Evaluating Measurement Accuracy

Author: Semyon G Rabinovich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461467175
Release Date: 2013-07-03
Genre: Science

“Evaluating Measurement Accuracy, 2nd Edition” is intended for those who are concerned with measurements in any field of science or technology. It reflects the latest developments in metrology and offers new results, but is designed to be accessible to readers at different levels: scientists who advance the field of metrology, engineers and experimental scientists who use measurements as tool in their professions, students and graduate students in natural sciences and engineering, and, in parts describing practical recommendations, technicians performing mass measurements in industry, quality control, and trade. This book presents material from the practical perspective and offers solutions and recommendations for problems that arise in conducting real-life measurements. This new edition adds a method for estimating accuracy of indirect measurements with independent arguments, whose development Dr. Rabinovich was able to complete very recently. This method, which is called the Method of Enumeration, produces estimates that are no longer approximate, similar to the way the method of reduction described in the first edition removed approximation in estimating uncertainty of indirect measurements with dependent arguments. The method of enumeration completes addressing the range of problems whose solutions signify the emergence of the new theory of accuracy of measurements. A new method is added for building a composition of histograms, and this method forms a theoretical basis for the method of enumeration.Additionally, as a companion to this book, a concise practical guide that assembles simple step-by-step procedures for typical tasks the practitioners are likely to encounter in measurement accuracy estimation is available at SpringerLink.

Evaluating Measurement Accuracy

Author: S. G. Rabinovich
Publisher:
ISBN: 1441914609
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Measurement

The goal of Evaluating Measurement Accuracy: A Practical Approach is to present methods for estimating the accuracy of measurements performed in industry, trade, and scientific research. Although multiple measurements are the focus of current theory, single measurements are the ones most commonly used. This book answers fundamental questions not addressed by present theory, such as how to discover the complete uncertainty of a measurement result. In developing a general theory of processing experimental data, this book, for the first time, presents the postulates of the theory of measurements. It introduces several new terms and definitions about the relationship between the accuracy of measuring instruments and measurements utilizing these instruments. It also offers well-grounded and practical methods for combining the components of measurement inaccuracy. From developing the theory of indirect measurements to proposing new methods of reduction in place of the traditional ones, this work encompasses the full range of measurement data processing. It includes many solid examples that exemplify typical problems encountered in measurement practice, from general theory to practical applications. As a result, Evaluating Measurement Accuracy serves as an inclusive reference work for data processing of all types of measurements: single and multiple, dependent and independent indirect, combined, and simultaneous. It is intended as a working tool for experimental scientists and engineers of all disciplines who work with instrumentation. It is also a good tool for undergraduate and graduate natural science and engineering students and for technicians performing complex measurements in industry.

Metrology and Theory of Measurement

Author: Valery A. Slaev
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110284829
Release Date: 2013-06-26
Genre: Science

Metrology is the science of measurements. It is traceable to measurement standards, thus to the concept of measurement accuracy, which is used in all natural and technical sciences, as well as in some fields of social sciences and liberal arts. The key problem is one of obtaining knowledge of the physical reality, which is observed through a prism of an assemblage of quantity properties describing the objectively-real world. One of the fundamental tasks of metrology is the development of theoretical and methodological aspects of the procedure of getting an accurate knowledge relating to objects and processes of the surrounding world. Due to the rapid development of information technologies and intelligent measurement systems and measuring instruments, as well as to the growing usage of mathematical methods in social and biological sciences, this monograph is dedicated to convey the fundamental theory.

The Welfare Economics of Public Policy

Author: Richard E. Just
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781845421571
Release Date: 2005-01-01
Genre: Political Science

