Evaluating Measurement Accuracy

Author: Semyon G. Rabinovich
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319601250
Release Date: 2017-09-05
Genre: Science

This book presents a systematic and comprehensive exposition of the theory of measurement accuracy and provides solutions that fill significant and long-standing gaps in the classical theory. It eliminates the shortcomings of the classical theory by including methods for estimating accuracy of single measurements, the most common type of measurement. The book also develops methods of reduction and enumeration for indirect measurements, which do not require Taylor series and produce a precise solution to this problem. It produces grounded methods and recommendations for summation of errors. The monograph also analyzes and critiques two foundation metrological documents, the International Vocabulary of Metrology (VIM) and the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM), and discusses directions for their revision. This new edition adds a step-by-step guide on how to evaluate measurement accuracy and recommendations on how to calculate systematic error of multiple measurements. There is also an extended section on the method of reduction, which provides an alternative to the least-square method and the method of enumeration. Many sections are also rewritten to improve the structure and usability of the material. The 3rd edition reflects the latest developments in metrology and offers new results, and it is designed to be accessible to readers at various levels and positions, including scientists, engineers, and undergraduate and graduate students. By presenting material from a practical perspective and offering solutions and recommendations for problems that arise in conducting real-life measurements, author Semyon Rabinovich offers an invaluable resource for scientists in any field.

Psychological Testing

Author: Theresa J.B. Kline
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781506315942
Release Date: 2005-02-15
Genre: Social Science

Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach to Design and Evaluation offers a fresh and innovative approach for graduate students and faculty in the fields of testing, measurement, psychometrics, research design, and related areas of study. Author Theresa J.B. Kline guides readers through the process of designing and evaluating a test, while ensuring that the test meets the highest professional standards. The author uses simple, clear examples throughout and fully details the required statistical analyses. Topics include—but are not limited to—design of item stems and responses; sampling strategies; classical and modern test theory; IRT program examples; reliability of tests and raters; validation using content, criterion-related, and factor analytic approaches; test and item bias; and professional and ethical issues in testing.

The Practical Guide to Range of Motion Assessment

Author: John J. Gerhardt
Publisher: Amer Medical Assn
ISBN: 157947263X
Release Date: 2002-01-01
Genre: Medical

This companion to Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment, Fifth Edition, provides instruction on a standardized method for measuring range of motion (ROM). The Guides Fifth assumes the user is experienced in measuring range of motion. This manual provides basic to proficient guidance that will enable physicians, physical therapists, and other evaluators to obtain accurate ROM measurements using standardized guidelines, reference tables, and reporting protocols. This consistent approach promises to produce greater intra- and interevaluator reliability. To increase accuracy, trained clinicians identify anatomic landmarks and properly position or stabilize the body to use a consistent technique to apply the measurement to the joint.

Measurement in Medicine

Author: Henrica C. W. de Vet
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139497817
Release Date: 2011-08-11
Genre: Medical

The success of the Apgar score demonstrates the astounding power of an appropriate clinical instrument. This down-to-earth book provides practical advice, underpinned by theoretical principles, on developing and evaluating measurement instruments in all fields of medicine. It equips you to choose the most appropriate instrument for specific purposes. The book covers measurement theories, methods and criteria for evaluating and selecting instruments. It provides methods to assess measurement properties, such as reliability, validity and responsiveness, and interpret the results. Worked examples and end-of-chapter assignments use real data and well-known instruments to build your skills at implementation and interpretation through hands-on analysis of real-life cases. All data and solutions are available online. This is a perfect course book for students and a perfect companion for professionals/researchers in the medical and health sciences who care about the quality and meaning of the measurements they perform.

Health Program Planning and Evaluation A Practical Systematic Approach for Community Health

Author: L. Michele Issel
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 9780763785925
Release Date: 2009-09-14
Genre: Medical

The Second Edition of Health Program Planning and Evaluation will help you to systematically develop, thoughtfully implement, and rigorously evaluate health programs across a variety of health disciplines. This thorough revision includes updated examples and references throughout, reflecting the major changes within the field. This outstanding resource prepares students and professionals to become savvy consumers of evaluation reports and prudent users of evaluation consultants. It presents practical tools and concepts in language suitable for both the practicing and novice health program planner and evaluator.

