Author: Steven M. Cahn
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2017
Exploring Moral Problems is an up-to-date inclusive collection of readings on contemporary moral problems, covering both standard issues and often-neglected topics. Each reading has been expertly edited to make them accessible to students with no prior exposure to philosophy.
Moral injury is a profound violation of a human being's core moral identity through experiences of violence or trauma. This is the first book in which scholars from different faith and academic backgrounds consider the concept of moral injury not merely from a pastoral or philosophical point of view but through critical engagement with the sacred texts of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and American Civil Religion. This collection of essays explores the ambiguities of personal culpability among both perpetrators and victims of violence and the suffering involved in accepting personal agency in trauma. Contributors provide fresh and compelling readings of texts from different faith traditions and use their findings to reflect on real-life strategies for recovery from violations of core moral beliefs and their consequences such as shame, depression and addiction. With interpretations of the sacred texts, contributors reflect on the concerns of the morally-injured today and offer particular aspects of healing from their communities as support, making this a groundbreaking contribution to the study of moral injury and trauma.
Teachers are expected to take responsibility for children's moral development, particularly in the primary years, but how best to go about approaching the issues? In this book, the author explores a classroom approach that uses both drama and narrative stories to explore moral issues: drama gives children an opportunity to work through moral problems, make decisions and take up moral positions; stories offer a resource for moral education whereby children can learn through the 'experiences' of those in the story. Through providing a number of case studies, the author shows how this may be done by practitioners in the lassroom.
Author: Steven M. Cahn
Publisher: OUP USA
Release Date: 2013-11
In this remarkably accessible, concise, and engaging introduction to moral philosophy, Steven M. Cahn brings together a rich, balanced, and wide-ranging collection of fifty readings on ethical theory and contemporary moral issues. He has carefully edited all the articles to ensure that they will be exceptionally clear and understandable to undergraduate students. The selections are organized into three parts—Challenges to Morality, Moral Theories, and Moral Problems—providing instructors with flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of ethics courses. Each reading is followed by study questions. The third edition of Exploring Ethics provides more coverage of contemporary problems, featuring new selections on euthanasia, capital punishment, animal rights, affirmative action, academic ethics, the trolley problem, and the meaning of life. A Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/cahn offers a password-protected Instructor's Manual—containing a test bank, key terms with definitions, reading summaries, and PowerPoint lectures—and self-quizzes, vocabulary flashcards, and useful links for students.
Author: Michael C. Braswell
Release Date: 2014-05-05
Justice, Crime, and Ethics, a leading textbook in criminal justice programs, examines ethical dilemmas pertaining to the administration of criminal justice and professional activities in the field. This eighth edition continues to deliver a broad scope of topics through focus on law enforcement, legal practice, sentencing, corrections, research, crime control policy, and philosophical issues. The book's robust coverage encompasses contentious issues such as capital punishment, prison corruption, the use of deception in police interrogation, and many more. New content includes new material on juvenile justice, corporate crime, and prosecutorial misconduct. Students of criminal justice, as well as instructors and professionals in the field, will continue to rely on this thorough, dependable resource on ethical decision-making in the criminal justice system. Essays are enhanced with case studies and exercises designed to stimulate critical and creative thinking regarding ethical issues in crime and justice Discussion questions and lists of key concepts focus students and help them to understand ethics in the context of the criminal justice system New chapters cover ethical issues related to juvenile justice and corporate misconduct, and chapters on police and prosecutor ethics have been extensively updated A full suite of online ancillaries for instructors and students adds value to lectures and enriches the learning experience
How do movies evoke and express ethical ideas? What role does our emotional involvement play in this process? What makes the aesthetic power of cinema ethically significant? Cinematic Ethics: Exploring Ethical Experience through Film addresses these questions by examining the idea of cinema as a medium of ethical experience with the power to provoke emotional understanding and philosophical thinking. In a clear and engaging style, Robert Sinnerbrink examines the key philosophical approaches to ethics in contemporary film theory and philosophy using detailed case studies of cinematic ethics across different genres, styles, and filmic traditions. Written in a lucid and lively style that will engage both specialist and non-specialist readers, this book is ideal for use in the academic study of philosophy and film. Key features include annotated suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter and a filmography of movies useful for teaching and researching cinematic ethics.
