Dynamics of Contention

Author: Professor of Sociology Doug McAdam
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521011876
Release Date: 2001-09-10
Genre: Political Science

Dissatisfied with the compartmentalization of studies concerning strikes, wars, revolutions, social movements, and other forms of political struggle, McAdam, Tarrow, and Tilly identify causal mechanisms and processes that recur across a wide range of contentious politics. Critical of the static, single-actor models (including their own) that have prevailed in the field, they shift the focus of analysis to dynamic interaction. Doubtful that large, complex series of events such as revolutions and social movements conform to general laws, they break events into smaller episodes, then identify recurrent mechanisms and proceses within them. Dynamics of Contention examines and compares eighteen contentious episodes drawn from many different parts of the world since the French Revolution, probing them for consequential and widely applicable mechanisms, for example, brokerage, category formation, and elite defection. The episodes range from nineteenth-century nationalist movements to contemporary Muslim-Hindu conflict to the Tiananmen crisis of 1989 to disintegration of the Soviet Union. The authors spell out the implications of their approach for explanation of revolutions, nationalism, and democratization, then lay out a more general program for study of contentious episodes wherever and whenever they occur.

Dynamics of Contention

Author: Professor of Sociology Doug McAdam
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521011876
Release Date: 2001-09-10
Genre: Political Science

Dissatisfied with the compartmentalization of studies concerning strikes, wars, revolutions, social movements, and other forms of political struggle, McAdam, Tarrow, and Tilly identify causal mechanisms and processes that recur across a wide range of contentious politics. Critical of the static, single-actor models (including their own) that have prevailed in the field, they shift the focus of analysis to dynamic interaction. Doubtful that large, complex series of events such as revolutions and social movements conform to general laws, they break events into smaller episodes, then identify recurrent mechanisms and proceses within them. Dynamics of Contention examines and compares eighteen contentious episodes drawn from many different parts of the world since the French Revolution, probing them for consequential and widely applicable mechanisms, for example, brokerage, category formation, and elite defection. The episodes range from nineteenth-century nationalist movements to contemporary Muslim-Hindu conflict to the Tiananmen crisis of 1989 to disintegration of the Soviet Union. The authors spell out the implications of their approach for explanation of revolutions, nationalism, and democratization, then lay out a more general program for study of contentious episodes wherever and whenever they occur.

Power in Movement

Author: Sidney G. Tarrow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139496223
Release Date: 2011-02-04
Genre: Political Science

Social movements have an elusive power but one that is altogether real. From the French and American revolutions to the post-Soviet, ethnic and terrorist movements of today, contentious politics exercises a fleeting but powerful influence on politics, society and international relations. This study surveys the modern history of the modern social movements in the West and their diffusion to the global South through war, colonialism and diffusion, and it puts forward a theory to explain its cyclical surges and declines. It offers an interpretation of the power of movements that emphasizes effects on the lives of militants, policy reforms, political institutions and cultural change. The book focuses on the rise and fall of social movements as part of contentious politics in general and as the outcome of changes in political opportunities and constraints, state strategy, the new media of communication and transnational diffusion.

Contention and Democracy in Europe 1650 2000

Author: Charles Tilly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521537134
Release Date: 2004
Genre: History

Contention and Democracy in Europe, 1650–2000, first published in 2004, is an analysis of the relationship between democratization and contentious politics that builds upon the model set forth in the pathbreaking book, Dynamics of Contention. Using a sustained comparison of French and British histories since 1650 or so as a springboard for more general comparison within Europe Contention and Democracy goes on to demonstrate that democratization occurred as result of struggles during which (as in 19th century Britain and France) few, if any, of the participants were self-consciously trying to create democratic institutions. Consequently, circumstances for democratization vary from era to era, region to region as functions of previous history, international environments, available models of political organization, and predominant patterns of social relations.

The New Transnational Activism

Author: Sidney Tarrow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521851300
Release Date: 2005-08-01
Genre: Political Science

The New Transnational Activism shows how even the most prosaic activities -- like immigrants bringing remittances back to their families -- can assume broader political meanings when they provide ordinary people with the experience of crossing transnational space. This means that we cannot be satisfied with defining transnational activists through the ways they think. The defining feature of transnationalism in this book is relational, and not cognitive. This emphasis on activism's relational structure means that even as they make transnational claims, transnational activists draw on the resources, the networks, and the opportunities in which they are embedded, and only then -- if at all -- on more distant transnational links.

Strangers at the Gates

Author: Sidney Tarrow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107009387
Release Date: 2012-03-26
Genre: Philosophy

This book contains the products of work carried out over four decades of research in Italy, France, and the United States, and in the intellectual territory between social movements, comparative politics, and historical sociology. Using a variety of methods ranging from statistical analysis to historical case studies to linguistic analysis, the book centers on historical catalogs of protest events and cycles of collective action. Sidney Tarrow places social movements in the broader arena of contentious politics, in relation to states, political parties, and other actors. From peasants and communists in 1960s Italy, to movements and politics in contemporary western polities, to the global justice movement in the new century, the book argues that contentious actors are neither outside of nor completely within politics, but rather they occupy the uncertain territory between total opposition and integration into policy.

