Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309289542
Release Date: 2014-05-29
Genre: Education

Assessments, understood as tools for tracking what and how well students have learned, play a critical role in the classroom. Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards develops an approach to science assessment to meet the vision of science education for the future as it has been elaborated in A Framework for K-12 Science Education (Framework) and Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). These documents are brand new and the changes they call for are barely under way, but the new assessments will be needed as soon as states and districts begin the process of implementing the NGSS and changing their approach to science education. The new Framework and the NGSS are designed to guide educators in significantly altering the way K-12 science is taught. The Framework is aimed at making science education more closely resemble the way scientists actually work and think, and making instruction reflect research on learning that demonstrates the importance of building coherent understandings over time. It structures science education around three dimensions - the practices through which scientists and engineers do their work, the key crosscutting concepts that cut across disciplines, and the core ideas of the disciplines - and argues that they should be interwoven in every aspect of science education, building in sophistication as students progress through grades K-12. Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards recommends strategies for developing assessments that yield valid measures of student proficiency in science as described in the new Framework. This report reviews recent and current work in science assessment to determine which aspects of the Framework's vision can be assessed with available techniques and what additional research and development will be needed to support an assessment system that fully meets that vision. The report offers a systems approach to science assessment, in which a range of assessment strategies are designed to answer different kinds of questions with appropriate degrees of specificity and provide results that complement one another. Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards makes the case that a science assessment system that meets the Framework's vision should consist of assessments designed to support classroom instruction, assessments designed to monitor science learning on a broader scale, and indicators designed to track opportunity to learn. New standards for science education make clear that new modes of assessment designed to measure the integrated learning they promote are essential. The recommendations of this report will be key to making sure that the dramatic changes in curriculum and instruction signaled by Framework and the NGSS reduce inequities in science education and raise the level of science education for all students.

Guide to Implementing the Next Generation Science Standards

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309305150
Release Date: 2015-03-27
Genre: Education

A Framework for K-12 Science Education and Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) describe a new vision for science learning and teaching that is catalyzing improvements in science classrooms across the United States. Achieving this new vision will require time, resources, and ongoing commitment from state, district, and school leaders, as well as classroom teachers. Successful implementation of the NGSS will ensure that all K-12 students have high-quality opportunities to learn science. Guide to Implementing the Next Generation Science Standards provides guidance to district and school leaders and teachers charged with developing a plan and implementing the NGSS as they change their curriculum, instruction, professional learning, policies, and assessment to align with the new standards. For each of these elements, this report lays out recommendations for action around key issues and cautions about potential pitfalls. Coordinating changes in these aspects of the education system is challenging. As a foundation for that process, Guide to Implementing the Next Generation Science Standards identifies some overarching principles that should guide the planning and implementation process. The new standards present a vision of science and engineering learning designed to bring these subjects alive for all students, emphasizing the satisfaction of pursuing compelling questions and the joy of discovery and invention. Achieving this vision in all science classrooms will be a major undertaking and will require changes to many aspects of science education. Guide to Implementing the Next Generation Science Standards will be a valuable resource for states, districts, and schools charged with planning and implementing changes, to help them achieve the goal of teaching science for the 21st century.

Science Teachers Learning

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309380188
Release Date: 2016-01-15
Genre: Education

Currently, many states are adopting the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) or are revising their own state standards in ways that reflect the NGSS. For students and schools, the implementation of any science standards rests with teachers. For those teachers, an evolving understanding about how best to teach science represents a significant transition in the way science is currently taught in most classrooms and it will require most science teachers to change how they teach. That change will require learning opportunities for teachers that reinforce and expand their knowledge of the major ideas and concepts in science, their familiarity with a range of instructional strategies, and the skills to implement those strategies in the classroom. Providing these kinds of learning opportunities in turn will require profound changes to current approaches to supporting teachers' learning across their careers, from their initial training to continuing professional development. A teacher's capability to improve students' scientific understanding is heavily influenced by the school and district in which they work, the community in which the school is located, and the larger professional communities to which they belong. Science Teachers' Learning provides guidance for schools and districts on how best to support teachers' learning and how to implement successful programs for professional development. This report makes actionable recommendations for science teachers' learning that take a broad view of what is known about science education, how and when teachers learn, and education policies that directly and indirectly shape what teachers are able to learn and teach. The challenge of developing the expertise teachers need to implement the NGSS presents an opportunity to rethink professional learning for science teachers. Science Teachers' Learning will be a valuable resource for classrooms, departments, schools, districts, and professional organizations as they move to new ways to teach science.

