This guide for practicing statisticians, data scientists, and R users and programmers will teach the essentials of preprocessing: data leveraging the R programming language to easily and quickly turn noisy data into usable pieces of information. Data wrangling, which is also commonly referred to as data munging, transformation, manipulation, janitor work, etc., can be a painstakingly laborious process. Roughly 80% of data analysis is spent on cleaning and preparing data; however, being a prerequisite to the rest of the data analysis workflow (visualization, analysis, reporting), it is essential that one become fluent and efficient in data wrangling techniques. This book will guide the user through the data wrangling process via a step-by-step tutorial approach and provide a solid foundation for working with data in R. The author's goal is to teach the user how to easily wrangle data in order to spend more time on understanding the content of the data. By the end of the book, the user will have learned: How to work with different types of data such as numerics, characters, regular expressions, factors, and dates The difference between different data structures and how to create, add additional components to, and subset each data structure How to acquire and parse data from locations previously inaccessible How to develop functions and use loop control structures to reduce code redundancy How to use pipe operators to simplify code and make it more readable How to reshape the layout of data and manipulate, summarize, and join data sets
Learn how to use R to turn raw data into insight, knowledge, and understanding. This book introduces you to R, RStudio, and the tidyverse, a collection of R packages designed to work together to make data science fast, fluent, and fun. Suitable for readers with no previous programming experience, R for Data Science is designed to get you doing data science as quickly as possible. Authors Hadley Wickham and Garrett Grolemund guide you through the steps of importing, wrangling, exploring, and modeling your data and communicating the results. You’ll get a complete, big-picture understanding of the data science cycle, along with basic tools you need to manage the details. Each section of the book is paired with exercises to help you practice what you’ve learned along the way. You’ll learn how to: Wrangle—transform your datasets into a form convenient for analysis Program—learn powerful R tools for solving data problems with greater clarity and ease Explore—examine your data, generate hypotheses, and quickly test them Model—provide a low-dimensional summary that captures true "signals" in your dataset Communicate—learn R Markdown for integrating prose, code, and results
Use R to gather, clean, and manage financial data in structured and unstructured databases. Learn how to read and write the increasing volume and complexity of data from and between SQL and MongoDB databases. Data Wrangling teaches practitioners and students of financial data analysis the SQL and MongoDB database management skills they need to succeed in their analytic work. The authors, who have deep experience in the financial industry as well as in teaching quantitative finance, take most of the operational and programming examples that enrich their book from the financial arena, including both market data and text-based data. The concepts presented through these examples are nonetheless applicable to a wide range of fields, so data analysts from all industries will profit from this book. What You'll Learn Use a rich feature set of R for financial data analytics Employ an integrated comparison-based learning approach to SQL and NoSQL database management, including query and insert constructs Understand data wrangling best practices and solutions Be exposured to cutting-edge database technologies such as text-based analytics and their financial applications Study an abundance of practical examples from the real world of finance Who This Book Is For Data analysts in the financial industry, data analysts in nonfinancial fields, and those who deal with data in their professional or academic work
Author: Jonathan Carroll
Publisher: Pearson Professional
Release Date: 2017-06-28
Beyond Spreadsheets with R shows readers how to take raw data and transform it for use in computations, tables, graphs, and more. Whether they already have some programming experience or they're just a spreadsheet whiz looking for a more powerful data manipulation tool, this book will help programmers get started. Readers will discover the ins and outs of using the data-oriented R programming language and its many task-specific packages. By the end, readers will be master mungers, with a robust, reproducible workflow and the skills to use data to strengthen their conclusions! Purchase of the print book includes a free eBook in PDF, Kindle, and ePub formats from Manning Publications.
