A travel writing classic ready to be rediscovered, Europe in the Looking Glass describes, with a mixture of laugh-out-loud humour and perceptive commentary on art and architecture, how three rich young Englishmen cross pre-World-War-Two Europe in an old car. Best known as the author of The Road to Oxiana, published in 1937, Robert Byron developed his considerable writing skills on a travel book which has not been in print since 1926. Europe in the Looking Glass describes a journey Byron made with three friends, driving across Europe between two world wars, and mixes political and historical analysis with architectural insights, classical scholarship and the day-to-day adventures of three young and not very experienced travelers. For fans of Robert Byron’s work this will be a discovery; for others it will be an introduction. Turning a corner we suddenly found ourselves sliding down a precipice, tilted so far forward that it was necessary to hold ourselves back with our hands pressed against the dashboard, as half a dozen Apennine valleys beckoned invitingly below… Here [St Peter’s] Popes with black faces and golden crowns are wallowing twice life-size in the titanic folds of marble tablecloths, their ormolu fringes festooning upon the arms of graceful skeletons to disclose some Alice-in-Wonderland door or the grim hinges of some sepulchral grill…
Author: Roger Bartra
Release Date: 1994
"Long before the age of exploration, wild men inhabited the European imagination. These fascinating, hairy creatures have a long history of representation in art, literature, and folklore, appearing among other guises as satyrs and fauns in ancient Greece, mythical forest - and mountain-dwellers in the Middle Ages, and Shakespeare's Caliban and Cervantes's Cardenio in the Renaissance. Wild folk also captured the attention of naturalists, who investigated homo ferus and homo sylvestris, and philosophers, who elaborated the image of the noble savage." "In Wild Men in the Looking Glass, Roger Bartra searches out the roots of the European wild man myth and explores its long evolution. Turning the tables on those who suggest that the primitive peoples "discovered" and colonized by European explorers gave rise to the myth, Bartra finds that the wild man myth preceded and helped shape European reactions to real peoples. Indeed, he shows that the wild man underpins the notion of civilization on which much of Western identity has been based. The man we recognize as "civilized" has not been able to take a single step without the shadow of the wild man at his heel."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Author: Michael Herzfeld
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1987
Genre: Social Science
Despite having emerged in the heyday of a dominant Europe, of which Ancient Greece is the hallowed spiritual and intellectual ancestor, anthropology has paradoxically shown relatively little interest in contemporary Greek culture. In this innovative and ambitious book, Michael Herzfeld moves Greek Ethnography from the margins to the centre of anthropological theory, revealing the theoretical insights that can be gained by so doing. He shows that the ideology that originally led to the creation of anthropology also played a large part in the growth of the modern Greek nation-state, and that Greek ethnography can therefore serve as a mirror for an ethnography of anthropology itself. He further demonstrates the role that scholarly fields, including anthropology, have played in the construction of contemporary Greek culture and Greek identity.
Author: Rebecca K. Shrum
Publisher: JHU Press
Release Date: 2017-07-07
"In the Looking Glass explores how mirrors shaped human identity in North America from the earliest European explorations through the nineteenth century. Early Americans--African, Native, and European--had uses for and beliefs about reflective surfaces, largely associating reflection with ritual and magic, which predated the introduction of accurately reflective mirrors (ca. 1500). These new mirrors played a critical role in shaping a person's individual sense of self and came to be intimately linked to identity formation in early America. Moreover, mirrors became an object through which white men asserted their claims to modernity, emphasizing mirrors as fulcrums of truth that enabled them to know and master themselves and their world. In claiming that mirrors revealed and substantiated their own enlightenment and rationality, white men sought to differentiate how they used mirrors from not only white women but also from Native American and African American men and women. Mirrors thus played an important role in the construction of early American racial and gender hierarchies. This project brings together the history of technology and the history of identity, using textual, visual, and material sources to focus on how mirrors were created, adopted, adapted, and discussed by a wide variety of early Americans. In the Looking Glass will attract a wide audience of scholars from history, African American studies, Native American studies, material studies, history of technology, and gender studies, as well as a broader audience concerned with questions of image and identity"--Provided by publisher.
In his theory of the 'mirror stage', the psychoanalyst and psychiatrist Jacques Lacan argued that the female body is defined by its lack of male attributes. Within this framework, he described female sexuality primarily as an absence, and assumed female subordination to the male gaze. However, what happens if one follows Jean Baudrillard's advice to 'swallow the mirror' and go through the 'looking-glass' to explore the reflections and realities that we encounter in the cultural mirror, which reflects the culture in question: its norms, ideals and values? What if the beautiful is inverted and becomes ugly; and the ugly is considered beautiful or shape-shifts into something conventionally thought of as beautiful? These are the fundamental questions that Basia Sliwinska poses in this important new enquiry into gender identity and the politics of vision in contemporary women's art.Through an innovative discussion of the mirror as a metaphor, Sliwinska reveals how the post-1989 practices of woman artists from both sides of the former Iron Curtain - such as Joanna Rajkowska, Marina Abramovic, Boryana Rossa, Natalia LL and Anetta Mona Chisa and Lucia Tkacova - go beyond gender binaries and instead embrace otherness and difference by playing with visual tropes of femininity. Their provocative works offer alternative representations of the female body to those seen in the cultural mirror. Their art challenges and deconstructs patriarchal representations of the social and cultural 'other', associated with visual tropes of femininity such as Alice in Wonderland, Venus and Medusa. The Female Body in the Looking-Glass makes a refreshing, radical intervention into art theory and cultural studies by offering new theoretical concepts such as 'the mirror' and 'genderland' (inspired by Alice's adventures in Wonderland) as critical tools with which we can analyse and explain recent developments in women's art.