Validation of Score Meaning for the Next Generation of Assessments

Author: Kadriye Ercikan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781317483342
Release Date: 2017-03-27
Genre: Education

Despite developments in research and practice on using examinee response process data in assessment design, the use of such data in test validation is rare. Validation of Score Meaning in the Next Generation of Assessments Using Response Processes highlights the importance of validity evidence based on response processes and provides guidance to measurement researchers and practitioners in creating and using such evidence as a regular part of the assessment validation process. Response processes refer to approaches and behaviors of examinees when they interpret assessment situations and formulate and generate solutions as revealed through verbalizations, eye movements, response times, or computer clicks. Such response process data can provide information about the extent to which items and tasks engage examinees in the intended ways. With contributions from the top researchers in the field of assessment, this volume includes chapters that focus on methodological issues and on applications across multiple contexts of assessment interpretation and use. In Part I of this book, contributors discuss the framing of validity as an evidence-based argument for the interpretation of the meaning of test scores, the specifics of different methods of response process data collection and analysis, and the use of response process data relative to issues of validation as highlighted in the joint standards on testing. In Part II, chapter authors offer examples that illustrate the use of response process data in assessment validation. These cases are provided specifically to address issues related to the analysis and interpretation of performance on assessments of complex cognition, assessments designed to inform classroom learning and instruction, and assessments intended for students with varying cultural and linguistic backgrounds.

STEM Learning Is Everywhere

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309306454
Release Date: 2014-09-03
Genre: Education

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) permeate the modern world. The jobs people do, the foods they eat, the vehicles in which they travel, the information they receive, the medicines they take, and many other facets of modern life are constantly changing as STEM knowledge steadily accumulates. Yet STEM education in the United States, despite the importance of these subjects, is consistently falling short. Many students are not graduating from high school with the knowledge and capacities they will need to pursue STEM careers or understand STEM-related issues in the workforce or in their roles as citizens. For decades, efforts to improve STEM education have focused largely on the formal education system. Learning standards for STEM subjects have been developed, teachers have participated in STEM-related professional development, and assessments of various kinds have sought to measure STEM learning. But students do not learn about STEM subjects just in school. Much STEM learning occurs out of school--in organized activities such as afterschool and summer programs, in institutions such as museums and zoos, from the things students watch or read on television and online, and during interactions with peers, parents, mentors, and role models. To explore how connections among the formal education system, afterschool programs, and the informal education sector could improve STEM learning, a committee of experts from these communities and under the auspices of the Teacher Advisory Council of the National Research Council, in association with the California Teacher Advisory Council organized a convocation that was held in February 2014. Entitled "STEM Learning Is Everywhere: Engaging Schools and Empowering Teachers to Integrate Formal, Informal, and Afterschool Education to Enhance Teaching and Learning in Grades K-8," the convocation brought together more than 100 representatives of all three sectors, along with researchers, policy makers, advocates, and others, to explore a topic that could have far-reaching implications for how students learn about STEM subjects and how educational activities are organized and interact. This report is the summary of that meeting. STEM Learning is Everywhere explores how engaging representatives from the formal, afterschool, and informal education sectors in California and from across the United States could foster more seamless learning of STEM subjects for students in the elementary and middle grades. The report also discusses opportunities for STEM that may result from the new expectations of the Next Generation Science Standards and the Common Core Standards for Mathematics and Language Arts.

