Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2001 im Fachbereich Informatik - Wirtschaftsinformatik, Note: 0,7, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen, Veranstaltung: Internetokonomie, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Arbeit untersucht Starken und Schwachen des "Distributed Computing." Beginnend mit der gesamtokonomischen Betrachtung werden allokative Effekte und das wirtschaftliche Potential untersucht. Der zweite Teil widmet sich den Anreizeffekten der Marktteilnehmer bis hin zu betriebswirtschaftlichen Entscheidungskriterien. Die Anwendung wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Standardmethoden wird kombiniert mit Modellen aus der Informationstechnik. Den Nachfragern nach Rechenleistung wird eine Palette von Werkzeugen zur Entscheidungsfindung geliefert. Kommerziellen Anbietern der Dienstleistung des Distributed Computing werden die Chancen und Risiken dargelegt."
Author: Hagit Attiya
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2004-03-25
The explosive growth of distributed computing systems makes understanding them imperative. To make this notoriously difficult subject accessible, 'Distributed Computing; Fundamentals, Simulations, and Advanced Topics; Second Edition', provides a solid introduction to the mathematical foundations and theory of distributed computing, highlighting common themes and basic techniques. The authors present the fundamental issues underlying the design of distributed systems - communication, coordination, synchronization, and uncertainty - as well as fundamental algorithmic concepts and lower-bound techniques. The book’s unifying approach emphasizes the similarities between different models and explains inherent discrepancies between them.
Author: Vijay K. Garg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2002-05-23
A lucid and up-to-date introduction to the fundamentals of distributed computing systems As distributed systems become increasingly available, the need for a fundamental discussion of the subject has grown. Designed for first-year graduate students and advanced undergraduates as well as practicing computer engineers seeking a solid grounding in the subject, this well-organized text covers the fundamental concepts in distributed computing systems such as time, state, simultaneity, order, knowledge, failure, and agreement in distributed systems. Departing from the focus on shared memory and synchronous systems commonly taken by other texts, this is the first useful reference based on an asynchronous model of distributed computing, the most widely used in academia and industry. The emphasis of the book is on developing general mechanisms that can be applied to a variety of problems. Its examples-clocks, locks, cameras, sensors, controllers, slicers, and synchronizers-have been carefully chosen so that they are fundamental and yet useful in practical contexts. The text's advantages include: Emphasizes general mechanisms that can be applied to a variety of problems Uses a simple induction-based technique to prove correctness of all algorithms Includes a variety of exercises at the end of each chapter Contains material that has been extensively class tested Gives instructor flexibility in choosing appropriate balance between practice and theory of distributed computing
Das Distributed Computing Environment (DCE) der Open Software Foundation (OSF) stellt eine Reihe von Softwarekomponenten bereit, um die Erstellung verteilter Anwendungsprogramme auf Rechnernetzen zu erleichtern. Dem Leser wird ein praxisnaher Überblick über OSF DCE vermittelt und konkrete Hilfestellung beim Einsatz dieser Systemumgebung geboten. Neben der detaillierten Darstellung der einzelnen Komponenten werden auch konzeptionelle Grundlagen erläutert, um das Verständnis auch ohne weiteres Spezialwissen zu gewährleisten. Graphische Illustrationen, tabellarischer Vergleich wichtiger Grundkonzepte, Programmbeispiele, Informationen über Produkte und Systemlösungen, sowie Index und Literaturverzeichnis erhöhen den praktischen Nutzen des Werkes.
Author: David Peleg
Release Date: 2000-01-01
Genre: Electronic data processing
Presents the locality-sensitive approach to distributed network algorithms-the utilization of locality to simplify control structures and algorithms and reduce their costs. The author begins with an introductory exposition of distributed network algorithms focusing on topics that illustrate the role of locality in distributed algorithmic techniques. He then introduces locality-preserving network representations and describes sequential and distributed techniques for their construction. Finally, the applicability of the locality-sensitive approach is demonstrated through several applications. Gives a thorough exposition of network spanners and other locality-preserving network representations such as sparse covers and partitions. The book is useful for computer scientists interested in distributed computing, electrical engineers interested in network architectures and protocols, and for discrete mathematicians and graph theorists.
This book shows how to build software in which two or more computers cooperate to produce results. It covers Java's RMI (Remote Method Invocation) facility, in addition to CORBA and strategies for developing a distributed framework. It pays attention to often-neglected issues such as protocol design, security, and bandwidth requirements.
Author: Albert Y. Zomaya
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 1996
With over 1,000 pages and a wealth of illustrations and data tables, this handbook offers readers the first information source with the scope to encompass the parallel and distributed computing revolution. Written by an international team of experts, the book summarizes the current state of the art, interprets the most promising trends, and spotlights commercial applications.
Author: Kenneth P. Birman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 1995-07-14
This book summarizes the current knowledge on a cascade of gene regulation levels which operate in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells and which has until recently been poorly understood. While transcriptional control of eukaryotic genes has been extensively researched and the understanding of this process has reached very sophisticated levels, post- transcriptional control has received much less attention. As the contributions in this book demonstrate, not only is post-transcriptional control in eukaryotes better understood, it is now thought to be a major player in gene expression control in a number of key processes, i.e. control of cell proliferation, gametogenesis and early development or cellular homeostasis.
