Author: Robert Anderson
Publisher: A&C Black
Release Date: 2006-09-27
This book is both a concise history of British universities and their place in society over eight centuries, and a penetrating analysis of current university problems and policies as seen in the light of that history. It explains how the modern university system has developed since the Victorian era, and gives special attention to changes in policy since the Second World War, including the effects of the Robbins report, the rise and fall of the binary system, the impact of the Thatcher era, and the financial crises which have beset universities in recent years. A final chapter on the past and the present shows the continuing relevance of the ideals inherited from the past, and makes an important contribution to current controversies by identifying a distinctively British university model and discussing the historical relationship of state and market.
Originally published in 2001, Forming the Academic Profession in East Asia, examines the changing shape of the academic profession in South Korea, Malaysia and Singapore since the colonial period, and as a reflection of both the inherited models of higher education and their redefinition after the colonial period. The analysis takes into account the connections and disconnections between the colonial and postcolonial periods in shaping the academic profession.
This book focuses on sciences in the universities of Europe in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and the chapters in it provide an overview, mostly from the point of view of the history of science, of the different ways universities dealt with the institutionalization of science teaching and research. A useful book for understanding the deep changes that universities were undergoing in the last years of the 20th century. The book is organized around four central themes: 1) Universities in the longue durée; 2) Universities in diverse political contexts; 3) Universities and academic research; 4) Universities and discipline formation. The book is addressed at a broad readership which includes scholars and researchers in the field of General History, Cultural History, History of Universities, History of Education, History of Science and Technology, Science Policy, high school teachers, undergraduate and graduate students of sciences and humanities, and the general interested public.
Author: Marion Fourcade
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2009-03-09
Genre: Social Science
Economists and Societies is the first book to systematically compare the profession of economics in the United States, Britain, and France, and to explain why economics, far from being a uniform science, differs in important ways among these three countries. Drawing on in-depth interviews with economists, institutional analysis, and a wealth of scholarly evidence, Marion Fourcade traces the history of economics in each country from the late nineteenth century to the present, demonstrating how each political, cultural, and institutional context gave rise to a distinct professional and disciplinary configuration. She argues that because the substance of political life varied from country to country, people's experience and understanding of the economy, and their political and intellectual battles over it, crystallized in different ways--through scientific and mercantile professionalism in the United States, public-minded elitism in Britain, and statist divisions in France. Fourcade moves past old debates about the relationship between culture and institutions in the production of expert knowledge to show that scientific and practical claims over the economy in these three societies arose from different elites with different intellectual orientations, institutional entanglements, and social purposes. Much more than a history of the economics profession, Economists and Societies is a revealing exploration of American, French, and British society and culture as seen through the lens of their respective economic institutions and the distinctive character of their economic experts.
This collection, now in paperback, explores how universities are coping with the range of reforms and changes taking place across higher education today. Analyzing areas such as leadership, quality management, strategic thinking, collegiality and academic work, and from the perspective of different agents within higher education including students, academics and management, this book examines the various differences between reform attempts and the actual changes happening in universities.
Author: Anthony Bradney
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date: 2003-04-07
Most academics in university law schools would claim to offer a liberal education. Few have thought very much about what a liberal education in law means. Basing itself on a detailed examination of the theory of liberal education,this book looks at what the liberal university law school should be doing in terms of its teaching, research and administration.
Author: Clark Kerr
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release Date: 2001-03-02
America's university president extraordinaire adds a new chapter and preface to The Uses of the University, probably the most important book on the modern university ever written. This summa on higher education brings the research university into the new century. The multiversity that Clark Kerr so presciently discovered now finds itself in an age of apprehension with few certainties. Leaders of institutions of higher learning can be either hedgehogs or foxes in the new age. Kerr gives five general points of advice on what kinds of attitudes universities should adopt. He then gives a blueprint for action for foxes, suggesting that a few hedgehogs need to be around to protect university autonomy and the public weal. "No book ever written has provided such a penetrating description of the modern research university or offered such insightful comments on its special tensions and problems ... Anyone wishing to understand the American research university—past, present, and future—must begin with a careful reading of this book." —Derek Bok, President Emeritus, Harvard University
Author: Robert A. Nisbet
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Release Date: 1971
This is one of the most important books ever published about the American university. Robert Nisbet accuses universities of having betrayed themselves. Over the centuries they earned the respect of society by attempting to remain faithful to what he terms "the academic dogma," the pursuit of knowledge for its own sake. The measure of a university's greatness and of the stature of an individual scholar was determined not by the immediate usefulness of the work done, but by how much it contributed to scholarship, learning, and teaching. American universities abandoned this ideal, Nisbet charges, after World War II, welcoming onto their campuses academic entrepreneurs engaged in the "higher capitalism," the highly profitable sale of knowledge. This "reformation," says Nisbet, has resulted in the greatest change in the structure and values of the university that has occurred since their founding as guilds in the Middle Ages. And it may be responsible, for reasons he spells out in convincing detail, for their eventual demise as centers of learning. In her introduction, Gertrude Himmelfarb pays tribute to Robert Nisbet for his prescience in analyzing the reformation of the university in the postwar period. A second reformation, she says, has further undermined the academic dogma, first by applying the principles of affirmative action and multiculturalism to the curriculum as well as to student admissions and faculty hiring, and then by "deconstructing" the disciplines, thus subverting the ideas of truth, reason, and objectivity. The Degradation of the Academic Dogma is even more pertinent today than when it was first published a quarter of a century ago. For those concerned with the integrity of the university and of intellectual life, Robert Nisbet has once again proved himself a prophet and a mentor.
Author: Barbara M. Kehm
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Release Date: 2008-06-09
Genre: Social Science
Der Bologna-Prozess hat mit seinen umfassenden Reformen die Hochschullandschaft in Europa grundlegend verändert. Er führte unter anderem zur Öffnung für internationale Kooperationen und zu einem neuen Verständnis der Universität als Vorbereitung für den Beruf. Ulrich Teichler hat auf diesen Gebieten grundlegende Forschungsarbeit geleistet. In dieser Festschrift knüpfen renommierte Hochschulforscherinnen und -forscher an seine Arbeit an und analysieren aktuelle Entwicklungen.
English summary: This study analyses the consequences of the Great War on mentalities and political attitudes of English and German students. Comparing pre- and postwar attitudes of both student groups, it focusses on the role of masculinity, militarism and the consequences of victory and defeat. German description: Welche Auswirkungen hatte der Erste Weltkrieg auf die deutsche und englische Gesellschaft? Das Buch beantwortet diese Frage aus einer neuen Perspektive: Sonja Levsen untersucht, wie sich englische und deutsche Studenten vor und nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg als nationale Elite entwarfen. Durch den doppelten Vergleich kann Levsen zeigen, dass vor 1918 beiderseits des Kanals die Gemeinsamkeiten uberwogen. Ausschlaggebend fur die radikal divergierende Entwicklung nach 1918 sind die Folgen von Sieg und Niederlage im Weltkrieg: Wahrend der militarische Sieg in England einen Prozess der Pluralisierung und Individualisierung ermoglichte, fuhrte die Niederlage unter deutschen Studenten zu einer Fixierung auf Gemeinschaft, Nation und das Ideal militarischer Mannlichkeit.