Determining Thresholds of Complete Synchronization and Application

Author: Andrzej Stefanski
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812837677
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is devoted to the phenomenon of synchronization and its application for determining the values of Lyapunov exponents. In recent years, the idea of synchronization has become an object of great interest in many areas of science, e.g., biology, communication or laser physics. Over the last decade, new types of synchronization have been identified and some interesting new ideas concerning the synchronization have also appeared. This book presents the complete synchronization problem rather than just results from the research. The problem is demonstrated in relation to a kind of coupling applied between dynamical systems, whereby a unique classification of possible couplings is introduced. Another novel feature is the connection presented between synchronization and the problem of determining the Lyapunov exponents, especially for non-differentiable systems. A detailed proposal of such an estimation method and examples of its application are included.

A Practical Guide for Studying Chua s Circuits

Author: Recai Kilic
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814291149
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Chaotic behavior in systems

Autonomous and nonautonomous Chua''s circuits are of special significance in the study of chaotic system modeling, chaos-based science and engineering applications. Since hardware and software-based design and implementation approaches can be applied to Chua''s circuits, these circuits are also excellent educative models for studying and experimenting nonlinear dynamics and chaos. This book not only presents a collection of the author''s published papers on design, simulation and implementation of Chua''s circuits, it also provides a systematic approach to practising chaotic dynamics.

Fractional Order Systems

Author: Riccardo Caponetto
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814304207
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Computers

This book aims to propose implementations and applications of Fractional Order Systems (FOS). It is well known that FOS can be applied in control applications and systems modeling, and their effectiveness has been proven in many theoretical works and simulation routines. A further and mandatory step for FOS real world utilization is their hardware implementation and applications on real systems modeling. With this viewpoint, introductive chapters on FOS are included, on the definition of stability region of Fractional Order PID Controller and Chaotic FOS, followed by the practical implementation based on Microcontroller, Field Programmable Gate Array, Field Programmable Analog Array and Switched Capacitor. Another section is dedicated to FO modeling of Ionic Polymeric Metal Composite (IPMC). This new material may have applications in robotics, aerospace and biomedicine.

Development of Memristor Based Circuits

Author: Herbert Ho-Ching Iu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814383387
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Mathematics

Summary: "As memristors are not yet on the market, the development of memristor emulators and memristor based circuits is very important for real and practical engineering applications. The objectives of this book are to review the basic concepts of the memristor, describe state-of-the-art memristor based circuits and to stimulate further research and development in this area."--Preface.

Bifurcations in Piecewise smooth Continuous Systems

Author: David John Warwick Simpson
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814293846
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Science

Real-world systems that involve some non-smooth change are often well-modeled by piecewise-smooth systems. However there still remain many gaps in the mathematical theory of such systems. This doctoral thesis presents new results regarding bifurcations of piecewise-smooth, continuous, autonomous systems of ordinary differential equations and maps. Various codimension-two, discontinuity induced bifurcations are unfolded in a rigorous manner. Several of these unfoldings are applied to a mathematical model of the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (a common yeast). The nature of resonance near border-collision bifurcations is described; in particular, the curious geometry of resonance tongues in piecewise-smooth continuous maps is explained in detail. NeimarkSacker-like border-collision bifurcations are both numerically and theoretically investigated. A comprehensive background section is conveniently provided for those with little or no experience in piecewise-smooth systems.

Modeling by Nonlinear Differential Equations

Author: Paul Edgar Phillipson
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814271608
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Mathematics

This book aims to provide mathematical analyses of nonlinear differential equations, which have proved pivotal to understanding many phenomena in physics, chemistry and biology. Topics of focus are autocatalysis and dynamics of molecular evolution, relaxation oscillations, deterministic chaos, reaction diffusion driven chemical pattern formation, solitons and neuron dynamics. Included is a discussion of processes from the viewpoints of reversibility, reflected by conservative classical mechanics, and irreversibility introduced by the dissipative role of diffusion. Each chapter presents the subject matter from the point of one or a few key equations, whose properties and consequences are amplified by approximate analytic solutions that are developed to support graphical display of exact computer solutions. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Theme and Contents of this Book (85 KB). Contents: Theme and Contents of this Book; Processes in closed and Open Systems; Dynamics of Molecular Evolution; Relaxation Oscillations; Order and Chaos; Reaction Diffusion Dynamics; Solitons; Neuron Pulse Propagation; Time Reversal, Dissipation and Conservation. Readership: Advanced undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in physics, chemistry, biology or bioinformatics who are interested in mathematical modeling.