The Welfare Economics of Public Policy is a great book that should be of interest to all economists interested in applied welfare analysis. It is a good reference book for economists studying the effects of public policy. Finally, it should be a useful textbook for students studying economic policy and applied welfare economics. Jean-Paul Chavas, American Journal of Agricultural Economics . . . a very comprehensive overview of the state of the art in welfare economics. It can be used as a teaching book for advanced students as well as a reference volume for researchers. This duality of possible uses is supported by the fact that very complex issues are presented in an easily readable manner. More technical aspects are then outlined in the appendices of the relevant chapters, offering colleagues the option to study formal considerations in more detail. . . a welcome addition to and expression of the knowledge base of agricultural economics. Stefan Mann, Journal of Agricultural Economics I am absolutely delighted that the authors have revised and republished this text. I have used the previous version for years in my graduate environmental economics course; usually I had to share the one copy I have with students and I felt it was a shame that these students did not have the opportunity to purchase the book since every serious environmental economist should have this volume on their shelf. It has been a continuous reference volume for me over the years and I am sure this is true of many others in the discipline. In the field of applied welfare analysis (spanning environmental economics, international trade, agricultural policy, etc.) there is no need for further elaboration when Just, Hueth and Schmitz is referenced. Everyone knows the book that is being referred to: the bible of applied welfare economics. Catherine Kling, Iowa State University, US For the record, I am one of the people who requested that the authors revise and re-issue their textbook. It is an extremely valuable book for applied economists; as with the previous edition, I will use it extensively in two of my courses and consult it frequently in my own research endeavors. Richard Adams, Oregon State University, US The original book is very well known in our profession and is still used in many classes. It will be wonderful to have a revised edition of this classic book. Colin Carter, University of California, Davis, US This outstanding text, a follow-up to the authors award-winning 1982 text, provides a thorough treatment of economic welfare theory and develops a complete theoretical and empirical framework for applied project and policy evaluation. The authors illustrate how this theory can be used to develop policy analysis from both theory and estimation in a variety of areas including: international trade, the economics of technological change, agricultural economics, the economics of information, environmental economics, and the economics of extractive and renewable natural resources. Building on willingness-to-pay (WTP) measures as the foundation for applied welfare economics, the authors develop measures for firms and households where households are viewed as both consumers and owner/sellers of resources. Possibilities are presented for (1) approximating WTP with consumer surplus, (2) measuring WTP exactly subject to errors in existing econometric work, and (3) using duality theory to specify econometric equations consistent with theory. Later chapters cover specific areas of welfare measurement under imperfect competition, uncertainty, incomplete information, externalities, and dynamic considerations. Applications are considered explicitly for policy issues related to information, international trade, the environment, agriculture, and other natural resource issues. The Welfare Economics of Public Policy is ideal for graduate and undergraduate courses in applied welfare economics, public policy, agricultural policy, and environmental economi

Psychological Testing

Author: Theresa J.B. Kline
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781506315942
Release Date: 2005-02-15
Genre: Social Science

Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach to Design and Evaluation offers a fresh and innovative approach for graduate students and faculty in the fields of testing, measurement, psychometrics, research design, and related areas of study. Author Theresa J.B. Kline guides readers through the process of designing and evaluating a test, while ensuring that the test meets the highest professional standards. The author uses simple, clear examples throughout and fully details the required statistical analyses. Topics include—but are not limited to—design of item stems and responses; sampling strategies; classical and modern test theory; IRT program examples; reliability of tests and raters; validation using content, criterion-related, and factor analytic approaches; test and item bias; and professional and ethical issues in testing.

A Practical Approach to the Spectrum of Alcoholic Liver Disease An Issue of Clinics in Liver Disease E Book

Author: David Bernstein
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9781455747375
Release Date: 2012-11-14
Genre: Medical

The Guest Editor has organized this issue to focus on the clinical management of alcoholic liver disease. Authors have written state-of-the-art reviews on the following topics: Prevalence and Natural History of ALD; Alcohol Metabolism; Immunology in ALD; Histological Findings in ALD; Diagnosis and Management of Alcoholic Hepatitis; Management of Alcohol Abuse; Long Term Management of Alcoholic Liver Disease; Infections in ALD; Nutrition in ALD; Alcohol’s Effect on Other Chronic Liver Diseases; Liver Cancer and Alcohol; Evaluation and Selection of Candidates for Liver Transplantation; and ALD and Specific Transplant-Related Issues.

Measurement Uncertainty in Chemical Analysis

Author: Paul De Bièvre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540439900
Release Date: 2003-01-17
Genre: Science

It is now becoming recognized in the measurement community that it is as important to communicate the uncertainty related to a specific measurement as it is to report the measurement itself. Without knowing the uncertainty, it is impossible for the users of the result to know what confidence can be placed in it; it is also impossible to assess the comparability of different measurements of the same parameter. This volume collects 20 outstanding papers on the topic, mostly published from 1999-2002 in the journal "Accreditation and Quality Assurance." They provide the rationale for why it is important to evaluate and report the uncertainty of a result in a consistent manner. They also describe the concept of uncertainty, the methodology for evaluating uncertainty, and the advantages of using suitable reference materials. Finally, the benefits to both the analytical laboratory and the user of the results are considered.

A Manager s Guide To PR Projects

Author: Patricia J. Parsons
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135624767
Release Date: 2003-10-17
Genre: Business & Economics

A Manager's Guide to PR Projects picks up where classic public relations textbooks leave off. It provides hands-on guidance in planning the preliminary research for a public relations project and creating a plan to achieve specific goals, guiding the reader through managing the project's implementation. It contains worksheets that can be used for a visual representation of the planning process for both student edification and presentation to clients. The book is designed as a user-friendly guide to take the reader through the four-step public relations planning process from a number of vantage points. Intended as a learning tool for use in both the class and beyond, this book's approaches are based on real experiences in the management of communications projects designed to meet organizational goals through achieving public relations objectives.

Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance

Author: James R. Morrow
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 9780736090391
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Health & Fitness

Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance,Fourth Edition, introduces students to tests and measurements as well as statistical decision making and interpretation with regard to human performance problems in the areas of kinesiology, physical education, health, and fitness.

