Author: David Gadd
Release Date: 2011-10-19
Genre: Social Science
Conducting research into crime and criminal justice carries unique challenges. This Handbook focuses on the application of 'methods' to address the core substantive questions that currently motivate contemporary criminological research. It maps a canon of methods that are more elaborated than in most other fields of social science, and the intellectual terrain of research problems with which criminologists are routinely confronted. Drawing on exemplary studies, chapters in each section illustrate the techniques (qualitative and quantitative) that are commonly applied in empirical studies, as well as the logic of criminological enquiry. Organized into five sections, each prefaced by an editorial introduction, the Handbook covers: • Crime and Criminals • Contextualizing Crimes in Space and Time: Networks, Communities and Culture • Perceptual Dimensions of Crime • Criminal Justice Systems: Organizations and Institutions • Preventing Crime and Improving Justice Edited by leaders in the field of criminological research, and with contributions from internationally renowned experts, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods is set to become the definitive resource for postgraduates, researchers and academics in criminology, criminal justice, policing, law, and sociology. David Gadd is Professor of Criminology at Manchester University School of Law where he is also Director of the Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice. Susanne Karstedt has a Chair in Criminology and Criminological Justice at the University of Leeds. Steven F. Messner is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology, University at Albany, State University of New York.
Author: Gregory J. Howard
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Social Science
According to Durkheim comparative sociology is sociology itself. Comparative criminology goes back to the days of Durkheim, but today it is possible to conduct group comparisons in many settings and with an incredible array of data. This book represents a variety of approaches making comparisons. The emphasis is on creative methods, challenging theory and unusual subject matter. Topics range from Micro-Macro Criminology to Police Strength and from Women Police to Crime Prevention Policies in the UK and the US.
Author: Pamela Stewart
Publisher: A&C Black
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Social Science
This book provides a wide ranging introduction to the meaning and context of violence. The authors build upon David Riches's concept of "the triangle of violence" which examines the relationship between performers, victims and witnesses and his proposition that violence is marked by contests regarding its legitimacy as a social act. Adopting an approach which looks at the negotiated and contingent nature of violent behavior, Stewart and Strathern particularly stress the powerful underlying motivation for revenge and the often unacknowledged association between ideas of revenge and concepts of justice.These theoretical perspectives are applied to in-depth case studies from Rwanda-Urundi, Sri Lanka and Northern Ireland. The authors also draw on extensive field experience in Papua New Guinea, and ethnographic detail is used to address broader issues of considerable global importance.>
Marilyn Strathern is among the most creative and celebrated contemporary anthropologists, and her work draws interest from across the humanities and social sciences. Redescribing Relations brings some of Strathern's most committed and renowned readers into conversation in her honour – especially on themes she has rarely engaged. The volume not only deepens our understanding of Strathern's work, it also offers models of how to extend her relational insights to new terrains. With a comprehensive introduction, a complete list of Strathern's publications and a historic interview published in English for the first time, this is an invaluable resource for Strathern's old and new interlocutors alike.
Author: Sandra C. Bamford
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Social Science
This book is a part of the Ritual Studies Monograph series.This collection of original essays critically examines the relationship between ritual, embodiment, and social change in the South Pacific. Over the past few decades, the societies of Melanesia have undergone profound and revolutionary social change. Encounters with colonialism, postcolonialism, and the forces of globalization have put indigenous peoples in touch with processes of state formation, late capitalist culture, and the emergence of a complex network of transnational identities. In addition to shaping the contours of the nation state, these developments are having a profound impact on the nature of embodied experience. In recent years, many Melanesian societies have witnessed the rise of charismatic Christianity, changing gender configurations, and the growing use of consumerism as a means of defining new social and political hierarchies.Embodying Modernity and Postmodernity provides detailed analyses of those social changes that are becoming part of contemporary Melanesia. Written by scholarly experts with first-hand fieldwork experience, this volume furnishes novel insights concerning the social implications of modernity and postmodernity. More specifically, it addresses two interrelated themes: how the rise of new social and economic forms has influenced the ways in which Melanesians think about, experience and act upon their bodies, and the ways in which these new forms of bodily experience contribute to the emergence of new social and cultural identities.
Author: Tony Crook
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2007
The Min peoples of Papua New Guinea are renowned for their secret male initiation rituals and have proven to be one of the most enigmatic cultures in anthropological experience. This study analyses the 'Min problem', and argues that the root of this long-standing interpretative impasse has been in Anthropology's view of secrecy and knowledge. Because Barth's pioneering work in this small corner of Melanesia still exerts an important influence on the discipline's contemporary view of knowledge, the implications of this critique go far beyond a little known problem and raise fundamental questions about the nature of anthropological knowledge itself. In Bolivip, knowledge-making is perceived as exchanging skin and bodily resources with others, and is withheld until a person is capable of bearing it. The argument uses these understandings to consider our own assumptions, and works through alternating chapters. An imagistic ethnography of Bolivip with vivid descriptions of life in the rainforest, supported by high quality illustrations, describes how arboreal and horticultural metaphors motivate the growth of persons and plants. These chapters alternate with ethnographies of anthropological knowledge proposing new readings of Melanesianist texts by Mead, Bateson and Fortune; Weiner and Strathern; and Barth. Having suggested that the root of the Min problem also underpins a wider impasse in anthropological knowledge, the study concludes with a new analytical figure, 'the textual person', that suggests a more promising future for anthropological knowledge.
Author: Greg Fry
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Release Date: 2008-10-15
Genre: Political Science
Intervention and State-Building in the Pacific explores state-building intervention in weak, war-torn, or failing states through a critical examination of a new model that has recently emerged in relation to the Pacific "arc of crisis." Initiated by the Australian Government in 2003, this "cooperative intervention" doctrine--built on declared principles of partnership and respect for sovereignty--seems to offer a legitimate way to engage in state-building intervention. Drawing on a group of distinguished Pacific specialists, this book mounts a critique of these claims, showing how international legitimacy does not automatically translate into political legitimacy among those in the affected societies and how the attempt to legitimize the intervention internationally may actually work against such legitimacy in the recipient state.