Early Childhood and Neuroscience

Author: Mine Conkbayir
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781474231923
Release Date: 2017-01-12
Genre: Education

Early Childhood and Neuroscience is a practical guide to understanding the complex and challenging subject of neuroscience and its use (and misapplication) in early childhood policy and practice. The author begins by introducing the definition and history of neuroscience. The reader is then led through structured chapters discussing questions such as: Why should practitioners know about neuroscience? How can neuroscience help practitioners better provide for babies and children? and Is it relevant? Topics covered include the nature vs. nurture debate through the lens of neuroscience, epigenetics, the first 1001 days and a discussion on just how critical the first three years of life are to healthy brain development. The book provides a balanced overview of the debates by weaving discussion on the opportunities of using neuroscience in early childhood practice with examination of the limitations and ethical implications throughout the chapters. This enables students to inform their own opinions about the discipline and its use in their future practice. Clear explanations of the main terms and theories are complemented with illustrative case studies of cutting-edge research from around the world, a glossary of key terms and suggestions for further reading. Reflective discussion questions give students the chance to apply their theoretical knowledge to real-world contexts. These features encourage and support independent critical thinking, helping students to reflect on, evaluate and analyse a range of ideas, research findings and applications for their own future early childhood practice. Early Childhood and Neuroscience is essential reading for lecturers, undergraduate and postgraduate students in the field as well as for the new practitioner.

Early Childhood Theories and Contemporary Issues

Author: Mine Conkbayir
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781780937342
Release Date: 2014-11-20
Genre: Education

Having a good grasp of the theories of child development and how these translate into practice can make a positive difference to how you understand babies and children and the ways in which you can help them learn. This approachable guide offers easy access to a wide range of concepts, as well as classic and current theories, about how babies and children learn. Each chapter offers clear guidance on how to recognise the theory in action and suggests ways to test these ideas out in early years settings, supporting the development of reflective practice. Case studies are included throughout, along with questions to guide thinking and encourage readers to develop their practice. Summaries conclude each chapter offering a quick reference of the theory examined and the benefits of applying it to practice. Early Childhood Theories and Contemporary Issues is an essential guide for all those looking to develop and enhance their practice in supporting child development within the early years.

Early Childhood Studies

Author: Damien Fitzgerald
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781526454263
Release Date: 2018-11-24
Genre: Education

Student-focused and designed to enhance critical thinking, this new core textbook is mapped to early childhood degrees with a focus on seeing children in the context of the word they live in. It sees the child as developing within the context of the family, community and broader social and cultural environment. The material comes alive with full colour features, clearly marked key terms and additional online resources.

Successful Leadership in the Early Years

Author: June O'Sullivan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781472919052
Release Date: 2015-09-10
Genre: Education

June O'Sullivan explores the concept of leadership, particularly with regards to leading Early Years centres. In line with government initiatives, there is growing pressure within the early years sector to create staff who can lead different types of childcare and family settings in order to address two main government targets. Firstly, reducing poverty among families with small children and secondly, increasing educational opportunities for children from disadvantaged backgrounds in order to give them a better start in life. Many say that for this to happen we need people who can lead an effective team of capable, professional colleagues. This is no easy task in the modern Early Years market. O'Sullivan acknowledges the problems and provides ideas and suggestions to address the issues facing leaders so that they are supported to lead us into a future where we can all help make a big difference for a long time.

Bindungsst rungen

Author: Karl Heinz Brisch
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608202885
Release Date: 2015-06-09
Genre: Psychology

Ein Bestseller und Standardwerk, das Strategien weist für Diagnostik, Therapie und Elternschaft: Karl Heinz Brisch entwickelt in dieser vollständig überarbeiteten Ausgabe der »Bindungsstörungen« die integrative therapeutische Praxis um John Bowlbys Paradigma der Bindung weiter und eröffnet neue Perspektiven des Helfens und der Prävention. »Bindungsstörungen« zeigt Mittel und Möglichkeiten, psychische Störungen aus dem bindungstheoretischen Blickwinkel zu diagnostizieren und zu behandeln - in verschiedenen Settings: ambulant, stationär und in Kooperation mit Kinderärzten und Gynäkologen. In eigenen Untersuchungen und vielen anschaulichen klinischen Beispielen entwirft Brisch die Prinzipien einer bindungsorientierten Psychotherapie. Die Neuauflage berücksichtigt neueste Erkenntnisse aus den Neurowissenschaften, beispielsweise zu den Spiegelneuronen, und aus Längsschnitt- und Therapiestudien, neue Präventionsprogramme wie SAFE®-Sichere Ausbildung für Eltern und BASE®-Babywatching in Kindergarten und Schule.