Learn how to program by diving into the R language, and then use your newfound skills to solve practical data science problems. With this book, you’ll learn how to load data, assemble and disassemble data objects, navigate R’s environment system, write your own functions, and use all of R’s programming tools. RStudio Master Instructor Garrett Grolemund not only teaches you how to program, but also shows you how to get more from R than just visualizing and modeling data. You’ll gain valuable programming skills and support your work as a data scientist at the same time. Work hands-on with three practical data analysis projects based on casino games Store, retrieve, and change data values in your computer’s memory Write programs and simulations that outperform those written by typical R users Use R programming tools such as if else statements, for loops, and S3 classes Learn how to write lightning-fast vectorized R code Take advantage of R’s package system and debugging tools Practice and apply R programming concepts as you learn them
Much of the data available today is unstructured and text-heavy, making it challenging for analysts to apply their usual data wrangling and visualization tools. With this practical book, you’ll explore text-mining techniques with tidytext, a package that authors Julia Silge and David Robinson developed using the tidy principles behind R packages like ggraph and dplyr. You’ll learn how tidytext and other tidy tools in R can make text analysis easier and more effective. The authors demonstrate how treating text as data frames enables you to manipulate, summarize, and visualize characteristics of text. You’ll also learn how to integrate natural language processing (NLP) into effective workflows. Practical code examples and data explorations will help you generate real insights from literature, news, and social media. Learn how to apply the tidy text format to NLP Use sentiment analysis to mine the emotional content of text Identify a document’s most important terms with frequency measurements Explore relationships and connections between words with the ggraph and widyr packages Convert back and forth between R’s tidy and non-tidy text formats Use topic modeling to classify document collections into natural groups Examine case studies that compare Twitter archives, dig into NASA metadata, and analyze thousands of Usenet messages
Author: Samuel E. Buttrey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2017-12-18
The only how-to guide offering a unified, systemic approach to acquiring, cleaning, and managing data in R Every experienced practitioner knows that preparing data for modeling is a painstaking, time-consuming process. Adding to the difficulty is that most modelers learn the steps involved in cleaning and managing data piecemeal, often on the fly, or they develop their own ad hoc methods. This book helps simplify their task by providing a unified, systematic approach to acquiring, modeling, manipulating, cleaning, and maintaining data in R. Starting with the very basics, data scientists Samuel E. Buttrey and Lyn R. Whitaker walk readers through the entire process. From what data looks like and what it should look like, they progress through all the steps involved in getting data ready for modeling. They describe best practices for acquiring data from numerous sources; explore key issues in data handling, including text/regular expressions, big data, parallel processing, merging, matching, and checking for duplicates; and outline highly efficient and reliable techniques for documenting data and recordkeeping, including audit trails, getting data back out of R, and more. The only single-source guide to R data and its preparation, it describes best practices for acquiring, manipulating, cleaning, and maintaining data Begins with the basics and walks readers through all the steps necessary to get data ready for the modeling process Provides expert guidance on how to document the processes described so that they are reproducible Written by seasoned professionals, it provides both introductory and advanced techniques Features case studies with supporting data and R code, hosted on a companion website A Data Scientist's Guide to Acquiring, Cleaning and Managing Data in R is a valuable working resource/bench manual for practitioners who collect and analyze data, lab scientists and research associates of all levels of experience, and graduate-level data mining students.
“We live in the age of data. In the last few years, the methodology of extracting insights from data or "data science" has emerged as a discipline in its own right. The R programming language has become one-stop solution for all types of data analysis. The growing popularity of R is due its statistical roots and a vast open source package library. The goal of “Beginning Data Science with R” is to introduce the readers to some of the useful data science techniques and their implementation with the R programming language. The book attempts to strike a balance between the how: specific processes and methodologies, and understanding the why: going over the intuition behind how a particular technique works, so that the reader can apply it to the problem at hand. This book will be useful for readers who are not familiar with statistics and the R programming language.
Turn your R code into packages that others can easily download and use. This practical book shows you how to bundle reusable R functions, sample data, and documentation together by applying author Hadley Wickham’s package development philosophy. In the process, you’ll work with devtools, roxygen, and testthat, a set of R packages that automate common development tasks. Devtools encapsulates best practices that Hadley has learned from years of working with this programming language. Ideal for developers, data scientists, and programmers with various backgrounds, this book starts you with the basics and shows you how to improve your package writing over time. You’ll learn to focus on what you want your package to do, rather than think about package structure. Learn about the most useful components of an R package, including vignettes and unit tests Automate anything you can, taking advantage of the years of development experience embodied in devtools Get tips on good style, such as organizing functions into files Streamline your development process with devtools Learn the best way to submit your package to the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN) Learn from a well-respected member of the R community who created 30 R packages, including ggplot2, dplyr, and tidyr
A key task that any aspiring data-driven organization needs to learn is data wrangling, the process of converting raw data into something truly useful. This practical guide provides business analysts with an overview of various data wrangling techniques and tools, and puts the practice of data wrangling into context by asking, "What are you trying to do and why?" Wrangling data consumes roughly 50-80% of an analyst’s time before any kind of analysis is possible. Written by key executives at Trifacta, this book walks you through the wrangling process by exploring several factors—time, granularity, scope, and structure—that you need to consider as you begin to work with data. You’ll learn a shared language and a comprehensive understanding of data wrangling, with an emphasis on recent agile analytic processes used by many of today’s data-driven organizations. Appreciate the importance—and the satisfaction—of wrangling data the right way. Understand what kind of data is available Choose which data to use and at what level of detail Meaningfully combine multiple sources of data Decide how to distill the results to a size and shape that can drive downstream analysis
