Differential Geometry Lie Groups and Symmetric Spaces

Author: Sigurdur Helgason
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821828489
Release Date: 2001-06-12
Genre: Mathematics

A great book ... a necessary item in any mathematical library. --S. S. Chern, University of California A brilliant book: rigorous, tightly organized, and covering a vast amount of good mathematics. --Barrett O'Neill, University of California This is obviously a very valuable and well thought-out book on an important subject. --Andre Weil, Institute for Advanced Study The study of homogeneous spaces provides excellent insights into both differential geometry and Lie groups. In geometry, for instance, general theorems and properties will also hold for homogeneous spaces, and will usually be easier to understand and to prove in this setting. For Lie groups, a significant amount of analysis either begins with or reduces to analysis on homogeneous spaces, frequently on symmetric spaces. For many years and for many mathematicians, Sigurdur Helgason's classic Differential Geometry, Lie Groups, and Symmetric Spaces has been--and continues to be--the standard source for this material. Helgason begins with a concise, self-contained introduction to differential geometry. Next is a careful treatment of the foundations of the theory of Lie groups, presented in a manner that since 1962 has served as a model to a number of subsequent authors. This sets the stage for the introduction and study of symmetric spaces, which form the central part of the book. The text concludes with the classification of symmetric spaces by means of the Killing-Cartan classification of simple Lie algebras over $\mathbb{C}$ and Cartan's classification of simple Lie algebras over $\mathbb{R}$, following a method of Victor Kac. The excellent exposition is supplemented by extensive collections of useful exercises at the end of each chapter. All of the problems have either solutions or substantial hints, found at the back of the book. For this edition, the author has made corrections and added helpful notes and useful references. Sigurdur Helgason was awarded the Steele Prize for Differential Geometry, Lie Groups, and Symmetric Spaces and Groups and Geometric Analysis.

Matrizen und Lie Gruppen

Author: Wolfgang Kühnel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783834899057
Release Date: 2010-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

Dies ist eine Einführung in die mathematische Theorie der Lie-Gruppen. Etwa die erste Hälfte des Buches handelt von Matrizengruppen. Abstrakte Konzepte (auch Mannigfaltigkeiten) werden erst in der zweiten Hälfte vorgestellt. Zur Motivation und zum besseren historischen Verständnis sind kurze Texte klassischer Autoren (wie Sophus Lie selbst) mit eingeflochten. Außerdem gibt es zur Anschaulichkeit ein eigenes Kapitel, das ausschließlich von diversen geometrischen Transformationsgruppen handelt. Dabei wird konkret auf die klassischen Geometrien eingegangen. Als Vorkenntnisse werden nur die üblichen Studieninhalte des ersten Jahres im Mathematik- oder Physik-Studium vorausgesetzt, soweit sie die Analysis und die Lineare Algebra betreffen. Das Buch beginnt damit auf sehr elementarem Niveau. Alles andere wird nicht nur eingeführt, sondern alle Sätze werden auch bewiesen. Auf Verständlichkeit wird großen Wert gelegt. Daher eignet sich das Buch insbesondere als Begleittext zu Lehrveranstaltungen (auch Proseminaren) in den Bachelor-Studiengängen, aber auch im Lehramtsstudium und zum Selbststudium. Das Buch enthält zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungshinweisen oder vollständiger Lösung.

Global Differential Geometry

Author: Christian Bär
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642228421
Release Date: 2011-12-18
Genre: Mathematics

This volume contains a collection of well-written surveys provided by experts in Global Differential Geometry to give an overview over recent developments in Riemannian Geometry, Geometric Analysis and Symplectic Geometry. The papers are written for graduate students and researchers with a general interest in geometry, who want to get acquainted with the current trends in these central fields of modern mathematics.

Representation Theory and Harmonic Analysis on Symmetric Spaces

Author: Jens Gerlach Christensen
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470440701
Release Date: 2018-08-27
Genre: Festschriften

This volume contains the proceedings of the AMS Special Session on Harmonic Analysis, in honor of Gestur Ólafsson's 65th birthday, held on January 4, 2017, in Atlanta, Georgia. The articles in this volume provide fresh perspectives on many different directions within harmonic analysis, highlighting the connections between harmonic analysis and the areas of integral geometry, complex analysis, operator algebras, Lie algebras, special functions, and differential operators. The breadth of contributions highlights the diversity of current research in harmonic analysis and shows that it continues to be a vibrant and fruitful field of inquiry.

Analysis and Algebra on Differentiable Manifolds

Author: Pedro M. Gadea
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400759527
Release Date: 2012-12-30
Genre: Mathematics

This is the second edition of this best selling problem book for students, now containing over 400 completely solved exercises on differentiable manifolds, Lie theory, fibre bundles and Riemannian manifolds. The exercises go from elementary computations to rather sophisticated tools. Many of the definitions and theorems used throughout are explained in the first section of each chapter where they appear. A 56-page collection of formulae is included which can be useful as an aide-mémoire, even for teachers and researchers on those topics. In this 2nd edition: • 76 new problems • a section devoted to a generalization of Gauss’ Lemma • a short novel section dealing with some properties of the energy of Hopf vector fields • an expanded collection of formulae and tables • an extended bibliography Audience This book will be useful to advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics, theoretical physics and some branches of engineering with a rudimentary knowledge of linear and multilinear algebra.

