Economic Governance in Europe

Author: Federico Fabbrini
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780191065934
Release Date: 2016-01-29
Genre: Law

The Euro-Crisis and the legal and institutional responses to it have had important constitutional implications on the architecture of the European Union (EU). Going beyond the existing literature, Federico Fabbrini's book takes a broad look and examines how the crisis and its aftermath have changed relations of power in the EU, disaggregating three different dimensions: (1) the vertical relations of power between the member states and the EU institutions, (2) the relations of power between the political branches and the courts, and (3) the horizontal relations of power between the EU member states themselves. The first part of the book argues that, in the aftermath of the Euro-crisis, power has been shifting along each of these axes in paradoxical ways. In particular, through a comparison of the United States, Fabbrini reveals that the EU is nowadays characterized by a high degree of centralization in budgetary affairs, an unprecedented level of judicialization of economic questions, and a growing imbalance between the member states in the governance of fiscal matters. As the book makes clear, however, each of these dynamics is a cause for concern - as it calls into question important constitutional values for the EU, such as the autonomy of the member states in taking decision about taxing and spending, the preeminence of the political process in settling economic matters, and the balance between state power and state equality. The second part of the book, therefore, devises possible options for future legal and institutional developments in the EU which may revert these paradoxical trends. In particular, Fabbrini considers the ideas of raising a fiscal capacitiy, restoring the centrality of the EU legislative process, and reforming the EU executive power, and discusses the challenges that accompany any further step towards a deeper Economic and Monetary Union.

Legal Foundations of EU Economic Governance

Author: Antonio Estella
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108599368
Release Date: 2018-08-31
Genre: Law

Since the economic crisis unfolded in 2008, the European Union economic governance framework has been profoundly transformed from a legal perspective. The EU has adopted new tools, institutions and rules to tackle the changes and is arguably better prepared to combat any future crises. This book analyses the basic legal framework of EU economic governance and considers the economic underpinnings which underlie legal institutions in this area. It uses analytical dialectics as a method of analysis and the paradigm of 'law as credibility' as the main model through which the substantive parts of EU economic governance are accounted for. Important issues such as access, exit and expulsion from the euro, the independence of the European Central Bank, the Stability and Growth Pact, bail-outs to member states, and the EU's economic strategy are addressed in a clear, critical and innovative way.

The Question of Competence in the European Union

Author: Loïc Azoulai
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191015304
Release Date: 2014-02-20
Genre: Law

The classic debate surrounding the prolific role of the European Union in defining spheres of competence and power relationships has long divided scholarly opinion. However, in recent years, the long-standing acquiescence to the broad powers of the Union has given way to the emerging perception of a competence problem in Europe. For a long period it was taken for granted that the European Community could act whenever its action was justified on the basis of the widely interpreted objectives of the Treaties. However this context has since changed. There is a widespread perception of a competence problem in Europe and the overabundance of provisions limiting the Union's competences is one of the most obvious marks left by the Lisbon Treaty. This book discusses the extent to which the parameters of power throughout the Union and its Member States have been recast by the recent implementation of the Lisbon Treaty and doctrines developed by the European Court of Justice. Comprised of contributions from a vast array of leading practitioners and academics in the field of EU Law, this volume assesses the debate surrounding the political identity of the European Union, and further illustrates the relevance of the Federal theory of sharing competences for the development of EU Law. Finally, the question of new potential limits to Union's competence is addressed. If anything, this broad reflection on the notion of competence in the EU law context is a way of opening up the question of the nature and contours of the political identity of the European Union.

The EU s Lisbon Strategy

Author: P. Copeland
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137272164
Release Date: 2012-10-23
Genre: Political Science

How successful was the EU's Lisbon Strategy? This volume provides the first comprehensive assessment of the Strategy and reflects on its key developments during its 10-year cycle. The volume contains both theoretical and empirical contributions by some of the leading scholars of EU studies across the social sciences.

Public sector reform

Author: Jan-Erik Lane
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN: UOM:39015039888089
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Political Science

Deregulation, privatization and marketization have become the bywords for the reforms and debates surrounding the public sector. This major book is unique in its comparative analysis of the reform experience in Western and Eastern Europe, Australia, New Zealand and Canada. Leading experts identify a number of key factors to systematically explain the similarities and differences, map common problems and together reflect on the future shape of the public sector, exploring significant themes in a lively and accessible way.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability

Author: Mark Bovens
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191002571
Release Date: 2014-05-15
Genre: Political Science

Over the past two decades public accountability has become not only an icon in political, managerial, and administrative discourse but also the object of much scholarly analysis across a broad range of social and administrative sciences. This handbook provides a state of the art overview of recent scholarship on public accountability. It collects, consolidates, and integrates an upsurge of inquiry currently scattered across many disciplines and subdisciplines. It provides a one-stop-shop on the subject, not only for academics who study accountability, but also for practitioners who are designing, adjusting, or struggling with mechanisms for accountable governance. Drawing on the best scholars in the field from around the world, The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability showcases conceptual and normative as well as the empirical approaches in public accountability studies. In addition to giving an overview of scholarly research in a variety of disciplines, it takes stock of a wide range of accountability mechanisms and practices across the public, private and non-profit sectors, making this volume a must-have for both practitioners and scholars, both established and new to the field.

