Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands on Projects

Author: David Prutchi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118170700
Release Date: 2012-02-28
Genre: Science

Build an intuitive understanding of the principles behind quantum mechanics through practical construction and replication of original experiments With easy-to-acquire, low-cost materials and basic knowledge of algebra and trigonometry, Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands-on Projects takes readers step by step through the process of re-creating scientific experiments that played an essential role in the creation and development of quantum mechanics. Presented in near chronological order—from discoveries of the early twentieth century to new material on entanglement—this book includes question- and experiment-filled chapters on: Light as a Wave Light as Particles Atoms and Radioactivity The Principle of Quantum Physics Wave/Particle Duality The Uncertainty Principle Schrödinger (and his Zombie Cat) Entanglement From simple measurements of Planck's constant to testing violations of Bell's inequalities using entangled photons, Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands-on Projects not only immerses readers in the process of quantum mechanics, it provides insight into the history of the field—how the theories and discoveries apply to our world not only today, but also tomorrow. By immersing readers in groundbreaking experiments that can be performed at home, school, or in the lab, this first-ever, hands-on book successfully demystifies the world of quantum physics for all who seek to explore it—from science enthusiasts and undergrad physics students to practicing physicists and engineers.

Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands on Projects

Author: David Prutchi
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 1118140664
Release Date: 2012-02-07
Genre: Science

Build an intuitive understanding of the principles behind quantum mechanics through practical construction and replication of original experiments With easy-to-acquire, low-cost materials and basic knowledge of algebra and trigonometry, Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands-on Projects takes readers step by step through the process of re-creating scientific experiments that played an essential role in the creation and development of quantum mechanics. Presented in near chronological order—from discoveries of the early twentieth century to new material on entanglement—this book includes question- and experiment-filled chapters on: Light as a Wave Light as Particles Atoms and Radioactivity The Principle of Quantum Physics Wave/Particle Duality The Uncertainty Principle Schrödinger (and his Zombie Cat) Entanglement From simple measurements of Planck's constant to testing violations of Bell's inequalities using entangled photons, Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands-on Projects not only immerses readers in the process of quantum mechanics, it provides insight into the history of the field—how the theories and discoveries apply to our world not only today, but also tomorrow. By immersing readers in groundbreaking experiments that can be performed at home, school, or in the lab, this first-ever, hands-on book successfully demystifies the world of quantum physics for all who seek to explore it—from science enthusiasts and undergrad physics students to practicing physicists and engineers.

Quantum Mechanics

Author: Mark Beck
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199798230
Release Date: 2012-07-01
Genre: Science

This textbook presents quantum mechanics at the junior/senior undergraduate level. It is unique in that it describes not only quantum theory, but also presents five laboratories that explore truly modern aspects of quantum mechanics. These laboratories include "proving" that light contains photons, single-photon interference, and tests of local realism. The text begins by presenting the classical theory of polarization, moving on to describe the quantum theory of polarization. Analogies between the two theories minimize conceptual difficulties that students typically have when first presented with quantum mechanics. Furthermore, because the laboratories involve studying photons, using photon polarization as a prototypical quantum system allows the laboratory work to be closely integrated with the coursework. Polarization represents a two-dimensional quantum system, so the introduction to quantum mechanics uses two-dimensional state vectors and operators. This allows students to become comfortable with the mathematics of a relatively simple system, before moving on to more complicated systems. After describing polarization, the text goes on to describe spin systems, time evolution, continuous variable systems (particle in a box, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom, etc.), and perturbation theory. The book also includes chapters which describe material that is frequently absent from undergraduate texts: quantum measurement, entanglement, quantum field theory and quantum information. This material is connected not only to the laboratories described in the text, but also to other recent experiments. Other subjects covered that do not often make their way into undergraduate texts are coherence, complementarity, mixed states, the density operator and coherent states. Supplementary material includes further details about implementing the laboratories, including parts lists and software for running the experiments. Computer simulations of some of the experiments are available as well. A solutions manual for end-of-chapter problems is available to instructors.

