Using products: This manual is unique and different from all others in the market in that all of the experiments it contains can be done with chemicals and reagents found in drugstores, supermarkets, or convenience stores. Using products: When possible, experiments are simply modified to utilize household chemicals. When substitutes are not available, new experiments have been designed. Guided inquiry: One part of each experiment in the manual requires students to develop and carry out their own procedure for a given task. These guided inquiry sections also provide practical experience in reporting results with properly labeled plots, tables and diagrams. Safety: Every experiment in the manual includes a safety section, which rates the toxicity, flammability, and exposure from 0 (low) to 3 (high) of all chemicals used Prelab: Questions are intended to practice skills needed for the experiment Postlab: Questions following each lab require students to think about the experiment and the results they've obtained.
Green chemistry involves designing novel ways to create and synthesize products and implement processes that will eliminate or greatly reduce negative environmental impacts. The Green Chemistry Laboratory Manual for General Chemistry provides educational laboratory materials that challenge students with the customary topics found in a general chemistry laboratory manual, while encouraging them to investigate the practice of green chemistry. Following a consistent format, each lab experiment begins with objectives and prelab questions highlighting important issues that must be understood prior to getting started. This is followed by detailed step-by-step procedures for performing the experiments. Students report specific results in sections designated for data, observations, and calculations. Once each experiment is completed, analysis questions test students’ comprehension of the results. Additional questions encourage inquiry-based investigations and further research about how green chemistry principles compare with traditional, more hazardous experimental methods. By placing the learned concepts within the larger context of green chemistry principles, the lab manual enables students to see how these principles can be applied to real-world issues. Performing laboratory exercises through green experiments results in a safer learning environment, limits the quantity of hazardous waste generated, and reduces the cost for chemicals and waste disposal. Students using this manual will gain a greater appreciation for green chemistry principles and the possibilities for future use in their chosen careers.
LABORATORY INQUIRY IN CHEMISTRY, Thrid Edition provides a unique set of guided-inquiry investigations that focus on constructing knowledge about the conceptual basis of laboratory techniques, instead of simply learning techniques. By focusing on developing skills for designing experiments, solving problems, thinking critically, and selecting and applying appropriate techniques, the authors expose students to a realistic laboratory experience, typical of the practicing chemist. This new edition continues the proven three-phase learning cycle: exploration of chemical behaviors within the context of the problems posed; concept invention--the use of data and observations to construct accepted scientific knowledge about the concepts explored in the laboratory investigation; and, concept application--where students apply their conceptual understanding of the investigation at hand by modifying or extending the experiments, and write a report that emphasizes conceptual relevance. These college and honors level inquiry-based experiments correlate well with the recommended experiments outlined by the Advanced Placement Chemistry Development Committee. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: Nena Baker
Publisher: North Point Press
Release Date: 2008-08-05
We are running a collective chemical fever that we cannot break. Everyone everywhere now carries a dizzying array of chemical contaminants, the by-products of modern industry and innovation that contribute to a host of developmental deficits and health problems in ways just now being understood. These toxic substances, unknown to our grandparents, accumulate in our fat, bones, blood, and organs as a consequence of womb-to-tomb exposure to industrial substances as common as the products that contain them. Almost everything we encounter—from soap to soup cans and computers to clothing—contributes to a chemical load unique to each of us. Scientists studying the phenomenon refer to it as "chemical body burden," and in The Body Toxic, the investigative journalist Nena Baker explores the many factors that have given rise to this condition—from manufacturing breakthroughs to policy decisions to political pressure to the demands of popular culture. While chemical advances have helped raise our standard of living, making our lives easier and safer in many ways, there are costs to these conveniences that chemical companies would rather consumers never knew about. Baker draws back the curtain on this untold impact and assesses where we go from here.
Author: Ray Freeman
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date: 2003
Magnetic resonance (MR) makes use of tiny radio signals emitted by the nucleus of the atom. There are two important applications -- chemistry, where MR allows us to visualise the architecture of molecules, and medicine, where it provides a clear picture of human anatomy without the need for invasive surgery. This is the first unified treatment of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) in chemistry and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in medicine, written for a broad non-specialist readership by one of the world's foremost NMR spectroscopists.