Der Zahlensinn oder Warum wir rechnen k nnen

Author: Stanislas Dehaene
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783034878258
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Science

Wir sind umgeben von Zahlen. Ob auf Kreditkarten gestanzt oder auf Münzen geprägt, ob auf Schecks gedruckt oder in den Spalten computerisierter Tabellen aufgelistet, überall beherrschen Zahlen unser Leben. Sie sind auch der Kern unserer Technologie. Ohne Zahlen könnten wir weder Raketen starten, die das Sonnensystem erkunden, noch Brücken bauen, Güter austauschen oder Rech nungen bezahlen. In gewissem Sinn sind Zahlen also kulturelle Erfindungen, die sich ihrer Bedeutung nach nur mit der Landwirtschaft oder mit dem Rad vergleichen lassen. Aber sie könnten sogar noch tiefere Wurzeln haben. Tausende von Jahren vor Christus benutzten babylonische Wissenschaftler Zahlzeichen, um erstaun lich genaueastronomische Tabellen zu berechnen. Zehntausende von Jahren zuvor hatten Menschen der Steinzeit die ersten geschriebenen Zahlenreihen geschaffen, indem sie Knochen einkerbten oder Punkte auf Höhlenwände malten. Und, wie ich später überzeugend darzustellen hoffe, schon vor weiteren Millionen von Jahren, lange bevor es Menschen gab, nahmen Tiere aller Arten Zahlen zur Kenntnis und stellten mit ihnen einfache Kopfrechnungen an. Sind Zahlen also fast so alt wie das Leben selbst? Sind sie in der Struktur unseres Gehirns verankert? Besitzen wir einen Zahlensinn, eine spezielle Intuition, die uns hilft, Zahlen und Mathematik mit Sinn zu erfüllen? Ich wurde vor fünfzehn Jahren, während meiner Ausbildung zum Mathema tiker, fasziniert von den abstrakten Objekten, mit denen ich umzugehen lernte, vor allem von den einfachsten von ihnen- den Zahlen.

Neues Lernen

Author: Benedict Carey
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 9783644042919
Release Date: 2014-12-19
Genre: Psychology

Die Wissenschaft hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten vieles über den Haufen geworfen, was wir darüber zu wissen glaubten, wie das Gehirn Informationen aufnimmt und verarbeitet. Fest steht: Wir lernen von Geburt an schnell, effizient und automatisch. Weil wir diesen Vorgang unbedingt systematisieren wollen, betrachten wir Vergessen, Schlafen und Tagträumen als hinderlich. Dabei sind sie wertvolle Hilfsmittel, die den Eigenarten unseres Gehirns Rechnung tragen. Benedict Carey erklärt, mit welchen Methoden wir uns Stoffe leichter einprägen und unser problemlösendes Denken verbessern können und wie wir die Potenziale des Unbewussten möglichst effizient nutzen – lernen, ohne nachzudenken. Nebenbei erfahren wir, dass Ablenkung zu Unrecht verteufelt wird, Wiederholung keineswegs immer weiterhilft und es sinnvoll ist, sich zu Themen testen zu lassen, über die man noch gar nichts weiß. Ein äußerst unterhaltsam geschriebenes Buch voller überraschender Erkenntnisse, das zeigt: Lernen muss keine Qual sein.

Neuroscience in Education

Author: Sergio Della Sala
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199600496
Release Date: 2012-04-05
Genre: Education

In the past ten years, there has been growing interest in applying our knowledge of the functioning of the human brain to the field of education-including reading, learning, language and mathematics. This has resulted in the development of a number of new practices in education-some good, some bad and some just crazy. Neuroscience in Education brings together an international group of leading psychologists, neuroscientists, educationalists andgeneticists to critically review some of these new developments, examining the science behind these practices, the validity of the theories on which they are based, and whether they work. It will be fascinating reading for anyone involved in education, including teachers, psychologists, neuroscientists, andpolicy makers as well as interested parents.

Executive Function in Education First Edition

Author: Lynn Meltzer
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781606236505
Release Date: 2011-03-17
Genre: Psychology

This uniquely integrative book brings together research on executive function processes from leaders in education, neuroscience, and psychology. It focuses on how to apply current knowledge to assessment and instruction with diverse learners, including typically developing children and those with learning difficulties and developmental disabilities. The role of executive function processes in learning is examined and methods for identifying executive function difficulties are reviewed. Chapters describe scientifically grounded models for promoting these key cognitive capacities at the level of the individual child, the classroom, and the entire school. Implications for teaching particular content areas—reading, writing, and math—are also discussed.

