alternatives to environmental destruction. This book demonstrates that environmental anthropology has moved beyond the construction of rural, small group theory, entering into a mode of solution-based methodologies and interdisciplinary theories for understanding human-environmental interactions. It is focused on post-rural existence, health and environmental risk assessment, on the realm of alternative actions, and emphasizes the necessary steps towards preventing environmental crisis.

Linguistic Anthropology

Author: Alessandro Duranti
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781405126335
Release Date: 2009-05-04
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguistic Anthropology: A Reader is a comprehensive collection of the best work that has been published in this exciting and growing area of anthropology, and is organized to provide a guide to key issues in the study of language as a cultural resource and speaking as a cultural practice. Revised and updated, this second edition contains eight new articles on key subjects, including speech communities, the power and performance of language, and narratives Selections are both historically oriented and thematically coherent, and are accessibly grouped according to four major themes: speech community and communicative competence; the performance of language; language socialization and literacy practices; and the power of language An extensive introduction provides an original perspective on the development of the field and highlights its most compelling issues Each section includes a brief introductory statement, sets of guiding questions, and list of recommended readings on the main topics

Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology

Author: R. Jon McGee
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781506307756
Release Date: 2013-08-28
Genre: Social Science

Social and cultural anthropology and archaeology are rich subjects with deep connections in the social and physical sciences. Over the past 150 years, the subject matter and different theoretical perspectives have expanded so greatly that no single individual can command all of it. Consequently, both advanced students and professionals may be confronted with theoretical positions and names of theorists with whom they are only partially familiar, if they have heard of them at all. Students, in particular, are likely to turn to the web to find quick background information on theorists and theories. However, most web-based information is inaccurate and/or lacks depth. Students and professionals need a source to provide a quick overview of a particular theory and theorist with just the basics—the "who, what, where, how, and why," if you will. In response, SAGE Reference plans to publish the two-volume Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology: An Encyclopedia. Features & Benefits: Two volumes containing approximately 335 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and thorough reference resource available on anthropology theory, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. To ease navigation between and among related entries, a Reader's Guide groups entries thematically and each entry is followed by Cross-References. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide combines with the Cross-References and a detailed Index to provide robust search-and-browse capabilities. An appendix with a Chronology of Anthropology Theory allows students to easily chart directions and trends in thought and theory from early times to the present. Suggestions for Further Reading at the end of each entry and a Master Bibliography at the end guide readers to sources for more detailed research and discussion.

Invitation to Social and Cultural Anthropology

Author: K. N. Dash
Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
ISBN: 8126903236
Release Date: 2004-01-01
Genre: Anthropology

Invitation To Social And Cultural Anthropology Is Highly Useful Book For The Students At Degree Level Of Different Universities And Civil Service Examinees. Keeping In View The Requirements Of Students Of Both The Categories, The Book Includes Some Special Topics Like Fieldwork, Tribal Situation In India, And Problems Of Tribals And Tribal Welfare In India Besides The Traditional Topics Of Social And Cultural Anthropology. This Would Provide The Readers With A Helpful Frame Of Reference. All Possible Attempts Have Been Made To Cite The Examples From Vast Materials Of Indian Ethnographic Data To Help The Students To Develop A Clear Perception On The Indian Anthropology. The Uniqueness Of The Book Lies Not Only In The Incorporation Of The Data, Both Of Indian As Well As Those Of The Other Societies Of The Rest Of The World On A Comparative Basis, But Also In The Application Of Social And Cultural Anthropology For The Welfare Of The Tribal Societies In India Which May Cater To The Requirements Of Administrators And Policy Makers In Solving The Problems Of Tribals In India. The Book Would Effectively Help The Target Groups To Understand The Science Of Social And Cultural Anthropology In A Broader Perspective As Very Few Books Are Available On This Topic In The Indian Context.