Author: Valerie Ludwig Lechtanski
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
Release Date: 2000
Intended to veer undergraduate students away from the "cookbook" step-by-step approach seen in high school, this manual provides suggestive experiments and asks students to design their own procedures. 35 experimental ideas are shown with purpose, background, materials, and questions for further thought.
Seventy years ago, Erwin Schrodinger posed a profound question: 'What is life, and how did it emerge from non-life?' This problem has puzzled biologists and physical scientists ever since. Living things are hugely complex and have unique properties, such as self-maintenance and apparently purposeful behaviour which we do not see in inert matter. So how does chemistry give rise to biology? What could have led the first replicating molecules up such a path? Now, developments in the emerging field of 'systems chemistry' are unlocking the problem. Addy Pross shows how the different kind of stability that operates among replicating molecules results in a tendency for chemical systems to become more complex and acquire the properties of life. Strikingly, he demonstrates that Darwinian evolution is the biological expression of a deeper, well-defined chemical concept: the whole story from replicating molecules to complex life is one continuous process governed by an underlying physical principle. The gulf between biology and the physical sciences is finally becoming bridged. This new edition includes an Epilogue describing developments in the concepts of fundamental forms of stability discussed in the book, and their profound implications. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.
The Seventh Edition of Zumdahl and DeCoste’s best-selling INTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY: A FOUNDATION that combines enhanced problem-solving structure with substantial pedagogy to enable students to become strong independent problem solvers in the introductory course and beyond. Capturing student interest through early coverage of chemical reactions, accessible explanations and visualizations, and an emphasis on everyday applications, the authors explain chemical concepts by starting with the basics, using symbols or diagrams, and conclude by encouraging students to test their own understanding of the solution. This step-by-step approach has already helped hundreds of thousands of students master chemical concepts and develop problem-solving skills. The book is known for its focus on conceptual learning and for the way it motivates students by connecting chemical principles to real-life experiences in chapter-opening discussions and Chemistry in Focus boxes.The Seventh Edition now adds a questioning pedagogy to in-text examples to help students learn what questions they should be asking themselves while solving problems, offers a revamped art program to better serve visual learners, and includes a significant number of revised end-of-chapter questions. The book’s unsurpassed teaching and learning resources include a robust technology package that now offers a choice between OWL: Online Web Learning and Enhanced WebAssign. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
In its new second edition, Investigating Chemistry: A Forensic Science Perspective remains the only book that uses the inherently fascinating topics of crime and criminal investigations as a context for teaching the fundamental chemical concepts most often covered in an introductory nonmajors course. Covering all the standard topics, Matthew Johll capitalizes on the surge of interest in the scientific investigation of crime (as sparked by CSI and other television shows), bringing together the theme of forensic science and the fundamentals of chemistry in ways that are effective and accessible for students. This edition features refined explanations of the chemical concepts, which are the core of the book, as well as a more thoroughly integrated forensic theme, updated features, and an expanded media/supplements package.
Are you interested in using argument-driven inquiry for high school lab instruction but just aren’t sure how to do it? You aren’t alone. This book will provide you with both the information and instructional materials you need to start using this method right away. Argument-Driven Inquiry in Biology is a one-stop source of expertise, advice, and investigations. The book is broken into two basic parts: 1. An introduction to the stages of argument-driven inquiry—from question identification, data analysis, and argument development and evaluation to double-blind peer review and report revision. 2. A well-organized series of 27 field-tested labs that cover molecules and organisms, ecosystems, heredity, and biological evolution. The investigations are designed to be more authentic scientific experiences than traditional laboratory activities. They give your students an opportunity to design their own methods, develop models, collect and analyze data, generate arguments, and critique claims and evidence. Because the authors are veteran teachers, they designed Argument-Driven Inquiry in Biology to be easy to use and aligned with today’s standards. The labs include reproducible student pages and teacher notes. The investigations will help your students learn the core ideas, crosscutting concepts, and scientific practices found in the Next Generation Science Standards. In addition, they offer ways for students to develop the disciplinary skills outlined in the Common Core State Standards. Many of today’s teachers—like you—want to find new ways to engage students in scientific practices and help students learn more from lab activities. Argument-Driven Inquiry in Biology does all of this even as it gives students the chance to practice reading, writing, speaking, and using math in the context of science.