Dynamics of Contention

Author: Professor of Sociology Doug McAdam
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521011876
Release Date: 2001-09-10
Genre: Political Science

Dissatisfied with the compartmentalization of studies concerning strikes, wars, revolutions, social movements, and other forms of political struggle, McAdam, Tarrow, and Tilly identify causal mechanisms and processes that recur across a wide range of contentious politics. Critical of the static, single-actor models (including their own) that have prevailed in the field, they shift the focus of analysis to dynamic interaction. Doubtful that large, complex series of events such as revolutions and social movements conform to general laws, they break events into smaller episodes, then identify recurrent mechanisms and proceses within them. Dynamics of Contention examines and compares eighteen contentious episodes drawn from many different parts of the world since the French Revolution, probing them for consequential and widely applicable mechanisms, for example, brokerage, category formation, and elite defection. The episodes range from nineteenth-century nationalist movements to contemporary Muslim-Hindu conflict to the Tiananmen crisis of 1989 to disintegration of the Soviet Union. The authors spell out the implications of their approach for explanation of revolutions, nationalism, and democratization, then lay out a more general program for study of contentious episodes wherever and whenever they occur.

Power in Movement

Author: Sidney G. Tarrow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139496223
Release Date: 2011-02-04
Genre: Political Science

Social movements have an elusive power but one that is altogether real. From the French and American revolutions to the post-Soviet, ethnic and terrorist movements of today, contentious politics exercises a fleeting but powerful influence on politics, society and international relations. This study surveys the modern history of the modern social movements in the West and their diffusion to the global South through war, colonialism and diffusion, and it puts forward a theory to explain its cyclical surges and declines. It offers an interpretation of the power of movements that emphasizes effects on the lives of militants, policy reforms, political institutions and cultural change. The book focuses on the rise and fall of social movements as part of contentious politics in general and as the outcome of changes in political opportunities and constraints, state strategy, the new media of communication and transnational diffusion.

Contention and Democracy in Europe 1650 2000

Author: Charles Tilly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521537134
Release Date: 2004
Genre: History

Contention and Democracy in Europe, 1650–2000, first published in 2004, is an analysis of the relationship between democratization and contentious politics that builds upon the model set forth in the pathbreaking book, Dynamics of Contention. Using a sustained comparison of French and British histories since 1650 or so as a springboard for more general comparison within Europe Contention and Democracy goes on to demonstrate that democratization occurred as result of struggles during which (as in 19th century Britain and France) few, if any, of the participants were self-consciously trying to create democratic institutions. Consequently, circumstances for democratization vary from era to era, region to region as functions of previous history, international environments, available models of political organization, and predominant patterns of social relations.

Power in Movement

Author: Sidney Tarrow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521629470
Release Date: 1998-05-13
Genre: Political Science

Unlike political or economic institutions, social movements have an elusive power, but one that is no less real. This study surveys the history of the social movement, puts forward a theory of collective action to explain its surges and declines, and offers an interpretation of the power of movement that emphasizes its effects on personal lives, policy reforms and political culture. While covering cultural, organizational and personal sources of movements' power, the book emphasizes the rise and fall of social movements as part of political struggle and as the outcome of changes in political opportunity structure. This second edition has an entirely new chapter, major additions to the bibliography, new illustrative materials in many of the chapters and a new conclusion.

Strangers at the Gates

Author: Sidney Tarrow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107009387
Release Date: 2012-03-26
Genre: Philosophy

This book contains the products of work carried out over four decades of research in Italy, France, and the United States, and in the intellectual territory between social movements, comparative politics, and historical sociology. Using a variety of methods ranging from statistical analysis to historical case studies to linguistic analysis, the book centers on historical catalogs of protest events and cycles of collective action. Sidney Tarrow places social movements in the broader arena of contentious politics, in relation to states, political parties, and other actors. From peasants and communists in 1960s Italy, to movements and politics in contemporary western polities, to the global justice movement in the new century, the book argues that contentious actors are neither outside of nor completely within politics, but rather they occupy the uncertain territory between total opposition and integration into policy.

Bildung und soziale Bewegung

Author: Benjamin Bunk
Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh
ISBN: 9783657772520
Release Date: 2018-02-27
Genre: Education

Soziale Bewegungen sind zentrale Akteure unserer Zeit – nicht nur wegen ihrer politischen Forderungen und pädagogischen Konzepte, sondern vor allem aufgrund der Bildungsprozesse, die sie gestalten, und der Bildungsräume, die sie eröffnen. Doch wie findet Bildung in sozialer Bewegung statt? Die brasilianische Bewegung der Landlosen "Movimento dos Sem Terra" und das "World Social Forum" repräsentieren zwei verschiedene Modelle sozialer Bewegung, anhand derer diese Frage beantwortet wird. Ergänzend zu jenen Ansätzen der Bewegungsforschung, die primär nach den gesellschaftlichen Ursachen und politischen Wirkungen sozialer Bewegungen fragen, wird hier ein sozialanthropologischer Zugang gewählt. Dessen bildungstheoretisch orientierte Perspektive betrachtet Bewegungen vor allem als soziale Praxis, an der Menschen teilhaben und durch die sie in ihrer Biografie geprägt werden. Zugleich eröffnet ein solcher handlungshermeneutischer Ansatz in der Bildungsforschung und Sozialpädagogik Wege, individuelle Verarbeitungsmuster von sozialen Strukturen rekonstruieren zu können. Gerade als kollektive, gestaltbare und sich verändernde Akteure, die individuelle Bildungsprozesse ermöglichen und dynamisieren, kommt den sozialen Bewegungen eine wichtige Rolle in der Vermittlung zwischen Bildung und Kultur zu.