Anthropology and Risk

Author: Asa Boholm
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317754602
Release Date: 2015-04-24
Genre: Business & Economics

Drawing on theory from anthropology, sociology, organisation studies and philosophy, this book addresses how the perception, communication and management of risk is shaped by culturally informed and socially embedded knowledge and experience. It provides an account of how interpretations of risk in society are conditioned by knowledge claims and cultural assumptions and by the orientationof actors based on roles, norms, expectations, identities, trust and practical rationality within a lived social world. By focusing on agency, social complexity and the production and interpretation of meaning, the book offers a comprehensive and holistic theoretical perspective on risk, based on empirical case studies and ethnographic enquiry. As a selection of Åsa Boholm’s publications throughout her career, along with a newly written introduction overviewing the field, this book provides a unified perspective on risk as a construct shaped by social and cultural contexts.This collection should be of interest to students and scholars of risk communication, risk management, environmental planning, environmental management and environmental and applied anthropology.

Environmental Anthropology Today

Author: Helen Kopnina
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136658556
Release Date: 2011-08-09
Genre: Social Science

Today, we face some of the greatest environmental challenges in global history. Understanding the damage being done and the varied ethics and efforts contributing to its repair is of vital importance. This volume poses the question: What can increasing the emphasis on the environment in environmental anthropology, along with the science of its problems and the theoretical and methodological tools of anthropological practice, do to aid conservation efforts, policy initiatives, and our overall understanding of how to survive as citizens of the planet? Environmental Anthropology Today combines a range of new ethnographic work with chapters exploring key theoretical and methodological issues, and draws on disciplines such as sociology and environmental science as well as anthropology to illuminate those issues. The case studies include work on North America, Europe, India, Africa, Asia, and South America, offering the reader a stimulating and thoughtful survey of the work currently being conducted in the field.

Culture and Human Development

Author: John Whiting
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052102806X
Release Date: 2006-11-02
Genre: Family & Relationships

John Whiting is a leading figure in psychological anthropology and a pioneer in the development of systematic cross-cultural research. His work is interdisciplinary, drawing mainly on the fields of anthropology, psychoanalysis, and learning and behavior theory. This book includes some of his most influential articles on culture and human development, and a comprehensive autobiographical essay. Roy D'Andrade's introduction assesses the unique contributions of Whiting and locates his work within the contemporary currents of psychological anthropology.

21st Century Anthropology A Reference Handbook

Author: H. James Birx
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781452266305
Release Date: 2010-06-10
Genre: Social Science

Request a free 30-day online trial at www.sagepub.com/freetrial Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density. Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.

Cultural Anthropology

Author: Alexander Moore
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0939693488
Release Date: 1998-01-01
Genre: Social Science

"The framework on which this book hangs is an updated version of the community study method as network, discerned at the expanding "gas phase" of our species' random walk over the earth, through our settling down into trading and warring tribal societies through the mesolithic and neolithic transitions, into our densification into urban states and civilizations, and finally at our emergence as a metropolitan species of unparalleled population aggregations."--Preface.

Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology

Author: Herbert A. Applebaum
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0887064388
Release Date: 1987
Genre: Social Science

Designed as a reader for courses, this anthology presents an array of theories and interpretations in the field of modern cultural anthropology. It provides a deeper understanding of the major theoretical orientations which have historically guided and currently guide anthropological research.

Concise Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology

Author: Mike Morris
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118329344
Release Date: 2013-04-10
Genre: Social Science

Practical and accessible, this dictionary is designed to enlighten those newly engaged in anthropological study or seeking a quick guide to the field. Fills a need for a beginner’s pocket guide to the far-reaching and complex field of anthropology, including over 800 detailed entries and the intellectual background of terms Written in plain, jargon-free language, for readers without extensive background in the field Features brief, conceptual definitions of terms, bibliographical references to anthropological classics, related works for background reading and further research The user-friendly format includes bold terms featured elsewhere in the book, extensive cross-references, and indexes of names, peoples, places and subjects Incorporates related terminology from allied fields such as sociology, economics and geography