Physics Project Lab

Author: Paul Gluck
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198704584
Release Date: 2014-11-06
Genre: Science

Over fifty extended projects are described in detail, at various levels of sophistication, aimed at both the advanced high school, as well as first and second year undergraduate physics students, and their instructors. Carrying out these projects may take anything from a few days to several weeks, and in some cases months. Each project description starts with a summary of theoretical background, proceeds to outline goals and possible avenues of exploration,suggests needed instrumentation, experimental setup and data analysis, and presents typical results which can serve as guidelines for the beginner researcher.

Exploring Quantum Mechanics

Author: Viktor Mikhaĭlovich Galit︠s︡kiĭ
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199232727
Release Date: 2013-02-28
Genre: Science

It is notoriously difficult to come up with a new quantum-mechanical problem that would be solvable with a pencil and paper within a finite amount of time and that would provide a useful insight into the fascinating world of quantum physics. Any person who has taught quantum mechanics is certainly aware that there is a lack of such solvable problems in quantum mechanics. In fact, it is exactly this deficit of illuminating examples and practical exercises that make learning and teaching quantum physics so complicated. It is very difficult to understand fundamentally new concepts without real-life examples. Despite this difficulty, this book remarkably presents some 700+ problems in quantum mechanics together with solutions. They are largely new to the English-speaking audience. The problems have been collected over about 60 years, first by the lead author, the late Prof. Victor Galitski, Sr. Over the years, new problems were added and the material polished by Prof. Karnakov.Finally, the translator Prof. Victor Galitski, Jr, has edited the material for the modern English-speaking audience and extended it with new problems particularly relevant to modern science.

Exploring Ultraviolet Photography

Author: David Prutchi
Publisher: Amherst Media
ISBN: 9781682031247
Release Date: 2017-01-10
Genre: Photography

Explores how to capture ultraviolet light in digital photography, covering such topics as lens and filter selection, focus and exposure techniques, and post-production techniques designed to enhance ultraviolet photographs.

Hidden Dimensions

Author: B. Alan Wallace
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231141512
Release Date: 2010-02-22
Genre: Science

B. Alan Wallace introduces a natural theory of human consciousness that has its roots in contemporary physics and Buddhism. Wallace's "special theory of ontological relativity" suggests that mental phenomena are conditioned by the brain, but do not emerge from it. Rather, the entire natural world of mind and matter, subjects and objects, arises from a unitary dimension of reality. Wallace employs the Buddhist meditative practice of samatha to test his hypothesis, creating a kind of telescope to examine the space of the mind. He then proposes a more general theory in which the participatory nature of reality is envisioned as a self-excited circuit.In comparing these ideas to the Buddhist theory known as the Middle Way philosophy, Wallace explores further aspects of his "general theory of ontological relativity," which can be investigated through vipasyana, or insight, meditation. He then focuses on the theme of symmetry in quantum cosmology and the "problem of frozen time," relating these issues to the theory and practices of the Great Perfection school of Tibetan Buddhism. He concludes with a discussion of complementarity as it relates to science and religion.

Quantum Continuous Variables

Author: Alessio Serafini
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781351645003
Release Date: 2017-07-20
Genre: Mathematics

Quantum Continuous Variables introduces the theory of continuous variable quantum systems, from its foundations based on the framework of Gaussian states to modern developments, including its applications to quantum information and forthcoming quantum technologies. This new book addresses the theory of Gaussian states, operations, and dynamics in great depth and breadth, through a novel approach that embraces both the Hilbert space and phase descriptions. The volume includes coverage of entanglement theory and quantum information protocols, and their connection with relevant experimental set-ups. General techniques for non-Gaussian manipulations also emerge as the treatment unfolds, and are demonstrated with specific case studies. This book will be of interest to graduate students looking to familiarise themselves with the field, in addition to experienced researchers eager to enhance their understanding of its theoretical methods. It will also appeal to experimentalists searching for a rigorous but accessible treatment of the theory in the area.

Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation

Author: David Prutchi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471681830
Release Date: 2005-01-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Design and Development of Medical Electronic Instrumentation fills a gap in the existing medical electronic devices literature by providing background and examples of how medical instrumentation is actually designed and tested. The book includes practical examples and projects, including working schematics, ranging in difficulty from simple biopotential amplifiers to computer-controlled defibrillators. Covering every stage of the development process, the book provides complete coverage of the practical aspects of amplifying, processing, simulating and evoking biopotentials. In addition, two chapters address the issue of safety in the development of electronic medical devices, and providing valuable insider advice.