Turn your noisy data into relevant, insight-ready information by leveraging the data wrangling techniques in Python and R About This Book This easy-to-follow guide takes you through every step of the data wrangling process in the best possible way Work with different types of datasets, and reshape the layout of your data to make it easier for analysis Get simple examples and real-life data wrangling solutions for data pre-processing Who This Book Is For If you are a data scientist, data analyst, or a statistician who wants to learn how to wrangle your data for analysis in the best possible manner, this book is for you. As this book covers both R and Python, some understanding of them will be beneficial. What You Will Learn Read a csv file into python and R, and print out some statistics on the data Gain knowledge of the data formats and programming structures involved in retrieving API data Make effective use of regular expressions in the data wrangling process Explore the tools and packages available to prepare numerical data for analysis Find out how to have better control over manipulating the structure of the data Create a dexterity to programmatically read, audit, correct, and shape data Write and complete programs to take in, format, and output data sets In Detail Around 80% of time in data analysis is spent on cleaning and preparing data for analysis. This is, however, an important task, and is a prerequisite to the rest of the data analysis workflow, including visualization, analysis and reporting. Python and R are considered a popular choice of tool for data analysis, and have packages that can be best used to manipulate different kinds of data, as per your requirements. This book will show you the different data wrangling techniques, and how you can leverage the power of Python and R packages to implement them. You'll start by understanding the data wrangling process and get a solid foundation to work with different types of data. You'll work with different data structures and acquire and parse data from various locations. You'll also see how to reshape the layout of data and manipulate, summarize, and join data sets. Finally, we conclude with a quick primer on accessing and processing data from databases, conducting data exploration, and storing and retrieving data quickly using databases. The book includes practical examples on each of these points using simple and real-world data sets to give you an easier understanding. By the end of the book, you'll have a thorough understanding of all the data wrangling concepts and how to implement them in the best possible way. Style and approach This is a practical book on data wrangling designed to give you an insight into the practical application of data wrangling. It takes you through complex concepts and tasks in an accessible way, featuring information on a wide range of data wrangling techniques with Python and R
Get complete instructions for manipulating, processing, cleaning, and crunching datasets in Python. Updated for Python 3.6, the second edition of this hands-on guide is packed with practical case studies that show you how to solve a broad set of data analysis problems effectively. You’ll learn the latest versions of pandas, NumPy, IPython, and Jupyter in the process. Written by Wes McKinney, the creator of the Python pandas project, this book is a practical, modern introduction to data science tools in Python. It’s ideal for analysts new to Python and for Python programmers new to data science and scientific computing. Data files and related material are available on GitHub. Use the IPython shell and Jupyter notebook for exploratory computing Learn basic and advanced features in NumPy (Numerical Python) Get started with data analysis tools in the pandas library Use flexible tools to load, clean, transform, merge, and reshape data Create informative visualizations with matplotlib Apply the pandas groupby facility to slice, dice, and summarize datasets Analyze and manipulate regular and irregular time series data Learn how to solve real-world data analysis problems with thorough, detailed examples
Author: Ajay Ohri
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2017-11-13
The definitive guide for statisticians and data scientists who understand the advantages of becoming proficient in both R and Python The first book of its kind, Python for R Users: A Data Science Approach makes it easy for R programmers to code in Python and Python users to program in R. Short on theory and long on actionable analytics, it provides readers with a detailed comparative introduction and overview of both languages and features concise tutorials with command-by-command translations—complete with sample code—of R to Python and Python to R. Following an introduction to both languages, the author cuts to the chase with step-by-step coverage of the full range of pertinent programming features and functions, including data input, data inspection/data quality, data analysis, and data visualization. Statistical modeling, machine learning, and data mining—including supervised and unsupervised data mining methods—are treated in detail, as are time series forecasting, text mining, and natural language processing. • Features a quick-learning format with concise tutorials and actionable analytics • Provides command-by-command translations of R to Python and vice versa • Incorporates Python and R code throughout to make it easier for readers to compare and contrast features in both languages • Offers numerous comparative examples and applications in both programming languages • Designed for use for practitioners and students that know one language and want to learn the other • Supplies slides useful for teaching and learning either software on a companion website Python for R Users: A Data Science Approach is a valuable working resource for computer scientists and data scientists that know R and would like to learn Python or are familiar with Python and want to learn R. It also functions as textbook for students of computer science and statistics. A. Ohri is the founder of Decisionstats.com and currently works as a senior data scientist. He has advised multiple startups in analytics off-shoring, analytics services, and analytics education, as well as using social media to enhance buzz for analytics products. Mr. Ohri's research interests include spreading open source analytics, analyzing social media manipulation with mechanism design, simpler interfaces for cloud computing, investigating climate change and knowledge flows. His other books include R for Business Analytics and R for Cloud Computing.
This book introduces readers to the fundamentals of creating presentation graphics using R, based on 100 detailed and complete scripts. It shows how bar and column charts, population pyramids, Lorenz curves, box plots, scatter plots, time series, radial polygons, Gantt charts, heat maps, bump charts, mosaic and balloon charts, and a series of different thematic map types can be created using R’s Base Graphics System. Every example uses real data and includes step-by-step explanations of the figures and their programming. The open source software R is an established standard and a powerful tool for various visualizing applications, integrating nearly all technologies relevant for data visualization. The basic software, enhanced by more than 7000 extension packs currently freely available, is intensively used by organizations including Google, Facebook and the CIA. The book serves as a comprehensive reference guide to a broad variety of applications in various fields. This book is intended for all kinds of R users, ranging from experts, for whom especially the example codes are particularly useful, to beginners, who will find the finished graphics most helpful in learning what R can actually deliver.