Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2015

Author: International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 9781513550008
Release Date: 2015-10-01
Genre: Social Science

This is the 66th issue of the AREAER. It provides a description of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF member countries. It also provides information on the operation of foreign exchange markets and controls on international trade. It describes controls on capital transactions and measures implemented in the financial sector, including prudential measures. In addition, it reports on exchange measures imposed by member countries for security reasons. A single table provides a snapshot of the exchange and trade systems of all IMF member countries. The Overview describes in detail how the general trend toward foreign exchange liberalization continued during 2014, alongside a strengthening of the financial sector regulatory framework. A Special Topic essay examines the dynamics and evolution of capital flows. The AREAER is available in several formats. The Overview in print and online, and the detailed information for each of the 191 member countries and territories is included on a CD that accompanies the printed Overview and in an online database, AREAER Online. In addition to the information on the exchange and trade system of IMF member countries in 2014, AREAER Online contains historical data published in previous issues of the AREAER. It is searchable by year, country, and category of measure and allows cross country comparisons for time series.

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2017

Author: Linda Kean
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 9781484350713
Release Date: 2018-07-25
Genre: Business & Economics

The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions has been published by the IMF since 1950. It draws on information available to the IMF from a number of sources, including that provided in the course of official staff visits to member countries, and has been prepared in close consultation with national authorities.

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2005

Author: International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1589064372
Release Date: 2005-09-19
Genre: Business & Economics

The exchange and trade systems of IMF member countries are presented in this comprehensive volume in a tabular format, which includes coverage of the regulatory framework for capital movements. The information generally relates to 2004 but also covers significant developments in early 2005.

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2009

Author: Leonardo Martinez-Diaz
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 9781589068643
Release Date: 2010-10-08
Genre: Business & Economics

Only the IMF reports regularly on the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade restrictions, and prudential measures of its 186 member countries. Published since 1950, this authoritative, annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 186 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and the Netherlands Antilles. The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions (AREAER) draws together information on exchange measures in place, the structure and setting of exchange rates, arrangements for payments and receipts, procedures for resident and nonresident accounts, mechanisms for import and export payments and receipts, controls on capital transactions, and provisions specific to the financial sector. The data are presented in a clear, easy-to-read tabular format. A summary table allows for simple cross-country comparisons of key features of their exchange and trade regimes. The report's introduction summarizes recent global trends and developments. The 2009 edition will be published as a printed pamphlet containing a CD-ROM with fully searchable text. The presentation of the tables will be consistent with earlier print editions. The printed pamphlet contains a summary of the main changes for each country and is a convenient reference tool.

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2007

Author:
Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
ISBN: 1589066782
Release Date: 2007-10-16
Genre:

Only the IMF is officialy responsible for reporting the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade restrictions, and prudential measures of its 185 member countries. This report draws upon information available to the IMF from a number of sources, including data provided in the course of official staff visits to member countries. Published since 1950, this authoritative, annually updated reference is based upon a unique IMF-maintained database that tracks monetary exchange arrangements for each of its 185 members, including historical information, along with entries for Hong Kong SAR (People's Republic of China) and Aruba and Netherlands Antilles (both Kingdom of the Netherlands). An introduction to the volume provides a summary of recent global trends and developments in the areas covered by the publication. It also provides insight into the types of capital controls most frequently used by countries dealing with increased capital inflows. Individual chapters for each member country report exchange measures in place, the structure and setting of exchange rates, arrangements for payments and receipts, procedures for resident and nonresident accounts, mechanisms for import and export payments and receipts, controls on capital transactions, and provisions specific to the financial sector. A separate section in each chapter lists changes made during 2006 and the first half of 2007. Information is presented in a clear, easy-to-read tabular format.

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2008

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
ISBN: 1589067460
Release Date: 2008-10-09
Genre:

Published since 1950, this authoritative, annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for all 185 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and the Netherlands Antilles. The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions (AREAER) draws together information available to the IMF from a number of sources, including during official IMF staff visits to member countries. There is a separate chapter for each of the 187 countries included, and these are presented in a clear, easy-to-read tabular format. A summary table allows for simple cross-country comparisons of key features of their exchange and trade regimes. The report's introduction summarizes recent global trends and developments. It discusses such topical issues as exchange rate arrangements, current or capital transactions, or prudential regulations. The individual country chapters outline exchange measures in place, the structure and setting of exchange rates, arrangements for payments and receipts, procedures for resident and nonresident accounts, mechanisms for import and export payments and receipts, controls on capital transactions, and provisions specific to the financial sector. A separate section in each chapter lists changes made during 2007 and the first half of 2008. The report now provides more detailed information on the operations of foreign exchange markets and exchange rate mechanisms and better describes the regulatory framework for current and capital account transactions. A free demo of a searchable HTML version of the report will be available online.