Meeting the Universe Halfway

Author: Karen Barad
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 082233917X
Release Date: 2007-07-11
Genre: Science

A theoretical physicist and feminist theorist, Karen Barad elaborates her theory of agential realism, a schema that is at once a new epistemology, ontology, and ethics.

Graphene

Author: Mikhail I. Katsnelson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521195409
Release Date: 2012-04-05
Genre: Science

An important introduction to graphene, its physics and potentially significant applications, for graduate students, physicists and materials science researchers.

Advances in Atomic Physics

Author: David Guery-Odelin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814390583
Release Date: 2011-09-02
Genre:

This book presents a comprehensive overview of the spectacular advances seen in atomic physics during the last 50 years. The authors explain how such progress was possible by highlighting connections between developments that occurred at different times. They discuss the new perspectives and the new research fields that look promising. The emphasis is placed, not on detailed calculations, but rather on physical ideas. Combining both theoretical and experimental considerations, the book will be of interest to a wide range of students, teachers and researchers in quantum and atomic physics.Contents: General IntroductionGeneral Background"Light: A Source of Information on Atoms: "Optical MethodsLinear Superpositions of Internal Atomic StatesResonance FluorescenceAdvances in High Resolution Spectroscopy"Atom-Photon Interactions: A Source of Perturbations forAtoms Which Can Be Useful: "Perturbations Due to a Quasi Resonant Optical ExcitationPerturbations Due to a High Frequency Excitation"Atom-Photon Interactions: A Simple System for Studying Higher Order Effects: "Multiphoton Processes Between Discrete StatesPhotoionization of Atoms in Intense Laser fields"Atom-Photon Interactions: A Tool for Controlling and Manipulating Atomic Motion: "Radiative Forces Exerted on a Two-Level Atom at RestLaser Cooling of Two-Level AtomsSub-Doppler Cooling. Sub-Recoil CoolingTrapping of Particles"Ultracold Interactions and Their Control: "Two-Body Interactions at Low TemperaturesControlling Atom-Atom Interactions"Exploring Quantum Interferences with Few Atoms and Photons: "Interference of Atomic de Broglie WavesRamsey Fringes Revisited and Atomic InterferometryQuantum Correlations. Entangled States"Degenerate Quantum Gases: "Emergence of Quantum Effects in a GasThe Long Quest for Bose-Einstein CondensationMean Field Description of a Bose-Einstein CondensateCoherence Properties of Bose-Einstein CondensatesElementary Excitations and Superfluidity in Bose-Einstein Condensates"Frontiers of Atomic Physics: "Testing Fundamental Symmetries. Parity Violation in AtomsQuantum Gases as Simple Systems for Many-Body PhysicsExtreme LightGeneral Conclusion Readership: Graduate students, researchers and academics interested in quantum and atomic physics.

Building Scientific Apparatus

Author: John H. Moore
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521878586
Release Date: 2009-06-25
Genre: Mathematics

Unrivalled in its coverage and unique in its hands-on approach, this guide to the design and construction of scientific apparatus is essential reading for every scientist and student of engineering, and physical, chemical, and biological sciences. Covering the physical principles governing the operation of the mechanical, optical and electronic parts of an instrument, new sections on detectors, low-temperature measurements, high-pressure apparatus, and updated engineering specifications, as well as 400 figures and tables, have been added to this edition. Data on the properties of materials and components used by manufacturers are included. Mechanical, optical, and electronic construction techniques carried out in the lab, as well as those let out to specialized shops, are also described. Step-by-step instruction supported by many detailed figures, is given for laboratory skills such as soldering electrical components, glassblowing, brazing, and polishing.

Beyond the God Particle

Author: Leon M. Lederman
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781616148010
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Science

The physicist authors of Quantum Physics for Poets discuss the importance of the Higgs Boson in 2012 and the future of particle physics, explaining the forces and laws surrounding the "God Particle" and the ways the United States can recapture a leadership role in scientific advancement.