Author: Louise Howard
Publisher: RCPsych Publications
Release Date: 2013
People with mental health problems are more likely to be a victim of domestic violence than the general population. This text offers practical guidance on how mental health professionals can identify and respond to domestic violence experienced by their patients.
This Handbookprovides a clear introduction to the theoretical debates surrounding the topic of domestic violence, and also offers practical advice on possible interventions. Focusing on improving the care of clients it covers: the causes and consequences of domestic violence personal and professional issues for the practitioner domestic violence and the law the process of effective intervention interventions in specific health care settings interventions where children are involved multi-agency approaches education and training. Taking an evidence-based approach to practical problems, Domestic Violenceis an invaluable resource for nurses, doctors and other health practitioners who deal with the consequences of domestic violence in their daily work.
First published in 1997, this book marks a culmination of a three year research programme focused upon the incidence of domestic violence in Leicester. The study examined the levels of violence, the details of applicants and respondents and the nature of complaints, as well as the policies applied and the problems faced by those enforcing the law. The books sets the findings in the context of the policies on protection of victims of domestic violence, the problems they face and protection after 1997. This book will be of interest to those studying law, social work, sociology and women’s studies.
This title examines one of the world's critical issues, domestic violence. Readers will learn the historical background of this issue leading up to its current and future impact on society. What is domestic violence, and the causes of domestic violence such as substance abuse and low self esteem are discussed. Types of domestic violence such as physical, verbal, and digital abuse are examined, as are their affects such as low self esteem and depression. The profile of an abuser as well as the six main phases in the cycle of abuse are examined. Victims of domestic violence such as partner, child, and elder abuse, are highlighted, as are reactions of victims, how to identify domestic violence, and how to make a safety plan. Lasting Effects of domestic violence such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and health consequences are discussed, as is how to help a victim. Legislation and programs intended to end domestic violence such as the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA), Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), Victims of Crime Act (VOCA), National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV), Start Strong, the National Domestic Violence Hotline, Domestic Violence Awareness Month and the Day of Unity are introduced. Engaging text, informative sidebars, and color photographs present information realistically, leaving readers with a thorough, honest interpretation of domestic violence. Features include a timeline, facts, additional resources, Web sites, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index. Essential Issues is a series in Essential Library, an imprint of ABDO Publishing Company.
Author: Daniel Srienz
Release Date: 2014-04-11
Genre: Social Science
Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: Prognosen über das zukünftige Verhalten eines Straftäters haben im österreichischen Strafrecht eine erhebliche Bedeutung. Bei allen strafrechtlichen Entscheidungen, bei denen der Gesetzgeber vom Rechtsandwender die Einbeziehung prognostischer Überlegungen fordert, geht es um die Berücksichtigung der Entscheidungsfolgen im juristischen Beurteilungsprozess. Wie bei allen Prozessen der kriminialprognostischen Urteilsbildung geht es um die (begründete) Einschätzung der Wahrscheinlichkeit zukünftiger strafrechtsrelevanter Handlungsentscheidungen und Verhaltensweisen des Täters. Diese Einschätzungen lassen sich wissenschaftlich durch zwei methodenspezifische Grundstrategien erzielen: durch den nomothetischen Ansatz und durch eine ideographische Vorgehensweise. Der nomothetische (oder aktuarische/statistische) Ansatz beruht auf empirisch gesicherten Erfahrungen, die man aus langer Tradition, bislang mit der Rückfälligkeit von Tätern und deren Merkmalen, die die Rückfallswahrscheinlichkeit beeinflussen, gesammelt hat. Die Grundlage dieser Prognosemethoden sind somit empirisch belegte Risiko- und Schutzfaktoren sowie Verfahrensweisen zur Bezugnahme dieser Prädiktoren auf den Einzelfall (Dahle, 2010, S. 71). Anhand klar definierter Determinanten (einzelne Risiko-Items) und einheitlicher Regeln zur Bestimmung eines Risiko-Scores (Aufsummierung der Items) wird einem/den Klienten ein spezifisches Rückfallrisiko ('niedriges', 'moderates' oder 'hohes' Risiko) zugeordnet. Auf diese Weise erhält der Prognostiker/die Prognostikerin eine fundierte Vorstellung vom Niveau der (statistischen) Grundrisiken, auf dem sich der zu beurteilende Proband gemäß breitem empirischen Erfahrungswissen mit vergleichbaren Fallkonstellationen bewegt, und kann sich somit auf ein realistisches Ausgangsniveau einstellen. Ideographische Prognosemethoden basieren hingehend nicht primär auf fallunabhängigen Prognosekriterien, sondern versuchen vielmehr die im konkreten Einzelfall relevanten Faktoren aus ihren spezifischen Gegebenheiten und Entwicklungen heraus zu begründen (ebd., S. 71f). Die Grundlage ist hier also die möglichst sorgfältige Rekonstruktion verhaltensrelevanter Gesetzmäßigkeiten (z.B. die Erfassung biografischer und strafrechtlicher Entwicklungen, die Vorgeschichte des einzelnen Täters und seiner Anlasstat etc.). Um nun die zweigleisigen methodischen Vorgehensweisen zu vereinen, entwickelte Dahle (2000) ein klinisch-ideographisches [...]
