Daughters of Gaia

Author: Bella Vivante
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN: STANFORD:36105123210341
Release Date: 2007
Genre: History

Examines the lives of women across four ancient civilizations (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome) from their personal lives to their participation in the religious, economic, political, and creative spheres.

Eating to Excess The Meaning of Gluttony and the Fat Body in the Ancient World

Author: Susan E. Hill
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780313385070
Release Date: 2011-09-12
Genre: History

This provocative book explores how ancient notions about the fat body and the glutton in western culture both challenge and confirm ideas about what it means to be overweight and gluttonous today. • Contains various illustrations such as photographs of figures and statues from archeological sties and a depiction of a biblical scene of sacrifice • Provides a bibliography of primary and secondary sources after each chapter • Includes a comprehensive index of important topics

Warfare in the Ancient World From the Bronze Age to the Fall of Rome

Author: Stefan G. Chrissanthos
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780313041921
Release Date: 2008-10-30
Genre: History

From the clash of bronze weapons on bronze armor to the fall of Rome, war often decided the course of ancient history. This volume is a practical introduction to the study of warfare in the ancient world, beginning with Egypt and Mesopotamia, and tracing the advances made in battle tactics, technology, and government over hundreds of years, culminating with developments in Greece and the Roman Empire. The chronological structure allows the reader to trace certain general themes down through the centuries: how various civilizations waged war; who served in the various armies and why; who the generals and officers were who made the decisions in the field; what type of government controlled these armies; and from what type of society they sprang. Major events and important individuals are discussed in their historical contexts, providing a complete understanding of underlying causes, and enabling readers to follow the evolution of ancient warfare as armies and empires became steadily larger and more sophisticated. Yet as Chrissanthos makes clear, history comes full circle during this period. Rome's collapse in 476 C.E. inaugurated an unforeseen dark age in which great armies were left decimated despite advanced technology that, while proving decisive in the outcome of many critical battles and stand-offs, had vanished amidst the Empire's crumbling walls. In addition to the chronological treatment, Chrissanthos also includes sections on such important topics as chariot warfare, cavalry, naval warfare, elephants in battle, the face of battle, and such vital, but often-overlooked topics as the provisioning of the army with sufficient food and water. Eyewitness accounts are incorporated throughout each chapter, allowing the reader brief glimpses into the life and times of peasants and soldiers, generals and politicians, all of whom were dealing with war and its irreconcilable consequences from differing vantage points. Battle diagrams and maps are carefully placed throughout the text to help the reader visualize particular aspects of ancient warfare. The book also furnishes a detailed timeline and an extensive bibliography containing both modern and ancient sources.

Technology and Science in Ancient Civilizations

Author: Richard G. Olson
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780313065231
Release Date: 2009-12-21
Genre: History

Why did the Greeks excel in geometry, but lag begin the Mesopotamians in arithmetic? How were the great pyramids of Egypt and the Han tombs in China constructed? What did the complex system of canals and dykes in the Tigris and Euphrates river valley have to do with the deforestation of Lebanon's famed cedar forests? This work presents a cross-cultural comparison of the ways in which the ancients learned about and preserved their knowledge of the natural world, and the ways in which they developed technologies that enabled them to adapt to and shape their surroundings. Covering the major ancient civilizations - those of Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, Greece, the Indus Valley, and Meso-America - Olson explores how language and numbering systems influenced the social structure, how seemingly beneficial construction projects affected a civilization's rise or decline, how religion and magic shaped both medicine and agriculture, and how trade and the resulting cultural interactions transformed the making of both everyday household items and items intended as art. Along the way, Olson delves into how scientific knowledge and its technological applications changed the daily lives of the ancients.

Sport in Ancient Times

Author: Nigel B. Crowther
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0275987396
Release Date: 2007-01-01
Genre: History

Crowther offers a fascinating look at the role of sport as practiced in the ancient world. From the Prehistoric Age in Egypt, Sumeria, Mesopotamia, and Persia to the "historic period" in ancient Greece, Rome, and the Byzantine Empire, he not only probes the games themselves, but explores the ways in which athletics figured into cultural arenas that extended beyond physical prowess to military associations, rituals, status, and politics. Among the subjects covered are Cretan bull-leaping and Bronze-Age boxing, the ancient Olympic Games, gladiatorial contests, chariot racing, and the role of women in ancient sports.

