Cybernetic Revolutionaries

Author: Eden Medina
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262525961
Release Date: 2014-01-10
Genre: Computers

A historical study of Chile's twin experiments with cybernetics and socialism, and what they tell us about the relationship of technology and politics.

Story of a Death Foretold

Author: Oscar Guardiola-Rivera
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781408839898
Release Date: 2013-09-26
Genre: History

On 11 September 1973, President Salvador Allende of Chile, Latin America's first democratically elected Marxist president, was deposed in a violent coup d'état. Early that morning the phone lines to Allende's office were cut, army officers loyal to the republic were arrested and shortly afterwards bombs from four British-made Hawker Hunter jets began slamming into the presidential palace. Allende refused to leave his post, making broadcasts to encourage the Chilean people until the last pro-government radio station was silenced. Later that morning he was found dead, with an AK-47 that had been a gift from Fidel Castro by his side. The coup had been planned for months, even years before it actually happened. In fact, from the moment Allende's electoral victory in 1970 became a possibility, business leaders in Chile, extreme right-wing groups, high-ranking officers in the Chilean military and the US administration and the CIA worked together to secure a prompt and dramatic end to his progressive social programme. Why Allende seemed such a threat in the political and economic context of the time and how the coup was engineered is the story Oscar Guardiola-Rivera tells, drawing on a wide range of sources, including phone transcripts and documents released as recently as 2008. It is a radical retelling of a moment in history that even at the height of Cold War paranoia ? a time when Henry Kissinger described Chile as 'a dagger pointed at the heart of Antarctica' ?shocked the world and which continues to resonate today. As the uprisings of the Arab Spring and the global protests at austerity measures introduced since the crash of 2008 show, the world is struggling to deal with the economic and political dilemmas Allende faced at the time.

Exploring Cybernetics

Author: Sabina Jeschke
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658117559
Release Date: 2015-12-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Die Beiträge des Sammelbandes befassen sich mit zentralen Themen der Kybernetik: Was ist Kybernetik überhaupt? Wie können wir sie nutzen und wo können wir sie einsetzen? Die Autoren zeigen, dass unser Digitalzeitalter von umfassenden technologischen Neuerungen, komplexer Vernetzung und schnellen Innovationszyklen gekennzeichnet ist, die sich klassischen Beschreibungsmodellen und traditionellen Regelungsmechanismen entziehen. Immer vielfältiger interagierende Strukturen erfordern neue Methoden, um diese Komplexität zu beschreiben und zu gestalten. Hochkarätige WissenschaftlerInnen verschiedenster Fachgebiete erläutern die Kybernetik aus Sicht ihrer jeweiligen Disziplin.

Rote Zukunft

Author: Francis Spufford
Publisher:
ISBN: 3499257513
Release Date: 2012
Genre:


Beyond Imported Magic

Author: Eden Medina
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262526203
Release Date: 2014-08-15
Genre: History

The essays in this volume study the creation, adaptation, and use of science and technology in Latin America. They challenge the view that scientific ideas and technology travel unchanged from the global North to the global South -- the view of technology as "imported magic." They describe not only alternate pathways for innovation, invention, and discovery but also how ideas and technologies circulate in Latin American contexts and transnationally. The contributors' explorations of these issues, and their examination of specific Latin American experiences with science and technology, offer a broader, more nuanced understanding of how science, technology, politics, and power interact in the past and present.The essays in this book use methods from history and the social sciences to investigate forms of local creation and use of technologies; the circulation of ideas, people, and artifacts in local and global networks; and hybrid technologies and forms of knowledge production. They address such topics as the work of female forensic geneticists in Colombia; the pioneering Argentinean use of fingerprinting technology in the late nineteenth century; the design, use, and meaning of the XO Laptops created and distributed by the One Laptop per Child Program; and the development of nuclear energy in Argentina, Mexico, and Chile.ContributorsPedro Ignacio Alonso, Morgan G. Ames, Javiera Barandiarán, João Biehl, Anita Say Chan, Amy Cox Hall, Henrique Cukierman, Ana Delgado, Rafael Dias, Adriana Díaz del Castillo H., Mariano Fressoli, Jonathan Hagood, Christina Holmes, Matthieu Hubert, Noela Invernizzi, Michael Lemon, Ivan da Costa Marques, Gisela Mateos, Eden Medina, María Fernanda Olarte Sierra, Hugo Palmarola, Tania Pérez-Bustos, Julia Rodriguez, Israel Rodríguez-Giralt, Edna Suárez Díaz, Hernán Thomas, Manuel Tironi, Dominique Vinck

Design Issues

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: MINN:31951P011862070
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Architectural design


Evocative Objects

Author: Sherry Turkle
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262291649
Release Date: 2011-09-30
Genre: Social Science

For Sherry Turkle, "We think with the objects we love; we love the objects we think with." In Evocative Objects, Turkle collects writings by scientists, humanists, artists, and designers that trace the power of everyday things. These essays reveal objects as emotional and intellectual companions that anchor memory, sustain relationships, and provoke new ideas.These days, scholars show new interest in the importance of the concrete. This volume's special contribution is its focus on everyday riches: the simplest of objects -- an apple, a datebook, a laptop computer--are shown to bring philosophy down to earth. The poet contends, "No ideas but in things." The notion of evocative objects goes further: objects carry both ideas and passions. In our relations to things, thought and feeling are inseparable.Whether it's a student's beloved 1964 Ford Falcon (left behind for a station wagon and motherhood), or a cello that inspires a meditation on fatherhood, the intimate objects in this collection are used to reflect on larger themes -- the role of objects in design and play, discipline and desire, history and exchange, mourning and memory, transition and passage, meditation and new vision.In the interest of enriching these connections, Turkle pairs each autobiographical essay with a text from philosophy, history, literature, or theory, creating juxtapositions at once playful and profound. So we have Howard Gardner's keyboards and Lev Vygotsky's hobbyhorses; William Mitchell's Melbourne train and Roland Barthes' pleasures of text; Joseph Cevetello's glucometer and Donna Haraway's cyborgs. Each essay is framed by images that are themselves evocative. Essays by Turkle begin and end the collection, inviting us to look more closely at the everyday objects of our lives, the familiar objects that drive our routines, hold our affections, and open out our world in unexpected ways.

This Cybernetic Age

Author: Don Toppin
Publisher: New York : Human Development Corporation
ISBN: IND:30000104166172
Release Date: 1969
Genre: Civilization, Modern


Hidden Figures Unerkannte Heldinnen

Author: Margot Lee Shetterly
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 9783959676434
Release Date: 2017-01-02
Genre: History

1943 stellt das Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory der NACA,die später zur NASA wird, erstmalig afroamerikanische Frauen ein. "Menschliche Rechner" - unter ihnen Dorothy Vaughan, die 1953 Vorgesetzte der brillanten afroamerikanischen Mathematikerin Katherine Johnson wird. Trotz Diskriminierung und Vorurteilen, treiben sie die Forschungen der NASA voran und Katherine Johnsons Berechnungen werden maßgeblich für den Erfolg der Apollo-Missionen. Dies ist ihre Geschichte. "Mit dieser unglaublich mitreißenden und vielschichtigen Erzählung zeigt Shetterly ihr Können. Die Geschichte begeistert in allen Aspekten." Booklist

Why Nicaragua Vanished

Author: Robert S. Leiken
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 074252342X
Release Date: 2003-01-01
Genre: History

This book takes a closer look at the perceptions that Americans develop about foreign countries and the role the press plays in creating those perceptions.