Physarum Machines

Author: Andrew Adamatzky
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814327589
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Computers

A Physarum machine is a programmable amorphous biological computer experimentally implemented in the vegetative state of true slime mould Physarum polycephalum. It comprises an amorphous yellowish mass with networks of protoplasmic veins, programmed by spatial configurations of attracting and repelling gradients. This book demonstrates how to create experimental Physarum machines for computational geometry and optimization, distributed manipulation and transportation, and general-purpose computation. Being very cheap to make and easy to maintain, the machine also functions on a wide range of substrates and in a broad scope of environmental conditions. As such a Physarum machine is a 'green' and environmentally friendly unconventional computer. The book is readily accessible to a nonprofessional reader, and is a priceless source of experimental tips and inventive theoretical ideas for anyone who is inspired by novel and emerging non-silicon computers and robots. An account on Physarum Machines can be viewed at http: //www.youtube.com/user/PhysarumMachines.

Discrete Systems with Memory

Author: Ramon Alonso-Sanz
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814343633
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Science

Memory is a universal function of organized matter. What is the mathematics of memory? How does memory affect the space-time behaviour of spatially extended systems? Does memory increase complexity? This book provides answers to these questions. It focuses on the study of spatially extended systems, i.e., cellular automata and other related discrete complex systems. Thus, arrays of locally connected finite state machines, or cells, update their states simultaneously, in discrete time, by the same transition rule. The classical dynamics in these systems is Markovian: only the actual configuration is taken into account to generate the next one. Generalizing the conventional view on spatially extended discrete dynamical systems evolution by allowing cells (or nodes) to be featured by some trait state computed as a function of its own previous state-values, the transition maps of the classical systems are kept unaltered, so that the effect of memory can be easily traced. The book demonstrates that discrete dynamical systems with memory are not only priceless tools for modeling natural phenomena but unique mathematical and aesthetic objects.

Qualitative and Asymptotic Analysis of Differential Equations with Random Perturbations

Author: Anatoliy M Samoilenko
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814462396
Release Date: 2011-06-07
Genre: Mathematics

Differential equations with random perturbations are the mathematical models of real-world processes that cannot be described via deterministic laws, and their evolution depends on random factors. The modern theory of differential equations with random perturbations is on the edge of two mathematical disciplines: random processes and ordinary differential equations. Consequently, the sources of these methods come both from the theory of random processes and from the classic theory of differential equations. This work focuses on the approach to stochastic equations from the perspective of ordinary differential equations. For this purpose, both asymptotic and qualitative methods which appeared in the classical theory of differential equations and nonlinear mechanics are developed. Contents:Differential Equations with Random Right-Hand Sides and Impulsive EffectsInvariant Sets for Systems with Random PerturbationsLinear and Quasilinear Stochastic Ito SystemsExtensions of Ito Systems on a TorusThe Averaging Method for Equations with Random Perturbations Readership: Graduate students and researchers in mathematics and physics. Keywords:Stochastic Systems;Invariant Manifold;Invariant Torus;Lyapunov Function;Stability;Periodic Solutions;Reduction PrincipleKey Features:Develops new methods of studying the stochastic differential equations; contrary to the existing purely probabilistic methods, these methods are based on the differential equations approachStudies new classes of stochastic systems, for instance, the stochastic expansions of dynamical systems on the torus, enabling the study of general oscillatory systems subject to the influences of random factorsBridges the gap between the stochastic differential equations and ordinary differential equations, namely, it describes which properties of the ordinary differential equations remain unchanged, and which new properties appear in the stochastic caseReviews: "This book is well written and readable. Most results included in the book are by the authors. All chapters contain a final section with comments and references, where the authors make a detailed description of the origin of the results. This is a helpful point for all readers, especially for researchers in the field." Mathematical Reviews "This monograph collects a great variety of stimulating results concerning random perturbation theory always deeply rooted in the classical theory of ordinary differential equations and celestial mechanics. Despite its technical content the text is written in a clear and accessible way, with many insightful explanations. The fact that each chapter closes with a detailed review on the current literature and the historic development of the theory is highly appreciated." Zentralblatt MATH

