Euclidean Geometry in Mathematical Olympiads

Author: Evan Chen
Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America
ISBN: 9780883858394
Release Date: 2016-05-02
Genre: Mathematics

This is a challenging problem-solving book in Euclidean geometry, assuming nothing of the reader other than a good deal of courage. Topics covered included cyclic quadrilaterals, power of a point, homothety, triangle centers; along the way the reader will meet such classical gems as the nine-point circle, the Simson line, the symmedian and the mixtilinear incircle, as well as the theorems of Euler, Ceva, Menelaus, and Pascal. Another part is dedicated to the use of complex numbers and barycentric coordinates, granting the reader both a traditional and computational viewpoint of the material. The final part consists of some more advanced topics, such as inversion in the plane, the cross ratio and projective transformations, and the theory of the complete quadrilateral. The exposition is friendly and relaxed, and accompanied by over 300 beautifully drawn figures. The emphasis of this book is placed squarely on the problems. Each chapter contains carefully chosen worked examples, which explain not only the solutions to the problems but also describe in close detail how one would invent the solution to begin with. The text contains as selection of 300 practice problems of varying difficulty from contests around the world, with extensive hints and selected solutions. This book is especially suitable for students preparing for national or international mathematical olympiads, or for teachers looking for a text for an honor class.

Problem Solving and Selected Topics in Euclidean Geometry

Author: Sotirios E. Louridas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461472735
Release Date: 2014-07-08
Genre: Mathematics

"Problem-Solving and Selected Topics in Euclidean Geometry: in the Spirit of the Mathematical Olympiads" contains theorems which are of particular value for the solution of geometrical problems. Emphasis is given in the discussion of a variety of methods, which play a significant role for the solution of problems in Euclidean Geometry. Before the complete solution of every problem, a key idea is presented so that the reader will be able to provide the solution. Applications of the basic geometrical methods which include analysis, synthesis, construction and proof are given. Selected problems which have been given in mathematical olympiads or proposed in short lists in IMO's are discussed. In addition, a number of problems proposed by leading mathematicians in the subject are included here. The book also contains new problems with their solutions. The scope of the publication of the present book is to teach mathematical thinking through Geometry and to provide inspiration for both students and teachers to formulate "positive" conjectures and provide solutions.

Mathematical Olympiad Treasures

Author: Titu Andreescu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817682538
Release Date: 2011-09-21
Genre: Mathematics

Mathematical Olympiad Treasures aims at building a bridge between ordinary high school exercises and more sophisticated, intricate and abstract concepts in undergraduate mathematics. The book contains a stimulating collection of problems in the subjects of algebra, geometry, trigonometry, number theory and combinatorics. While it may be considered a sequel to "Mathematical Olympiad Challenges," the focus is on engaging a wider audience to apply techniques and strategies to real-world problems. Throughout the book students are encouraged to express their ideas, conjectures, and conclusions in writing. The goal is to help readers develop a host of new mathematical tools that will be useful beyond the classroom and in a number of disciplines.

Methods of Solving Complex Geometry Problems

Author: Ellina Grigorieva
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783319007052
Release Date: 2013-08-13
Genre: Mathematics

This book is a unique collection of challenging geometry problems and detailed solutions that will build students’ confidence in mathematics. By proposing several methods to approach each problem and emphasizing geometry’s connections with different fields of mathematics, Methods of Solving Complex Geometry Problems serves as a bridge to more advanced problem solving. Written by an accomplished female mathematician who struggled with geometry as a child, it does not intimidate, but instead fosters the reader’s ability to solve math problems through the direct application of theorems. Containing over 160 complex problems with hints and detailed solutions, Methods of Solving Complex Geometry Problems can be used as a self-study guide for mathematics competitions and for improving problem-solving skills in courses on plane geometry or the history of mathematics. It contains important and sometimes overlooked topics on triangles, quadrilaterals, and circles such as the Menelaus-Ceva theorem, Simson’s line, Heron’s formula, and the theorems of the three altitudes and medians. It can also be used by professors as a resource to stimulate the abstract thinking required to transcend the tedious and routine, bringing forth the original thought of which their students are capable. Methods of Solving Complex Geometry Problems will interest high school and college students needing to prepare for exams and competitions, as well as anyone who enjoys an intellectual challenge and has a special love of geometry. It will also appeal to instructors of geometry, history of mathematics, and math education courses.

Methods for Euclidean Geometry

Author: Owen Byer
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883857632
Release Date: 2010-09-02
Genre: Mathematics

Methods for Euclidean Geometry explores one of the oldest and most beautiful of mathematical subjects. The book begins with a thorough presentation of classical solution methods for plane geometry problems, but its distinguishing feature is the subsequent collection of methods which have appeared since 1600. For example, the coordinate method, which is a central part of the book, has been part of mathematics for four centuries. However, it has rarely served as a tool that students consider using when faced with geometry problems. The same holds true regarding the use of trigonometry, vectors, complex numbers, and transformations. The book presents each of these as self-contained topics, providing examples of their applications to geometry problems. Both strengths and weaknesses of various methods, as well as the ranges of their effective applications, are discussed. Importance is placed on the problems and their solutions. The book contains numerous problems of varying difficulty; over a third of its contents are devoted to problem statements, hints, and complete solutions. The book can be used as a textbook for geometry courses; as a source book for geometry and other mathematics courses; for capstone, problem-solving, and enrichment courses; and for independent study courses.