The New Transnational Activism

Author: Sidney Tarrow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521851300
Release Date: 2005-08-01
Genre: Political Science

The New Transnational Activism shows how even the most prosaic activities -- like immigrants bringing remittances back to their families -- can assume broader political meanings when they provide ordinary people with the experience of crossing transnational space. This means that we cannot be satisfied with defining transnational activists through the ways they think. The defining feature of transnationalism in this book is relational, and not cognitive. This emphasis on activism's relational structure means that even as they make transnational claims, transnational activists draw on the resources, the networks, and the opportunities in which they are embedded, and only then -- if at all -- on more distant transnational links.

Contentious Performances

Author: Charles Tilly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316582572
Release Date: 2008-08-04
Genre: Political Science

How can we get inside popular collective struggles and explain how they work? Contentious Performances presents a distinctive approach to analyzing such struggles, drawing especially on incomparably rich evidence from Great Britain between 1758 and 1834. The book accomplishes three main things. First, it presents a logic and method for describing contentious events, occasions on which people publicly make consequential claims on each other. Second, it shows how that logic yields superior explanations of the dynamics in such events, both individually and in the aggregate. Third, it illustrates its methods and arguments by means of detailed analyses of contentious events in Great Britain from 1758 to 1834.

Democracy and Crisis

Author: B. Isakhan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137326041
Release Date: 2014-05-27
Genre: Political Science

Recent years have seen constant reports on the failures of governance and the crisis of democracy. By examining cases like Global Financial Crisis, the Arab Revolutions and Wikileaks this volume highlights tensions between governance and democracy during times of crisis and examines the prospects of democratising governance in the 21st Century.

The Contentious Politics of Refugee and Migrant Protest and Solidarity Movements

Author: Ilker Atac
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351737951
Release Date: 2018-12-07
Genre: Political Science

Over the past two years, large-scale migratory movements to Europe have gained worldwide attention, and have prompted ever-greater desires to govern and control them. At the same time, we have seen the emergence of political struggles for rights to movement and demands for greater social justice, in both the global ‘north’ and ‘south’. Throughout the world, political mobilizations by refugees, irregularized migrants and solidarity activists have emerged, demanding and enacting the right to move and to stay, struggling for citizenship and human rights, and protesting the violence and deadliness of contemporary border regimes. This collection brings together articles that explore political mobilizations in several countries and (border) regions, including Brazil, Mexico, the United States, Austria, Germany, Greece, Turkey and ‘the Mediterranean’. Many of these political mobilizations can be understood as transnational responses to processes of regionalization and the intensification of restrictive border regimes across the globe, and as illustrative of what might be referred to as a ‘new era of protest’.

Youth Activism and Contentious Politics in Egypt

Author: Nadine Sika
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108418805
Release Date: 2017-08-31
Genre: Political Science

This book studies the role of youth movements in the Arab uprisings of 2010 and 2011, and the regime's responses to these movements.

The Contentious Politics of Statebuilding

Author: Outi Keränen
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781351802710
Release Date: 2017-04-21
Genre: Political Science

The book examines the dynamics between domestic and international statebuilding actors. While the dynamics between "local" and "international" statebuilding actors have been previously theorised through concepts such as hybridity and friction, there have been few attempts to develop conceptual tools for the empirical study of statebuilding dynamics. By drawing on a set of concepts and mechanisms developed in the Contentious Politics literature, this book fills this gap. It deploys concepts such as political opportunity structures, mobilizing structures and framing to trace the interactions between domestic and international statebuilding actors in the case of post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina. The analysis identifies a set of practices operating at various domains of Bosnia’s society—institutional, symbolic and discursive—through which domestic statebuilding actors seek to influence the internationally-driven statebuilding process. Responses by the international statebuilding actors to such activities have often resulted in further contention. The book argues that the dynamics between the different statebuilding actors and agendas in the Bosnian case are characterised not only by conflict and contention but also symbiosis whereby the presence of non-conforming local actors justifies the extension of international mandates while the continued international presence generates further contestation. These observations and the conceptual tools introduced in the book add to our understanding of the often slow and arduous statebuilding processes in post-conflict societies. This book will be of much interest to students of statebuilding, peacebuilding, European politics and international relations in general.

Mobilisierung Protest und Strategien in Aktion

Author: Bettina Schorr
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531187204
Release Date: 2011-12-12
Genre: Political Science

Der südamerikanische Binnenstaat Bolivien erlebte in den Jahren 2000-2005 eine massive Protestwelle, in deren Verlauf es zu einem drastischen Anstieg der Protesthandlungen verschiedenster sozialer Gruppen kam. Bettina Schorr geht zum einen den Faktoren nach, die den Ausbruch, den Verlauf und den Niedergang dieser Protestwelle bedingt haben. Zum anderen untersucht sie ihre politischen Folgen. Abschließend werden die Ergebnisse der Studie nach ihren theoretischen Implikationen für die Protestwellenforschung befragt.