Author: Tony L. Moyers
Publisher: University Press of America
Release Date: 1996
Through an interdisciplinary approach, this book explores premodern, modern, and postmodern moral perspectives to identify the problems and challenges facing moral thinking in the 1990's and beyond. This book introduces and clarifies these various moral viewpoints through a multi-faceted discussion which examines morals from philosophical, social, and psychological perspectives. The primary focus of Wanderings centers on what educated and common people have thought and said about what is good and bad in premodern, modern, and postmodern spheres of thought. In this spirit, the moral views of ancient Egypt, ancient Israel, certain Greek philosophers as well as several modern philosophical and postmodern ethical attitudes are discussed. From the modern tradition, the book describes key thinkers in connection with egoism, utilitarianism, relativism, and absolutism. Issues of difference, diversity, power, empowerment, otherness, and domination are just some of the issues examined in relation to postmodern moral attitudes. Along with moral viewpoints, the book also examines how our value systems have developed and continue to develop.
Key Methods in Geography is an introduction for undergraduates to the principal methodological issues involved in the collection, analysis and presentation of geographical information. It provides an accessible primer, which will be used by students as a reference throughout their degree, on all issues from research design to presentation. A unique feature of the book is that it provides definitions of terms from both human geography and physical geography. Organized into four parts: Getting Started in Geographical Research; Data Collection in Human Geography; Data Collection in Physical Geography; Analyzing and Representing Geographical Data. Each chapter is comprised of a short definition, a summary of the principal arguments, a substantive 5,000-word discussion, the use of real-life examples, and annotated notes for further reading. The teaching of research methods is integral in all geography courses. Key Methods in Geography identifies the key analytical and observational strategies with which all geography undergraduates should be conversant.
For those who believe in the promise of higher education to shape a better future, this may be a time of unprecedented despair. Stories of students regularly cheating in their classes, admissions officers bending the rules for VIPs, faculty fudging research data, and presidents plagiarizing seem more rampant than ever before. If those associated with our institutions of higher learning cannot resist ethical corruption, what hope do we have for an ethical society? In this edited volume, higher education experts and scholars tackle the challenge of understanding why ethical misconduct occurs in the academy and how we can address it. The volume editor and contributing authors use a systems framework to analyze ethical challenges in common functional areas (e.g., testing and admissions, teaching and learning, research, fundraising, spectator sports, and governance), highlighting that misconduct is shaped by both individuals and the contexts in which they work, study, and live. The volume argues compellingly for colleges and universities to make ethics a strategic, institutional priority. Higher education researchers, students, and practitioners will find this volume and its application of empirical research, real-life examples, and illustrative case studies to be an inspiring and applicable read.
Author: Peter Dabrock
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Social Science
"Individualized medicine" is a catchphrase currently used to denote efforts in medical research and practice to establish tailored healthcare. The vision of "personalized" medicine has proved to be highly ambivalent, reflecting hype and hope - compared to the great expectations only very few applications have been realized up to now. The contributions to this volume discuss the challenges for patients, doctors, and the healthcare system and examine ethical and societal issues arising from one the most promising and most controversial developments in medical science and biotechnology. (Series: Medizin und Gesellschaft - Vol. 19)
Author: Jeffrey R. Di Leo
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Applied ethics
How do race, class, and gender issues affect moral philosophy? This question is the focus of this ambitious new applied ethics anthology. Author Jeffrey R. Di Leo complements classical and contemporary readings with materials drawn from film, fiction, court cases, and current events to create this highly flexible and versatile volume.
Author: Paul Sollie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2009-04-03
human practices? How are we to morally evaluate technology developments that have open horizons, encompass uncertainties, and lack control? Technology is in- uential on society; technological innovations act upon the perception of ourselves, the world, and our relation with fellow humans and other objects. Technology is changing everything we do by creating new entities (such as software, nanop- ticles, or Internet), by changing the scale of activities (e. g. vast amounts of data about people can be stored and analysed, and not infrequently without people - ing aware of this), by generating new kinds of knowledge (for instance about i- nesses, the human genome and so on). Technologies, as a consequence, impinge upon our morality and for this reason an ethics of technology should not wait passively until moral problems arise and not only focus on identi ed and exi- ing moral problems, but contemplate technology developments and possible - pacts proactively. However, this is easier said than done, because a prospective and proactive evaluation of technology developments is complicated by complexity and uncertainty. The uncertainty of technology development is closely related to one of the str- ing features of technology, namely what Jim Moor has coined logical malleability. (1985, 269) Technological devices are logically malleable in that they can be shaped to do any activity that can be characterised in terms of logical operations.