Europ isches Verfassungsrecht

Author: Armin Bogdandy
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662071281
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Law

Der Band präsentiert systematisch die theoretischen und dogmatischen Grundzüge des europäischen Verfassungsrechts, reflektiert den Stand der Forschung, verdeutlicht methodische Zugänge, klärt Wissenschaftsverständnisse und bezeichnet Forschungsdesiderata. Die systematischen Einzelanalysen ergänzen Gesamteinschätzungen zu Stand und Fortgang der rechtlichen Integration.

Zur Verfassung Europas

Author: Jürgen Habermas
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518770009
Release Date: 2011-11-16
Genre: Fiction

Die anhaltende Euro-Krise sowie die halbherzigen, oft populistischen Reaktionen der Politik lassen ein Scheitern des europäischen Projekts derzeit als reale Möglichkeit erscheinen. In seinem Essay verteidigt Jürgen Habermas Europa gegen die sich ausbreitende Skepsis, der er ein neues überzeugendes Narrativ für die Geschichte und vor allem die Zukunft der Europäischen Union entgegensetzt. Denkblockaden in Bezug auf die Transnationalisierung der Demokratie räumt er aus dem Weg, indem er den Einigungsprozess in den langfristigen Zusammenhang der Verrechtlichung und Zivilisierung staatlicher Gewalt einordnet. An die Politik richtet Jürgen Habermas schließlich den Appell, das bisher hinter verschlossenen Türen betriebene europäische Projekt endlich auf den hemdsärmeligen Modus eines lärmend argumentierenden Meinungskampfes in der breiten Öffentlichkeit umzupolen. Neben diesem Essay zur Verfassung Europas enthält dieser Band den Aufsatz »Das Konzept der Menschenwürde und die realistische Utopie der Menschenrechte« aus dem Jahr 2010 sowie drei Interventionen, die Jürgen Habermas seit dem Ausbruch der Finanzkrise veröffentlicht hat. »Angesichts eines politisch ungesteuerten Komplexitätswachstums der Weltgesellschaft, das den Handlungsspielraum der Nationalstaaten systemisch immer weiter einschränkt, ergibt sich die Forderung, die politischen Handlungsfähigkeiten über nationale Grenzen hinaus zu erweitern, aus dem normativen Sinn der Demokratie selbst.« Jürgen Habermas

Comparing Devolved Governance

Author: D. Birrell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230389793
Release Date: 2012-03-29
Genre: Political Science

Examines recent evidence of a growing symmetry in the operation of devolution in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. This book makes one of the first systematic and detailed comparisons of the operation of the devolved institutions and machinery of governance. It uses a comparative approach to explore the key workings of government.

Redefreiheit

Author: Timothy Garton Ash
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 9783446254251
Release Date: 2016-09-26
Genre: Political Science

Noch nie konnten so viele Menschen wie heute ihre Meinung auf der ganzen Welt verbreiten. Internet und Globalisierung haben eine neue Epoche der Redefreiheit möglich gemacht, gleichzeitig provozieren sie neue kulturelle und religiöse Konflikte. Müssen wir rassistische Kommentare auf Facebook hinnehmen? Darf Satire den Propheten Mohammed verhöhnen? 2011 hat Timothy Garton Ash eine Debatte angestoßen, seitdem diskutieren Teilnehmer aus der ganzen Welt die Frage, wie wir in Zukunft vernünftig unsere Standpunkte austauschen, wie wir das Recht auf Redefreiheit genauso wie die Würde Andersdenkender sichern können. Es ist der Stoff für sein neues Buch: Ein Standardwerk zur Redefreiheit im 21. Jahrhundert.

Egypt after Mubarak

Author: Bruce K. Rutherford
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400846146
Release Date: 2013-02-21
Genre: Political Science

Which way will Egypt go now that Husni Mubarak's authoritarian regime has been swept from power? Will it become an Islamic theocracy similar to Iran? Will it embrace Western-style liberalism and democracy? Egypt after Mubarak reveals that Egypt's secularists and Islamists may yet navigate a middle path that results in a uniquely Islamic form of liberalism and, perhaps, democracy. Bruce Rutherford draws on in-depth interviews with Egyptian judges, lawyers, Islamic activists, politicians, and businesspeople. He utilizes major court rulings, political documents of the Muslim Brotherhood, and the writings of Egypt's leading contemporary Islamic thinkers. Rutherford demonstrates that, in post-Mubarak Egypt, progress toward liberalism and democracy is likely to be slow. Essential reading on a subject of global importance, this edition includes a new introduction by Rutherford that takes stock of the Arab Spring and the Muslim Brotherhood's victories in the 2011-2012 elections.