Excerpta Medica

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015043568172
Release Date: 1975
Genre: Cancer

References from some 3500 worldwide biomedical journals to all significant articles. Numbered entries include bibliographical information and address of author.

Scientific Controversies

Author: Hugo Tristram Engelhardt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521275601
Release Date: 1987-04-24
Genre: Science

This collection of essays examines the ways in which disputes and controversies about the application of scientific knowledge are resolved. Four concrete examples of public controversy are considered in detail: the efficacy of Laetrile, the classification of homosexuality as a disease, the setting of safety standards in the workplace, and the utility of nuclear energy as a source of power. The essays in this volume show that debates about these cases are not confined to matters of empirical fact. Rather, as is seen with most scientific and technical controversies, they focus on and are structured by complex ethical, economic, and political interests. Drs. Engelhardt and Caplan have brought together a distinguished group of scholars from the sciences and humanities, who sketch a theory of scientific controversy and attempt to provide recommendations about the ways in which both scientists and the public ought to seek more informed resolutions of highly contentious issues in science and technology. Scientific Controversies is offered as a contribution to the better understanding of the roles of both science and nonscientific interests in disputes and controversies pertaining to science and technology.

Jatin Shah s Head and Neck Surgery and Oncology E Book

Author: Jatin P. Shah
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323091336
Release Date: 2012-02-05
Genre: Medical

Head and Neck Surgery and Oncology, by Drs. Jatin P. Shah Snehal G. Patel, and Bhuvanesh Singh, offers you authoritative, multidisciplinary guidance on the latest diagnostic and multidisciplinary therapeutic approaches for head and neck cancer. With this medical reference book, you’ll have all the help you need to offer your patients the best possible prognoses and to optimally preserve and restore form and function. Overcome any challenge in head and neck surgery with comprehensive coverage of the scalp, skull base, paranasal sinuses, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, cervical lymph nodes, thyroid, salivary glands, and soft tissue and bone tumors - from incidence, diagnosis, and work up through treatment planning, operative techniques, rehabilitation, and outcomes. Increase your understanding of head and neck oncology with this completely reorganized edition, presenting a uniform flow of topics, which includes the latest information on Diagnostic approaches, staging, algorithms for selection of therapy, and outcomes of treatment for head and neck tumors. Offer today’s best treatment options with outcomes of therapy data from the NCDB, institutional data from MSKCC, and evidence-based information Diagnose patients using the latest advances in radiographic imaging, diagnostic pathology and molecular biology. Take fullest advantage of every multidisciplinary management approach available including radiation oncology, medical oncology (including targeted therapies), maxillofacial prosthodontics and dental oncology, surgical procedures for salvage of recurrences after chemoradiation therapy, and rehabilitation measures to improve functional outcomes (speech, swallowing, etc.). Understand the nuances of day-to-day practical care of patients with basic operating room techniques and technology, intraoperative decisions, and post operative care for patients undergoing head and neck surgery. Know what to look for and how to proceed with sequential operative photographs of each surgical procedure and full-color artwork to demonstrate anatomical relationships. Particular emphasis is placed on surgical management of patients after chemo-radiotherapy, reflecting the changing paradigms in head and neck oncology and the special challenges that confront modern day head and neck surgeons.

Content Evaluation of Textual CD ROM and Web Databases

Author: Péter Jacsó
Publisher: Libraries Unlimited
ISBN: 1563087375
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Computers

Suggests ways to assess the advantages and disadvantages of several types of library databases, from full-text databases to those available on CD-ROM.

Chemical Induction of Cancer

Author: Joseph C. Arcos
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483223728
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Health & Fitness

Chemical Induction of Cancer: Structural Bases and Biological Mechanisms, Volume I discusses the role of chemicals in the genesis of cancer in man. This book is organized into two parts encompassing four chapters that also present the concepts and techniques of testing chemicals for carcinogenic potential. After an introduction to the distinctions between normal and neoplastic cells, this book goes on describing the structure of potential carcinogens, including alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic hydrocarbons. The next chapter deals with the role of intra- and intermolecular forces of chemicals in their carcinogenic activity. The last chapter discusses some aspects of the pathology of chemically-induced tumors. This chapter also provides the concept and testing procedures of animal assays. This book is of great value to oncologists, pathologists, and general medical practitioners.