The Economic Crisis in Social and Institutional Context

Author: Sebastiano Fadda
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317617419
Release Date: 2015-02-20
Genre: Business & Economics

This book explores the foundations of the current economic crisis. Offering a heterodox approach to interpretation it examines the policies implemented before and during the crisis, and the main institutions that shaped the model of advanced economies, particularly in the last two decades. The first part of the book provides a theoretical analysis of the crisis. The roots of the ‘great recession’ are divided into fundamentals with origins in financial liberalisation, financial innovation and income distribution, and complementary or contributory factors such as the international imbalances, the monetary policy,and the role of credit rating agencies. Part II suggests various paths to recovery while emphasising that it will be necessary to develop alternative strategies for sustainable economic recovery and growth. These strategies will require genuine political support and a new 'great European vision' to address major issues concerning the EU such as unemployment, structural regional differences and federalism. Drawing on various schools of thought, this book explains the complexities of the crisis through a wider evolutionary-institutional and heterodox framework.

Ruling Capital

Author: Kevin P. Gallagher
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801454608
Release Date: 2014-12-18
Genre: Political Science

In Ruling Capital, Kevin P. Gallagher demonstrates how several emerging market and developing countries (EMDs) managed to reregulate cross-border financial flows in the wake of the global financial crisis, despite the political and economic difficulty of doing so at the national level. Gallagher also shows that some EMDs, particularly the BRICS coalition, were able to maintain or expand their sovereignty to regulate cross-border finance under global economic governance institutions. Gallagher combines econometric analysis with in-depth interviews with officials and interest groups in select emerging markets and policymakers at the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization, and the G-20 to explain key characteristics of the global economy. Gallagher develops a theory of countervailing monetary power that shows how emerging markets can counter domestic and international opposition to the regulation of cross-border finance. Although many countries were able to exert countervailing monetary power in the wake of the crisis, such power was not sufficient to stem the magnitude of unstable financial flows that continue to plague the world economy. Drawing on this theory, Gallagher outlines the significant opportunities and obstacles to regulating cross-border finance in the twenty-first century.

Capital Control Measures A New Dataset

Author: Andrés Fernández
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 9781484333242
Release Date: 2015-04-22
Genre: Business & Economics

This paper presents a new dataset of capital control restrictions on both inflows and outflows of 10 categories of assets for 100 countries over the period 1995 to 2013. Building on the data in Schindler (2009) and other datasets based on the analysis of the IMF’s Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions (AREAER), this dataset includes additional asset categories, more countries, and a longer time period. The paper discusses in detail the construction of the dataset and characterizes the data with respect to the prevalence and correlation of controls across asset categories and between controls on inflows and controls on outflows, the aggregation of the separate categories into broader indicators, and the comparison of this dataset with other indicators of capital controls.

International economics

Author: Dennis R. Appleyard
Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Irwin
ISBN: 0073375675
Release Date: 2007-10-12
Genre: Business & Economics

Appleyard, Field, and Cobb’s International Economics, 6th Edition is an International Economics textbook that offers a consistent level of analysis and treatment of the two main subdivisions of international economics—international trade theory and policy and international monetary theory and policy. Comprehensive and clear, the text helps students move beyond recognition toward an understanding of current and future international events. As with each prior edition, the authors provide current and timely information on the wide variety of international economic phenomena in the 6th Edition. New boxed items were added to cover emerging issues in the global economy. Chapter material was updated to include recent developments in U.S. trade policy, major changes in the European Union, progress in the transition from command to market economies, and special issues related to developing nations. These improvements are designed to help readers both understand and appreciate the growing importance of the global economy in their lives.

Morocco 2014 Article IV Consultation Staff Report Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for Morocco

Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 9781498340298
Release Date: 2015-02-23
Genre: Business & Economics

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Morocco has made important strides in maintaining macroeconomic stability in a difficult environment, but challenges remain to reduce fiscal and external vulnerabilities, strengthen growth, create jobs, and tackle poverty. Growth slowed in 2014 as a result of a contraction in agricultural activity following an exceptional 2013 crop and weak demand from Europe. However, growth is expected to rebound in 2015 to about 4.4 percent and remain robust in the medium term as external demand and domestic confidence strengthen. Executive Directors have commended the authorities for their strong policy actions, which have reduced economic vulnerabilities.