Author: Eva Schlesinger Buzawa
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Family & Relationships
The new Third Edition of Domestic Violence: The Criminal Justice Response offers a thorough and major revision of one of the top books in the field of domestic violence and is the only text to focus on criminal justice responses which provide a detailed look inside the criminal justice system. Domestic Violence is unique in its emphasis on the victim's perspective, including the victim's needs as well as preferences for and satisfaction with intervention. It documents the diversity of victims and how this diversity affects their service needs and the impact of interventions, including unanticipated consequences of current aggressive efforts. It also looks at diversity among batterers and how these differences affect the success of various intervention strategies.
Domestic Violence Advocacy: Complex Lives/Difficult Choices, Second Edition is a comprehensive and highly practical resource for anyone working with domestic violence victims. The essential elements and values of the victim-defined approach provide the foundation for a completely revised exploration of all victims’ perspectives and advocates’ roles. Authors Jill Davies and Eleanor Lyon draw on the far-reaching progress and increased knowledge of the field and delve deeply into the experiences of victims, their perspectives and decision-making, culture, and risks. Attentive to the real- world context of limited time, resources, and options for victims and for advocates, this enlightening text focuses on what is feasible and offers ideas for working within such constraints.
Author: Richard L. Davis
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2008-03-07
Domestic violence does not begin the day an adult heterosexual male decides to beat and batter an adult heterosexual female. Domestic violence is a complicated and multifaceted enigma that includes child, sibling, spousal, intimate partner, and elder abuse. Despite spending billions of dollars on domestic violence, the number of some categories of victims remains the same. The problem can be traced back to our very definitions of victim and abuse. Until we open our eyes to the blatant empirical evidence and come to some agreement on a basic platform, this pervasive crime will not diminish. Domestic Violence: Intervention, Prevention, Policies, and Solutions presents a rational and reasoned perspective that emphasizes evidence-based information rather than ideologically held beliefs. It challenges the effectiveness of existing policies and procedures and introduces 10 recommendations for change. The book summarizes many important federally sponsored reports and provides unique meta-analysis styled empirically based overviews of contemporary research and intervention efforts. It also supplies print and web-based national and state specific resources and references to studies and organizations that will be updated online. Topics addressed include historical and current explanations of battering behavior, the importance of the accurate and unbiased identification of victims, differences and the implications of those differences in reporting rape and sexual assault, and the understanding of risk factors. It considers the fallacy of ideological advocacy and presents legislation and policies in Colorado and California as cases in point. In particular the author explores the prevailing notion of the predominance of female victimization over male victimization. Injecting a voice of reason into a highly emotional debate, this outstanding volume clarifies our convenient delusions and allows us to re-appraise this sensitive issue and effect a positive and progressive outcome.
Author: Philip W. Cook
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Family & Relationships
An award-winning investigative journalist provides a disturbing new look at an underreported type of domestic violence—the abuse of men. * The latest research figures and up-to-date surveys on the prevalence of intimate partner violence against men * Personal interviews and cases drawn from media coverage of politicians and other public figures * A selected bibliography
This thoroughly revised second edition is an examination of domestic violence from social, legal, and historical perspectives. * A chronology that stretches from 753 BCE, when Romulus, the founder of Rome, formalized the first "law of marriage" to January 2006, when President George W. Bush signed the third reauthorization of the 1994 Violence against Women Act * Illustrations include the power and control wheel (a model in the form of a wheel that explains the dynamics of domestic violence), the ecological theory of battering, and the characteristics of the victim as illustrated by the World Health Organization
Author: Randal W. Summers
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Family & Relationships
Historically, in most cultures, domestic violence has been an accepted fact of life. Only in recent years has it begun to be viewed as a criminal and social problem. This informative reference resource allows students to compare and contrast the ways in which domestic abuse is viewed and handled by thirteen different representative countries from around the world. This international perspective encourages students to recognize the problem as a global one, providing greater insight into the ways in which we can address it and find solutions to prevent it world wide.
While men's violence to women is an everyday culturally supported activity, this reader demonstrates: that men's violence can be curtailed and that women and children can be assisted effectively; that state policies and provision can be improved; and that women can actively participate in the resolution of their difficulties. Bringing together new work and key papers Home Truths About Domestic Violence provides a comprehensive overview and up-to-date account of the progress so far, and identifies what still needs to be done. Areas covered include: * womens experience of violence * childrens experience of violence * personal experiences of the justice system * state policies on violence in the US and UK * educational programmes and initiatives. This substantial Reader makes a significant contribution to the understanding of domestic violence from both a policy and a practice perspective. Together with its companion volume Home Truths About Child Sexual Abuse it provides an in-depth resource for a wide range of teachers, students and professionals, highlighting the diverse and complex dimensions of the problem of domestic violence.