Street Justice

Author: Bruce A. Jacobs
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521617987
Release Date: 2006-05-22
Genre: Social Science

This study examines the structure, process and forms of retaliation in contemporary urban America where street criminals employ it instead of recourse to the criminal justice system. It explores retaliation from a first hand perspective, based on interviews with currently active street criminals rather than prisoners.

Crime Gender and Social Order in Early Modern England

Author: Garthine Walker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139435116
Release Date: 2003-06-12
Genre: History

An extended study of gender and crime in early modern England. It considers the ways in which criminal behaviour and perceptions of criminality were informed by ideas about gender and order, and explores their practical consequences for the men and women who were brought before the criminal courts. Dr Walker's innovative approach demonstrates that, contrary to received opinion, the law was often structured so as to make the treatment of women and men before the courts incommensurable. For the first time, early modern criminality is explored in terms of masculinity as well as femininity. Illuminating the interactions between gender and other categories such as class and civil war have implications not merely for the historiography of crime but for the social history of early modern England as a whole. This study therefore goes beyond conventional studies, and challenges hitherto accepted views of social interaction in the period.

American Criminal Justice Policy

Author: Daniel P. Mears
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521762465
Release Date: 2010-04-12
Genre: Social Science

Examines the most prominent criminal justice policies, finding that they fall short of achieving the effectiveness that policymakers have advocated.

Criminal Law in Liberal and Fascist Italy

Author: Paul Garfinkel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107108912
Release Date: 2017-01-09
Genre: History

The author explains the sustained and wide-ranging interest in penal-law reform that defined this era in Italian legal history.

Sentencing and Criminal Justice

Author: Andrew Ashworth
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139486743
Release Date: 2010-02-04
Genre: Law

Andrew Ashworth expertly examines the key issues in English sentencing policy and practice including the mechanisms for producing sentencing guidelines. He considers the most high-profile stages in the criminal justice process such as the Court of Appeal's approach to the custody threshold, the framework for the sentencing of young offenders and the abiding problems of previous convictions in sentencing. Taking into account the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 and the Coroners and Justice Act 2009, the book's inter-disciplinary approach places the legislation and guidelines on sentencing in the context of criminological research, statistical trends and theories of punishment. By examining the law in relation to elements of the wider criminal justice system, including the prison and probation services, students gain a rounded perspective on the relevant principles and problems of sentencing and criminal justice.

Prediction in Criminology

Author: David P. Farrington
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 088706003X
Release Date: 1985-09
Genre: Social Science

Prediction in Criminology is the first book to bring together a wide variety of articles on prediction research in criminology. It stresses not only substantive findings but also the methodology of prediction research, and demonstrates how similar issues arise in many applications: problems of research design, the choice of predictor and criterion variables, methods of selecting and combining variables into a prediction instrument, measures of predictive efficiency, and external validity or generalizability. The collection includes research from the United States, Canada, and Great Britain and will be of interest to an international audience of policy makers, practitioners, academics, and researchers.

Out of Control Criminal Justice

Author: Daniel P. Mears
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107161696
Release Date: 2017-09-28
Genre: Social Science

This book shows how to reduce out-of-control criminal justice and create greater public safety, justice, and accountability at less cost.

Danger Duty and Disillusion

Author: Joan C. Barker
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 9781478607939
Release Date: 1998-11-07
Genre: Social Science

An insider view of an urban subculture! While much of the literature on police analyzes critically what they do, few works address issues of how police officers feel about their chosen profession, their worldview, or their visions. This refreshingly original and unique ethnographic contribution by anthropologist Joan Barker exposes the human elementone rarely seen by non-policeof officers working for the often-controversial L.A.P.D. During her twenty years of fieldwork, Barker gathered valuable information through formal, in-depth interviews and firsthand experiences, distilling her findings into an illuminating, coherent account. She discovers that five phases of occupational socialization normatively mold officers experiences and perceptions. Fleshing out her discussion is the compelling narrative of Fred, a traditional officer whose authentic voice reveals feelings and attitudes that manifest the essence of the human who does the job of policing. An insider view of an urban subculture usually known only from its public presentation.

The Condemnation of Blackness

Author: Khalil Gibran Muhammad
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674062115
Release Date: 2011
Genre: History

"The Idea of Black Criminality was crucial to the making of modern urban America. Khalil Gibran Muhammad chronicles how, when, and why modern notions of black people as an exceptionally dangerous race of criminals first emerged. Well known are the lynch mobs and racist criminal justice practices in the South that stoked white fears of black crime and shaped the contours of the New South. In this illuminating book, Muhammad shifts our attention to the urban North as a crucial but overlooked site for the production and dissemination of those ideas and practices. Following the 1890 census - the first to measure the generation of African Americans born after slavery - crime statistics, new migration and immigration trends, and symbolic references to America as the promised land were woven into a cautionary tale about the exceptional threat black people posed to modern urban society. Excessive arrest rates and overrepresentation in northern prisons were seen by many whites - liberals and conservatives, northerners and southerners - as indisputable proof of blacks' inferiority. What else but pathology could explain black failure in the land of opportunity? Social scientists and reformers used crime statistics to mask and excuse anti-black racism, violence, and discrimination across the nation, especially in the urban North. The Condemnation of Blackness is the most thorough historical account of the enduring link between blackness and criminality in the making of modern urban America. It is a startling examination of why the echoes of America's Jim Crow past continue to resonate in 'color-blind' crime rhetoric today."--Book jacket.

Financial Crime and Crises in the Era of False Profits

Author: Robert H. Tillman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190639199
Release Date: 2017-03-27
Genre: Social Science

In this brief, accessible text, Robert Tillman, Henry N. Pontell, and William K. Black provide a thorough overview of financial crimes and crises and their consequences. Integrating theories and concepts from criminology, sociology, and economics to address major questions, they provide a concise and accessible yet in-depth introduction to the topic by reducing complex financial crimes to their essentials. About the Series Keynotes in Criminology and Criminal Justice, edited by Henry N. Pontell, provides essential knowledge on important contemporary matters of crime, law, and justice to a broad audience of readers. Volumes are written by leading scholars in that area. Concise, accessible, and affordable, these texts are designed to serve either as primers around which courses can be built or as supplemental books for a variety of courses.

Murderers and Life Imprisonment

Author: Eric Cullen
Publisher: Waterside Press
ISBN: 9781872870564
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Social Science

All about life imprisonment, the most severe sentence that can be passed in the UK and the ways in which the system tries to deal with dangerous and high-risk offenders - by a prison governor and psychologist with long experience of working with such people.