Author: Ajay D. Kshemkalyani
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2011-03-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Designing distributed computing systems is a complex process requiring a solid understanding of the design problems and the theoretical and practical aspects of their solutions. This comprehensive textbook covers the fundamental principles and models underlying the theory, algorithms and systems aspects of distributed computing. Broad and detailed coverage of the theory is balanced with practical systems-related issues such as mutual exclusion, deadlock detection, authentication, and failure recovery. Algorithms are carefully selected, lucidly presented, and described without complex proofs. Simple explanations and illustrations are used to elucidate the algorithms. Important emerging topics such as peer-to-peer networks and network security are also considered. With vital algorithms, numerous illustrations, examples and homework problems, this textbook is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of electrical and computer engineering and computer science. Practitioners in data networking and sensor networks will also find this a valuable resource. Additional resources are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521876346.
Author: Hansruedi Tremp
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date: 2016-12-05
Mobile und Distributed Computing gehört zu den Megatrends der IT. Dieses Lehrbuch gibt Studierende sowie interessierten Praktikern einen aktuellen Überblick über dieses sich rasch entwickelnde Themengebiet. Die Autoren beleuchten dabei folgende Aspekte: - Public Land Mobile Networks (PLMN) - Mobile Devices - Mobile Operating Systems (OS) - Mobile App Development - Distributed Architecture - Enterprise Mobile Management (EMM) - Mobile Security - Mobile Business Modelle
Author: F.M.T. Brazier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2011-09-28
This book represents the combined peer-reviewed proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing -- IDC 2011 and of the Third International Workshop on Multi-Agent Systems Technology and Semantics -- MASTS 2011. Both events were held in Delft, The Netherlands during October 5-7, 2011. The 33 contributions published in this book address many topics related to theory and applications of intelligent distributed computing and multi-agent systems, including: adaptive and autonomous distributed systems, agent programming, ambient assisted living systems, business process modeling and verification, cloud computing, coalition formation, decision support systems, distributed optimization and constraint satisfaction, gesture recognition, intelligent energy management in WSNs, intelligent logistics, machine learning, mobile agents, parallel and distributed computational intelligence, parallel evolutionary computing, trust metrics and security, scheduling in distributed heterogenous computing environments, semantic Web service composition, social simulation, and software agents for WSNs.
In 1992 we initiated a research project on large scale distributed computing systems (LSDCS). It was a collaborative project involving research institutes and universities in Bologna, Grenoble, Lausanne, Lisbon, Rennes, Rocquencourt, Newcastle, and Twente. The World Wide Web had recently been developed at CERN, but its use was not yet as common place as it is today and graphical browsers had yet to be developed. It was clear to us (and to just about everyone else) that LSDCS comprising several thousands to millions of individual computer systems (nodes) would be coming into existence as a consequence both of technological advances and the demands placed by applications. We were excited about the problems of building large distributed systems, and felt that serious rethinking of many of the existing computational paradigms, algorithms, and structuring principles for distributed computing was called for. In our research proposal, we summarized the problem domain as follows: “We expect LSDCS to exhibit great diversity of node and communications capability. Nodes will range from (mobile) laptop computers, workstations to supercomputers. Whereas mobile computers may well have unreliable, low bandwidth communications to the rest of the system, other parts of the system may well possess high bandwidth communications capability. To appreciate the problems posed by the sheer scale of a system comprising thousands of nodes, we observe that such systems will be rarely functioning in their entirety.
Author: M. Kara
Publisher: IOS Press
Release Date: 1996-01-01
Annotation Abstract Machine Models have played a profound though frequently unacknowledged role in the development of modern computing systems. They provide a precise definition of vital concepts, allow system complexity to be managed by providing appropriate views of the activity under consideration, enable reasoning about the correctness and quantitative performance of proposed problem solutions, and encourage communication through a common medium of expression. Abstract Models in Parallel and Distributed computing have a particularly important role in the development of contemporary systems, encapsulating and controlling an inherently high degree of complexity. The Parallel and Distributed computing communities have traditionally considered themselves to be separate. However, there is a significant contemporary interest in both of these communities in a common hardware model; a set of workstation-class machines connected by a high-performance network. The traditional Parallel/Distributed distinction therefore appears under threat.
Author: Gadi Taubenfeld
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date: 2018-05-08
Computers and computer networks are one of the most incredible inventions of the 20th century, having an ever-expanding role in our daily lives by enabling complex human activities in areas such as entertainment, education, and commerce. One of the most challenging problems in computer science for the 21st century is to improve the design of distributed systems where computing devices have to work together as a team to achieve common goals. In this book, I have tried to gently introduce the general reader to some of the most fundamental issues and classical results of computer science underlying the design of algorithms for distributed systems, so that the reader can get a feel of the nature of this exciting and fascinating field called distributed computing. The book will appeal to the educated layperson and requires no computer-related background. I strongly suspect that also most computer knowledgeable readers will be able to learn something new.