Instrumental Assessment of Food Sensory Quality

Author: David Kilcast
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857098856
Release Date: 2013-09-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Instrumental measurements of the sensory quality of food and drink are of growing importance in both complementing data provided by sensory panels and in providing valuable data in situations in which the use of human subjects is not feasible. Instrumental assessment of food sensory quality reviews the range and use of instrumental methods for measuring sensory quality. After an introductory chapter, part one goes on to explore the principles and practice of the assessment and analysis of food appearance, flavour, texture and viscosity. Part two reviews advances in methods for instrumental assessment of food sensory quality and includes chapters on food colour measurement using computer vision, gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O), electronic noses and tongues for in vivo food flavour measurement, and non-destructive methods for food texture assessment. Further chapters highlight in-mouth measurement of food quality and emerging flavour analysis methods for food authentication. Finally, chapters in part three focus on the instrumental assessment of the sensory quality of particular foods and beverages including meat, poultry and fish, baked goods, dry crisp products, dairy products, and fruit and vegetables. The instrumental assessment of the sensory quality of wine, beer, and juices is also discussed. Instrumental assessment of food sensory quality is a comprehensive technical resource for quality managers and research and development personnel in the food industry and researchers in academia interested in instrumental food quality measurement. Reviews the range and use of instrumental methods for measuring sensory quality Explores the principles and practice of the assessment and analysis of food appearance, flavour, texture and viscosity Reviews advances in methods for instrumental assessment of food sensory quality

Measuring Leadership Development Quantify Your Program s Impact and ROI on Organizational Performance

Author: Jack Phillips
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071781213
Release Date: 2012-04-06
Genre: Business & Economics

Prove the financial value of your programs—so funders can’t say no “Not measuring the impact of leadership development is like dieting without weighing-in. This outstanding book offers a very logical and practical approach to measuring the impact of leadership development.” —Dave Ulrich, Professor, University of Michigan, Ross School of Business, and partner, The RBL Group “This book explains many of the reasons why current leadership development practices miss the mark. A must-read for anyone who wishes to implement a meaningful strategy for developing leaders in their organization.” —Rajeev Peshawaria, Executive Director and CEO, iclif Leadership and Governance Centre “Leadership development is an area we instinctively know we need in organizations, but we struggle with how to link it to results. Patti, Jack, and Rebecca make measurement a clear and simple process.” —Whitney Hischier, Assistant Dean, Center for Executive Education, University of California, Berkeley, Haas School of Business “Measuring Leadership Development is one of the best business road maps I’ve seen in quite some time. These three doctors of philosophy offer the right prescription for ailing corporations in today’s business climate. I highly recommend it as an essential navigational tool in any corporate handbook.” —Marshall Goldsmith, million-selling author of the New York Times bestsellers MOJO and What Got Your Here Won’t Get You There “In addition to synthesizing and integrating various streams of information into something meaningful and compelling, the authors outline the fundamental questions that anyone who truly cares about making a difference should answer and they also provide pragmatic approaches and applications to insure high impact.” —Teresa Roche, Vice President and Chief Learning Officer, Agilent Technologies About the Book: Leadership development is one of the driving forces behind strong organizational performance. However, when executives look to run their organizations leaner, they view it as a luxury. Now, Measuring Leadership Development gives talent managers a full toolkit for presenting their leadership development programs in terms of identifiable business benefits, including—for the first time—an accurate bottom line for return on investment in the program. Jack and Patti Phillips have set the standard for ROI Methodology, and here, with Rebecca Ray, they show you how to measure, in real numbers, the impact a leadership development program has on an organization. This complete package gives you sought-after advice for developing leaders with a conveniently measurable, results-based approach as well as the tools you need to collect, analyze, and report relevant data. With this one-of-a-kind book, you can get up and running fast to: Design, deliver, and sustain a periodic ROI evaluation process Provide executives and stakeholders with the confirmable data they demand in terms they understand Use your evaluation data to drive improvement in your organization Effectively value the ROI of a leadership development program using the same standard ratio accountants use for equipment and buildings Colorful case studies from some of the world’s best-known companies illustrate how to establish best practices and avoid common pitfalls. You will turn to this book again and again for its authoritative, go-to advice and techniques. Take the lead in improving your company’s performance with Measuring Leadership Development.