Cancer Pain

Author: S.E. Abram
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461308751
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

The diagnosis of cancer inspires fear, in part because of the high mortality rate associated with most malignancies, and in part because of the perception that cancer is a painful disease. Recently compiled statistics tend to support patients' fears. Pain is a major symptom in 70% of patients with advanced cancer [1]. Half of all patients undergoing anticancer therapy experience pain [2]. It has been estimated by members of the World Health Organization that 3. 5 million people worldwide suffer from cancer pain. One study of the severity of cancer pain estimates that pain is moderate to severe in 50% of cancer pain patients, very severe or excruciating in 30% [3]. An analysis of several reports of patients in developed countries estimates that 50-80% of patients had inadequate relief [2]. In underdeveloped countries, adequacy of treatment may be far lower because of lack of availability of medical facilities and legal constraints on the use of potent narcotics. The picture need not be this bleak. The reality is that, for most patients, cancer pain is relatively easy to control with simple, inexpensive measures. Several studies have indicated that cancer pain can be well controlled with oral morphine in over 90% of patients [4,5]. Long-acting orally effective opiate preparations such as time release morphine, methadone, and levorphanol allow patients to sleep comfortably through the night. When the oral route is impossible, narcotics can be administered rectally or by intravenous or subcutaneous infusion.

Experimental and Clinical Progress in Cancer Chemotherapy

Author: Franco M. Muggia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461325635
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

As in CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY 1, this volume brings to the reader highlights in three different areas of cancer therapeutics: new concepts and models; drug classes; and clinical settings. Topics were chosen because of their timeliness or probable current impact in cancer treatment. Authors were selected on the basis of their ability to provide a critical overview of specific subjects and their involvement in original work. I shall review the aims of this second volume, and then elaborate on the scope of its con tents. The principal aim of the volumes on cancer chemotherapy in the' Cancer Treatment and Research' series, as stated in the preface to the first volume, is to assemble in a concentrated form selected ingredients of chemothera peutic progress. These ingredients are to include concepts in therapeutic strategy, pre-clinical studies, development of major classes of compounds, identificatlon of new directions and of landmarks of clinical progress. Thus we do not foresee overlap with series which provide an yearly update of chemotherapy in an encyclopedic manner, or reviews of cancer chemother apy. Unlike those publications, our volumes are not intended to seek a place in shelves as a reference manual. It is this Editor's hope that persons repre senting various biomedical disciplines will seek the' Cancer Treatment and Research' chemotherapy volumes to survey advances in the field at regular intervals.

Cancer Chemotherapy 1

Author: Franco M. Muggia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461339038
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

Where do you begin to look for a recent, authoritative article on the diagnosis or management ofa particular malignancy? The few general onco logy textbooks are generally out of date. Single papers in specialized journals are informative but seldom comprehensive; these are more often prelimi nary reports on a very limited number of patients. Certain general journals frequently publish good indepth reviews of cancer topics, and published symposium lectures are often the best overviews available. Unfortunately, these reviews and supplements appear sporadically, and the reader can nev er be sure when a topic of special interest will be covered. Cancer Treatment and Research is a series of authoritative volumes which aim to meet this need. It is an attempt to establish a critical mass of oncology literature covering virtually all oncology topics, revised frequently to keep the coverage up to date, easily available on a single library shelf or by a single personal subscription. We have approached the problem in the following fashion. First, by div iding the oncology literature into specific subdivisions such as lung cancer, genitourinary cancer, pediatric oncology, etc. Second, by asking eminent authorities in each of these areas to edit a volume on the specific topic on an annual or biannual basis. Each topic and tumor type is covered in a volume appearing frequently and predictably, discussing current diagnosis, staging, markers, all forms of treatment modalities, basic biology, and more.

New Trends in Gastric Cancer

Author: P.I. Reed
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400921672
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

Despite the fact that the incidence of gastric cancer is declining in the Western world, it remains a significant problem with respect to accurate diagnosis and treatment since it has a high mortality rate. In June 1989 an International Conference was held at the University of Rome "La Sapienza" entitled "New Trends in Gastric Cancer: Background and videosurgery". During this meeting background information on the aetiopathogenesis of gastric cancer was presented together with talks and video presentations on the latest advances in the treatment of gastric carcinoma, both from the European and Japanese experience. Because of the poor prognosis of gastric carcinoma there is increasing pressure for early detection. Some of the problems in the early detection of gastric carcinoma are discussed together with methods of surveillance of high-risk subjects. It is generally accepted that the surgical approach to gastric carcinoma should take into account the site and extent of the lesion and there are chapters on new methods for pre and intraoperative staging of the disease which allow a more logical approach to surgery. A comparison between Japanese and Western rule and results was attempted and reasons for the differences were investigated. Since the field is still evolving not all aspects could be covered, and those angles not approached in this book will be addressed in a second International Conference to be held in Rome in June 1990.