International Handbook of Behavior Modification and Therapy

Author: Alan S. Bellack
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461305231
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Psychology

It is particularly gratifying to prepare a second edition of a book, because there is the necessary impli cation that the first edition was well received. Moreover, now an opportunity is provided to correct the problems or limitations that existed in the first edition as well as to address recent developments in the field. Thus, we are grateful to our friends, colleagues, and students, as well as to the reviewers who have expressed their approval of the first edition and who have given us valuable input on how the revision could best be structured. Perhaps the first thing that the reader will notice about the second edition is that it is more extensive than the first. The volume currently has 41 chapters, in contrast to the 31 chapters that comprised the earlier version. Chapters 3, 9, 29, and 30 of the first edition either have been dropped or were combined, whereas 14 new chapters have been added. In effect, we are gratified in being able to reflect the continued growth of behavior therapy in the 1980s. Behavior therapists have addressed an ever-increasing number of disorders and behavioral dysfunctions in an increasing range of populations. The most notable advances are taking place in such areas as cognitive approaches, geriatrics, and behavioral medicine, and also in the treatment of childhood disorders.

Health Measurement Scales

Author: David L. Streiner
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191508332
Release Date: 2014-11-06
Genre: Medical

Clinicians and those in health sciences are frequently called upon to measure subjective states such as attitudes, feelings, quality of life, educational achievement and aptitude, and learning style in their patients. This fifth edition of Health Measurement Scales enables these groups to both develop scales to measure non-tangible health outcomes, and better evaluate and differentiate between existing tools. Health Measurement Scales is the ultimate guide to developing and validating measurement scales that are to be used in the health sciences. The book covers how the individual items are developed; various biases that can affect responses (e.g. social desirability, yea-saying, framing); various response options; how to select the best items in the set; how to combine them into a scale; and finally how to determine the reliability and validity of the scale. It concludes with a discussion of ethical issues that may be encountered, and guidelines for reporting the results of the scale development process. Appendices include a comprehensive guide to finding existing scales, and a brief introduction to exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, making this book a must-read for any practitioner dealing with this kind of data.

Medical Imaging and Radiotherapy Research E Book

Author: Aarthi Ramlaul
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780702048289
Release Date: 2010-07-15
Genre: Medical

All you need to successfully undertake a research project! This exciting new book provides radiography students and practitioners with the key skills and strategies required to undertake research within medical imaging and radiotherapy. Quantitative and qualitative research methods are covered and guidance given on the entire research process - from literature researching, information management and literature evaluation, through to data collection, data analysis and writing up. Specific instruction is given on the structure and presentation of dissertations, writing articles for publication and on presentation skills for presenting at conferences. FEATURES Tailored to meet the specific needs of radiography students plus practitioners undertaking research Includes practice tips and pitfalls to avoid Covers how to apply for research funding for larger scale projects Practical examples throughout clarify the concepts Accompanying EVOLVE website EVOLVE website An accompanying website includes interactive examples of how to use the statistics tests discussed within the text. Tailored to meet needs of radiography and medical imaging students and practitioners undertaking research Accompanying website includes 10 examples on how to use descriptive and inferential statistics packages with interactive 10-step exercises and video clips on how to start up the packages Case examples throughout clarify concepts.

Implant Dentistry E Book

Author: Arun K. Garg
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323087650
Release Date: 2009-12-11
Genre: Medical

Get the practical information you need to add dental implants to your practice! Dr. Arun Garg, a leading dental implant educator, clinician, and researcher, uses a clear, succinct writing style to inform and guide you through the full scope of dental implantology. A patient-focused approach covers surgical templates and techniques, sterilization, pharmacology, bone biology, complications, and more. A robust appendix offers handy information including insurance codes, consent forms, surgical tray set-ups, and food recipes for patients recovering from surgery. A practical yet comprehensive approach covers all aspects of implant dentistry from patient history to post-operative care, with minimal use of jargon, in an easy-to-read format. Outstanding photos help you visualize and understand patient outcomes. An appendix on post-operative instructions includes a unique section on delicious yet recovery-specific recipes.

Assessing Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students

Author: Robert L. Rhodes
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606237438
Release Date: 2005-04-04
Genre: Psychology

This is the first book to present a practical, problem-solving approach and hands-on tools and techniques for assessing English language learners and culturally diverse students in K-12 settings. It meets a crucial need among practitioners and special educators working in today's schools. Provided are research-based, step-by-step procedures for conducting effective interviews with students, parents, and teachers; making the best use of interpreters; addressing special issues in the prereferral process; and conducting accurate, unbiased assessments of academic achievement, intellectual functioning, language proficiency, and acculturation. Among the book's special features are reproducible worksheets, questionnaires, and checklists--including several in both English and Spanish--in a ready-to-use, large-size format. This book is in The Guilford Practical Intervention in the Schools Series, edited by T. Chris Riley-Tillman.