A Practical Approach to the Spectrum of Alcoholic Liver Disease An Issue of Clinics in Liver Disease E Book

Author: David Bernstein
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9781455747375
Release Date: 2012-11-14
Genre: Medical

The Guest Editor has organized this issue to focus on the clinical management of alcoholic liver disease. Authors have written state-of-the-art reviews on the following topics: Prevalence and Natural History of ALD; Alcohol Metabolism; Immunology in ALD; Histological Findings in ALD; Diagnosis and Management of Alcoholic Hepatitis; Management of Alcohol Abuse; Long Term Management of Alcoholic Liver Disease; Infections in ALD; Nutrition in ALD; Alcohol’s Effect on Other Chronic Liver Diseases; Liver Cancer and Alcohol; Evaluation and Selection of Candidates for Liver Transplantation; and ALD and Specific Transplant-Related Issues.

A Practical Approach to Water Conservation for Commercial and Industrial Facilities

Author: Mohan Seneviratne
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080525067
Release Date: 2007-07-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Industry and commerce use vast amounts of water and in some parts of the world water is becoming a scarce commodity. We need to take more care in our future use of water, and this book is a 'best practice' manual for industrial and commercial users world-wide. It offers a practical account of the measures which can be taken to re-educate industrial and commercial users in the techniques of water saving and re-use anywhere in the world. The principles are covered in detail and supported by examples from specific industries and commercial operations. Author Mohan Seneviratne is Manager of Sydney Water's 'Every Drop Counts Business Program', which won the prestigious 2006 Stockholm Industry Water Award in recognition of how the utility is working in partnership with business, industry and government to help ensure the long-term sustainability of Sydney’s water supply. * The first book to cover water conservation for industrial users from processing plants to pubs and clubs * Provides practical advice on implementing water conservation for users in various industry sectors * Written by a practicing water conservation consultant

Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance

Author: James R. Morrow
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 9780736090391
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Health & Fitness

Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance,Fourth Edition, introduces students to tests and measurements as well as statistical decision making and interpretation with regard to human performance problems in the areas of kinesiology, physical education, health, and fitness.

Measuring User Engagement

Author: Mounia Lalmas
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 9781627052627
Release Date: 2014-11-01
Genre: Computers

User engagement refers to the quality of the user experience that emphasizes the positive aspects of interacting with an online application and, in particular, the desire to use that application longer and repeatedly. User engagement is a key concept in the design of online applications (whether for desktop, tablet or mobile), motivated by the observation that successful applications are not just used, but are engaged with. Users invest time, attention, and emotion in their use of technology, and seek to satisfy pragmatic and hedonic needs. Measurement is critical for evaluating whether online applications are able to successfully engage users, and may inform the design of and use of applications. User engagement is a multifaceted, complex phenomenon; this gives rise to a number of potential measurement approaches. Common ways to evaluate user engagement include using self-report measures, e.g., questionnaires; observational methods, e.g. facial expression analysis, speech analysis; neuro-physiological signal processing methods, e.g., respiratory and cardiovascular accelerations and decelerations, muscle spasms; and web analytics, e.g., number of site visits, click depth. These methods represent various trade-offs in terms of the setting (laboratory versus ``in the wild''), object of measurement (user behaviour, affect or cognition) and scale of data collected. For instance, small-scale user studies are deep and rich, but limited in terms of generalizability, whereas large-scale web analytic studies are powerful but negate users' motivation and context. The focus of this book is how user engagement is currently being measured and various considerations for its measurement. Our goal is to leave readers with an appreciation of the various ways in which to measure user engagement, and their associated strengths and weaknesses. We emphasize the multifaceted nature of user engagement and the unique contextual constraints that come to bear upon attempts to measure engagement in different settings, and across different user groups and web domains. At the same time, this book advocates for the development of ``good'' measures and good measurement practices that will advance the study of user engagement and improve our understanding of this construct, which has become so vital in our wired world. Table of Contents: Preface / Acknowledgments / Introduction and Scope / Approaches Based on Self-Report Methods / Approaches Based on Physiological Measurements / Approaches Based on Web Analytics / Beyond Desktop, Single Site, and Single Task / Enhancing the Rigor of User Engagement Methods and Measures / Conclusions and Future Research Directions / Bibliography / Authors' Biographies / Index

