Author: Richard J. Reid
Publisher: Blackwell Pub
Release Date: 2009
As the world's second largest continent, Africa is home to a treasure trove of history. The geographical range of its environments and landscapes are only exceeded by - and inextricably intertwined with - the stunning diversity of its people, languages, and cultures. Much of Africa's variety is reflected in the dynamic historical events that transpired over the last 200 years. During this period the continent's population incorporated vastly different systems of polity, economies, and belief systems. "A History of Modern Africa" recounts the full breadth of the last two centuries of African history. Author Richard Reid takes us on a thought-provoking and illuminating journey through the slave trade and colonization to the rise of Islam, struggles for independence, and beyond. Readers will see how Africa's rich diversity began to re-emerge during the post-colonial era - and discover the contrasting periods of despair and hope that emerged with it: the comforting dullness of Botswana and genocidal horrors of Rwanda; the bureaucratic routine of Ghanaian elections and violent political upheavals of Zimbabwe. Throughout these landmark events, Reid is ever sensitive to the richness and variety of Africa's people and societies, cultures, and cosmology. "A History of Modern Africa" is an essential recounting of the turning points of Africa's past and the myriad strands of African culture that will shape its future.
How have Malta and Cyprus - both EU members – transitioned from colonial island states to independent democracies? With the assistance of primary documentation this book traces the difficult path of these two states to becoming independent liberal democracies by using the pathway of democratization through decolonization. Using socio-economic and political data, analysed through the microscope of political science and international relations theories, Isabelle Calleja Ragonesi charts the progress of the two islands in the context of a number of four distinct phases. Firstly decolonization, independence and achieving the status of procedural democracies; secondly post-colonial independence consolidating democracy and regime breakdown; thirdly sovereign nation-state status and second attempts at consolidating democracy and finally attempting to reach substantive democracy status and EU membership. The study of these two states is contextualized within the context of democratization in Southern Europe and the cases of Malta and Cyprus provide new insights on the region for scholars of political science and international institutions.