Author: Ana S. Iltis
Release Date: 2007-12-19
Issues in bioethics often turn, at least in part, on the law and regulatory requirements. Consisting of chapters that address particular bioethics topics from the law’s perspective, this fascinating book includes: an introduction to the American legal system papers identifying the principal ways in which the law influences discussions and decisions concerning each of the topics highlighted supplemental papers on certain areas that address the influence and status of the law in countries other than the United States. Covering traditional topics in bioethics, such as determinations of death and health care decisions for vulnerable groups, this study also explores emerging areas such as conflicts of interest in research, genetics, and privacy and confidentiality in the electronic age. Incisive and thought-provoking, this volume provides readers with a rich context for understanding the intersection between the law on bioethics and the central issues in bioethics.
Author: Jane Norman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2005-08-18
This volume summarizes advances in the optimal clinical management of preterm labour, using the best available evidence of the time. The contributors (mostly practising clinicians) are all actively involved in research into the mechanisms, aetiology, treatment and associated outcomes of preterm labour. The chapters are based on common clinical scenarios and each provides a comprehensive literature review followed by evidence-based recommendations on appropriate management. A summary of the pathophysiology of parturition is provided, and the obstetric scenarios cover management of threatened preterm labour, management of preterm premature ruptured membranes and management of preterm labour with specific complications (such as intrauterine growth restriction). Other chapters include the epidemiology, prediction and prevention of preterm labour. Anaesthetic and paediatric issues are explored in depth, and there are chapters on the legal and organizational issues surrounding preterm labour.
Author: West Publishing, Inc
Release Date: 2009-06-19
Since becoming editor in chief of Black's Law Dictionary in the mid-1990s, I've tried with each successive edition-the seventh, the eighth, and now the ninth-to make the book at once both more scholarly and more practical. Anyone who cares to put this book alongside the sixth or earlier editions will discover that the book has been almost entirely rewritten, with an increase in precision and clarity. It's true that I've cut some definitions that appeared in the sixth and earlier editions. On a representative sample of two consecutive pages of the sixth can be found botulism, bouche (mouth), bough ofa tree, bought (meaning "purchased"), bouncer (referring to a nightclub employee), bourg (a village), boulevard, bourgeois, brabant (an obscure kind ofancient coin also called a crocard), brabanter (a mercenary soldier in the Middle Ages), and brachium maris (an arm of the sea). These can hardly be counted as legal terms worthy of inclusion in a true law dictionary, and Black's had been properly criticized for including headwords such as these." Meanwhile, though, within the same span of terms, I've added entries for three types of boundaries (agreed boundary, land boundary, lost boundary), as well as for bounty hunter, bounty land, bounty-land warrant, boutique (a specialized law firm), box day (a day historically set aside for filing papers in Scotland's Court of Session), box-top license (also known as a shrink-wrap license), Boykin Act (an intellectual-property statute enacted after World War II), Boyle defense (also known as the government-contractor defense), bracket system (the tax term), Bracton (the title of one of the earliest, most important English lawbooks), and Brady Act (the federal law for background checks on handgun-purchasers). And all the other entries have been wholly revised-shortened here and amplified there to bring the book into better proportion. Hence, in one brief span of entries, the sixth and the ninth editions appear to be entirely different books. That's true throughout the work. But it's not as if I've revised the book with any hostility toward historical material. In fact, I've added hundreds of Roman-law terms that had been omitted from earlier editions and retranslated all the others on grounds that current users ofthe dictionary might need to look up the meanings ofthese historical terms. But whatever appears here, in my view, should be plausibly a law-related term-and closely related to the law. Users ought to be reminded once again about the handy collection oflegal maxims in Appendix B. It is, I believe, the most comprehensive and accurate set of translated maxims to be found anywhere in print-thanks to the erudite revisions of two civillaw experts of the first rank: Professor Tony Honore of Oxford and Professor David Walker of Glasgow. A lexicographer must do what is practicable to improve each new edition ofa dictionary. One of the notable features ofthis new edition is the dating of the most common terms-that is, the parenthetical inclusion of a date to show the term's earliest known use in the English language. For researching these dates, I'm grateful to the distinguished and industrious lexicographer at the Yale Law Library, Fred R. Shapiro. "See David Mellinkoff, The Myth ofPrecision and the Law Dictionary, 31 U.C.L.A. L. Rev. 423, 440 (1983). As a lexicographer, I've learned a great deal from my friends and mentors in the field-especially the late Robert W. Burchfield, editor ofthe Oxford English Dictionary Supplement during the latter halfofthe 20th century. Like his 19th-century precursors at the Oxford English Dictionary, Burchfield had a battalion oflexicographic volunteers from around the globe to help him in his momentous work. I have tried to do the same. Because I genuinely believe in a community ofscholars- a community oflearned people who understand the cultural and historical importance ofhaving a first-rate dictionary, and are willing to playa role in producing it-I have called on volunteers to help in the production ofthis vast and complex dictionary. It has been rewarding to have so many lawyers, judges, and scholars answer the call. Take a moment, if you will, and scan the masthead on pages vi-ix. Consider that each of these contributors personally edited 30 to 50 pages ofsingle-spaced manuscript-some more than that. They suggested improved wordings and solved editorial difficulties they encountered. Consider the geographical variety of the panelists, and ponder the years of specialist knowledge they brought to their work. Look at the panel of academic contributors and notice that they are distinguished scholars ofthe highest order, many ofthem household names among lawyers. They exerted themselves not just for the betterment of this book, but for the betterment ofthe law as a whole. For this is the law dictionary that the profession has relied on for over a century. Everyone who cares about the law owes our contributors a debt ofthanks. Bryan A. Garner LawProse, Inc. Dallas, Texas April 2009