Problems and Solutions in Euclidean Geometry

Author: M. N. Aref
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486477206
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Mathematics

Based on classical principles, this book is intended for a second course in Euclidean geometry and can be used as a refresher. Each chapter covers a different aspect of Euclidean geometry, lists relevant theorems and corollaries, and states and proves many propositions. Includes more than 200 problems, hints, and solutions. 1968 edition.

Problem Solving Strategies

Author: Arthur Engel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387226415
Release Date: 2008-01-19
Genre: Mathematics

A unique collection of competition problems from over twenty major national and international mathematical competitions for high school students. Written for trainers and participants of contests of all levels up to the highest level, this will appeal to high school teachers conducting a mathematics club who need a range of simple to complex problems and to those instructors wishing to pose a "problem of the week", thus bringing a creative atmosphere into the classrooms. Equally, this is a must-have for individuals interested in solving difficult and challenging problems. Each chapter starts with typical examples illustrating the central concepts and is followed by a number of carefully selected problems and their solutions. Most of the solutions are complete, but some merely point to the road leading to the final solution. In addition to being a valuable resource of mathematical problems and solution strategies, this is the most complete training book on the market.

Mathematical Olympiad In China 2009 2010 Problems And Solutions

Author: Xiong Bin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814397438
Release Date: 2013-02-20
Genre: Mathematics

The International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) is a competition for high school students. China has taken part in the IMO 21 times since 1985 and has won the top ranking for countries 14 times, with a multitude of golds for individual students. The six students China has sent every year were selected from 20 to 30 students among approximately 130 students who took part in the annual China Mathematical Competition during the winter months. This volume of comprises a collection of original problems with solutions that China used to train their Olympiad team in the years from 2009 to 2010. Mathematical Olympiad problems with solutions for the years 2002-2008 appear in an earlier volume, Mathematical Olympiad in China.

Lemmas in Olympiad Geometry

Author: Titu Andreescu
ISBN: 0988562235
Release Date: 2016-04

This book showcases the synthetic problem-solving methods which frequently appear in modern day Olympiad geometry, in the way we believe they should be taught to someone with little familiarity in the subject. In some sense, the text also represents an unofficial sequel to the recent problem collection published by XYZ Press, 110 Geometry Problems for the International Mathematical Olympiad, written by the first and third authors, but the two books can be studied completely independently of each other. The work is designed as a medley of the important Lemmas in classical geometry in a relatively linear fashion: gradually starting from Power of a Point and common results to more sophisticated topics, where knowing a lot of techniques can prove to be tremendously useful. We treat each chapter as a short story of its own and include numerous solved exercises with detailed explanations and related insights that will hopefully make your journey very enjoyable.

First Steps for Math Olympians

Author: J. Douglas Faires
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 088385824X
Release Date: 2006-12-21
Genre: Mathematics

Provide students with the tools to solve problems that are found on mathematical problem-solving exams.

Advanced Euclidean Geometry

Author: Roger A. Johnson
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486154985
Release Date: 2013-01-08
Genre: Mathematics

This classic text explores the geometry of the triangle and the circle, concentrating on extensions of Euclidean theory, and examining in detail many relatively recent theorems. 1929 edition.

A Mathematical Orchard

Author: Mark I. Krusemeyer
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883858332
Release Date: 2012-10-11
Genre: Mathematics

This volume is a republication and expansion of the much-loved Wohascum County Problem Book, published in 1993. The original 130 problems have been retained and supplemented by an additional 78 problems. The puzzles contained within, which are accessible but never routine, have been specially selected for their mathematical appeal, and detailed solutions are provided. The reader will encounter puzzles involving calculus, algebra, discrete mathematics, geometry and number theory, and the volume includes an appendix identifying the prerequisite knowledge for each problem. A second appendix organises the problems by subject matter so that readers can focus their attention on particular types of problems if they wish. This collection will provide enjoyment for seasoned problem solvers and for those who wish to hone their skills.

A Gentle Introduction to the American Invitational Mathematics Exam

Author: Scott A. Annin
Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America
ISBN: 9780883858356
Release Date: 2015-11-16
Genre: Mathematics

This book is a celebration of mathematical problem solving at the level of the high school American Invitational Mathematics Examination. There is no other book on the market focused on the AIME. It is intended, in part, as a resource for comprehensive study and practice for the AIME competition for students, teachers, and mentors. After all, serious AIME contenders and competitors should seek a lot of practice in order to succeed. However, this book is also intended for anyone who enjoys solving problems as a recreational pursuit. The AIME contains many problems that have the power to foster enthusiasm for mathematics – the problems are fun, engaging, and addictive. The problems found within these pages can be used by teachers who wish to challenge their students, and they can be used to foster a community of lovers of mathematical problem solving! There are more than 250 fully-solved problems in the book, containing examples from AIME competitions of the 1980’s, 1990’s, 2000’s, and 2010’s. In some cases, multiple solutions are presented to highlight variable approaches. To help problem-solvers with the exercises, the author provides two levels of hints to each exercise in the book, one to help stuck starters get an idea how to begin, and another to provide more guidance in navigating an approach to the solution.