Differentialgeometrie

Author: Wolfgang Kühnel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783834896551
Release Date: 2010-04-14
Genre: Mathematics

Dieses Buch ist eine Einführung in die Differentialgeometrie. Zunächst geht es um die klassischen Aspekte wie die Geometrie von Kurven und Flächen, bevor dann höherdimensionale Flächen sowie abstrakte Mannigfaltigkeiten betrachtet werden. Die Nahtstelle ist dabei das zentrale Kapitel "Die innere Geometrie von Flächen". Dieses führt den Leser bis hin zu dem berühmten Satz von Gauß-Bonnet, der ein entscheidendes Bindeglied zwischen lokaler und globaler Geometrie darstellt. Die zweite Hälfte des Buches ist der Riemannschen Geometrie gewidmet. Den Abschluss bildet ein Kapitel über "Einstein-Räume", die eine große Bedeutung sowohl in der "Reinen Mathematik" als auch in der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie von A. Einstein haben. Es wird großer Wert auf Anschaulichkeit gelegt, was durch zahlreiche Abbildungen unterstützt wird. Im Laufe der Neuauflagen wurde der Text erweitert, neue Aufgaben wurden hinzugefügt und am Ende des Buches wurden zusätzliche Hinweise zur Lösung der Übungsaufgaben ergänzt. Der Text wurde für die fünfte Auflage gründlich durchgesehen und an einigen Stellen verbessert.

Non Associative Algebra and Its Applications

Author: Lev Sabinin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420003453
Release Date: 2006-01-13
Genre: Mathematics

With contributions derived from presentations at an international conference, Non-Associative Algebra and Its Applications explores a wide range of topics focusing on Lie algebras, nonassociative rings and algebras, quasigroups, loops, and related systems as well as applications of nonassociative algebra to geometry, physics, and natural sciences. This book covers material such as Jordan superalgebras, nonassociative deformations, nonassociative generalization of Hopf algebras, the structure of free algebras, derivations of Lie algebras, and the identities of Albert algebra. It also includes applications of smooth quasigroups and loops to differential geometry and relativity.

An Introduction to Lie Groups and the Geometry of Homogeneous Spaces

Author: Andreas Arvanitogeōrgos
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821827789
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Mathematics

It is remarkable that so much about Lie groups could be packed into this small book. But after reading it, students will be well-prepared to continue with more advanced, graduate-level topics in differential geometry or the theory of Lie groups. The theory of Lie groups involves many areas of mathematics. In this book, Arvanitoyeorgos outlines enough of the prerequisites to get the reader started. He then chooses a path through this rich and diverse theory that aims for an understanding of the geometry of Lie groups and homogeneous spaces. In this way, he avoids the extra detail needed for a thorough discussion of other topics. Lie groups and homogeneous spaces are especially useful to study in geometry, as they provide excellent examples where quantities (such as curvature) are easier to compute. A good understanding of them provides lasting intuition, especially in differential geometry. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and research mathematicians interested in differential geometry and neighboring fields, such as topology, harmonic analysis, and mathematical physics.

Differential Geometry and Integrable Systems

Author: Martin A. Guest
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821829387
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Mathematics

Ideas and techniques from the theory of integrable systems are playing an increasingly important role in geometry. Thanks to the development of tools from Lie theory, algebraic geometry, symplectic geometry, and topology, classical problems are investigated more systematically. New problems are also arising in mathematical physics. A major international conference was held at the University of Tokyo in July 2000. It brought together scientists in all of the areas influenced by integrable systems. This book is the first of three collections of expository and research articles. This volume focuses on differential geometry. It is remarkable that many classical objects in surface theory and submanifold theory are described as integrable systems. Having such a description generally reveals previously unnoticed symmetries and can lead to surprisingly explicit solutions.Surfaces of constant curvature in Euclidean space, harmonic maps from surfaces to symmetric spaces, and analogous structures on higher-dimensional manifolds are some of the examples that have broadened the horizons of differential geometry, bringing a rich supply of concrete examples into the theory of integrable systems. Many of the articles in this volume are written by prominent researchers and will serve as introductions to the topics. It is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in integrable systems and their relations to differential geometry, topology, algebraic geometry, and physics. The second volume from this conference, also available from the 'AMS', is ""Integrable Systems, Topology, and Physics, Volume 309"" in the ""Contemporary Mathematics"" series. The forthcoming third volume will be published by the Mathematical Society of Japan and will be available outside of Japan from the 'AMS' in the ""Advanced Studies in Pure Mathematics"" series.

Differentialgeometrie Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662453001
Release Date: 2015-02-23
Genre: Science

Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Lie Groups and Symmetric Spaces

Author: Semen Grigorʹevich Gindikin
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 082183472X
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Mathematics

This book contains survey and research articles devoted mainly to geometry and harmonic analysis of symmetric spaces and to corresponding aspects of group representation theory. The volume is dedicated to the memory of Russian mathematician, F. I. Karpelevich (1927-2000). Of particular interest are the survey articles by Sawyer on the Abel transform on noncompact Riemannian symmetric spaces, and by Anker and Ostellari on estimates for heat kernels on such spaces, as well as the article by Bernstein and Gindikin on integral geometry for families of curves. There are also many research papers on topics of current interest. The book is suitable for graduate students and research mathematicians interested in harmonic analysis and representation theory.

Introduction to Algebraic Curves

Author: Phillip Griffiths
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821845301
Release Date: 1989
Genre: Courbes algébriques

This book offers a comprehensive treatment of geometric analysis on symmetric spaces, with applications to representation theory. The author's thorough, accurate approach brings the reader up to date on current research in analysis on symmetric spaces and the analytic approach to the representation theory of semisimple Lie groups. The author is a 1988 Steele Prize recipient for his earlier books in this area.