Disorderly Women and the Order of God

Author: Michele A. Connolly
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9780567680617
Release Date: 2018-04-19
Genre: Religion

Michele A. Connolly's postcolonial analysis links the Gospel of Mark - produced in the context of the Roman Empire - with contemporary Australia, established initially as a colony of the British Empire. Feminist analysis of texts from two foundational events in Australian colonial history reveal that women in such texts tend to be marginalised, silenced and denigrated. Connolly posits that imperialist sexism, both ancient and modern, perceives women as a threat to the order that males alone can impose on the world. The Gospel of Mark portrays Jesus bringing the order of the Reign of God to combat the disorder of apocalyptic evil. Jesus' task is a markedly male project, against which eleven female characters are portrayed as disorderly distractions who are managed by being marginalised, silenced and denigrated, contradicting Jesus' message of mutual service and non-domination. In his death under apocalyptic power, Jesus is likewise depicted as isolated, silenced and denigrated, subtly associating femininity with chaos, failure and disgrace.

Politics and Society in Ancient Greece

Author: Nicholas F. Jones
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: 0275987655
Release Date: 2008
Genre: History

Every aspect of life (citizenship, business, literature, drama, art, sports, religion, and private life) in the ancient world was affected by political motives.

Controlling Desires

Author: Kirk Ormand
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: 0275988805
Release Date: 2009
Genre: History

Ormand demonstrates how the Greeks and Romans thought of sex and sexuality in ways fundamentally different from our own, with broad implications for social standing, citizenship, and personal identity.


ISBN: STANFORD:36105123444304
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Academic libraries

Jenseits der Macht

Author: Marilyn French
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 9783688107490
Release Date: 2017-12-15
Genre: Social Science

Die Geschichte der Menschheit ist zugleich und vor allem eine Geschichte der männlichen Macht, die vor Jahrtausenden mit den ersten Schritten zur Beherrschung der Natur einsetzte und sich heute angesichts der apokalyptischen Aura am Horizont der abendländischen Zivilisation einem verderblichen Ende zu nähern scheint. Vor diesem Hintergrund untersucht Marilyn French in ihrem umfassenden und mit reichhaltigem Quellenmaterial versehenen Werk die Ursprünge jener Macht und den Prozeß ihrer Ausweitung. Sie fragt nach ihren Auswirkungen auf die Lebensbedingungen von Mann und Frau in unterschiedlichen Kulturen und Epochen und forscht nach ihrem Niederschlag in exemplarischen Gesellschaftsbereichen: Theologie, politische Theorie, Rechtswesen, Medizin, Wirtschafts- und Erziehungswesen. Die Befunde addieren sich nicht nur zu einer allgemeingültigen Standortbestimmung der Frau und der feministischen Bewegung, sondern liefern den Beweis dafür, daß das Patriarchat weder die natürliche noch die unvermeidliche Organisationsform der menschlichen Gesellschaft darstellt. In ihrer Analyse entlarvt Marilyn French den kritischen Zustand der abendländischen Zivilisation als Folge der Zerstörung unserer moralischen Wertordnung durch die patriarchalische Machtgier. Sie weist zwingend nach, daß wir auf den Totalitarismus oder auf den Weltuntergang zusteuern, falls wir uns nicht eine Vision der menschlichen Zukunft zu eigen machen, die auf elementaren humanen Werten beruht: auf Werten, die in der Vergangenheit immer verächtlich als «weiblich» abgetan worden sind.

Die Juden im faschistischen Italien

Author: Michele Sarfatti
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783110373516
Release Date: 2014-07-28
Genre: History

Dieses Buch erzählt eine einzigartige Geschichte. Es ist die Geschichte einer jüdischen Gemeinschaft, die im 20. Jahrhundert eine der kleinsten unter denen der großen Staaten Europas war, aber auch die einzige, die sich einer seit zwanzig Jahrhunderten ununterbrochenen Präsenz rühmen konnte. Es ist die Geschichte einer jüdischen Bevölkerungsgruppe, die aus Antifaschisten, Nicht-Faschisten und (ein Einzelfall in Europa, der allerdings nur bis 1938 andauerte) Faschisten bestand. Das Buch erzählt, was in den Jahren von der Machterlangung des Faschismus (1922) bis zu seiner endgültigen Niederlage (1945) mit ihnen in Italien geschah. Es handelt sich um einen relativ kurzen Zeitabschnitt, der durch Daten begrenzt ist, welche sowohl für das gesamte Land als auch für die in ihm lebenden Juden epochale Übergänge darstellen. Sowohl das Leben als auch die Verfolgung der Juden bilden einen integrierenden und unverzichtbaren Teil der italienischen Geschichte.