Das Handbuch f r Startups

Author: Bob Dorf
Publisher: O'Reilly Germany
ISBN: 9783955618131
Release Date: 2014-11-04
Genre: Business & Economics

Ein Startup ist nicht die Miniaturausgabe eines etablierten Unternehmens, sondern eine temporäre, flexible Organisation auf der Suche nach einem nachhaltigen Geschäftsmodell: Das ist die zentrale Erkenntnis, die dem "Handbuch für Startups" zugrundeliegt. Es verbindet den Lean-Ansatz, Prinzipien des Customer Development sowie Konzepte wie Design Thinking und (Rapid) Prototyping zu einem umfassenden Vorgehensmodell, mit dem sich aus Ideen und Innovationen tragfähige Geschäftsmodelle entwickeln lassen. Lean Startup & Customer Development: Der Lean-Ansatz für Startups basiert, im Unterschied zum klassischen Vorgehen, nicht auf einem starren Businessplan, der drei Jahre lang unverändert umzusetzen ist, sondern auf einem beweglichen Modell, das immer wieder angepasst wird. Sämtliche Bestandteile der Planung – von den Produkteigenschaften über die Zielgruppen bis hin zum Vertriebsmodell – werden als Hypothesen gesehen, die zu validieren bzw. zu falsifizieren sind. Erst nachdem sie im Austausch mit den potenziellen Kunden bestätigt wurden und nachhaltige Verkäufe möglich sind, verlässt das Startup seine Suchphase und widmet sich der Umsetzung und Skalierung seines Geschäftsmodells. Der große Vorteil: Fehlannahmen werden erheblich früher erkannt – nämlich zu einem Zeitpunkt, an dem man noch die Gelegenheit hat, Änderungen vorzunehmen. Damit erhöhen sich die Erfolgsaussichten beträchtlich. Für den Praxiseinsatz: Sämtliche Schritte werden in diesem Buch detailliert beschrieben und können anhand der zahlreichen Checklisten nachvollzogen werden. Damit ist das Handbuch ein wertvoller Begleiter und ein umfassendes Nachschlagewerk für Gründerinnen & Gründer. Von deutschen Experten begleitet: Die deutsche Ausgabe des international erfolgreichen Handbuchs entstand mit fachlicher Unterstützung von Prof. Dr. Nils Högsdal und Entrepreneur Daniel Bartel, die auch ein deutsches Vorwort sowie sieben Fallstudien aus dem deutschsprachigen Raum beisteuern.

Seeing Students Learn Science

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309444323
Release Date: 2017-04-24
Genre: Education

Science educators in the United States are adapting to a new vision of how students learn science. Children are natural explorers and their observations and intuitions about the world around them are the foundation for science learning. Unfortunately, the way science has been taught in the United States has not always taken advantage of those attributes. Some students who successfully complete their Kâ€"12 science classes have not really had the chance to “do†science for themselves in ways that harness their natural curiosity and understanding of the world around them. The introduction of the Next Generation Science Standards led many states, schools, and districts to change curricula, instruction, and professional development to align with the standards. Therefore existing assessmentsâ€"whatever their purposeâ€"cannot be used to measure the full range of activities and interactions happening in science classrooms that have adapted to these ideas because they were not designed to do so. Seeing Students Learn Science is meant to help educators improve their understanding of how students learn science and guide the adaptation of their instruction and approach to assessment. It includes examples of innovative assessment formats, ways to embed assessments in engaging classroom activities, and ideas for interpreting and using novel kinds of assessment information. It provides ideas and questions educators can use to reflect on what they can adapt right away and what they can work toward more gradually.

