Every Twelve Seconds

Author: Timothy Pachirat
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300152678
Release Date: 2011-11-08
Genre: History

This is an account of industrialized killing from a participant's point of view. The author, political scientist Timothy Pachirat, was employed undercover for five months in a Great Plains slaughterhouse where 2,500 cattle were killed per day—one every twelve seconds. Working in the cooler as a liver hanger, in the chutes as a cattle driver, and on the kill floor as a food-safety quality-control worker, Pachirat experienced firsthand the realities of the work of killing in modern society. He uses those experiences to explore not only the slaughter industry but also how, as a society, we facilitate violent labor and hide away that which is too repugnant to contemplate. Through his vivid narrative and ethnographic approach, Pachirat brings to life massive, routine killing from the perspective of those who take part in it. He shows how surveillance and sequestration operate within the slaughterhouse and in its interactions with the community at large. He also considers how society is organized to distance and hide uncomfortable realities from view. With much to say about issues ranging from the sociology of violence and modern food production to animal rights and welfare, Every Twelve Seconds is an important and disturbing work.

Corridors of Power

Author: Catherine A. Corson
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300212273
Release Date: 2016-08-23
Genre: History

A highly regarded academic and former policy analyst and consultant charts the forty-year history of neoliberalism, environmental governance, and resource rights in Madagascar Since the 1970s, the U.S. Agency for International Development has spent millions of dollars to preserve Madagascar's rich biological diversity. Yet its habitats are still in decline. Studying forty years of policy making in multiple sites, Catherine Corson reveals how blaming impoverished Malagasy farmers for Madagascar's environmental decline has avoided challenging other drivers of deforestation, such as the logging and mining industries. In this important ethnographic study, Corson reveals how Madagascar's environmental program reflects the transformation of global environmental governance under neoliberalism.

Planning Democracy

Author: Jess Gilbert
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300213393
Release Date: 2015-04-28
Genre: History

Late in the 1930s, the U.S. Department of Agriculture set up a national network of local organizations that joined farmers with public administrators, adult-educators, and social scientists. The aim was to localize and unify earlier New Deal programs concerning soil conservation, farm production control, tenure security, and other reforms, and by 1941 some 200,000 farm people were involved. Even so, conservative anti–New Dealers killed the successful program the next year. This book reexamines the era’s agricultural policy and tells the neglected story of the New Deal agrarian leaders and their visionary ideas about land, democratization, and progressive social change.

Organic Futures

Author: Connor J. Fitzmaurice
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300224856
Release Date: 2016-10-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering

An exploration of the lived experience of small-scale organic farmers in New England that unpacks how they balance their ideals with economic realities In recent years, the popularity of organically grown produce has exploded. In 2014, organic fruits and vegetables accounted for 12% of all produce sales in the United States, with $39 billion in consumer sales reported for 2015. As a federally recognized niche market within the agricultural mainstream, organic farming is increasingly on display in American grocery stores. Yet the organic food most Americans consume today is produced by an industrial food system at odds with the practices and ideals of small-scale farmers. Taking an ethnographic approach, the fieldwork by Connor Fitzmaurice and Brian Gareau at a small New England organic farm sheds light on how farmers navigate the difficult terrain between practices of sustainability and the economic realities of contemporary agriculture. Drawing on extensive research, Fitzmaurice and Gareau examine the historical context, complexities, and viability of nonconventional organic farming practices: practices that seek to balance ecology and community with the business of agriculture.

The Green State in Africa

Author: Carl Death
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300215830
Release Date: 2016-09-27
Genre:

A provocative reassessment of the relationship between states and environmental politics in Africa From climate-related risks such as crop failure and famine to longer-term concerns about sustainable urbanization, environmental justice, and biodiversity conservation, African states face a range of environmental issues. As Carl Death demonstrates, the ways in which they are addressing them have important political ramifications, and challenge current understandings of green politics. Death draws on almost a decade of research to reveal how central African environmental politics are to the transformation of African states.

Der weite Weg der Hoffnung

Author: Loung Ung
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783104902388
Release Date: 2017-02-23
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

***Ein ergreifendes Buch über eine zerstörte Kindheit in einem zerstörten Land – jetzt auch verfilmt von Angelina Jolie*** Kambodscha im April 1975. Soldaten der Roten Khmer rücken in die Hauptstadt Phnom Penh vor. Das Land versinkt in Hunger, Grauen und Mord. Aus dem umhegten Kind Loung Ung wird ein elternloser Flüchtling, der im kambodschanischen Dschungel verzweifelt ums Überleben kämpft. Unsagbares Leid bricht über sie herein. Loung muss sich in einem Waisenlager zum Kindersoldaten ausbilden lassen, ihre Brüder und Schwestern kämpfen in Arbeitslagern verzweifelt um ihr Leben. Allein die Hoffnung, ihre Familie am Ende der Schreckensherrschaft wiederzusehen, spendet Loung Ung Trost. »Reden heißt, meine Familie in große Gefahr zu bringen. Mir fünf Jahren beginne ich zu verstehen, wie es ist, allein zu sein, still und einsam mit der Erwartung, dass mich jeder verletzen könnte.«

Sonnenfinsternis

Author: Arthur Koestler
Publisher: Elsinor Verlag
ISBN: 9783939483397
Release Date: 2016-03-15
Genre: Fiction

Rubaschow, Mitglied der «alten Garde» eines revolutionären Staates, wird eines Nachts im eigenen Land und im Auftrag der eigenen Partei verhaftet. Der einstige Volkskommissar bleibt zwar auch in der Gefängniszelle seinen politischen Grundsätzen treu, allmählich wird ihm aber bewußt, welche Schuld er im Dienste der Weltrevolution auf sich geladen haben könnte und daß der Zweck womöglich nicht jedes Mittel heiligt. Um moralische Kategorien geht es seinen innerparteilichen Gegnern allerdings nicht: Angeklagt wegen oppositioneller Gesinnung und Verschwörung, widersetzt Rubaschow sich zunächst den haltlosen Vorwürfen, bis sein Widerstand in unbarmherzigen Verhören gebrochen wird. – «Sonnenfinsternis», Koestlers Abrechnung mit dem Stalinismus und jeder Form von politischem Totalitarismus, wurde in über dreißig Sprachen übersetzt und gilt als einer der bedeutendsten politischen Romane des 20. Jahrhunderts.

Rational Choice

Author: Donald P. Green
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783486831603
Release Date: 1999-01-01
Genre: Philosophy

In diesem gut lesbaren und verständlichen Buch bewerten die Autoren die Anwendung der Rational-Choice-Theorie. In ihrer herben Kritik zeigen Green und Shapiro auf, dass die hoch gelobten Ergebnisse der Rational-Choice-Theorie tatsächlich äußerst suspekt sind und dass ein grundsätzliches Umdenken erforderlich ist, um diesen analytischen Ansatz in der Politikwissenschaft wirklich nutzen zu können. Diesen Prozess des Umdenkens wollen die Autoren mit ihrem Buch anstoßen.