2 D Quadratic Maps and 3 D ODE Systems

Author: Elhadj Zeraoulia
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814307741
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Science

This book is based on research on the rigorous proof of chaos and bifurcations in 2-D quadratic maps, especially the invertible case such as the Hnon map, and in 3-D ODE's, especially piecewise linear systems such as the Chua's circuit. In addition, the book covers some recent works in the field of general 2-D quadratic maps, especially their classification into equivalence classes, and finding regions for chaos, hyperchaos, and non-chaos in the space of bifurcation parameters. Following the main introduction to the rigorous tools used to prove chaos and bifurcations in the two representative systems, is the study of the invertible case of the 2-D quadratic map, where previous works are oriented toward Hnon mapping. 2-D quadratic maps are then classified into 30 maps with well-known formulas. Two proofs on the regions for chaos, hyperchaos, and non-chaos in the space of the bifurcation parameters are presented using a technique based on the second-derivative test and bounds for Lyapunov exponents. Also included is the proof of chaos in the piecewise linear Chua's system using two methods, the first of which is based on the construction of Poincar map, and the second is based on a computer-assisted proof. Finally, a rigorous analysis is provided on the bifurcational phenomena in the piecewise linear Chua's system using both an analytical 2-D mapping and a 1-D approximated Poincar mapping in addition to other analytical methods.

A Nonlinear Dynamics Perspective of Wolfram s New Kind of Science

Author: Leon O. Chua
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: UCSD:31822037159183
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Computers

Volume III continues the author's quest for developing a pedagogical, self-contained, yet rigorous analytical theory of 1-D cellular automata via a nonlinear dynamics perspective. Using carefully conceived and illuminating color graphics, the global dynamical behaviors of the 50 (out of 256) local rules that have not yet been covered in Volumes I and II are exposed via their stunningly revealing basin tree diagrams. The Bernoulli ??-shift dynamics discovered in Volume II is generalized to hold for all 50 (or 18 globally equivalent) local rules via complex and hyper Bernoulli wave dynamics. Explicit global state transition formulas derived for rules 60, 90, 105, and 150 reveal a new scale-free phenomenon. The most surprising new result unveiled in this volume is the “Isle of Eden” found hidden in most (almost 90%) of the 256 local rules. Readers are challenged to hunt for long-period, isolated Isles of Eden. These are rare gems waiting to be discovered.

Deterministic Chaos in One Dimensional Continuous Systems

Author: Jan Awrejcewicz
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814719711
Release Date: 2016-03-14
Genre: Mathematics