A brilliantly funny satire on modern diplomacy. The Far Eastern republic of Inevitable Khaos is at war with the repulic of Incredible Khaos and an international conference is gathering in a neutral European capital to discuss the problem. First on the scene come the security authorities wrangling about accommodation for their delegations. Two Russian painters may be spies, refugees seeking political asylum or the advance guard of the Russian delegation. And a young Khaotian patriot decides to live in a tree outside the conference building until peace comes to his country. Next arrive the delegates themselves: they discuss procedure, protocol and the official language. But the main pre-occupation of each is to utter the precise cliche that will fire the world's imagination and immortalize his attendance at the conference. The Looking-Glass Conference is a brilliant political satire. It is uproariously funny, but Mr Blunden's host of characters are endearingly human and their varied national characteristics are unmistakably true to life.
Author: Peter J. Burnell
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Political Science
Democratization is a major political phenomenon of the age. This study argues that our perspectives on democratization reflect the intellectual origins of the inquiry. How we see and understand it are influenced by what we bring to the table. By considering democratization across a range of disciplines, from anthropology and economics, to sociology, law and area studies, this volume offers a rich combination of analytical frameworks, distinctive insights and leading points of concern. wide-ranging distillation of the main themes, issues and topics, concisely written by specialists. On a second level the book advances the case for a broadly-based comparative study which includes Europe and North American alongside developing regions, while maintaining the belief that a multidisciplinary approach enhances our understanding of democratization far more than that of a narrow political science view. of their subject and all social scientists who need an introduction to this important contemporary phenomenon.
Author: United Nations. Economic Commission for Europe
Publisher: United Nations. Economic Commission for Europe
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Business & Economics
The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) and the Central Europe Initiative (CEI) are working together to promote a suitable investment environment where more bankable and feasible business and investment opportunities are identified, designed and presented to appropriate financial sources. This handbook is designed as a practical planning tool. Its objective is create market transparency and unveil potential by offering basic facts, information, statistics, contacts and data to investors and to all those interested in business opportunities in the CEI transition economies. Key facts on each country are followed by statistical country profiles. Cross-country comparisons are also presented. Information is provided on the economy, the labour market, population, infrastructure, education and housing. The main instruments of enterprise development and support to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are presented. A list of project proposals and ideas collected through the CEI Project Opportunity Methodology is also included.
Author: Hans Krabbendam
Publisher: Vu University Press
Release Date: 1999-01-01
Genre: Social Science
The essays in this volume discuss past, recent and future developments within American Studies as manifested in the United States and in various Western and Eastern European countries. Central is the question how different cultural backgrounds and traditions informed varying approaches to the discipline. Is American Studies a form of cultural self-reflection? This volume pursues this theme from a variety of angles.
Author: Marion Demossier
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Release Date: 2007
The twin concepts of "Culture" and "Identity" are inescapable in any discussion of European Integration and yet over the last ten years their meaning has become increasingly contested. By combining an anthropological and political perspective, the authors challenge the traditional boundaries within the issue of the construction of Europe. In the first part, historians and anthropologists from various national traditions discuss the process of the construction of Europe and its implications for cultural identities. The second section examines a number of topics at the core of the process of Europeanization and presents up-to-date information on each of these issues: political parties, regions, football, cities, the Euro, ethnicity, heritage and European cinema. Emphasis is be placed on the political structuring of cultural identities by contrasting top-down and bottom-up processes that define the tensions between the unity and diversity of the European Community.
Author: Sheila Skaff
Publisher: Ohio University Press
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Performing Arts
Polish cinema has produced some of Europe's finest directors, such as Krzysztof Kie'slowski, Roman Polanski, Andrzej Wajda, and Krzysztof Zanussi, but little is known about its origins at the turn of the twentieth century. In spite of poor technical quality, cinema was popular with the many ethnic groups in partition-era Poland. Filmmakers, producers, and intellectuals recognized the artistic potential of cinema, most notably the philosopher and avant-garde novelist Karol Irzykowski, who in 1922 wrote The Tenth Muse, a theoretical work of criticism of the new medium. In the early years of Polish cinema, films were shown in the cities and in smaller towns by traveling exhibitors. Sheila Skaff finds that an enduring appreciation for visual imagery is evident in every period of the history of cinema in Poland. She analyzes local film production, practices of spectatorship, clashes over language choice in intertitles, and the controversies surrounding the first synchronized sound experiments before World War I. Skaff discusses the creation of a national film industry in the newly independent country of the interwar years; silent cinema; the transition from silent to sound film, including the passionate debates in the press over the transition; and the first Polish and Yiddish "talkies." Yiddish films are among the most famous films in the interwar period, such as Michal Waszy'nski's Der dibuk in 1937, which depicted Jewish life and culture in Poland before the Holocaust. The Law of the Looking Glass places particular importance on conflicts in majority-minority relations in the region and the types of collaboration that led to important films such as Der dibuk.