Author: Harriet E. W. Crawford
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1998-03-12
Harriet Crawford presents a scholarly account of the archaeology of the Arabian Gulf from c.4500–1500 BC. It offers an interpretation of the structure of society in the Early Dilmun period (c.2000–1500 BC) using material from the excavated site of Saar on the main Bahrain island. The urban, centralized and probably literate society in Dilmun is contrasted with the contemporary societies in Oman and the Emirates. Here there is evidence from buildings and graves for a loosely knit, apparently tribal society. Both societies were greatly influenced by their participation in the complex trade routes which linked them with ancient Mesopotamia to the north and the Indus Valley to the south east, but developed their own distinctive cultures. The reason for their divergent development seems to relate to the fact that Dilmun was an entrepot, while the Oman peninsula was a source of raw materials.
Author: Harald Haarmann
Release Date: 2019-02-14
Die alten Griechen und Ägypter stehen in jedem Geschichtsbuch, aber was ist mit dem sagenhaften Goldland Punt oder dem paradiesischen Dilmun? Viele Kulturen sind heute nur noch in Sagen von exotischen Ländern oder archäologischen Zeugnissen greifbar. Harald Haarmann nimmt in seinem kurzweiligen Buch 25 dieser Stiefkinder unter die Lupe und zeigt, was uns bisher entgangen ist. Manche Kulturen werden für immer vergessen bleiben, andere haben zumindest Spuren hinterlassen, denen wir folgen können. Harald Haarmann entdeckt steinzeitliche Siedlungen am Baikalsee, geht dem Rätsel der Pelasger nach, der vorindoeuropäischen Bevölkerung Griechenlands, findet einen historischen Kern in den Geschichten von den Amazonen-Kriegerinnen vom Schwarzen Meer, erklärt die seltsame Kultur der Osterinsel, die durch hausgemachte Umweltprobleme unterging, und beschreibt die jüngst entdeckten Reste von Großsiedlungen in der südlichen Amazonas-Region, wo man bisher nur Jäger und Sammler im unberührten Urwald vermutet hat. Insgesamt zeigen die 25 Stiefkinder, dass die Menschheit mehr Optionen hatte, als wir denken. In einer Zeit, in der uns die Schattenseiten unserer eigenen Kultur bewusst werden, sollten wir uns an die verlorenen Pfade erinnern. Mit 52 Abbildungen und Karten.
Author: Malcolm C. Peck
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
Release Date: 2007-12-20
The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of the Gulf Arab States comes at a time when the world's attention is riveted on the Middle East. The small states covered in this volume_Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)_possess about 20 percent of the world's total oil reserves. Beyond the strategic and economic importance conferred upon them by their vast oil reserves, the Gulf Arab states are worthy of attention for the inherent interest of their history and culture. No area of the world has yielded more revealing and exciting archaeological finds in the past few decades than these states. Investigations have brought to light extensive evidence of an important culture as old as Egypt of the Pharaohs or ancient Babylon, which was virtually unknown previously except through rare references in the records of other civilizations. This expanded second edition covers the history of the five countries through a chronology broken down by country, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and several hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, places, and events of each country. Everything from the Abbasids to Zubarah is covered in this essential reference on this increasingly important region of the world.
Author: Stephen K. Stein
Release Date: 2017-04-30
This two-volume set documents the essential role of the sea and maritime activity across history, from travel and food production to commerce and conquest. • Provides a broad survey of the importance of the oceans for all of human culture and civilization, including coverage of diverse cultures such as the Polynesians, Vikings, Minoans, and many others • Describes the voyages of the great explorers and places them in a broad multinational and multicultural perspective • Traces the human use of the sea over time, noting activities and historic events such as piracy, the slave trade, fishing, and whaling, as well as describing commerce in ancient and modern contexts
The ancient Mesoptamian city of Ur was a Sumerian city state which flourished as a centre of trade and civilisation between 2800–2000 BCE. However, in the recent past it suffered from the disastrous Gulf war and from neglect. It still remains a potent symbol for people of all faiths and will have an important role to play in the future. This account of Ur's past looks at both the ancient city and its evolution over centuries, and its archaeological interpretation in more recent times. From the 19th century explorers and their identification of the site of Mukayyar as the Biblical city of Ur, the study proceeds to look in detail at the archaeologist Leonard Woolley and his key discoveries during the 1920s and 30s. Using the findings as a framework and utilising the latest evidence from environmental, historical and archaeological studies, the volume explores the site's past in chronological order from the Ubaid period in the 5th millennium to the death of Alexander. It looks in detail at the architectural remains: the sacred buildings, royal graves and also the private housing which provides a unique record of life 4000 years ago. The volume also describes the part played by Ur in the Gulf war and discusses the problems raised for archaeologists in the war's aftermath.
Presenting the results of a recent archaeological survey of the region, this book attempts to uncover the history of Bahrain during the period between the 6th and 13th centuries AD, of which little is currently understood.