This book presents the subject of farm machinery from the engineering viewpoint, emphasizing functional requirements and principles of operation for the basic types of field machines. Methods for testing or evaluating the performance of certain types of field machinery are included in the appropriate chapters. Contents: Abbreviations; Research and Development in Farm Machinery; Field Capacities and Cost Analysis; Materials of Construction; Elements of Rotary Power-Transmission Systems; Hydraulic Controls and Power-Take-Off Drives; Tillage Force Analysis and Hitching; Soil tillage: Moldboard-Type Tools; Disk Tools; Miscellaneous Tillage Equipment; Earth-Moving Equipment; Crop Planting; Row-Crop Cultivation, Flaming, and Thinning; Application of Fertilizers; Hay Harvesting: Mowing, Raking, and Baling; Forage Chopping and Handling; Seed Cleaning and Sorting; Grain and Seed Harvesting; Corn Picking and Shelling; Cotton Harvesting; Harvesting of Root Crops; Spraying and Dusting; Farm Transport. This book contains classic material dating back to the 1900s and before. The content has been carefully selected for its interest and relevance to a modern audience.
Author: D. W. Smith
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Release Date: 1994-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This bulletin provides principles, practices and procedures for testing machines and also determines aspects of a machine's performance that can be evaluated. It is directed towards those involved in the evaluation of machinery, and primarily towards users on small farms. Evaluation of farm equipment may be appropriate at any stage in its development, from first prototype to batch and series production.
Agricultural and Horticultural Engineering: Principles, Models, Systems, and Techniques focuses on the developments in agriculture and horticulture, including the role of engineers in employing measures in the management of plants, animals, and machinery. The book first offers information on the process of surveying, including tape, compass, and aerial surveying, leveling, barometric leveling with the aneroid, plane tabling, and electronic distance measurement and electronic total. The text then takes a look at models of the environment, material properties, and the relationship between stress and strain. The publication examines workshop methods and hydraulics. Topics include soldering, electric arc welding, low temperature brazing, welding using oxygen-acetylene apparatus, hydrodynamics, and water supply requirements. The text also reviews electricity and electronics and power and thermal systems, as well as alternating voltage supplies, electrical motors, electrical safety, power and energy consumption, and the fundamental principles of electronics. The manuscript is a dependable reference for engineers and readers interested in agricultural and horticultural engineering.
Author: Harry Field
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-06-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
The third edition of this book exposes the reader to a wide array of engineering principles and their application to agriculture. It presents an array of more or less independent topics to facilitate daily assessments or quizzes, and aims to enhance the students' problem solving ability. Each chapter contains objectives, worked examples and sample problems are included at the end of each chapter. This book was first published in the late 60's by AVI. It remains relevant for post secondary classes in Agricultural Engineering Technology and Agricultural Mechanics, and secondary agriculture teachers.
Handbook of Farm, Dairy and Food Machinery Engineering is the essential reference for engineers who need to understand those aspects of the food industry from farm machinery to food storage facilities to the machinery that processes and packages our foods. The process of getting food from "farm to fork," as the saying goes, involves more than planting, harvesting, shipping, processing, packaging and distributing—though those are all key components. Effective and efficient food delivery systems are built around processes that maximize the effort while minimizing cost, time, and resource depletion. This comprehensive reference is for engineers who design and build machinery and processing equipment, shipping containers, and packaging and storage equipment. It includes cutting-edge coverage of microwave vacuum application in grain processing, cacao processing, fruit and vegetable processing, ohmic heating of meat, facility design, closures for glass containers, double seaming, and much more. Provides cross-topic information for translational research and potential application Focuses on design and controls – written for engineers by engineers – always with practical applications in mind Includes design of machinery and facilities as well as theoretical basis for determining and predicting behavior of foods as they are handled and processed
The importance of economical production of agricultural materials, especially crops and animal products serving as base materials for foodstuffs, and of their technological processing (mechanical operations, storage, handling etc.) is ever-increasing. During technological processes agricultural materials may be exposed to various mechanical, thermal, electrical, optical and acoustical (e.g. ultrasonic) effects. To ensure optimal design of such processes, the interactions between biological materials and the physical effects acting on them, as well as the general laws governing the same, must be known. The mechanics of agricultural materials, as a scientific discipline, is still being developed, and therefore has no exact methods as yet, in many cases. However, the methods developed so far can already be utilized successfully for designing and optimizing machines and technological processes. This present work is the first attempt to summarize the calculation methods developed in the main fields of agricultural mechanics, and to indicate the material laws involved on the basis of a unified approach, with all relevant physico-mechanical properties taken into account. The book deals with material properties, gives the necessary theoretical background for description of the mechanical behaviour of these materials including modern powerful calculation methods and finally discusses a large number of experimental results. Many of them can only be found in this book. Special attention is paid to the unified approach concerning theory and practice. The systematic treatment of the material makes the book useful to a wide circle of designers, researchers and students in the field of agricultural engineering. The book can also be used as a textbook at technical and agricultural universities.
Author: Segun R. Bello
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
Release Date: 2012-09-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Agricultural engineering principles and practices is an exposition on a previous work titled; fundamental principles of agricultural engineering practice published by same author in 2007 which only explored aspects of principles of agricultural engineering with less emphasis on production practices engaged in at every level of agricultural operations. Thus the book gave a narrowed outlook of agricultural engineering fundamentals, which is not adequate for providing relevant information in practice with agricultural engineering background undertaking at all levels of engineering training in the university, polytechnic and colleges. Hence, the book has been enlarged in scopes and packaged in 2 volume titles (11 chapters in Volume I and 9 chapters in Volume II). Volume (I) has three parts that addresses fundamental aspects of agricultural engineering: Part 1 has six chapters comprising of agricultural engineering development, issues on agricultural mechanization, management of engineering utilities, economics of machine use, farm power and agricultural machinery and development. Part 2, in 3 chapters, addresses all aspects of site surveying, land clearing undertakings and landform development, various agricultural practices, and tillage operations. Part 3 has 2 chapters on crop planting operations and establishment practices. Various planting patterns and characteristics, equipment types and planter component descriptions are features x-rayed in this section. Chapters 10 and 11 dwells much on post planting operations involving crop thinning, fertilizer application, pest and weed control programme, and new development in chemical and fertilizer application as well as integrated pest control management. The scope of agricultural practice is inexhaustible and that informs a continual development and expansion of knowledge as advancements takes place.