Teaching the Scientific Literature Review Collaborative Lessons for Guided Inquiry 2nd Edition

Author: Randell K. Schmidt
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9781610697408
Release Date: 2014-04-21
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

An essential resource for teachers and librarians who work with students in the later high school years through college and graduate school levels, this book explains and simplifies the scholarly task of researching and writing a scientific literature review. • Teaches the Information Search Process (ISP) of Carol Kuhlthau through carefully designed workshops that guide students through the inquiry process • Encourages inquiry into science-based subjects by directing students towards a topic of personal interest linked to those studied in their science class • Aligns instruction on researching and writing a scientific literature review with the Common Core State Standards • Covers use of databases, general press articles, peer-reviewed studies, white papers, and creating tables, charts, and graphs

What Are They Thinking

Author: Page Keeley
Publisher: NSTA Press
ISBN: 9781938946653
Release Date: 2014-04-01
Genre: Education

"Children are continually developing ideas and explanations about their natural world. … Some of these ideas are consistent with the science children are taught; others differ significantly from scientific explanations. Many of these ideas will follow students into adulthood if they remain hidden from the teacher and unresolved. The challenge for teachers is to find ways to elicit these ideas and then use appropriate strategies to move students’ learning forward.” —Page Keeley, author of the bestselling NSTA Press series Uncovering Student Ideas in Science You don’t have to become a mind reader to understand the ideas young students bring to science class. This collection will help you draw out and then recognize what students know—or think they know—about the natural world. What Are They Thinking? is a compendium of 30 “Formative Assessment Probes” columns from NSTA’s elementary journal Science and Children. Each chapter provides: • A sample formative assessment probe: a set of interesting questions that root out commonly held, often-mistaken ideas. Geared to elementary students, probe topics range from why you can see the Moon in the daytime to where water goes when it evaporates to what is or isn’t a rock. Your students’ answers to each probe will help you take a step back and figure out how to guide them from where they are conceptually to where they need to be. • Accompanying teacher notes: easy-to-grasp explanations and advice that tell you how to encourage evidence-based discussion and then monitor students’ understanding. • A bonus feature: a set of study group questions written especially for this compendium by award-winning author Page Keeley. So forget about acquiring psychic powers. Instead, turn to What Are They Thinking? to transform both your teaching and your students’ learning about science.

Uncovering Student Ideas in Astronomy

Author: Page Keeley
Publisher: NSTA Press
ISBN: 9781936137381
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Science

What do your students know or think they know about what causes night and day, whether the Moon orbits the Earth, and why the Sun keeps glowing? Find out with this book on astronomy, the latest in NSTA s popular Uncovering Student Ideas in Science series. The 45 astronomy probes provide situations that will pique your students interest while helping you evaluate their understanding (or misunderstanding) of how the universe operates. The book is organised into four broad sections: the Earth and gravity; the Earth, Sun, and Moon system; the solar system and gravity in space; and stars, galaxies, and the universe. As the authors note, it s not always easy to help students untangle mistaken ideas. Using this powerful set of tools to identify students preconceptions is an excellent first step to helping your students achieve scientific understanding.


Approaches and Strategies in Next Generation Science Learning

Author: Khine, Myint Swe
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781466628106
Release Date: 2013-01-31
Genre: Education

Approaches and Strategies in Next Generation Science Learning examines the challenges involved in the development of modern curriculum models, teaching strategies, and assessments in science education in order to prepare future students in the 21st century economies. This comprehensive collection of research brings together science educators, researchers and administrators interested in enhancing the teaching and learning of next generation science.

Science Formative Assessment Volume 1

Author: Page Keeley
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 9781483352190
Release Date: 2015-09-09
Genre: Education

Formative assessment informs the design of learning opportunities that take students from their existing ideas of science to the scientific ideas and practices that support conceptual understanding. Science Formative Assessment shows K-12 educators how to weave formative assessment into daily instruction. Discover 75 assessment techniques linked to the Next Generation Science Standards and give classroom practices a boost with: Descriptions of how each technique promotes learning Charts linking core concepts at each grade level to scientific practices Implementation guidance, such as required materials and student grouping Modifications for different learning styles Ideas for adapting techniques to other content areas