This book focuses on the computational analysis of nonlinear vibrations of structural members (beams, plates, panels, shells), where the studied dynamical problems can be reduced to the consideration of one spatial variable and time. The reduction is carried out based on a formal mathematical approach aimed at reducing the problems with infinite dimension to finite ones. The process also includes a transition from governing nonlinear partial differential equations to a set of finite number of ordinary differential equations. Beginning with an overview of the recent results devoted to the analysis and control of nonlinear dynamics of structural members, placing emphasis on stability, buckling, bifurcation and deterministic chaos, simple chaotic systems are briefly discussed. Next, bifurcation and chaotic dynamics of the Euler–Bernoulli and Timoshenko beams including the geometric and physical nonlinearity as well as the elastic–plastic deformations are illustrated. Despite the employed classical numerical analysis of nonlinear phenomena, the various wavelet transforms and the four Lyapunov exponents are used to detect, monitor and possibly control chaos, hyper-chaos, hyper-hyper-chaos and deep chaos exhibited by rectangular plate-strips and cylindrical panels. The book is intended for post-graduate and doctoral students, applied mathematicians, physicists, teachers and lecturers of universities and companies dealing with a nonlinear dynamical system, as well as theoretically inclined engineers of mechanical and civil engineering. Contents:Bifurcational and Chaotic Dynamics of Simple Structural Members:BeamsPlatesPanelsShellsIntroduction to Fractal Dynamics:Cantor Set and Cantor DustKoch Snowflake1D MapsSharkovsky's TheoremJulia SetMandelbrot's SetIntroduction to Chaos and Wavelets:Routes to ChaosQuantifying Chaotic DynamicsSimple Chaotic Models:IntroductionAutonomous SystemsNon-Autonomous SystemsDiscrete and Continuous Dissipative Systems:IntroductionLinear FrictionNonlinear FrictionHysteretic FrictionImpact DampingDamping in Continuous 1D SystemsEuler-Bernoulli Beams:IntroductionPlanar BeamsLinear Planar Beams and Stationary Temperature FieldsCurvilinear Planar Beams and Stationary Temperature and Electrical FieldsBeams with Elasto-Plastic DeformationsMulti-Layer BeamsTimoshenko and Sheremetev-Pelekh Beams:The Timoshenko BeamsThe Sheremetev-Pelekh BeamsConcluding RemarksPanels:Infinite Length PanelsCylindrical Panels of Infinite LengthPlates and Shells:Plates with Initial ImperfectionsFlexible Axially-Symmetric Shells Readership: Post-graduate and doctoral students, applied mathematicians, physicists, mechanical and civil engineers. Key Features:Includes fascinating and rich dynamics exhibited by simple structural members and by the solution properties of the governing 1D non-linear PDEs, suitable for applied mathematicians and physicistsCovers a wide variety of the studied PDEs, their validated reduction to ODEs, classical and non-classical methods of analysis, influence of various boundary conditions and control parameters, as well as the illustrative presentation of the obtained results in the form of colour 2D and 3D figures and vibration type charts and scalesContains originally discovered, illustrated and discussed novel and/or modified classical scenarios of transition from regular to chaotic dynamics exhibited by 1D structural members, showing a way to control chaotic and bifurcational dynamics, with directions to study other dynamical systems modeled by chains of nonlinear oscillators

Synchronization in Complex Networks of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems

Author: Chai Wah Wu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812709745
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Mathematics

This book brings together two emerging research areas: synchronization in coupled nonlinear systems and complex networks, and study conditions under which a complex network of dynamical systems synchronizes. While there are many texts that study synchronization in chaotic systems or properties of complex networks, there are few texts that consider the intersection of these two very active and interdisciplinary research areas. The main theme of this book is that synchronization conditions can be related to graph theoretical properties of the underlying coupling topology. The book introduces ideas from systems theory, linear algebra and graph theory and the synergy between them that are necessary to derive synchronization conditions. Many of the results, which have been obtained fairly recently and have until now not appeared in textbook form, are presented with complete proofs. This text is suitable for graduate-level study or for researchers who would like to be better acquainted with the latest research in this area. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Introduction (76 KB). Contents: Graphs, Networks, Laplacian Matrices and Algebraic Connectivity; Graph Models; Synchronization in Networks of Nonlinear Continuous-Time Dynamical Systems; Synchronization in Networks of Coupled Discrete-Time Systems; Synchronization in Network of Systems with Linear Dynamics; Agreement and Consensus Problems in Groups of Interacting Agents. Readership: Graduate students and researchers in physics, applied mathematics and engineering.

Nonlinear Dynamics of Interacting Populations

Author: A. D. Bazykin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9810216858
Release Date: 1998
Genre: Science

This book contains a systematic study of ecological communities of two or three interacting populations. Starting from the Lotka-Volterra system, various regulating factors are considered, such as rates of birth and death, predation and competition. The different factors can have a stabilizing or a destabilizing effect on the community, and their interplay leads to increasingly complicated behavior. Studying and understanding this path to greater dynamical complexity of ecological systems constitutes the backbone of this book. On the mathematical side, the tool of choice is the qualitative theory of dynamical systems — most importantly bifurcation theory, which describes the dependence of a system on the parameters. This approach allows one to find general patterns of behavior that are expected to be observed in ecological models. Of special interest is the reaction of a given model to disturbances of its present state, as well as to changes in the external conditions. This leads to the general idea of “dangerous boundaries” in the state and parameter space of an ecological system. The study of these boundaries allows one to analyze and predict qualitative and often sudden changes of the dynamics — a much-needed tool, given the increasing antropogenic load on the biosphere.As a spin-off from this approach, the book can be used as a guided tour of bifurcation theory from the viewpoint of application. The interested reader will find a wealth of intriguing examples of how known bifurcations occur in applications. The book can in fact be seen as bridging the gap between mathematical biology and bifurcation theory.