Contentious Performances

Author: Charles Tilly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316582572
Release Date: 2008-08-04
Genre: Political Science

How can we get inside popular collective struggles and explain how they work? Contentious Performances presents a distinctive approach to analyzing such struggles, drawing especially on incomparably rich evidence from Great Britain between 1758 and 1834. The book accomplishes three main things. First, it presents a logic and method for describing contentious events, occasions on which people publicly make consequential claims on each other. Second, it shows how that logic yields superior explanations of the dynamics in such events, both individually and in the aggregate. Third, it illustrates its methods and arguments by means of detailed analyses of contentious events in Great Britain from 1758 to 1834.

Bildung und soziale Bewegung

Author: Benjamin Bunk
Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh
ISBN: 9783657772520
Release Date: 2018-02-27
Genre: Education

Soziale Bewegungen sind zentrale Akteure unserer Zeit – nicht nur wegen ihrer politischen Forderungen und pädagogischen Konzepte, sondern vor allem aufgrund der Bildungsprozesse, die sie gestalten, und der Bildungsräume, die sie eröffnen. Doch wie findet Bildung in sozialer Bewegung statt? Die brasilianische Bewegung der Landlosen "Movimento dos Sem Terra" und das "World Social Forum" repräsentieren zwei verschiedene Modelle sozialer Bewegung, anhand derer diese Frage beantwortet wird. Ergänzend zu jenen Ansätzen der Bewegungsforschung, die primär nach den gesellschaftlichen Ursachen und politischen Wirkungen sozialer Bewegungen fragen, wird hier ein sozialanthropologischer Zugang gewählt. Dessen bildungstheoretisch orientierte Perspektive betrachtet Bewegungen vor allem als soziale Praxis, an der Menschen teilhaben und durch die sie in ihrer Biografie geprägt werden. Zugleich eröffnet ein solcher handlungshermeneutischer Ansatz in der Bildungsforschung und Sozialpädagogik Wege, individuelle Verarbeitungsmuster von sozialen Strukturen rekonstruieren zu können. Gerade als kollektive, gestaltbare und sich verändernde Akteure, die individuelle Bildungsprozesse ermöglichen und dynamisieren, kommt den sozialen Bewegungen eine wichtige Rolle in der Vermittlung zwischen Bildung und Kultur zu.

Anatomie des Sozialen Prinzipien der analytischen Soziologie

Author: Peter Hedström
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531153978
Release Date: 2008-09-29
Genre: Social Science

Einer der weltweit führenden Soziologen, Peter Hedström, zeichnet die Grundlagen einer analytischen Soziologie nach. Er argumentiert für eine erklärende Soziologie, die Theorie und Empirie miteinander verbindet.

Social Movements and Organization Theory

Author: Gerald F. Davis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139444190
Release Date: 2005-05-09
Genre: Political Science

Although the fields of organization theory and social movement theory have long been viewed as belonging to different worlds, recent events have intervened, reminding us that organizations are becoming more movement-like - more volatile and politicized - while movements are more likely to borrow strategies from organizations. Organization theory and social movement theory are two of the most vibrant areas within the social sciences. This collection of original essays and studies both calls for a closer connection between these fields and demonstrates the value of this interchange. Three introductory, programmatic essays by leading scholars in the two fields are followed by eight empirical studies that directly illustrate the benefits of this type of cross-pollination. The studies variously examine the processes by which movements become organized and the role of movement processes within and among organizations. The topics covered range from globalization and transnational social movement organizations to community recycling programs.

Ordnung und Regieren in der Weltgesellschaft

Author: Mathias Albert
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783658197803
Release Date: 2017-11-29
Genre: Political Science

Der Band setzt sich mit den Bedingungen und Möglichkeiten internationalen oder globalen Regierens in einer sozialen Umwelt (Weltgesellschaft) unter drei Perspektiven auseinander: der Perspektive von Theorien globaler Ordnung, der Perspektive spezifischer Formen globaler Ordnungsbildung und der Perspektive die Normativität globaler Ordnung. Die Beiträge des Bandes besetzen Schnittstellen in einer Reihe von Diskussionen, die in den Internationalen Beziehungen zu Ordnung und Ordnungsbildung in der internationalen Politik, zum Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates, sowie zur Stellung internationaler Politik in der Weltgesellschaft geführt werden.

Youth Activism and Contentious Politics in Egypt

Author: Nadine Sika
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108418805
Release Date: 2017-08-31
Genre: Political Science

This book studies the role of youth movements in the Arab uprisings of 2010 and 2011, and the regime's responses to these movements.