Neuroscience for Social Work

Author: Holly C. Matto, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826108777
Release Date: 2013-07-29
Genre: Social Science

This clear and accessible guideówritten by social workers for social workersódescribes the most current developments in neuroscience and their practical applications for social work in education, child welfare, health, mental health, and criminal justice settings. The contributions of social work experts in these key areas of practice make this vast and ever-expanding body of neuroscientific knowledge easily understandable, with specific relevance to understanding the impact of the environment on neural mechanisms and human life course trajectories. The text examines how neuroimaging can be used to examine psychosocial treatment efficacy, discusses cross-system programmatic and policy implications that respond to the way in which toxic environments and early disrupted attachment affect brain and behavior, and addresses the importance of bioethics to inform the integration of neuroscience into social work practice. This is the only text on this topic with chapters organized around five practice settings and embedded with application skills across micro, mezzo, and macro levels. Each chapter includes an overview of the latest scientific research pertaining to the topic and discusses implications for assessment, prevention, intervention, policy, research, and ethics. Real-world case studies in each chapter enhance practice applications. Key Features: Describes the latest applications of neuroscience across social work settings in education, child welfare, health, mental health, and criminal justice Examines latest neuroscientific research for each topic and its implications for assessment, prevention, intervention, policy issues, research, and ethical/legal issues Draws clear practical implications in each chapter Written by social workers for social workers Includes the contributions of noted social work researchers, faculty, and practitioners

Developmental Social Neuroscience and Childhood Brain Insult

Author: Vicki Anderson
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781462504299
Release Date: 2012-06-20
Genre: Psychology

This book explores the impact of acquired brain injury and developmental disabilities on children's emerging social skills. The editors present an innovative framework for understanding how brain processes interact with social development in both typically developing children and clinical populations. Anderson, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne.

Mind Brain Education

Author: David A. Sousa
Publisher: Solution Tree Press
ISBN: 9781935542216
Release Date: 2010-11-01
Genre: Education

Understanding how the brain learns helps teachers do their jobs more effectively. Primary researchers share the latest findings on the learning process and address their implications for educational theory and practice. Explore applications, examples, and suggestions for further thought and research; numerous charts and diagrams; strategies for all subject areas; and new ways of thinking about intelligence, academic ability, and learning disability.

Strukturen der Syntax

Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110813623
Release Date: 1973-01-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines


Mentalisieren in der psychotherapeutischen Praxis

Author: Jon G. Allen
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608102031
Release Date: 2011-10-01
Genre: Psychology

Die Einsatzmöglichkeiten: - Intervention bei bestimmten Störungsbildern wie Trauma und Borderline -Persönlichkeitsstörung - Arbeit in Familien und mit Eltern - Im Feld der sozialen Arbeit und der Anwendung in gesellschaftlichen Kontexten, etwa im Rahmen der Gewaltprävention oder in der Auseinandersetzung mit globalen Konflikten ZIELGRUPPE: - PsychotherapeutInnen aller Schulen - PsychoanalytikerInnen - Kognitive VerhaltenstherapeutInnen Mentalisieren bezeichnet - die Fähigkeit, das Verhalten anderer Menschen mit Bezugnahme auf ihre Grundhaltungen, Emotionen und Absichten zu verstehen und angemessen darauf zu reagieren, - das Wissen um die psychischen Beweggründe des eigenen Verhaltens. Mentalisierungsfähigkeit kann trainiert werden. Sie ist ausschlaggebend für die Organisation des eigenen Selbst und die Regulierung der Affekte.

False memory Creation in Children and Adults

Author: David F. Bjorklund
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781135671679
Release Date: 2000-05-01
Genre: Psychology

As one of the most hotly debated topics of the past decade, false memory has attracted the interest of researchers and practitioners in many of psychology's subdisciplines. Real-world issues surrounding the credibility of memories (particularly memories of traumatic events, such as sexual abuse) reported by both children and adults have been at the center of this debate. Were the adults actually retrieving repressed memories under the careful direction of psychotherapists, or were the memories being "created" by repeated suggestion? Were children telling investigators about events that actually happened, or were the interviewing techniques used to get at unpleasant experiences serving to implant memories that eventually became their own? There is evidence in the psychological research literature to support both sides, and the potential impact on individuals, families, and society as a whole has been profound. This book is an attempt to cut through the undergrowth and get at the truth of the "recovered memory/false-memory creation" puzzle. The contributors review seminal work from their own research programs and provide theory and critical evaluation of existing research that is necessary to translate theory into practice. The book will be of great value to basic and applied memory researchers, clinical and social psychologists, and other professionals working within the helping and legal professions.