Psychological Testing

Author: Theresa J.B. Kline
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781506315942
Release Date: 2005-02-15
Genre: Social Science

Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach to Design and Evaluation offers a fresh and innovative approach for graduate students and faculty in the fields of testing, measurement, psychometrics, research design, and related areas of study. Author Theresa J.B. Kline guides readers through the process of designing and evaluating a test, while ensuring that the test meets the highest professional standards. The author uses simple, clear examples throughout and fully details the required statistical analyses. Topics include—but are not limited to—design of item stems and responses; sampling strategies; classical and modern test theory; IRT program examples; reliability of tests and raters; validation using content, criterion-related, and factor analytic approaches; test and item bias; and professional and ethical issues in testing.

Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance

Author: James R. Morrow
Publisher: Human Kinetics 1
ISBN: 0736065032
Release Date: 2006-06-01
Genre: Education

Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance, Third Edition,offers unmatched, in-depth instruction in measurement and evaluation techniques. Thoroughly revised and updated, the third edition features a new section on epidemiology and further develops international perspectives. This edition also features improved readability in measurement statistics and enhanced efficiency in solving measurement and evaluation problems through the use of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Additional features that are new to this edition: -Revised first chapter that lays the groundwork for improved learning throughout the text -Inclusion of a specific downloadable data set that is used as an example in many chapters -Removal of outdated and complicated statistical techniques, eliminating the need for a background in higher-level mathematics -Additional computer tasks in each chapter that tie earlier learning to specific applications -Decision scenarios similar to those made by human performance professionals to help students apply decision making skills to practical, real-life problems The text also increases the number of problem sets and places a greater emphasis on student-friendly learning through its learning aids, including chapter objectives, measurement and evaluation challenges, highlight features, mastery items, and new computer tasks for each chapter. Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance, Third Edition,will appeal to students by engaging them in the material to increase their comprehension, and to professionals through its depth of information and ease in locating it. Includes an online study guide! To assist students using the text, Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance, Third Edition, has a companion online student study guide that allows students to interactively practice, review, and develop their understanding of measurement and evaluation processes so that they can make strong grades and valid decisions. Students will receive free access to the study guide with the purchase of a new text, or it may be purchased as a separate component The online study guide is designed to help students learn, understand, and practice the main concepts of each chapter. Students will find selected answers to mastery items from the text, homework problems, selected homework answers, data matrixes to download, and multiple choice quizzes designed to test their knowledge of the textbook material. They will also find lecture outlines created by the authors to help them learn the key concepts, as well as links to related sites on the Web and a variety of test tips.

Measurements and Their Uncertainties

Author: Ifan Hughes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199566327
Release Date: 2010-07-01
Genre: Mathematics

This short book is primarily intended to be used in undergraduate laboratories in the physical sciences. No prior knowledge of statistics is assumed, with the necessary concepts introduced where needed, and illustrated graphically. In contrast to traditional treatments a combination of spreadsheet and calculus-based approaches is used. Error analysis is introduced at a level accessible to school leavers, and carried through to research level. The emphasisthroughout is on practical strategies to be adopted in the laboratory. Error calculation and propagation is presented though a series of rules-of-thumb, look-up tables and approaches amenable to computeranalysis.